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PROGRAMS Professional Journal Article Review Form Student Abbie Bleeks________Course EDU 210__

Date Submitted 6/15/16_Instructor Pat Hofbauer_____

I. Provide reference by MLA or APA standards as you would for any works cited page of a

research paper.

II. II. Write detailed summary of information presented.

III. III. List new terms/concepts that were presented in the article, and write a short definition.

I learned new concepts for the different research information from the different theoriest

that were mentioned in the article. I listed some of them in the review. Such as Partons

stages of play.

IV. IV. State your personal reaction to the information presented, including how this will affect

your teaching style.

I stated my personal reaction in the review.

V. V. Other
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Abbie Bleeks

Pat Hofbauer


Drama Journal Review

The Importance of Play in a Preschool Classroom

Introducing drama at an early age can impact a child in many different ways. For

example, drama can improve social skills, emotional development, language skills, and foster

literacy development. Drama can also be introduced in a variety of ways in a preschool

classroom. For instance, drama can come about as a teacher reading a class a story where the

students act out different parts, allowing students to make up their own story, and having time set

aside for just play. Karen Sussman highlights the issue of play in the classroom and the impact

it has in the child development in her article, The Importance of Play in a Preschool Classroom.

In Sussmans article, she portrays play as an essential tool in the development of a child.

Play can benefit a childs development in many different ways. Sussman states, Play

affords child the ability to improve their language, social, physical, math, science, and thinking

skills. (Sussman) Her article begins with a scenario of a young boy and girl sorting bears and
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measuring them. By playing with the bears, they are improving their language and social skills

by communicating to each other and the teacher. When the students are picking up the sorting

bears using their fingers, they are improving their fine motor skills. The boy is sorting the bears

which is teaching him math skills. They also weigh the bears on a scale to determine which color

of bear weighs more, which is teaching them science skills. Through this scenario, we can see

that allowing a time where children can play will benefit them in many different ways of

development. Improving these skills as students develop can also help improve their confidence.

For example, Sussman says, The development and enhancement of these skills promotes their

self-esteem. (Sussman) Early childhood education is great place to start enhancing students

self-esteem. According to Sussman, Play is linked to growth in memory, self-regulation,

language, and symbol recognition. (Sussman) Playing games such as memory games can

strengthen students memory, self-regulation, language, and symbol recognition.

Sussman has used some research she has found to add to her article. Some of her research

stems from Piaget and Vygotskys theories. Their theories described the importance of social and

cognitive development in childhood development. She used this research to back her reasoning

on why play is so important in child development. Another theorist Sussman uses is Parton.

Parton defined different stages of play. Sussman listed these different stages of play in a chart in

the article. The stages included unoccupied, solitary, onlooker, parallel, associative, and

cooperative. She lists the definition for each along with examples. I have seen many of these

different types of play in the classroom I work in. After reading the article, I have a better

understand of what stage of play the students are in.

Most children have a large array of imaginary skills. They do not need much to be able to

play. For example, a stick found outside can become a powerful wizard wand used to battle of
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evil imaginary villains. Children also need a variety of material that they can use to play with.

The material should be suited for their specific age group. Teachers should make sure that all

students can easily access the toys and materials. As stated by Sussman, While specific

recommendations for materials vary- wooden toys in preference to plastic, for example-

researchers concur that age-appropriate toys and materials be accessible to children in all areas of

the classroom and outdoors. (Sussman) Sussman also used a chart from the National

Associations for the Education of Young Children. According to the chart there are seven skills

learned during play; problem solving, pretending and building, creativity, listening and verbal

skills, listening skills, fine and gross motor development, and technology. The chart provides

materials for each skill that is intended for toddlers and 3-6 year olds. Some materials mentioned

is puzzles, blocks, crayons, books, music, sport balls, and technology programs.

Sussman also included in her article a summary and recommendations. Among her

recommendations, she suggests having a scheduled time for play, using correct curriculum that is

age appropriate, transitioning games, and using open-ended questions to expand a childs

thought. At the end, Sussman states, As teachers of young children, we need to facilitate the

most natural and innate teaching tool at our disposal- play! (Sussman) Through this article, we

can see that play can come in a variety of ways and during a variety of times.

My personal reactions to this article is that I have always known that play is essential to

child development. However, it was interesting to see all the different skills that come about

when play is involved. As a teacher, I could use this article to help make a lesson play that has

more age appropriate materials. I will also use her recommendations in class to assure the

students are getting the most out of play.

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After reading this article, something that I would like to do in the classroom I work in

would be working harder to facilitate the students play. Open-ended questions would be a way

to communicate to students and to expand on their thinking. Participating in the students play, as

a teacher, would show the students that Im interested in them and what they are doing. This will

also improve their self-esteem. While I am facilitating in their play, I could model interactions to

show students proper social skills. The classroom that I work in already has time allotted for free

play. I will practice facilitating play with the students more during this time.

Work Cited

Sussman, Karen Acquire PDF - Texas Child Care Quarterly." 2012. 14 Jun. 2016