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VISION IAS

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Test Booklet Series

TEST BOOKLET

GENERAL STUDIES (P) 2017 Test 2113


C
Time Allowed: Two Hours Maximum Marks: 200

INSTRUCTIONS

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provided alongside. Do NOT write anything else on the Test Booklet.

4. This Test Booklet contains 100 items (Questions). Each item is printed in English. Each item comprises four
responses (answers). You will select the response which you want to mark on the Answer Sheet. In case you
feel that there is more than one correct response with you consider the best. In any case, choose ONLY ONE
response for each item.

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DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO


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1. Which of the following are the favorable 4. Which of the following statements best
conditions for Coral formations? describes biotic potential?
1. Shallow continental shelf (a) It refers to the potential biomass of a
population measured as dry weight per unit
2. High sediments in the water
area.
3. Areas where fresh waters from rivers
(b) It refers to the possible functional roles a
enter oceans
species can play in an ecosystem.
4. Mean annual temperatures of above 22
(c) It refers to the maximum reproductive
degree C. capacity of an organism under optimum
Select the correct answer using the code environmental conditions.
given below. (d) It refers to the minimum population of a
(a) 1 and 2 only species required to sustain a food web.
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only 5. Consider the following statements about
thermal pollution in a closed water body:
(d) 1 and 4 only
1. It reduces the oxygen holding capacity
of the water body
2. Which of the following microbes can be
2. It hampers the growth of blue green
used as insecticide?
algae
1. Bacteria 3. It causes death of fishes in the aquatic
2. Fungi system
3. Virus Which of the following statements given
Select the correct answer using the code above is/are correct?
given below. (a) 1 only

(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only


(c) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 3 only
6. Consider the following statements with
regard to carbon monoxide gas:
3. Which among the following is/are 1. It is a foul odour gas which smells like
advantages of mulching? rotten egg.
1. Conserves soil moisture 2. It is produced as a result of incomplete
2. Reduces weed growth combustion of carbon.
3. Encourages microbial activity in the soil 3. Paddy field is an important source of
Select the correct answer using the code carbon monoxide.
Which of the statements given above is/are
given below.
correct?
(a) 3 only
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 2 only (c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 only
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7. Which of the following activities can lead to 10. Which of the following are the sources of
desertification? renewable energy?
1. Overgrazing 1. Geo-thermal energy
2. Mining activities 2. Biofuels
3. Unscientific irrigation of arid lands 3. Biomass energy
4. Uncontrolled exploitation of 4. Nuclear energy
groundwater Select the correct answer using the codes
Select the correct answer using the code given below
given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

11. Consider the following statements with


8. Consider the following pairs:
respect to acid rain:
Population Feature
Interaction 1. Acidified soils tend to have high levels
1. Mutualism : Both the species of cadmium, which when absorbed by
are benefited plants, increases their toxicity.
2. Competition : Both the species 2. Mountain tops are relatively less
are harmed vulnerable to the effects of acid rain as
3. Commensalism : One species is compared to lowlands.
harmed and the 3. Magnesium, potassium and iron are
other is leached away from soil by acid rains.
unaffected Which of the above statement(s) is/are
4. Amensalism : One species is correct?
benefited and the (a) 3 only
other is (b) 1 and 3
unaffected (c) 1 and 2
Which of the pairs given above is/are (d) 1, 2 and 3
correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
12. Which of the following are the effects of
(b) 3 and 4 only
increase in UV radiation due to the depletion
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
of the Ozone layer?
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
1. Temperature changes and rainfall failure
2. Genetic disorders
9. Which of the following leads to habitat
3. Reduction in chlorophyll content of
destruction?
plants
1. Construction activities in forest area
2. Introduction of invasive species 4. Decrease in the productivity of
3. Volcanic eruption continental shelves
Select the correct answer using the code Select the correct answer using the code
given below. given below.
(a) 1 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
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13. Which of the following is known as the Rain 16. Which of the following pollutants are
forests of the oceans? present in the motor vehicle exhaust
emissions?
(a) Mangroves
1. Carbon Dioxide
(b) Coral reefs 2. Carbon Monoxide
(c) Sea grass 3. Nitrous Oxide
(d) Oysters 4. Hydrocarbons
Select the correct answer using the code
given below:
14. With reference to Eutrophication, consider
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
the following statements: (b) 2, 3 and 4 only
1. It is the process of decrease of nutrients (c) 1 and 3 only
in the water bodies. (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2. It leads to the depletion of oxygen from


17. Which of the following gases is/are
water bodies.
associated with acid rain?
3. It results in growth of harmful algal 1. Sulphur Dioxide
blooms. 2. Nitrogen Oxides
Which of the statements given above is/are 3. Methane
4. Ozone
correct?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 only given below.
(b) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (b) 1, 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 4 only

15. With reference to ecology, which among the 18. Consider the following statements regarding
following correctly describes the Allen's United Nations Framework Convention on
rule? Climate Change (UNFCCC):
1. It was adopted at the "Rio Earth
(a) It states that the growth and productivity
Summit" in 1992.
of a plant is always limited by
2. It is a legally binding as it sets
availability of a critical nutrient. mandatory limits on greenhouse gas
(b) It states that if two species have emissions.
3. Its ultimate objective is to eliminate
completely overlapping niches they
greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.
cannot continue to coexist.
Which of the statements given above is/are
(c) It states that mammals from colder correct?
climates generally have shorter ears and (a) 1 only

limbs to minimize heat loss. (b) 1 and 3 only


(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) None of the above.
(d) 1, 2 and 3
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19. Consider the following statements with 22. Which among the following is/are examples
regard to Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand of the adaptations by organisms in order to
(BOD): cope up with their environment?
1. It is the amount of oxygen needed by 1. Capability of organisms to burrow into
the soil
aerobic micro organisms to break down
2. Thick layer of fat below the skins of
organic material present in a given water
animals in polar regions
sample.
3. Absence of leaves in desert plants
2. Higher level of BOD indicates lower
Select the correct answer using the code
pollution level of the water. given below.
Which of the statements given above is/are (a) 1 and 2 only
correct? (b) 1 only
(a) 1 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 23. Which of the following part of
electromagnetic spectrum of sunlight is/are
20. Consider the following statements regarding responsible for heating of solar cooker and
solar water heater?
ecological pyramids:
1. Infrared waves
1. Pyramid of number and biomass can be
2. UV-A waves
both upright and inverted.
3. UV-B waves
2. Pyramid of energy is always upright.
4. UV-C waves
Which of the statements given above is/are Select the correct answer using the codes
correct? given below
(a) 1 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (d) 2, 3 and 4 only

21. Which of the following statements is/are 24. With reference to 'decomposition', which of
correct about a biosphere reserve? the following statements is/are correct?
1. Humus is highly susceptible to microbial
1. A biosphere reserve focuses on
action and undergo decomposition at fast
protection of a single species rather than
rate.
the entire ecosystem.
2. Decomposition is slower if detritus is
2. Human activity is completely prohibited
rich in nitrogen.
in both core and buffer zones of a 3. Low temperature and anaerobiosis
biosphere reserve. inhibit the decomposition.
Select the correct answer using the code Select the correct answer using the code
given below. given below.
(a) 1 only (a) 3 only
(b) 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (c) 1 and 2 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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25. With reference to acidification of ocean, 28. For a chemical to undergo biomagnification,
consider the following statements: it must be:
1. It occurs due to the high absorption of 1. short lived
nitrogenous based acidic compounds.
2. mobile and biologically active
2. Productivity of corals will increase
3. soluble in water
because of the increase in nitrogenous
Select the correct answer using the code
nutrients.
3. Introduction of seagrasses can reduce the given below
impact of acidification. (a) 1 and 2 only
Which of the statements given above is/are (b) 2 only
correct? (c) 3 only
(a) 1 and 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
29. Which of the following are non-point
(d) 1, 2 and 3
sources of pollution in rivers?
1. Surface drains carrying municipal
26. Which of the following is/are the
characteristics of Compressed Natural Gas sewage
(CNG)? 2. Run-off from agricultural fields
1. It is lead free 3. Dumping of un-burnt/half-burnt dead
2. It is a liquid fuel like LPG bodies
3. On combustion it emits lesser Carbon 4. Dhobi ghats
monoxide than petrol
5. Effluents from industries
4. The noise level of CNG engine is higher
Select the correct answer using the code
than that of diesel
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
given below. (a) 1, 4 and 5 only
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only

30. Which of the following are the possible


27. Consider the following pairs:
effects of global warming?
Food Adulterant
1. The rate of decomposition of organic
1. Black Pepper : Papaya seeds matter will increase
2. Turmeric : Metanil yellow 2. Sowing period will decrease
3. Faster deterioration of soil quality
3. Milk : Urea
Select the correct answer using the codes
Which of the pairs given above is/are
given below.
correctly matched?
(a) 3 only
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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31. Which of the following are the sources of 35. With reference to Zoological Survey of India
Methane? (ZSI), consider the following statements:
1. Biomass burning 1. It is a statutory body under Ministry of
2. Landfills Environment and Forest.
3. Rice fields 2. It undertakes Environmental Impact
4. Coal mining Assessments with regard to fauna.
5. Permafrost 3. It prepares the Red Data Book, Fauna of
Select the correct answer using the code India and Fauna of States.
given below: Which of the statements given above is/are
(a) 3 and 4 only
correct?
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 5 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
32. Which among the following regions in India
is/are biodiversity hotspots?
36. Consider the following statements with
1. Eastern Ghats
regard to Marine ecosystems:
2. Eastern Himalayas
3. Nicobar Islands 1. The marine waters are divided into
Select the correct answer using the code Photic and Aphotic zones based on the
given below. salinity of water.
(a) 1 and 3 only 2. Green plants are found only in Photic
(b) 2 only zones.
(c) 2 and 3 only 3. Aphotic zone is completely devoid of
(d) 1, 2 and 3 life.
Which of the statements given above is/are
33. Aichi Targets are associated with which of correct?
the following? (a) 1 only
(a) Convention on Biological Diversity (b) 2 only
(b) Washington Convention (c) 2 and 3 only
(c) Ramsar Convention (d) 1 and 2 only
(d) Bonn Convention
37. Consider the following statements with
34. Which of the following is/are examples of regard to responses of organisms to stressful
Mutualism? environment:
1. Algae and lichens. 1. Hibernation and Aestivation refers to
temporary movements of organisms
2. Rhizobium bacteria and plants.
from the stressful habitat to a more
3. Coral polyps and Zooxanthellae hospitable area.
4. Leech and cattle 2. Diapause is animal dormancy due to
Select the correct answer using the code adverse environmental conditions in
given below: which growth or development is
suspended.
(a) 1 and 3 only
Which of the statements given above is/are
(b) 2 and 4 only correct?
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only (a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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38. Which of the following is/are constituents of 41. Which of the following statements is/are
fly ash? correct regarding freshwater ecosystems?
1. Black soot
1. Lotic ecosystems are still water
2. Lead
ecosystems whereas Lentic ecosystems
3. Cadmium
4. Nickel are running water ecosystems.

Select the correct answer using the codes 2. Thermocline in an aquatic ecosystem is
given below. the zone of constant temperature.
(a) 1 only Select the correct answer using the code
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
given below:
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(a) 1 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 2 only

39. With reference to the role of various gases in (c) Both 1 and 2
the atmosphere, consider the following (d) Neither 1 nor 2
statements:
1. Ozone in troposphere is harmful for 42. Which among the following is the main
human beings.
assumption of the Limits to Growth theory?
2. Nitrogen is used for manufacture of
(a) Environment cannot support rising
fertilizers.
3. Carbon dioxide absorbs infra-red rays resource utilization beyond its carrying
and keeps the earth warm. capacity.
Which of the statements given above is/are (b) Certain animal species cannot grow
correct? beyond their population threshold.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(c) Landforms do not degrade beyond the
(b) 1 and 3 only
base level.
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) Environmental degradation limits the
growth of flora of Tropical rain Forests.
40. Which of the following activities increases
the concentration of Carbon Dioxide in the 43. Which of the following processes is/are
atmosphere? examples of ex-situ bioremediation?
1. Decomposition of limestone during the
1. Composting
manufacture of cement
2. Solid waste treatment
2. Photosynthesis by plants
3. Volcanic eruptions 3. Subsurface treatment of ground water
4. Deforestation Select the correct answer using the code
Select the correct answer using the code given below
given below. (a) 1 only
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1 and 4 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
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44. Consider the following statements: 47. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly
1. The total amount of water received in matched?
the form of rainfall over an area is called Pollutant Source
rainwater harvesting potential. 1. Organo-chlorine : Paper industry
2. The amount of water that can be 2. Lead : Paints
effectively harvested out of total water 3. Sulphur dioxide : Thermal power
received is called rainwater endowment. plants
Which of the statements given above is/are Select the correct answer using the code
correct?
given below.
(a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(c) 2 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3

45. With reference to Keystone species, consider


48. The term 'Acid shock' is related to which of
the following statements:
the following?
1. A Keystone species exhibits
(a) The infusion of sulphuric acid into lakes
disproportionately large effect on its
environment relative to its abundance. and rivers in spring due to melting of

2. Figs in tropical rainforests are keystone snow.


species as they produce large quantity of (b) The sudden impact of acid rain on the
fruits. plankton in the oceans due to acid rains.
Select the correct answer using the code (c) The sudden infusion of sulphuric acid
given below. into the soil when dry acid depositions
(a) 1 only are washed down by rain water.
(b) 2 only (d) Changes in the texture and color of
(c) Both 1 and 2 monuments due to acid rain.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
49. Which of the following are the methods of
46. Which of the following projects uses 'Run of in-situ conservation?
the river systems' for the purpose of 1. Biodiversity hotspots
generating electricity? 2. Sacred Groves
1. Tidal energy project 3. Zoological parks
2. Small-scale hydro power project
4. Tissue culture
3. Large reservoir based hydro power
5. Seed banks
project
Select the correct answer using the code
Select the correct answer using code given
given below.
below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
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50. Which among the following have been 53. Which of the following factors are
classified as extinct by the IUCN? responsible for riverine floods?
1. Meandering course of river
1. Dodo
2. Prolonged high intensity rainfall
2. Quagga 3. Landslides and volcanic eruptions
3. Bali tiger 4. Erosion along the river banks
Select the correct answer using the code
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
given below. (a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 54. Who among the following heads the
National Board of Wildlife in India?
51. Which of the following factors have affected (a) The President
(b) The Prime Minister
the regional distribution of species diversity
(c) Minister for Environment, Forest and
on Earth? Climate Change
1. Frequent glaciations in the past (d) Cabinet Secretary
2. Inclination of earth's axis of rotation
55. Which of the following is/are influenced by
Select the correct answer using the code
the photoperiod?
given below. 1. Migration in animals
(a) 1 only 2. Opening of buds and flowers in plants
(b) 2 only 3. Hibernation of animals
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) Both 1 and 2
given below:
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
52. What is/are the advantages of Environmental (c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Impact Assessment (EIA)?
1. Better understanding of the impacts of 56. With reference to the International Union for
the project. Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which of
2. Reduces disputes and confrontation. the following statements is/are correct?
1. It includes both government and non-
3. Ensures cooperation of the local people
government organisations as its
in project. members.
Select the correct answer using the code 2. It has Observer Status at the United
Nations (UN).
given below.
Select the correct answer using code given
(a) 1 and 2 only below.
(b) 2 and 3 only (a) 1 only
(c) 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
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57. Consider the following pairs: 60. Consider the following statements regarding
Alternative energy source - Method Basel Convention:
of utilization 1. It aims to regulate the disposal and
1. Ipomoea plants - Biomass transboundary movement of hazardous
gasification waste.
2. Municipal soild waste - Incineration 2. India is a signatory to the convention.
3. Banana leaves - Pellitisation Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
Which of the pairs given above is/are
(a) 1 only
correctly matched?
(b) 2 only
(a) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
61. As per the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, the
Chief wildlife warden may permit hunting of
58. Consider the following pairs: wildlife animals under which of the
Sacred Groves Region following conditions?
1. Than : Assam 1. A wild animal has become dangerous to
2. Kavus : Kerala human life.
3. Devara Kadu : Andhra Pradesh 2. A wild animal has become diseased
Which of the pairs given above is/are beyond recovery
correctly matched? 3. Hunting of snakes for collecting venom
(a) 1 only to prepare life saving drugs.
(b) 1 and 2 only Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 2 and 3 only given below.
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
59. Consider the following statements with
(d) 1, 2 and 3
respect to Food Chain :
1. In an aquatic ecosystem, more energy
62. Which of the following is/are mandated by
flows through grazing food chain than
the Convention on Biological Diversity
detritus food chain.
(CBD)?
2. In a terrestrial ecosystem larger fraction
1. Involvement of locals with traditional
of energy flow through detritus food
knowledge in conservation efforts.
chain than grazing food chain. 2. Equitable sharing of benefits arising
3. Only 10% of energy is lost in energy from the utilisation of traditional
flow across different trophic levels. knowledge with the locals.
Which of the statements given above is/are Which of the statements given above is/are
correct? correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 3 only (b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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63. Species diversity enhances the stability of a 66. Consider the following pairs:
given ecosystem because: Practice Purpose

(a) the micro-climate of the ecosystem 1. Silviculture : production of silk


2. Apiculture : maintenance of
becomes more favourable and localized.
honey bee colonies
(b) it narrows the ecological niche of the
3. Sericulture : artificial breeding of
species. fishes
(c) it provides alternative channels for Which of the above pairs given above is/are
energy flow in food web. correctly matched?
(d) species diversity reduces the mean net (a) 1 and 2 only
primary productivity. (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
64. Consider the following statements with
regard to captive breeding of wildlife:
67. There are four major causes attributed to
1. It refers to conservation and breeding of
biodiversity loss known as 'the Evil Quartet'.
wildlife species in restricted areas such Which among the following is/are the part of
as zoo or aquarium. 'the Evil Quartet'?
2. Nandankanan zoo in Orissa is known for 1. Habitat loss and fragmentation
successful captive breeding of White 2. Over-exploitation
3. Introduction of invasive species
tiger and Gharial.
Select the correct answer using the code
Which of the statements given above is/are
given below.
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(b) 2 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
68. Consider the following statements regarding
Benthic Zone of an ocean ecosystem:
65. Which of the following statement correctly
1. It is the region extending between high
explains the phenomenon of Antibiosis?
tide and low tide levels.
(a) A relationship in which one species kills
2. This is the most productive zone in
to feed on the other species. Ocean due to high nutrient supply.
(b) An organism benefiting from the 3. Most of the organisms found here are
relationship with other organisms. luminescent.
(c) It is the production of secretions by an Which of the statements given above is/are

organism which is harmful to other true?


(a) 3 only
organisms.
(b) 1 and 2 only
(d) It is competition between organisms of
(c) 1 and 3 only
the same species. (d) 1, 2 and 3
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69. Mercury has become a serious toxic waste. It 72. Concentration of which of the following
is found in which of the following gases in atmosphere result in greenhouse gas
instruments? effect?
1. Barometer 1. Stratospheric Ozone
2. Thermometer 2. Water vapour
3. Fluorescent Lamp 3. Hydro-Flouro Carbon
Select the correct answer using the code 4. Methane
given below. Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 and 2 only given below.
(b) 1 only (a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 3 only
70. Which of the following is/are considered as
Autotrophs? 73. Which of the following is/are the types of
1. Green plants positive interaction in a biotic community?
2. Blue green Algae 1. Colonisation
3. Human beings 2. Competition
4. Cattle 3. Proto co-operation
Select the correct answer using the code Select the correct answer using the code
given below. given below.
(a) 1 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c ) 2, 3 and 4 only (c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1 and 3 only

71. Consider the following pairs: 74. Consider the following statements:
Conference Objective 1. While a central legislation is needed for
1. Saving the Ozone: First global altering the boundaries of a National
Layer conference conference related Park, a resolution is passed by state
to the Ozone layer legislature for altering boundaries of a
2. Helsinki conference : Revision of Sanctuary.
Montreal protocol 2. While no human activity is allowed
3. Vienna conference : Total ban on Ozone inside a national park, limited activities
depleting CFCs are permitted within the sanctuary.
Which of the pairs given above is/are Which of the statements given above is/are
correctly matched? correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1 and 3 only (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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75. Which among the following is/are the 79. Which among the following ecosystems are
sedimentary nutrient cycles?
likely to face the impact of global warming
1. Nitrogen cycle
2. Phosphorus cycle more than the others?
3. Sulphur cycle (a) Monsoon forests
Select the correct answer using the code
(b) Grasslands
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only (c) Tundra forests
(b) 2 and 3 only (d) Desert ecosystems
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
80. With reference to ecological succession, the
76. Which of the following is the correct term Seral stage refers to
sequence of food chain in an (a) the intermediate stage in an ecological
Agroecosystem?
(a) Mustard crop-aphid-beetle-bird succession.
(b) Mustard crop-beetle-aphid-bird (b) the final stage in the ecological
(c) Mustard crop- aphid-bird-beetle
succession that is in near equilibrium
(d) Mustard crop-beetle-bird-aphid
with the environment.
77. Which of the following statements is not (c) the first stage of primary succession in
correct?
an area.
(a) Pollutants cannot easily escape to the
stratosphere from the troposphere (d) the first stage of secondary succession in
because of temperature inversion. areas where natural biotic communities
(b) Depletion of the ozone layer at the south
have been destroyed .
pole is facilitated by the presence of ice
crystals in the clouds.
(c) Nitrogen oxides derived from fertilizers 81. Species inventory is the number of plant and
is an ozone depleting agent.
animal species recorded so far. Consider the
(d) None of the above
following statements regarding Species
78. Consider the following statements with inventories:
reference to Primary Productivity of 1. Number of plant species is more than the
ecosystem:
1. Net primary productivity is Gross animal species.
Primary Productivity minus amount of 2. Insects species constitute the largest
biomass consumed by the primary
percentage among the animal species.
consumers.
2. Primary productivity of the oceans is Which of the statements given above is/are
more than the land. correct?
Which of the statements given above is/are
(a) 1 only
correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
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82. Consider following statements regarding 85. The term Biomining refers to?
ecological pyramids: (a) Extraction of important information
1. Saprophytes are not given any place in through analysis of genome

ecological pyramids. (b) Use of micro-organisms for extraction of

2. Both food chain and food web can be ores from mines
(c) Extraction of metals from ores using
represented in an Ecological pyramid.
micro-organisms
Which of the statements given above is /are
(d) Use of enzymes for commercial
correct?
production of industrial chemicals
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
86. Which of the following are released into the
(c) Both 1 and 2
environment as e-waste?
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 1. Mercury
2. Lead
83. Which of the following factors causes 3. Arsenic
fluctuation in the density of population in a 4. Cadmium
given habitat during a given period? 5. Selenium
1. Natality 6. Brominated Flame Retardants
2. Mortality Select the correct answer using the code
3. Immigration given below.
4. Emigration (a) 1, 3, 4 and 6 only
Select the correct answer using the codes (b) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

given below. (c) 2, 4, 5 and 6 only

(a) 1 and 2 only (d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

(b) 2 and 3 only


87. Consider the following statements:
(c) 3 and 4 only
1. Bioaccumulation refers to increase in
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
concentration of a toxin at successive
trophic levels.
84. Which of the following best defines the
2. Biomagnification is the gradual increase
gradual change in certain characteristics
in concentration of a chemical over time
exhibited by communities along with
in an organism.
gradual change in one or more
Which of the statements given above is/are
environmental gradients? correct?
(a) Ecotone (a) 1 only
(b) Ecotype (b) 2 only
(c) Ecocline (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Ecological Niche (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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88. Which of the following farming methods 91. Which of the following is/are the
is/are useful in conservation of soil? micronutrients required for plants?

1. Mixed farming 1. Magnesium


2. Boron
2. Terrace farming
3. Sulphur
3. Organic farming
4. Manganese
4. Shifting cultivation Select the correct answer using the code
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
given below. (a) 1 and 4 only
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(b) 3 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
92. With reference to the agricultural practices,
consider the following statements:
89. Which among the following is the function 1. Inter-cropping method involves growing
of an electrostatic precipitator? different crops simultaneously within the
(a) It is a cloud seeding machine to cause same plot.

artificial rain. 2. Mulching is the practice of cultivation of


leguminous crops between the cropping
(b) It helps in pollution control by removing
seasons.
chemicals from exhaust gases.
Which of the statements given above is/are
(c) It is electric circuit designed to convert correct?
direct current to alternative current. (a) 1 only
(d) It helps in locating Poly-metallic nodules (b) 2 only
in the oceans. (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

90. Which of the following is/are the advantages


93. Consider the following statements with
of using biopesticides over chemical
regard to Humus:
pesticides?
1. The fertility of the soil is determined by
1. Protects water quality the amount of humus present.
2. Prevents deterioration of soil quality 2. It helps to retain water in the soil.
3. Faster action on pests 3. Nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus return
Select the correct answer using the code to the soil through humus.
Which of the statements given above is/are
given below.
correct?
(a) 2 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 3 only
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94. Consider the following statements about 98. Consider the following pairs:
Photo Chemical Smog (PCS): Traditional Water Region
1. It results from the action of sunlight on Harvesting System
Unsaturated hydrocarbons and nitrogen 1. Kunds : Rajasthan
oxides.
2. Baoli : Gangetic Plain
2. Due to high concentration of oxidising
3. Johad : Central India
agent it is also called oxidising smog.
3. Pinus and Juniparus plants metabolise Which of the pairs given above is/are
nitrogen oxide and help in reducing correctly matched?
effects of PCS. (a) 1 and 2 only
Which of the statements given above is/are (b) 1, 2 and 3
correct? (c) 2 and 3 only
(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only (d) 3 only
(c) 1 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
95. Which of the following elements and 99. Communities rich in species diversity are
compounds observe bioaccumulation along considered as stable communities. Which of
the food chain?
the following is/are features of stable
1. Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane
communities?
(DDT)
2. Mercury 1. High variation in productivity from year
3. Radioactive isotopes to year
Select the correct answer using the codes 2. Resistance to occasional anthropogenic
given below disturbances
(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only 3. Resistance to invasion by alien species
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Select the correct answer using the code
96. Which one of the following is the correct given below.
sequence of the given air pollutants in (a) 1 and 2 only
increasing order of their size? (b) 2 and 3 only
(a) Smoke < Suspended Particulate Matter < (c) 3 only
Dust (d) 1, 2 and 3
(b) Suspended Particulate Matter < Smoke <
Dust
100. Which among the following correctly
(c) Smoke < Dust < Suspended Particulate
describes Homeostatis?
Matter
(d) Suspended Particulate Matter < Dust < (a) It refers to the gradual process by which
Smoke communities in the ecosystems change
and develop over time.
97. Which among the following is a (b) It is the the process by which an
characteristic of Eurythermal organisms? organism maintains a stable internal
(a) They can tolerate and thrive in a wide environment despite changes in external
range of temperatures. conditions.
(b) They can only live in places with
(c) It is the process of transfer of energy
extremely low temperatures.
from one trophic level to another in a
(c) They can tolerate a very narrow range of
temperatures. detritus food chain.
(d) They go into hibernation during winters. (d) None of the above.

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