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PAST PERFECT

PAST CONTINUOUS
PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE CONTINUOUS
/PROGRESSIVE/
/PROGRESSIVE/

Statements
Statements subject + had + been* + V-ing
Statements Statements
2 subject + was/were + V-ing (You had been working.)
subject + V subject + had + V3
(You were working.)
(You worked.) (You had worked.)
Question
Question (quest. word+) had + subject + been +
Question Question
(quest. word+) was/were + subject + V-ing
FORM (quest. word +) did + subject + V (quest. word+) had + subject + V3
V-ing (Had you been working?)
(Did you work?) (Had you worked?)
(Were you working?)
Negative
Negative Negative
Negative subject + had + not + been +
subject + did + not + V subject + had + not + V3
subject + was/were + not + V-ing V-ing
(You did not work.) (You had not worked.)
(You were not working.) (You had not been working.)
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(*been = be , not an auxiliary verb!)

AUX. (past form of do) (past form of be) (past form of have) (past form of have)
did was/were had had
VERB

VERB V2 V-ing V3 V-ing

- A longer, continues action of - A past action had started


the past - A past happening that had an
- Something started and before another past action and
- To express two parallel actions
finished in the past (and it has effect on the past it will go on.
USE - We compare two past
no effect on present) - We compare two past actions:
happenings: one took a longer - A past happening that had an
- To narrate stories time and a short action one started earlier
effect on the past
interrupted that.

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PAST PERFECT
PAST CONTINUOUS
PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE CONTINUOUS
/PROGRESSIVE/
/PROGRESSIVE/

A longer, continues action of the


past

Something started and finished in A past happening that had an effect


E the past (and it has no effect on I was reading at 6 oclock yesterday on the past
A past action had started before
X present)
another past action and it will go on.
A I was dancing all afternoon.
I broke the window last week. I had worked in the garden thats
M
P why I was tired yesterday. I had been working for the army for
L Peter spent his childhood in New To express two parallel actions 2 years when we met.
E York.
S While my mother was ironing, Joe
We compare two past actions: one
was singing under the shower. started earlier
O A past happening that had an effect
F To narrate stories on the past

We compare two past happenings: I had finished my homework when


U Little Red Riding Hood decided to one took a longer time and a short Joe arrived home. I was tired, because I had been
S visit her grandma. She got up early in action interrupted that.
E the morning, she had breakfast and (I had been in the army for 10 years working in the garden all day.
called a taxi when we met.)
I was sleeping when my mother
came home.

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