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Radiographic Techniques

1. Various radiographic techniques will require special consideration to reduce

scatter radiation reaching the film. Which of the following does not constitute a
good masking material?
a. Lead acetate/Lead nitrate in water
b. Steel shot
c. Aluminium
d. Barium clay
2. A multi-film technique may be necessary when radiographic inspection is to be
performed on a:
a. Butt weld between 2 inch thick plates
b. Consumable insert weld on small diameter pipe
c. Long seam weld on a storage tank
d. Large vessel nozzle weld
3. One of the major benefits of the use of a radiographic enlargement technique is
that it:
a. Increases the focal spot size
b. Reduces scatter radiation
c. Decreases geometric unsharpness
d. Decreases exposure time
4. In stereoradiography, the shift of the X-ray tube for the required second
exposure is based on the ____________________
a. Thickness of the part
b. Type of indication being evaluated
c. Type prism used in the stereoscope
d. Normal interpupillary distance
5. The triangulation method to determine the depth of a flaw is based on the
______________ relationship.
a. SFD
b. Similar triangle
c. Marker to film
d. Shift to time
6. When using the rigid formula for triangulation, it is to remember that the flaw
height and image shift are:
a. Linear
b. Proportional
c. Nonlinear
d. Critical
7. The relative position of a flaw between the outside and inside surfaces can be
obtained by linear interpolation when using:
a. Double marker formula
b. Step-down technique
c. Single marker formula
d. Rigid formula
8. In flash radiography various sources of high energy electrons are available.
Which of the following is not a source of these electrons?
a. Gas discharge tubes
b. Vacuum discharge
c. Field emission
d. Gamma ray sources
9. When using flash radiography techniques, care must be taken when selecting
the correct combination of radiographic variables. Which of the following is not
considered as important as the other three?
a. Source of electrons
b. Exposure time
c. Film speed
d. Screen combination
10.The technique for in-motion radiography is essentially the same as conventional
techniques except the exposure time is based on:
a. Source to film distance
b. D/T ratio
c. Speed of travel
d. Geometric unsharpness consideration
11.There are currently three in-motion radiographic techniques used in industry.
which of the following listed techniques is not an in-motion radiographic
a. Linear motion
b. Rotary motion
c. Stereographic motion
d. Synchronous radiograph
12.The higher percentage loss of usable radiation is expected during in-motion
radiographic techniques as the result of:
a. Collimation
b. Filtration
c. Speed of travel
d. Absorption
13.In considering the use of a fluoroscopic technique to evaluate electrical
components, the _____________ is still considered a disadvantage.
a. Source of radiation
b. Low brightness level of the screen
c. Exposure of personnel to radiation
d. Manipulating device
14.The electron radiographic technique utilizes _________________ in lieu of X-rays
when using either the electron transmission or electron emission procedure.
a. Photoelectrons
b. Photomicrons
c. Scattered secondary radiation
d. Secondary photoelectrons
15.If the panoramic technique of radiography is selected, one of the most important
factors to be considered is:
a. The material composition
b. The thickness uniformity
c. Film type
d. Penetrameter requirements
16.Real time systems employ fluorescent screens or semi conductive material that
affect the image quality. Factors that affect the system contrast are listed below.
Select the factor that does not affect system contrast:
a. Quantum fluctuation
b. Gamma of screens
c. Intensifiers
d. Television monitors
Ans: 1 c 2 d 3 b 4 d 5 b 6 c 7 a 8 d 9 b 10 c 11 c 12 a
13 b 14 d 15 b 16 - a