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LTE FDD RRM Overview

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Nokia LTE RRM Framework consists of RRM building blocks, RRM functions and
RRM algorithms.
L3 RRM:
ICIC: Selects certain parts of the Frequency Spectrum of the LTE Carrier.
Exclusively for PDSCH and PUSCH on Cell Basis. Remaining channels not
affected.
DRX/DTX algorithm: To support provisioning of measurement gaps for Inter-RAT-
HO and DRX/DTX mode in later product releases. Not supported in RL09.
Differences with RRM WCDMA:
Softer and Soft handovers are not supported by the LTE system
LTE requirements on power control are much less stringent due to the different
nature of LTE radio interface i.e. OFDMA (WCDMA requires fast power control to
address the Near-Far problem and intra-frequency interferences)
On the other hand LTE system requires much more stringent timing synchronization
for OFDMA signals.

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RL30

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RL40

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RL30

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High interference from neighboring cells in downlink direction leads to bad end user
experience.
Effect on throughput due inter cell interference.
Reference Signal power de-boosting is an extension of feature LTE430 DL power
boosting for control channels.
DL power boosting for control channels allows to increase the transmit power of cell
specific reference signals in order to increase the cell coverage in downlink direction.
Reference Signal power de-boosting allows to reduce the power of cell specific
reference signals by -3dB leading to reduction in interference.

RL70

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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PMI
- Single stream: 4 matrices (2x1)
- Dual stream: 2 matrices (2x2)

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The cyclic delay operation for the second antenna causes a linear phase shift along the
frequency dimension. Thus, summing the cyclically delayed signal in the receiver and
the un-delayed signal from the first antenna causes a frequency selective fading pattern
UE provides feedback in terms of:
CQI
Rank Indication (RI) number of layers to use
Precoding Matrix Indicator (PMI) set of weights to apply during precoding

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Note: CQI adaptation needs to be supported/enabled ;Tx diversity needs to be


supported/enabled. MIMO
This feature was introduced in RL10. In LTE70, UE radio capabilities, and UE CQI,
and UE rank information, are considered.
Performance counter for transmission mode usage is supported per cell

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DL adaptive closed loop MIMO (4x2) supports Transmit Diversity for 4 antenna ports
in Transmission Mode 4 (TM4) and in Transmission Mode 2 (TM2).
3GPP has specified open loop Transmit Diversity using one codeword: Precoding
Feedback and Rank Information is not required!
Transmit Diversity using 4 antenna ports is used whenever there is no valid, complete
and consistent Channel State Information available as detected by eNodeB.
During Initialization when RRC setup is performed
No update of valid CSI reports for single layer (RI=1) and dual layer
(RI=2) transmissions since a characteristic update time.
UE does not send valid reports (e.g. Category 1 UEs).
Transmit Diversity for 4 antenna ports is implemented as a combination of SFBC (Space
Frequency Block Coding) with FSTD (Frequency Switched Time Diversity).

RL50

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RL50

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RL50

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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RL60

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