# Gy : Sample size by Gy Formula

B.Wills (1982)
The function GYMass() will calcu
Updated to MS Excel, JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) sampling weights required at ea
Confidence Level % 95% 95%, 97.5%, 99%, 99.5%, 99.9% given is that obtained by Gy's fo
Elemental Assay of Ore % 5% e.g. %Cu in Ore of 2. For routine sampling, a con
Elemental Assay of Mineral % 86.6% e.g. %Cu in Chalcopyrite results would be acceptable, but
Assay Relative Error % 2% Maximum acceptable relative error greater sampling accuracy is req
Liberation Size cm 0.015 Grain size of valuable mineral confidence would be required.
Alluvial Gold y/n N Is the sample alluvial gold ore
Mineral Density t/m3 7.5
Gangue Density t/m3 2.65
Number of Sampling Stages 4
Top Size Of Ore cm 2.5 0.5 0.1 0.004
F95 / F5 Ratio 5 5 5 5 The function GYError() will calcu
a sample mass from each stage
relative error is that obtained by
GYMass g #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

GYError % #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

The function GYError() will calculate the maximum relative error for a sample mass from each stage of sampling. a confidence interval of 95% in the results would be acceptable. For routine sampling. then 99% level of confidence would be required. or where greater sampling accuracy is required. The mass given is that obtained by Gy's formula multiplied by a safety factor of 2. The calculated relative error is that obtained by Gy's formula.The function GYMass() will calculate the minimum practical sampling weights required at each stage of sampling. . but for research purposes.

6% e.5 0. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) Confidence Level % 95% 95%. 97.5%.g.1 0.9% Elemental Assay of Ore % 5% e. 99.015 Grain size of valuable mineral Alluvial Gold y/n N Is the sample alluvial gold ore Mineral Density t/m3 7. 99%. 99.5%.00 GYError % #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! .65 Number of Sampling Stages 4 Top Size Of Ore cm 2.5 0. %Cu in Chalcopyrite Liberation Size cm 0.Gy : Sample error by Gy Formula B.004 F95 / F5 Ratio 5 5 5 5 The function GYError() will calculate a sample mass from each stage of s relative error is that obtained by Gy's Sample Mass g 5000 500 100 10. %Cu in Ore Elemental Assay of Mineral % 86.g.5 Gangue Density t/m 3 2.Wills (1982) Updated to MS Excel.

The calculated ror is that obtained by Gy's formula. .on GYError() will calculate the maximum relative error for mass from each stage of sampling.

RecVar : Estimation of errors in recovery calculations B. Conc 2 % 0.Wills (1984) RecVar calculates the error associated Updated to MS Excel.08 highlighted cells.14 Enter the relative error for the Feed. Calculation A #VALUE! B #VALUE! C #VALUE! D #VALUE! Recovery: #VALUE! % Calculated assay recovery Variance: #VALUE! Variance of the assay recovery SDs: #VALUE! % Standard deviation of the assay recovery .36 Concentrate and Tail assays in the Tail 8 % 0. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) with the two-product recovery formula for Assay: the assay recovery Feed 3.A. Concentrate and Tail Tail 1 % assays in the highlighted cells.5 % Conc 18 % Enter the Feed. SDs: Relative % Absolute Feed 4 % 0.

MassVar : Estimation of errors in two-product mass flowrate B.5 % 0.A. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) with the two-product recovery formula for Assay: the mass recovery Feed 0.92 % Conc 0.0099 Concentrate and Tail assays in the Tail 1. SDs: Relative % Absolute Feed 1 % 0.01035 highlighted cells. Conc 1 % 0.Wills (1984) MassVar calculates the error associated Updated to MS Excel. Calculation A #VALUE! B #VALUE! C D #VALUE! Yield: #VALUE! % Calculated mass recovery Variance: #VALUE! Variance of the recovery SDs: #VALUE! % Standard deviation of the recovery .99 % Enter the Feed.69 % assays in the highlighted cells. Concentrate and Tail Tail 0.0092 Enter the relative error for the Feed.

34 39.41 75.11 0.25 5.50 1.09 43.24 2.0 % Measured Data Balanced Data Feed Conc Tail Feed Conc Tail Recovery Tin 21.58 1.79 9.8 .47 77.15 71.12 0.Wills (1984) Updated to MS Excel.38 0.00 6.34 0.38 0.Lagran : Reconciliation of excess data by non-weighted least squares B.16 25.41 7.A.4 Arsenic 0.30 57.46 5.4 Iron 3.00 25.6 TiO2 4.12 0.36 0.76 3.10 75.10 0.77 20.89 63.28 2.90 43.09 0.78 43.91 9.36 0.4 Silica 58. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) Assay Data Ranges: Click to Calculate the Feed/Conc/Tail C13:E23 Non-Weighted Recovery Balance Balance Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail F13:I23 Mass Recovery: 37.07 4.83 16.5 Sulphur 0.

. The balanced mass recovery is reported in cell H9. The balanced assay recovery is reported in column I. The number of assays can be extended beyond 10 by adjusting the maximum data ranges in cells C6 and C9. Enter the assay names into column B. The balanced assays for the Feed. Concentrate and Tail are reported in columns F to H.Lagran uses a simple node adjustment by least squares followed by Lagrangian multipliers. Enter the Feed. Concentrate and Tail assay values for each assay (columns C to E).

45098 21.53595 12.04918 23.88 13.37 0. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) Convergence: 0.98 1.14 0.44499 12.74 12.19489 12.28 4.76471 12.38 16.36364 3.51351 3.45 4.15054 20.08 0.11111 3.41546 21.47 3350 3.84956 3.88 0.22222 11.89855 12.WeightRe : Reconciliation of excess data by weighted least squares B.13 12.9 12.75269 2.24 850 3.71003 11.8622 21.03 5.41 4.66 0.10 2.08451 4.13 4.87 12.69 5.93 1180 3.Wills (1985) Updated to MS Excel.79 9500 4.03 4.65 0.93 16.66667 21.95858 1.52 .72 5.85 3.85 4.69 5.71003 11.A.36364 3.5 0.8622 21.53 4.09 3.88 12.84 12500 1.001 3.49425 3.72 5.5 5.51256 18.22 4.33 1700 3.81818 24.34 2360 3.37 0.71 12.3E-04 actual convergence Max Iterations: 100 3 number of iterations required Assay Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail C19:E28 SDs Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail F19:H28 Click to Calculate Balance Data Ranges: the Weighted Feed/Conc/Tail I19:L28 Recovery Balance Mass Recovery: Measured Data SDs Data (Relative %) Balanced Data Size Feed Conc Tail Feed Conc Tail Feed Conc 16000 1.5974 12.91 4750 4.5 0.

Concentrate and Tail assay values for each assay (columns C to E).26 The balanced mass recovery is reported 0. C12 and C15. 3.91 89. Enter the Feed. 0. Enter the assay names into column B.47 The balanced assay recovery is reported 1.69 The number of assays can be extended beyond 10 by adjusting the maximum data ranges in cells C9.73 93.20 30.11 in cell K15. Enter the relative standard deviations associated with the Feed.94 in column L.89 89.53 0. Balanced Data The balanced assays for the Feed.36 0.81 86. Tail Recovery Concentrate and Tail are reported in 0.03 columns I to K.87 91.7 % (columns F to H). WeightRe estimates the best mass rate by using weighted residuals least squares followed by Lagrangian multipliers.18 86.90 91.37 0. . Concentrate and Tail assay values for each assay 63.74 92. 0.

11 0.07 1 1 1 5.36 0.55 25.38 TiO2 4.91 9.10 75.34 1 1 1 0.00 6.77 1 1 1 22.12 Arsenic 0.50 1.36 0.Wills (1985) Updated to MS Excel.00 42.38 0. JKTech Pty Ltd (2005) Assay Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail C16:E25 SDs Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail F16:H25 Click to Calculate the Weighted Balance Data Ranges: Feed/Conc/Tail I16:L25 Recovery Balance Mass Recovery: Measured Data SDs Data (Relative %) Balanced Data Feed Conc Tail Feed Conc Tail Feed Conc Tin 21.12 0.02 9.00 25.10 0.58 Silica 58.29 Sulphur 0.30 1 1 1 55.Wilman : Reconciliation of excess data by variances in mass equations B.A.09 1 1 1 0.76 1 1 1 3.90 43.07 .46 5.84 Iron 3.24 2.38 5.

Enter the assay names into column B. 6. 0. The number of assays can be extended beyond 10 by adjusting the maximum data ranges in cells C6. 77.34 44.96 2.09 49. Data adjustment is by Lagrangian multipliers. Concentrate Balanced Data and Tail assay values for each assay Tail Recovery (columns F to H).35 columns I to K.74 The balanced assays for the Feed. 42.77 69.06 76.68 19. Enter the Feed.76 82.2 % Enter the relative standard deviations associated with the Feed.32 The balanced assay recovery is reported in column L. Concentrate and Tail assay values for each assay (columns C to E). Wilman estimates the best mass rate by using variances in the component equations.24 1. . The balanced mass recovery is reported in cell K12. C9 and C12.23 Concentrate and Tail are reported in 0.