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Conference technical programme

LVDC-Redefining Electricity
First International Conference on
Low Voltage Direct Current
New Delhi, India, 26 & 27 October 2015
The programme is organized with three sessions of conferences. Each session is offering two
sub sessions in parallel. The participants can attend to each of them, depending on their field of

26 OCTOBER 2015

P Registration
Inaugural Session
Coffee Break

R Work Session 1

Parallel Session 1 A Parallel Session 1 B


Data Centers Public Electrical Systems-Last Mile

O See page 5 for detailed programme See page 7 for detailed programme

Lunch Break 13:00

G Work Session 2

R Parallel Session 2 A
Electrical Equipment
Parallel Session 2 B
Private Electrical Networks
See page 10 for detailed programme See page 13 for detailed programme

A Coffee Break
Session 2 A continues Session 2 B continues

Electrical Equipment Private Electrical Networks

M Closing 17:00

27 OCTOBER 2015
M Morning Key Note speaker
Visioning the Future

E Work Session 3

Parallel Session 3 A Parallel Session 3 A


LVDC for Mobility Rural Homes / Electricity Access

(Marine vessels, Aircraft, (No Grid Connectivity, Developing
Automobile, EV Charging, Economies)

See page 15 for detailed programme See page 18 for detailed programme

Lunch Break 13:00

Summary from the Parallel Sessions
(Presentation by Session Chairmen)
Conclusions and Next Steps 16:00
Farewell & Fellowship 16:30

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Which sessions should I attend?
The programme offers parallel sessions, and as all these subjects are of the higher interest, it is always
difficult to select the sessions which is the most in line with your concerns. You will find here under a
short description of the themes for each parallel session. Detailed presentation abstracts are available in
the following pages.

Parallel Session 1 A Parallel Session 1 B

Data Centers Public Electrical Systems-Last Mile
See page 5 for detailed programme See page 7 for detailed programme

Objectives Objectives
Fuel debate on the efficiency potential for DC Focus on the use of LVDC in public power
power distribution; distribution networks, i.e. in the utility grids;
Review case studies of the ICT sector which Introduce versatile use cases for the LVDC
are most preceded by DC power market; technology in public electrical systems;
Share latest information, development history, Present related research results and practical
and reference for the market expansion of the experiences;
non-ICT sector. Exchange information and insights about the
role of LVDC in utility networks in future.
Expected outcomes
Outline the challenges and their process to Expected outcomes
overcome; Identification of use cases and technical
Examples of activities of the necessary specifications;
standardization bodies and stakeholders; Estimation of market potential and
Lessons learned by Case Study. development trends;
Determination of pivotal standardisation gaps;
Who should attend? Gather information for development of
Engineers active in the development and standards.
marketing of DC power solutions for telecom
and data centers. Who should attend?
Experts working in the fields of power
distribution, grid-tie converter technology,
electrical safety or network management;
Representatives of distribution network
operators and related manufacturing industry.

Parallel Session 2 A Parallel Session 2 B

Electrical Equipment Private Electrical Networks
See page 10 for detailed programme See page 13 for detailed programme

Objectives Objectives
It is obvious that when LVDC will be used in Present a range of applications/use cases of
normal day life that all (or almost all) currently LV DC in the environment of private
used equipment will also be needed but installation;
adapted to LVDC; Promote DC applications and foster exchange
Analyze the possible opportunities, problems, of information between experts.
issues with equipment in the different
applications; Expected outcomes
See what the economical impact of a change Promotion of DC as future technology;
from AC to DC could be. Identification of further applications;

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Identification of future markets or market
Expected Outcomes needs;
Determine which are the foreseen Identification of necessary steps to bring
opportunities, problems, issues; standardization at IEC forward in the right
Define most appropriate voltages, parameters direction.
on which the choice of the voltage(s) needs to
be based; Who should attend?
For which of the products is there a need for Electrical contractors, engineers and designers
further research? of installations;
In which fields are there issues for Architects designing private and public
standardization? buildings;
Provide input for the market assessment to be Manufacturers of LV DC equipment,
made by WG 3 of SEG 4. appliances and protective devices.

Who should attend?

Electrical contractors, engineers and designers
of installations;
Manufacturers of LV DC equipment.

Parallel Session 3 A Parallel Session 3 B

LVDC for Mobility Rural Homes / Electricity Access
(Marine vessels, Aircraft, (No Grid Connectivity, Developing
Automobile, EV Charging, Railways) Economies)
See page 15 for detailed programme See page 18 for detailed programme

Objectives Objectives
Present a range of applications of LV DC in Share experiences and technologies enabling
mobility: on the street, the rail, the water and in electricity access in developing economies;
the air; Explore LVDC as an option to access
Promote DC applications and foster exchange electricity integrating it with local generation /
of information between experts, giving the distribution and to make it a standalone
chance to create a network of experts. vertically integrated business model for
sustainable economic development;
Expected outcomes Achieve the objective of clean energy.
Promotion of DC as future technology for all
kind of mobility; Expected Outcomes
Identify future applications; Review of the current practices/standards for
Identify future markets, market trends and accessing electricity using LVDC technologies,
needs; making a gap analysis and develop
Identify gaps in today's standardization; architecture with an outlook of optimized cost
propose steps to bring standardization at IEC and geographical reach;
forward in the right direction. Compilation of key concerns in the
development of standardization ecosystem;
Who should attend? Prepare recommendations for the
Engineers and designers of mobility products development of standards on feasible,
and services; optimized and resilient LVDC technology and
Standardization experts working in the field of infrastructure.
mobility or working on adjacent fields.
Who should attend?
International standardization bodies, national
International financial institutions;
Academics and individual experts.

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Work Session 1 - Parallel Session 1 A
Data Centers
The Enernet: Powering Buildings in the 21st Century doing for electricity what the
Internet did for information
Presenter: Brian Patterson, President EMerge Alliance, Managing Director of B. L. Coliker
Associates, United States of America

This presentation takes a high level look at the issues facing traditional power systems and grids today
and then explores the alternative of using (and keeping) DC power in its native non-synchronous form to
aggregate and combine distributed generation sources with AC power from the macro grid, to distribute it
using a massively disaggregated architecture called the Enernet, and to provide both AC and DC
electricity to loads (electrical and electronic devices) in both new and existing buildings. The Enernet
described is a tiered configuration of nanogrids, microgrids and macro grids arranged in layers akin to
the Internets physical network topology. While microgrids are inherently scalable, from personal
desktops to utility scale, the focus of this paper is on those microgrids used within buildings and on
building campuses, sometimes referred to as inside the meter microgrids. Also discussed will be the
motivation, need and status of new standards to support the implementation of such an Enernet of
electrical power beginning in buildings based on low voltage (under 1000VDC) direct current and hybrid
AC/DC power. Finally covered are the goals of such an Enernet, which includes complimenting,
augmenting and/or otherwise hybridizing the existing AC power distribution systems in buildings in
support of the macro, or Smart Grid.

Brian T. Patterson is the President and a founder of the EMerge Alliance, a 501c non-
profit corporation developing application standards for hybrid AC/DCpower building
microgrids. Patterson has an extensive technical and work history in electronics, fiber
optics and building technologies and holds patents in those fields. He is also Managing
Director of B. L. Coliker Associates, a technology consulting firm and formerly General
Manger of Armstrong World Industries.
Brian is the US representative to IEC SEG 4 on LVDC, a member of the IEEE, NEMA,
CABA, SEIA, SEPA, PSMA, and an active participant in UL/NEMA/NFPA/Emerge task group on DC

The first DC micro grid in a commercial building in Germany

Presenter: Tilo Pschel, Business Development and Consulting Bachmann GmbH & Co,

The presentation consists of some general information about the background of our 380VDC installation
and reasons for it. The main part of my presentation addresses the issues of a typical data center
application. In our own small data center the climate units, the ups systems and the IT load is 1+1
redundant and completely based on 380VDC. This comes together with a 380VDC lighting system in our
building. We use two ups systems of Emerson in combination with a solar system. The technology
developed for Data Centers can easily be applied to regular buildings.

Tilo Pschel started his career as engineer for electrical communication engineering
and electronics in 1996 and developed his career and expertise contributing to
numerous data center projects all over the world. He worked as a project manager and
head of the engineering center for data center applications in different companies
worldwide. He is currently responsible for BacHMANNs new data center project based
on 380VDC.

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380VDC eco system current status of development
Presenter: BJ Sonnenberg, Manager Business Development, Emerson Network Power, United-

This presentation is a review of the latest progress made in higher voltage DC adoption with emphasis
on data centers and telecom facilities. It discusses the marketing and application drivers for use of
380VDC and highlights the status of global standardization and availability of eco system components.
The presentation concludes with a review of some of the global installations.

BJ Sonnenberg holds a Masters in Electrical Engineering from Warsaw Polytechnics,

Warsaw, Poland, and has over 30 years of experience with UPS and DC power systems. His
broad involvement in engineering, manufacturing, marketing and sales allows him to bring a
well-rounded perspective to solutions related to power distribution for critical applications. He
has held several positions in engineering, product planning and development, general
management, marketing and sales at Exide Electronics (today Eaton), Merlin Gerin (today Schneider),
Magnetek, Ericsson and Emerson Network Power Energy Systems.
BJ is a patent holder and frequent speaker at international events related to modern approach for critical
power conversion and distribution. He is an author and co-author of numerous white papers addressing
data center and telecom power applications. He is a contributor to development of global standards
addressing DC power applications.

NTT group R&D and Installation Plan of LVDC Power Supply System
Presenter: Nobuhiko Yamashita, Senior Research Engineer, Supervisor. Environmental
Technology and Management Project, NTT Network Technology Laboratories, Japan

NTT group R&D and Installation Plan of LVDC Power Supply System (tentative title) NTT group has
been developing the LVDC power system as the next generation energy infrastructure for telecom/data
centers. NTT is accelerating deployment of the 380 VDC power systems for telecom buildings since
2014. NTT has also made great efforts to issue the IEC and ITU-T standards on the 380 VDC power
systems. In addition, NTT published the Technical Requirements for the 380 VDC power supply system
for information & communication businesses. NTT would like to widely promote the use of LVDC power
into not only ICT but also residential, commercial, and industrial areas. By introducing new power supply
technologies, NTT will create flexible and optimal networks and infrastructure, in order to provide better
services with lower environment load.

Nobuhiko Yamashita graduated from the Kyushu Institute of Technology, Fukuoka,

Japan, in 1987 with a B.E. in electronics engineering. He joined NTT Electrical
Communications Laboratories in 1987 and was engaged in studies on high-speed power
semiconductor devices and circuits for DCDC converters. After working at ENNET
Corporation and NTT FacILITIES, INC., he joined NTT Energy and Environment Systems
Laboratories where he developed power supply systems for telecommunication facilities.
He is currently working on the development of services and systems related to energy and
the environment.
He is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Institute of
Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers (IEICE), and the Institute of Electrical Engineers
of Japan (IEEJ). He received the IEICE Academic Encouragement Award in 1995 and the IEICE
Communications Society Distinguished Contributions Award in 2004.

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Work Session 1 - Parallel Session 1 B
Public Electrical Systems-Last Mile
The development of LVDC distribution system in Korea
Presenter: Jintae Cho, Senior Researcher, KEPRI (Korea Electric Power Research Institute),
Korea (Republic of)

The percentage of digital loads is constantly increasing against the analog loads and the interconnection
of renewable energy sources is expanding in power distribution system. For these reasons, there are
many research projects concerning DC distribution system recently because significant gains like
efficiency, stability, reliability and controllability can be achieved by transferring to the DC (Direct
Current) from the AC (Alternative Current) in power system. This current trend is towards power utilities
which supply electricity to customers. It is expected that DC customers like IDC (Internet Data Center),
DC building and DC home will demand power utilities to provide the direct DC electric power soon.
KEPCO (Korea Electric Power Corporation), the Korean electric utility, has an interest in DC distribution
system. It has researched the LVDC system and has a plans to supply DC power to customers directly.
This presentation explains the current development status and the construction plan of LVDC distribution
system in Korea.

Jintae Cho received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Korea
University, Seoul, Korea, in 2006 and 2008, respectively. He is currently a senior
researcher at Micro-Grid Research & Business Development Center of KEPRI (Korea
Electric Power Corp. Research Institute), Daejeon, Korea. His research interests are in
design, development and control of DC distribution system.

Enabling an LVDC last mile distribution network

Presenter: Abdullah A S. Emhemed, Senior Researcher, Department of Electronic and Electrical
Engineering, Technology and Innovation Centre, The University of Strathclyde, Glasgow,
Scotland, United Kingdom

Low Voltage DC (LVDC) distribution systems have the potential to be considered as an efficient platform
for facilitating the connection of more distributed energy resources and powering our growing digital
loads. The applications of LVDC are still at an early stage due to the lack of mature experience and
standards. Over and above, the protection challenges that are presented by integrating DC installations
in existing AC systems are one of the key issues that delay the wide uptake of LVDC technologies. In
response to these issues, the talk will present the following contributions in relation to the application of
DC in last mile distribution networks: the potential benefits of LVDC and their progress to date; the
technical challenges of LVDC implementations in last mile and their potential impact on traditional LV
protection systems (using UK example); and the recommendation and experimental results of
prototyping an advanced protection scheme for delivering resilient operation for a utility last mile DC

Dr Abdullah A S. Emhemed received the B.Eng. in Electrical Power Systems from Nasser
University in Libya, in 2000, MSc. degree in Electrical Power Systems from University of
Bath (UK), in 2005, and PhD. Degree in Electronic and Electrical Engineering from
University of Strathclyde in 2010. He worked for the General Electrical Company of Libya
(GECOL) at the Central Control Centre, Tripoli, Libya from 2000-2003. He is currently a
senior researcher within the Institute for Energy and Environment at the University of Strathclyde, and
his research expertise is in the fields of real time modelling and simulation of power systems dynamic
and stability, hybrid AC/DC grids, and low voltage DC stability and protection.

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Dr Emhemed is an active member of the IET Technical Committee2.4 LVDC Power Systems, and has
contributed to writing the new IET Code of Practice for low and extra low voltage DC systems in
buildings. He is also a member of the IEC System Evaluation Group (SEG 4) on LVDC.

Application of LVDC networks in rural distribution in Finland

Presenter: Pasi Nuutinen, Researcher, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland

The main scope in Finland has been the use of LVDC in public electricity distribution and especially in
sparsely populated areas. Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) has researched a concept,
where d.c. is used to replace 20 kV a.c. branch lines and a 400 V a.c. networks with 750 V LVDC
network. A research site was built in cooperation with a power company Suur-Savon Shk Oy and it
was commissioned in June 2012. Finnish DSO Elenia Oy has also implemented an LVDC distribution
system into their network, which has been operating since 2014. The LVDC distribution has also been
tested in a third location by Ensto Finland Oy, already in 2008. All the experiences compiled over the
years in Finland are discussed. The main scope is in the used structures, confronted challenges, main
drivers of the selected voltage level, and in the standardization of the LVDC distribution concept.

Pasi Nuutinen was born in 1981 in Finland. He received his M.Sc. degree in Electrical
Engineering from Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), Lappeenranta, Finland, in
2007. He is currently a research engineer and postgraduate student with the LUT Institute of
Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology and is preparing his doctoral
His current research interests are power electronic converters, energy storages and system
engineering aspects for Low-Voltage Direct Current (LVDC) distribution networks and smart grids.

Lesson Learned from the Application of Community Based DC Microgrid

Presenter: Worajit Setthapun, Dean, Chang Mai Rajabhat University, Thailand

The DC Smart Community is a real living demonstration community in the mountainous area of Chiang
Mai, Thailand. The Smart Community uses electricity from a centralized 25.5 kW PV system and
distributes DC power to the load buildings in the range of 260 297 VDC. The community has 6 small
houses, an office, a minimart, a coffee shop, a restaurant and an organic farm. Appliances such as
lighting, air conditioner, television, refrigerator, computer, water heater, and water pump were specially
developed for use with DC power. The DC power devices are approximately 30% more efficient then AC
power devices. The DC system has been in operation since 2012 and lesson learned will be shared in
the presentation.

Dr. Worajit Setthapun holds a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of
Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA and was the Postdoctoral Appointee at Argonne National
Laboratory in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering Department. She is currently
the Dean at the Asian Development College for Community Economy and Technology
(adiCET), Chiang Mai Rajabhat University. Her role is to manage the Institutes
Graduate Programs, Renewable Energy Research and Training Center, and the
Chiang Mai World Green City (CWGC).
The CWGC is a model city which demonstrates real application of green technology
for community living. The research focuses on green city for community power development such as
Renewable Energy, DC Microgrid, Smart Homes, Community Technology and Low Carbon Society.

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DC-Based Bottom-Up Microgrids as the Next-Generation Electrical Power Infrastructures
Presenter: Mario Tokoro, Executive Advisor and Founder, Sony Computer Science Laboratories
(CSL), Inc., Japan

A DC-based, bottom-up microgrid system called DCOES with a novel energy exchange mechanism has
been developed and deployed in a community of 19 inhabited houses at the campus of Okinawa Institute
of Science and Technology (OIST) since December 2014. The key technology for such a microgrid is an
energy exchange mechanism which achieves bidirectional power transmission in the form of DC. The
system is proven in real environment to be efficient in the use of renewable energy sources and
batteries, flexible in size of community, and dependable in case of an outage of utility grids. Based on
this experience, we are aiming at expanding the technology to be applicable for larger communities,
university campuses or cities by incorporating hierarchical architectures. In this presentation we discuss
the concept of DC-based bottom-up microgrids as a proposition for next-generation electrical power

Dr. Mario Tokoro is a former Professor of Computer Science at Keio University and
a former Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of Sony Corporation,
Japan. Back in 1988, he established Sony Computer Science Laboratories, Inc. and
held the positions of Director of Research, President and CEO, and Chairman and
He is an expert in Computer Science and Engineering, Philosophy of Science and
Technology and Research Management. He proposed a new scientific methodology
called Open Systems Science which sets more emphasis on relationships than
As an application of this methodology, he has developed the notion Open Systems
Dependability and is leading the project of Open Energy Systems

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Work Session 2 - Parallel Session 2 A
Electrical Equipment
Application of Energy Storage Systems in LVDC
Presenter: Pankaj Chaudhury, VDE Representative- India, VDE Testing and Certification Institute,

In our pursuit to achieve sustainability and utilize more & more renewable energy sources, technologies
are being developed to generate and store electricity locally .Smart applications of Renewable
Energy,Micro-grids, LVDC power distribution & Energy Storage is going to change the landscape in
energy management by increasing efficiency & quality of the supply and achieving flexibility both in
generation and consumption. The objective of maintaining a continuous supply of power from renewable
distributed energy sources in the conditions e.g. when there is no sun or wind, will be fulfilled through
energy storage systems that will charge up when excess power is generated and release it when utility-
supplied power or other power source ( e.g. Diesel Generator ) is too expensive or insufficient.
Standards addressing key issues of safety, interconnections and interoperability will pave the way for
faster integration of Energy Storage Systems with LVDC power distribution.

Pankaj Chaudhury is an engineering graduate in Electronics and Industrial

Electronics and a Certified Energy Auditor. He is working with VDE Testing and
Certification Institute in the area of Product Testing and Certifications, Conformity
Assessments, Compliance and Market Access Services. His current
responsibilities also involve working in the area of energy efficiency and new
technologies focusing on renewables, smart grid, smart metering, e-mobility and
energy storage.
He has over 20 years of industry experience and has worked in the power electronics field. He has been
involved in product development for inverters, UPS, battery chargers & power supplies. He managed
hardware/system quality throughout the product lifecycle from design to release through field operations
and has deep expertise in manufacturing and quality control functions.
While based in China from 2007 to 2010, he handled multiple projects for varied products, managed
relationships with contract manufacturers and executed the NPI (New Product Introduction) process for a
number of products.

LVDC arc characteristics in circuit breakers and consent-plugs

Presenter: Hyosung Kim Ph.D, Professor, Kongju National University, Korea (Republic of)

For commercialization of LVDC distribution systems, economic effect and safety should be concurrently
considered. Being DC distribution systems are mainly integrated with Power Electronics Devices, special
measures are needed to develop for safety and protection of the systems from unexpected breakdown
or malfunction of the devices. In this regard, dedicated LVDC standards and techniques for protection
coordination should be established, which are different from traditional LVac systems.
This presentation specially focuses on arc behavior in LVDC circuit breakers and socket-plugs. The
experimental results show that traditional measures in LVac circuit breakers and socket-plugs no longer
properly work. This presentation proposes some new measures to solve these problems.

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Hyosung Kim received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Seoul
National University in Korea in 1981 and 1983, respectively, and received the Ph.D. degree
from Chungbuk National University in 1995. From 1982 to 1986, he was employed at Tong-
Yang Cement Mfg. Co., Korea, where he participated in the factory automation and energy
saving project. From 1996 to 1997, he was a visiting scholar in the Dept. of Electrical
Engineering at Okayama University, Japan.
From 2000 to 2001, he was an associate research professor in the Institute of Energy
Technology at Aalborg University, Denmark. From 1997 to present, he is a tenured professor in the
division of EE and Control Engineering at Kongju National University, Korea. He is interested in Power
Quality, Static Compensators, Renewable energy, and DC systems.

DC installations and related electrical accessories use cases

Presenter: Cristiano Masini, Manager Wiring Devices and Cable Management Standardization
Coordination, Bticino, Italy

As part of this session on Electrical Equipment, this presentation will deal with the use of the electrical
accessories in various environments, in relation with the voltage levels and possible scenarios. With
regard to the voltage levels and the type of supply providing DC, the electrical accessories installed in
DC installations will have characteristics that might be different from case to case. And then; depending
on the voltage levels, some electrical accessories will be required mandatory to ensure safety.
The presentation will highlight characteristics, problems and opportunities for the electrical accessories that can be used in DC installations.

Cristiano Masini started his career with Bticino in 1998 in the Wiring Devices, R&D. His
responsibilities were then extended to the Laboratory and Standardization Department
where he supervised all standards on wiring devices while supporting the internal
standardization coordination. As of 2005, in his capacity as Manager of Wiring Devices
and Cable Management Standardization Coordination, he ensured the monitoring of all
standards concerning domestic electrical and electronic equipment, trunking systems and
electrical installations.
Since 2010, while still assuming his work with Bticino, he joined the Legrand Group and
is in charge of the standardization coordination for all the subjects relevant to the interoperability of the
electronic switches with new light sources and in general for the electronic wiring devices and systems.
He actively participates in the work of national and international standardization organizations such as

Lighting with DC distribution - Mapping of multiple DC distribution voltages to different

application spaces with case studies.
Presenter: Priya Ranjan Mishra, Principal Scientist, Philips Research India Bangalore, India

Lighting applications using DC power systems are already known and emerging for a number of
use cases. The combination of lighting and DC power systems is mainly motivated by the use of
chargeable batteries as back-up power source in addition to a main power source. Examples
are solar powered indoor and outdoor lighting using 12 V batteries, second lighting systems
designed for 220 V DC CEAG-type battery emergency DC power also in combination with solar
power demonstrated by Philips Bangalore and third data centers with 380 V battery systems
according to the standard of the European Telecommunication Standardisation Institute (ETSI).
A second motivation is the combination of lighting with power and connectivity systems of the IT
world such as 5 V USB or 54 V DC of Power-over-Ethernet systems.

Dr. Priya Ranjan Mishra has done his Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Delhi after
graduating from BIT Sindri. He has been involved in research and development of solar
systems for the last 30 years under various agencies. He developed a 2KW first roof top
grid connected system in India under MNRE funding program, in 1998. He has designed
various types of off-grid from 60 Watt to 6000 watt which have been deployed in millions
across India while he was working at Central Electronics Limited. Currently he is
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engaged in investigation of Storage integrated Solar DC grid for commercial establishments, residential
spaces and outdoor lighting.
He is IEEE Chair for working group LVDC in Home under the IEEE LVDC industry connection program.
He is also member on various IEEE and IEC working groups on LVDC standards.
To his credit there are more than 30 publications and 15 patent applications. He is also reviewer for the
Elsevier Science Journal, IEEE transaction on power delivery & IEEE sensor Journal.
Besides his professional work he assists several NGOs and was instrumental in setting up a solar
powered school near Delhi suburb and solar powered library in a village near Banaras.

UPS Market and its Trends in India

Presenter: K. V. Nachiappan, Director, Marketing and R&D, Numeric, India.

K.V. Nachiappan fondly called as KVN is responsible for implementing key

marketing initiatives such as market analysis, new product launches and is
also heading the research and development activities of Numeric. Prior to
the association of Numeric with Legrand, he served as a whole-time Director
of Numeric Power Systems Ltd. since 1994. He had a role in driving the 3
phase UPS business division of Numeric.
KVN is a qualified Engineer in Electrical & Electronics and a rank holder
from Bharathiar University. He has been associated with the power electronics field for over 20 years
and as a member of IEEE he is involved in various Power Electronics Seminars.

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Work Session 2 - Parallel Session 2 B
Private Electrical Networks
Private Electrical Systems Applications, Architecture and Markets
Presenter: Takashi Aramaki, Manager ,Panasonic Corporation, Japan

This presentation covers the following areas; (1) Applications of Private Electrical Systems, (2) System
Architecture of Private Electrical Systems, (3) Market Drivers and finally (4) some proof of concepts are
introduced. In Applications, the viewpoints are given such as developed/developing economies,
City/Rural/Off-Grid systems and time axis. In system architecture, major entities comprising typical
private electrical systems are introduced; hubs, wirings, wide-variety of devices, and
installation/maintenance point of views as well. From the above observation, market drivers are
discussed. At the end of this presentation, some proof of concepts are introduced from various
prototypes and trial projects.

Takashi Aramaki was born in Kitakyushu, Japan, in 1965. He received the B.E.
degree in electrical engineering from the Keio University, Tokyo, Japan. In 1988, he
joined Matsushita Communication Industrial, a Panasonic Company, as an Engineer,
before becoming a Manager in 2001. Since September 2003, he has been with R&D-
HQ, Panasonic Corporation, Yokosuka and Osaka, Japan, where he has led a global
team in research and standardization of 4G LTE mobile telecommunication. Since
2008 he has also been leading another team involved in the standardization of
company-wide topics ranging from AV&IT through Eco & Energy.
His international standardization experience includes not only the IEC but also 3GPP, ETSI in Europe,
and IEEE in the United States.

Presentation title: DC Lighting Technology

Presenter: Uwe Liess, R&D Manager, Head Lighting Controls, OSRAM AG, Germany

The presentation will introduce a selection of important lighting applications ranging from commercial
working spaces over residential homes to off grid mobile lighting.
Traditional AC networks will be compared with DC and hybrid power network topologies inside the
Technology changes and challenges for lighting in DC applications
Comparison of traditional AC with hybrid AC/DC and optimized DC design approaches
Supply voltages for DC lighting for different use cases
Selected off grid lighting approaches for developing countries from the past will be shown and compared
to requirements of more actual approaches for low voltage DC networks in off grid or rural areas.

Uwe Liess received a Diplom Ingenieur degree (M.Sc.) in Electronics and

Information Technology from the Technical University Munich in 1999. In 2000 he
joined OSRAM GmbH and OSRAM SYLVANIA Inc. as a development engineer for
power converters for fluorescent discharge lamps in Europe and in the United States.
Four years later he was also involved in wireless control technology for lighting. Since
2008 he holds a position as head of R&D for Lighting Controls at OSRAM GmbH in
Munich, Germany.
Mr Liess is member of IEC SEG 4 LVDC and DKE TBINK LVDC standardization
groups for Low Voltage DC applications where he acts as liaison of IEC TC 34. He is also a member of
the Technical Advisory Working Group of TCLA (The Connected Lighting Alliance).

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Safety of low Voltage electrical installation
Presenter: Jacques Peronnet, Standardization Strategy Director, Schneider Electric, France

It is estimated that 1.3 billion people do not have access to electrical energy today. Their energy need is
low as typical application is charging a cell phone or having light at night. They are located far away from
the existing grid. Innovative solutions can be put in place in order to deliver energy at a very low
investment cost, providing flexibility and safety. This presentation will detail different individual and
collective implemented solutions discussing the most adapted electrical architecture and the safety
aspects. DC 12V installation appears at the most relevant for single dwellings application.

Jacques Peronnet has been working for 25 years in the Energy Sector.
He has built a comprehensive experience from energy generation, up to end use, thanks to
various positions held in Schneider Electric in technical areas, marketing and strategy in
the field of automation, high voltage and low voltage.
In his present position, in the Partner Business Unit of Schneider Electric, he is leading the
standardization of the low voltage installation topic.

He is very active in the standardization work of the IEC notably in TC 64 as convenor of MT41 Energy
Efficiency, MT3 External influences, and other working groups of TC 64. He is also a member of the IEC
acEE Advisory committee on Energy Efficiency and the SEG 4 System evaluation Group on LVDC. He is
also involved in Cenelec working groups as an expert or convenor.

LVDC Technology in an AC World

Presenter: Mustafa Wajid, Managing Director & CEO, MEHER Group, MHM Holdings Pvt. Ltd.,

The resurgence of LVDC in an AC world is a real time phenomena. Evolution of digital technologies are
changing the way in which electrical/electronic products & systems are being used by all varieties of
businesses & people across societies irrespective of their economic levels. In this scenario a large
variety of such products/systems already use LVDC thereby necessitating the conversion of AC to DC.
LVDC technologies enable significant reduction of demand for electricity across various applications
ranging from lighting, appliances, HVac, water pumping, data centers, ships etc. Adoption of renewable
energy, particularly solar energy, can be boosted due to far superior efficiencies that can be achieved by
use of LVDC technologies. Arguably, 1.5 billion people across the world have no access to electricity.
LVDC technologies can provide new solutions for this problem, thereby empowering people for a better
future. LVDC technologies when combined with solar energy & viable energy storage can alter the
transportation paradigm by making electromobility a mass reality, thereby reducing usage of fossil fuels.
We however live in an AC world, a legacy of the last 125 years. Blending LVDC technologies into this
reality has many dimensions, that need a multi-disciplinary engagement involving engineers, standards
organisations, manufacturers, contractors, solution providers, policy makers, regulators, consumers &
other stakeholders.
This presentation highlights the opportunities & challenges in this contextual landscape.

Mustafa Wajid graduated with Distinction as an Electrical Engineer in 1984, from

UVCE while also working to develop new technologies, products & grow the family
company, MEHER Capacitors, which he initially joined at age 16, designing and
manufacturing his first power capacitor. Under his leadership MEHER Capacitors
continued to develop and was acquired by SCHNEIDER Electric in 2009.
Since then, Mustafa Wajid continues to lead the MEHER Group as its Managing
Director & CEO in its business evolution involving interests in hi-tech
manufacturing and asset management with a blend of social responsibility via the
MEHER Care Foundation. MEHERs current manufacturing b u s i n e s s e s a r e in Advanced
Dielectrics, Power Electronic Capacitors and Power Inductors.
He is a member of several committees of the Indian Government and is active in the standardization
work of IEEE and the IEC, while member of the Executive Council of IEEMA and Chair of the IETs
Communities Committee.

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Work Session 3 - Parallel Session 3A
LVDC for Mobility
(Marine vessels, Aircraft, Automobile, EV Charging, Railways)

Electric aircraft: LVDC - Electrical Systems for planes - power generation, distribution,
conversion and power quality
Presenter: Christian Donadille, Electrical Systems Senior Expert, AIRBUS, Engineering, France

This presentation will provide an overview of the Electrical systems inside an Aircraft and underlying
technologies. It will introduce the Clean Sky Systems for Green Operations programme based on the
More Electric Aircraft (MEA). The latest assessments show that this concept can offer CO2 emission
reduction whilst providing additional operational benefits thanks to the new advanced technologies and
A new HVDC (+/-270VDC) network standard that provides weight savings by mutualising the
rectifier stage of every electrical power user.
High frequency generators rotating
The sharing of high-density power electronics between functions
Critical load management matching load demands with generator capabilities in both normal and
degraded modes
The future trends involving LVDC voltage will then be presented, together with the remaining challenges
to making this concept a reality.

Christian Donadille was appointed as Electrical Systems Senior expert in 2014 to

contribute to the development of electrical distribution and power conversion for
Airbus Electrical System. He is involved in the decision making regarding electrical
solutions for the development programmes and supports the strategic orientations by
participating in the definition of the technical policy and that of future electrical
Prior to assuming this position, he served 3 years as head of the Electrical System
Development team of Airbus, 5 years as A400M Electrical System technical responsible and Electrical
power conversion expert. Before joining Airbus, he worked as an electrical architect in Astrium leading
several programmes for ESA/CNES.
Born in 1962, he holds an Engineering diploma in ENSEEIHT: Electrotechnical/ Power electronics/
automatisms fields. In addition to his current responsibilities he is Member of SAE group and very
recently joined the System Evaluation Group on LVDC (SEG 4).
He holds 4 Patents on electrical networks.

DC Traction Systems for Metro / Urban Railways

Presenter: Anil Jangid, Promoter-Director, Leap Infraasys Private Limited, India

In the rail-based transport systems with electric traction, particularly for the transits / light rail / metro rail,
use of DC traction has been prominent for decades. The most common (nominal) voltage levels used
are 600V, 750V, 1500V and 3000V DC and there are IEC and EN (CENELEC) standards available
standardizing these traction voltage levels. Most of the systems are with 750V or 1500V DC and the
future trends remain so. The innovations happening are in the areas of improving energy efficiency by
way of capture and recycle of braking energy. New technologies such as invert substations, battery
storage, super-capacitors, flywheels etc. are fast maturing and transits / metros are adopting &
retrofitting these technologies. Standardization efforts are needed for DC traction equipment including for
newer technologies equipment.
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Anil Jangid graduated from the University of Rajasthan with a Bachelor of Electrical
Engineering in 1991. He completed a Masters in Management, Diploma in Port
Development and then a post-graduation in Financial Management. His employment
experience includes Indian Railways, RITES India Limited, SREI Infrastructure
Finance Limited. He now runs his own consulting firm, LEAP Infrasys Private
Limited, which renders services for all systems of metro railways and long distance
He has a deep interest and competence in DC traction system for railways and has been involved in
traction system design of many metros in India (Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Kochi etc.) having DC traction
He has been member of Sub-committee on traction system constituted by Ministry of Urban
Development (MOUD), Government of India with an objective of standardization of metro systems.

Adoption of LVDC: Lessons from Railroads

Presenter: Sujeet Mishra, Electrical Engineer, Ministry of Railways, Government of India, India

The issue of wide and preferred use of LVDC has made us revisit the very same set of questions, though
in a differing context-which were asked in the days when Edison and Westinghouse waged the war of
currents. This largely settled issue is now being re-evaluated, in light of near universal use of electronics
in almost all appliances, devices and machinery. This calls for an internal conversion in the device, of
socket power which is in AC to DC. Also, the wide use of solar (PV)-an inherent DC generation, allows
one to sidestep and look for the first time practical utility level DC generation after Edisons dynamos
were discarded giving way to AC generation. Further, shift to cloud computing will decisively shift one
major class of load to be all DC. Server farms today present the similar demand which was placed by the
need of an industrial motor in late 19th century, which eventually got served by Teslas polyphase motor.
Inherent advantage of AC in transmission and generation by turbine coupled alternators was
complemented by Teslas motor rooting the consumption end of the electricity game on AC and thereby
decisively tilting the power sector to be AC dominated.
Railway applications, be those for traction power distribution or coach level consumption has been
historically and as a matter of choice on DC. In fact a train with self-generation is an excellent example of
a DC micro grid. Similarly, railways signal and telecommunication engineers routinely, as a matter of
choice run small DC distribution. For traction power for the metros, LRTs and EVs, designers exercise
choice of AC versus DC routinely.
The paper discusses the question of LVDCs practicality in view of unique railway perspective.

Sujeet Mishra is an electrical engineer employed by the Government of India and

serves the Ministry of Railways. He has worked extensively on the rolling stock
design and also on the fixed infrastructure for traction power distribution.
He is a keen contributor to several national and international standards. His
current interests include efficient power distribution, a subject of his doctoral
He speaks and writes on technology, energy and on the issues which lie on the
cusp of society and technology. He has received several national and international
awards for his work as an electrical engineer.

LVDC Gate for energy efficient vessel

Presenter: Klaus Vnsk, Technology Manager, ABB Finland, Finland

During the last decade, the fuel efficiency of vessels has become increasingly important. The drivers for
this are the increased fuel oil costs and environmental awareness. In order for the ship owners to have
profitable business in the future, the fuel and the energy efficiency of the fleet needs to be maximized.

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The use of electric propulsion in some vessel types such as offshore supply vessels, anchor handlers
and cruise vessels has become like a standard in few past decades. It led a big improvement in total fuel
consumption in the vessels having a lot operation with partial load.
However, that is not enough nowadays and it is time for next step. The LVDC, is offering perfect
foundation to develop system efficiency and integrate new technologies easily to reach next level in fuel
efficiency and reduce emissions.

Klaus Vnsk joined ABB Marine in 1998 as a project engineer working on various
delivery projects from engineering to commissioning. In 2001, he joined the research and
development department and led the team until 2007. From 2007-2009, he acted as a
Technical Director of the ABB Marine Shanghai office. In 2009, he began the low-voltage
concept development related to the Onboard DC Grid concept.
Currently he acts as a Technology Manager for electric systems in ABB Marine Helsinki
and specializes in energy efficiency vessel concepts, especially for electric propulsion

Electrical safety and powernet for electric vehicles Safety for driving and charging
Presenter: Horst Wunderlich, Manager Strategy HV safety and standardization, Daimler AG,

The importance of electromobility is still growing and the variety of different vehicle concepts such as
hybrid electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles is increasing. In parallel
different technologies for the connection of electric vehicles (EV) to an external electric power supply are
evolving. Strong regulatory requirements for CO 2 reduction and increasing customer demands are
drivers for the electrification of vehicle systems and the development of electric propulsion systems. The
electric propulsion system and its electric powernet are key technologies for EVs. These technologies,
which are based on DC powernets, are introduced in the presentation. Currently future voltage sub-
classes of DC powernets for EVs are standardized. The motivation for this standardization and
specifications of these voltage sub-classes are explained. Electrical safety of electrically propelled road
vehicles including the connection to an external electric power supply is another key aspect of the
presentation. Approaches for safety concepts depending on a DC voltage class are presented and
discussed. International standards and running standardization projects related to electrical safety and
powernets for EVs in ISO and cooperation of automotive industry in IEC projects for the standardization
of an external electric power supply are described. An outlook is given to the planned introduction of 48
V DC systems for automotive applications and potential architectures for the combination of different
powernets are discussed.

Dr. Horst Wunderlich, graduated from the RWTH Aachen, Germany with an
electrical engineering degree and a PhD in robotics. He joined AEG AG in 1989 as
manager controllers and drives in the field of factory automation. In 1994 he joined
Daimler AG as project manager for several research projects focused on intelligent
electronic systems for material flow systems, railway systems and road vehicles.
Since 2005 he has been working in the field of electrically propelled road vehicles
and is responsible for the strategy and requirements specification on electrical safety
for vehicle projects. He is manager strategy HV safety and standardization in the
department HV and EMC system technology for electric vehicles at Daimler AG.

He has worked in international standardization focused on electromobility since 2008 and is currently
chairman of ISO TC22/SC37: Electrically propelled road vehicles.

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Work Session 3 - Parallel Session 3B
Rural Homes / Electricity Access
(No Grid Connectivity, Developing Economies)

LVDC: A Unique Opportunity for Rural Development

Presenter: Ravi Seethapathy, Adjunct Professor University of Toronto, Executive Chairman of
Biosirus Inc., Corporate Director Smart Grid Canada; Toronto Atmospheric Fund), Executive
Advisor to the utility/industry, Canada

Traditional Rural Electrification has been very difficult, due to its high cost of extending distribution
systems to remote areas. The rapid proliferation of distributed generation (Solar, Wind, Mini-hydro,
Biomass and Biogas) and Energy Storage technologies, has now allowed for micro-grid architectures
where such small systems could generate green power locally and operate isolated from the main grid.
The stability and power quality of such off-grid systems is being tackled and many solutions are
emerging. However, for most rural population (in developing countries) this has meant mere lighting and
little else.
LVDC will now be a game changer in this space. One can directly use the solar power generated (in its
DC form) to drive home appliances (without loss of power conversion). Such DC appliances do not have
the large energy footprint nor the dynamic start characteristics of similar AC appliances. This could
result in rural offerings beyond just lighting.small fans/fridge/stoves, etc. Several service
options/models could mooted, some not involving any home (in-situ) solar/storage infrastructure but
rented from an energy bazaar.
The presentation will outline these new potential LVDC aspects and discuss their practical merits within
a rural development model

Ravi Seethapathy served 31 years in various technical/executive capacities at Hydro One/Ontario

Hydro in Canada. He spent the last 8 years leading the technical architecture of its
ADS (Smart Grid) Project, Corporate Smart Grid Strategy Taskforce and efforts in
DER integration in Distribution Systems. His current research/innovation work
covers the areas of Energy Efficiency, Remote Micro-Grids, Renewable integration
and Low Voltage DC apparatus and systems.
His participation in international committees include IEA PVPS Taskforce14 (Large
Solar Integration), Senior Member of IEEE, Convenor Cigre C6.28 (Remote Grids),
IEC SEG 4 on LVDC Systems and IEC TC 120 Adhoc Expert Committee (Energy
He is an invited speaker internationally for leading thoughts on energy/power
systems. He is a Professional Engineer in Ontario. He has co-authored over 50 technical papers in
advanced grid area.

Simpa Enlightening Rural India

Presenter: Deven Sharma, Vice President Operations, Simpa Networks, India

Brief about Simpa

Solar LVDC appliance generally available in Indian village family
What Simpa provides currently, appliances and DC ranges and energy ranges
How people in the market use this energy. (our perception of the market)
What Simpa hears from the market in terms of needs with current products
Seasonality of the demand and how the application changes for the same appliance; impact on
energy usage
Price points and the local market; customers willingness to pay for a premium product
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Ability to supply quantity and its challenges; perhaps standardization could help here and set the
Simpas role in the financing model and how it hears about the quality challenges
Dc load components, the battery and endurance testing, the speed of bringing a product to market,
there is a need to allow solar simulations

Deven Sharma is an engineering graduate from Delhi University, with 18 years

experience in the fields of office automation, consumer durables, IT, Telcom & DTH
industries. He started his professional career with Ricoh as customer support engineer
before rising to national ranks managing portfolios at all levels. Being part of Tata Sky &
Airtel for the prestigious launch of DTH services in India, he contributed in expanding
the service operations through company owned service agents operating in few towns
to multiple partners operating in almost all states ensuring pan India presence with
affordable service delivery.
His expertise in service network operations was instrumental in establishing East India service
franchisee network for Airtel DTH. He has also worked for Sharp, Samsung, IFB, Tata Teleservices &
He has also devised and delegated processes for operations transformation journey starting from
scratch to expand considerably in most cost effective sustainable models. He has efficiently managed
service teams for the organizations leveraging direct on rolls employees, third party service franchisees
and free lancers with different payment terms for ensuring optimum performance at fluctuating volumes
for metro and rural customers.

Low Voltage Local DC Power: Sustainable Solution for Eradication of Global Energy
Poverty and Global Carbon Emission Problems
Presenter: Prof. Rajendra Singh, D. Houser Banks Professor of Electrical and Computer
Engineering, Director of Center for Silicon Nanoelectronics at Clemson University, Clemson,
United States

Photovoltaics (PV) is emerging as the sustainable green power for underdeveloped, emerging and
developed economies. Direct current (DC) microgrid and DC nanogrid based on PV and batteries for
storage can provide sustainable electric power to all human beings in equitable fashion. Our prediction is
that by the year 2022-2024, the cost of PV generated DC electricity (including batteries) will be
$0.02/KWH. In a world where 80 richest people are as wealthy as poorest half of the world population,
paradigm shift in thinking and action is required to, address the basic energy problem of underprovided
people all over the world. Individual governments, World Bank, IMF, United Nation, philanthropist and
businessman with deep pockets have to treat these underprovided people as future generation of middle
class customers. Due to lack of volume manufacturing and a number of middle man involved in the
transaction, the value of donors capital is reduced by almost an order of magnitude. Ultra large scale
manufacturing (giga watt scale in a single location) of PV modules, batteries, and components of DC
electricity infrastructure, a vertically integrated business model, and a targeted monetary policy of
quantitative easing can rapidly power all human activities The cost of proposed system (electricity
generation and storage) can be as low as $0.5/W today. In short time period as low as five years, the
energy poverty can be eradicated, if all the related parties agrees to volume manufacturing, vertical
business model and quantities easing The objective of this talk is to provide details of the pathway that
can provide eradication of global energy poverty by using PV generated and stored local DC power.

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Dr. Rajendra Singh, during the energy crisis of 1973, decided to do his Ph.D. dissertation
in the area of Silicon Solar Cells, and is today a leading photovoltaics (PV) and
semiconductor expert with over 35 years of industrial and academic experience of
photovoltaic and semiconductor industries.
From solar cells to integrated circuits, he has led the work on semiconductor and
photovoltaic device materials and processing by manufacturable innovation and defining
critical path. One of his current focus is to eradicate global energy poverty by using
photovoltaics electricity based on DC microgrid and batteries.
He is recipient of a number of International awards, and Photovoltaics World (October 2010) selected
him as one of the 10 Global Champions of Photovoltaic Technology. Dr. Singh is 2014 recipient of the
SPIE Technology Achievement Award. On April 17, 2014 President Obama honoured him as
Champion of Change for Solar Deployment. He is Fellow of IEEE, SPIE, AAAS and ASM.

Realisation of public DC smart grids in the Netherlands

Presenter: Harry Stokman, CEO, Direct Current BV, The Netherlands

This presentation will give an overview of why DC is important not only for the developing countries but
also for existing grids in developed areas. Several ongoing projects in the Netherlands will be presented
such as public lighting and greenhouses, including photo voltage farms, fully operating on DC and
connected to a DC grid. It will also show a project for a hybrid grid planned in an industrial area at the
airport. There are also projects of DC grids in social housing areas intending to move from a gas heated
to full electrical renewable energy area at the lowest cost for the society. It will then explain why it is
important to cooperate with the distribution operators to induce a national benefit. Standardization will
also be discussed since it is one of the most important issues to help transform the last mile of the public
network to a DC grid that is not application-based but an open system ready for the future.

Harry Stokman is a European leading expert on DC and has been active for more than
25 years as an entrepreneur and developer in the DC business. His dedication, years of
experience, knowledge, and development, have led him to play a leading role in many
DC innovations. These innovations in DC and smart grids are being deployed in the
Netherlands and abroad.
In 1988, Harry Stokman started an independent company in power electronics and DC
systems, specializing in high flows for the process industry. From this position, he has
accumulated extensive knowledge on AC and DC systems. Hence, he came to the
conclusion that DC offers many new possibilities and solves many problems within the
current network. He started the company Direct Current B.V. in order to develop the missing links to
make DC smart grids possible.
In addition, he is also the initiator and Chairman of the DC Foundation, owner of Femtogrid Energy
Solutions B.V., Amstel Rectifiers B.V. and Hellas Rectifiers B.V.

LVDC Applications in Solar Pumping & Current Challenges

Presenter: Kartik Wahi, Co-founder, Claro Energy, India

About 20% of the power generated in India is consumed by irrigation pumps! Over the past few years,
LVDC has found great application in solarising these irrigation pump-sets. Through this unusual
application, LVDC has the potential to completely revolutionize the Indian power sector (both Generation
& Consumption). Through our work in this area over the past few years, we wish to share the following
aspects of LVDC applications in Agriculture:
Solar LVDC in irrigation Assessing true potential of this application;
Showcasing various business models that are being practiced on the ground;
Benchmarking & Standardization (or lack thereof);
Sector overview size of opportunity;
Major Challenges towards scaling up;

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Recommendation on standardization for LVDC in agriculture;
New applications of LVDC in rice de-husking machines, aeration etc. & future innovations.

Kartik Wahi is one of the Co-founders of Claro Energy, a renewable energy company
that provides innovative solar water pumping solutions that find use in irrigation,
drinking water supply and water purification applications. He brings significant
experience in the Power Sector to Claro Energy. In the past he has successfully
established a Power Distribution Equipment manufacturing company and also spent
some years at Larsen & Toubro Ltd., Indias largest Engineering conglomerate, in
multiple roles. In 2013, leading business publication, Business World, featured him
amongst Indias Hottest Young Entrepreneurs. He is also a guest lecturer on Entrepreneurship and
Innovation at several premier Business Schools in India.
He is an Electrical Engineer from BVP College of Engineering, Pune and holds a MBA in Marketing and
Entrepreneurship & Innovation from the Kellogg School of Management at North Western University,

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The International Conference will be held at:


Diplomatic Enclave, 50 B, Chankyapuri, New Delhi

For more information, see the conference web site:

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About the host
Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS)

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India, is a statutory organization
established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. It came into existence on 1 April 1987 by
taking over the work of its predecessor, the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), which was established in

BIS Headquarters is located at New Delhi. It has a network of 5 Regional offices, 32 Branch offices
(mostly located in state capitals) and 8 Laboratories. BIS is involved in numerous activities such as
Standards Formulation, Product Certification, Operation of Hallmarking Scheme for Gold and Silver
jewellery/artifacts, Management Systems (Quality management, Environmental Management,
Occupational Health and Safety Management, Food Safety Management and Service Quality
Management) Certification, providing Laboratory Services etc.

Indian Standards are formulated keeping in view national priorities, industrial development, technical
needs, export promotion, health, safety etc. At present, around 19300 Indian Standards have been
formulated in different areas. These standards are evolved through consensus by our Technical
Committees comprising of concerned officers of BIS and representatives of various Stakeholders such
as consumer organizations, regulators, other Government bodies, industry, scientists, technologists and
testing organizations etc. Indian Standards are harmonized with ISO/IEC standards (wherever they exist)
to the extent possible in order to facilitate adoption of ISO/IEC standards by all segments of industry and

BIS has been actively participating in the Technical Committee work of ISO/IEC. BIS is currently a
Participating member in 417 and 74 Technical Committees/ Subcommittees and Observer member in
248 and 79 Technical Committees/Subcommittees of ISO and IEC respectively. BIS holds Secretarial
responsibilities of 2 Technical Committees and 6 Subcommittees of ISO. In addition, BIS has also been
designated as WTO/TBT Enquiry Point by the Government of India.

BIS operates a Third-Party Product Certification Scheme in line with ISO/IEC 17065. Under this scheme,
over 29000 licences have been granted covering about 930 products. The scheme is basically voluntary
in nature. However Government, in public interest, may notify Indian Standards for mandatory
compliance under licence issued by BIS. The Product Certification Scheme of BIS is applicable to
foreign manufacturers also. So far, over 430 licences have been granted to foreign manufacturers from
36 countries.

In addition, there are over 13,350 licences in operation under the BIS scheme for Hallmarking of gold
and silver jewellery/artifacts. BIS also operates a Registration scheme under the Electronics and
Information Technology Goods (Requirements for Compulsory Registration) Order, 2012 for all
manufacturers (domestic and foreign ) . Another scheme operated by BIS is the Scheme of Self-
Declaration of Conformity (SDoC). The scheme is for manufacturers who are quality conscious and
possess the competence to manufacture products, which meet requirements of the relevant Indian
Standards. At present 250 products are notified under this scheme.

Under its Management Systems Certification Schemes, in addition to ISO 9000, ISO 14000 and ISO
22000, BIS operates two schemes in accordance with Indian Standards one for Occupational Health
and Safety Management system as per IS18001 and the other for Service Quality for Public Service
Organizations as per IS15700.

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Bureau of Indian Standards

Manak Bhavan
9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg
New Delhi 110 002

E mail:
Telephone: +91 11 23231192
Telefax: +91 11 23239399

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