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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol.

35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

End to End Delay of VoIP over WiMax

Hiba Osman Mohammed Osman1, Dr. Khalid Hamid Bilal2 and Dr. Amin Babiker A/nabi Mustafa3
1,2,3
Al-Neelain University, Faculty of Engineering, Khartoum, Sudan

Publishing Date: May 30, 2016

Abstract with different routing protocols like DSDV, MADV and


The aim of this paper is to evaluate the end to end delay AODV with different number of node, they found that
performance of VOIP over WIMAX for fixed and mobile amount of delay in ADVD is less than DSDV [4].
WIMAX networks using OPNET software for different types
of nodes. M.A.Mohamed, F.W. Zaki and A.M. Elfeki evaluated
Keyword: WIMAX, VOIP, OPNET, QoS. the performance of different VOIP codes over the
WIMAX network using OPNET modeler such as G711,
G.7231, and G729.they found that the G.723 is the best
I. Introduction one because it has lower delay [5].
The development of wireless communication Sheetal Jalendry, Shradha Verma examined VoIP in
systems and networks in last years has been become an WIMAX network with different codes (G.711, G.722,
important part of modern life style requirements. The G.723, G.726, G.727, G.728, G.729) OPNET modeler
demand of high speed data transfer with high quality is 16.0.A was selected as the simulation tool. The Packet
being the main factor for the development of End-to-End delay for the voice code G.723.1 was the
technology. WIMAX is a standard for wireless highest. This is due to G 723.1 utilizes coding rate of 6.3
communication which supports higher number of users Kbps [6]
with higher data rates, coverage and availability. This
technology is based on IEEE 801.16 standards and it has Anita Mishra, Neha Marria, Harsukhpreet Singh made
two versions Fixed WIMAX, based on IEEE 801.16d, general simulation to estimate the performance of
and the mobile WIMAX, based on IEEE 802.16e [1]. WIMAX for supporting VOIP traffic using OPNET
modeler ,they made comparison between QoS classes
VOIP or internet telephony .It uses the Internet as a BE, ERTPS, NRPTS, RTPS, optimized ERTPS .they
telephone network with some additional capabilities. found that ERTPS is the best one due to lower delay
Instead of communicating over a circuit-switched performance [7].
network, this application allows communication
between sender and receiver over the packet-switched The objective of this paper is to study analyse,
Internet. Two protocols have been designed to handle plan and design software program to simulate and
this type of communication: SIP and H.323.The Session evaluate the performance of voice over IP over WIMAX
Initiation Protocol (SIP) was designed by IETE it is an using OPNET software , the delay was considered as
application layer Protocol that establishes, manages, and QoS performance in this paper.
terminates a multimedia session (call).H.323 is a
standard designed by (ITV) to allow telephones on the
public telephone Network to talk to computers (called 2. Description Analysis
terminals in H.323) connected to the Internet [2].
The performance of VOIP over WIMAX
There have been recent studies focusing on performance networks was planned and designed by OPNET
evaluation of VOIP in WIMAX network. software for campus area of 400km2 with different
number of node varies between 5, 10, and 15 with
Ahmed Hassan M.Hassan and Elrashed Ismail M.Zayid different transmitted power for fixed and mobile nodes.
made paper to examine VOIP over WIMAX network
and evaluated the performance for QoS Using OPNET
modeler. They made different scenarios to calculate the 3. Mathematical Modelling
performance for different number of node. They found
that when nodes increase the delay will increase [3]. The delay of a network is the time that packet
takes to travel from one node to another in the network.
Ojasvichhaniwal and MS minakshiHalder used NS2 There is accepted limited delay value a few milliseconds
network simulator to evaluate the performance of VOIP to transmit a packet through a link from source to
over WIMAX, by creating WIMAX network scenario destination. This delay occur result to congestion in the
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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

network. The delay can be calculated using the The Arrival Time is the time when the packet arrives to
following formula: the source node, the Delivery Time is the time when the
packet delivered to the destination node, Received
Packets is the total number of packets received between
the start time, tn of frame n and the start time, tn+1 of
the next frame n+1[8]

4. Computer Modelling

Start

Select type of WIMAX network

Simulation time = 0s
2
0se0sarea=20tkm =20*20km^^
^^^^^^^^^= 2
Simulation area=20*20km

Configure network

No of node, No of cell, transmitted power

Generate packet

Average

delay=

NO
Simulation time
Simulation time= simulation+20s
180s

Yes

Plot delay via


simulator

Figure 1: Computer Modelling

End

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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

5. Simulation Parameter

Table 1: Simulation Parameter

Parameter Value
Type of WIMAX Network Fixed ,mobility
Application VoIP
Nodes 5,10,15
Simulation time 3 minutes
Number of cell 3,5
Coding G7.11
Transmitted Power 0.5,1w

6. Simulation
OPNET software used to simulate and evaluate the performance of VOIP over fixed and mobile WIMAX network. It was
showed different scenarios.

Figure 2 : Three Cells with Mobile Nodes

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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

Figure 3 : Three Cells with Fixed Nodes

Figure 4 : Five Cells with Mobile Nodes

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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

Figure 5 : Five Cells with Fixed Nodes

7. Results
The simulation was implemented and we get the following results:

Figure 6: Average Delay for Mobile Nodes with Power Value 0.5w and Variable Number of Node (5, 10, 15)

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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

Figure 7: Average Delay for Fixed Nodes with Power Value 0.5w and Variable Number of Node (5, 10, 15)

Figure 8: Average Delay for Mobile Nodes with Variable Power (0.5, 1) w and 5 Nodes

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International Journal of Engineering, Applied and Management Sciences Paradigms, Vol. 35, Issue 01
Publishing Month: May 2016
An Indexed and Referred Journal
ISSN (Online): 2320-6608
www.ijeam.com

Figure 9: Average Delay for Fixed Nodes with Variable Power (0.5, 1) w and 5 Nodes

8. Result Analysis
References
If we look into the figures above we find that in
mobile and fixed network when number of node [1] Preetinder Singh, Ravneet Kaur "VOIP Over
increase the delay will increase, result to the congestion WIMAX: A Comprehensive Review" 2014
that occur between nodes, When number of node was 5 [2] Behrouza. Forouzan "Data communication and
the average end to end delay for three cells with mobile networking" 2007
nodes was 0.002 while it was 0.007 for fixed nodes and [3] Ahmed Hassan M.Hassan, ELrasheed Ismail
it was 0.002 for five cells with mobile nodes while it M.Zayid "performance evaluation of QoS in
was 0.008 for fixed nodes. When number of node was WIMAX network" May 2015
10 the average end to end delay for three cells with [4] Ojasvichhaniwal and MS minakshiHalder "Design
mobile nodes was 0.002 while it was 0.008 for fixed and Implementation of QoS in WIMAX module
nodes and it was 0.003 for five cells with mobile nodes using two ray ground and shadowing mobility
while it was 0.009 for fixed nodes. model under NS-2" April 2015
[5] M.A.Mohamed, F.W.Zaki and A.M. Elfeki
When transmitted power increase the end to end delay "performance Analysis of VOIP codecs over
increase in mobile nods but it was constant in fixed WIMAX networks" November 2012
nodes, when the power was o.5w the average end to end [6] Sheetal Jalendry, Shradha Verma "Performance
delay for three cells with mobile nodes was 0.007, while Analysis of various Codecs Schemes of VOIP over
it was 0.008 for three cells when the power was 1w and WiMAX" June 2015
it was 0.002 for three cells with fixed nodes for both [7] Anita Mishra, Neha Marria , Harsukhpreet singh"
transmitted power values. performance Evaluation of WIMAX network with
High QoS services incorporating Different physical
and Mac layer slanders" April 2015
9. Conclusion [8] Ibrahim A. Lawal, Abas Md Said and Abubakar
Aminu Muazu "Simulation Model to Improve QoS
The performance analyses of VOIP over fixed and Performance over Fixed WiMAX using OPNET"
mobile WIMAX networks have been done by measuring February 2013.
and calculating the end to end Delay for different
scenarios using OPNET software.

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