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2017/1/18 1.

UnderstandtheBasicsApacheAmbari

1.UnderstandtheBasics
HadoopcomponentssupportedbyAmbariconsistsofthreelayers.

CoreHadoop:ThebasiccomponentsofApacheHadoop.

HadoopDistributedFileSystem(HDFS):Aspecialpurposefilesystemthatisdesignedtoworkthe
MapReduceengine.Itprovideshighthroughputaccesstodatainahighlydistributedenvironment.

MapReduce:AframeworkforperforminghighvolumedistributeddataprocessingusingtheMapReduce
programmingparadigm.

EssentialHadoop::AsetofApachecomponentsdesignedtoeaseworkingwithCoreHadoop.

ApachePigAplatformforcreatinghigherleveldataflowprogramsthatcanbecompiledintosequences
ofMapReduceprograms,usingPigLatin,theplatformsnativelanguage.

ApacheHive:AtoolforcreatinghigherlevelSQLlikequeriesusingHiveQL,thetoolsnativelanguage,
thatcanbecompiledintosequencesofMapReduceprograms.

ApacheHCatalog:Ametadataabstractionlayerthatinsulatesusersandscriptsfromhowandwhere
dataisphysicallystored.

WebHCat:AcomponentthatprovidesasetofRESTlikeAPIsforHCatalogandrelatedHadoop
components.OriginallynamedTempleton.

ApacheHBase:Adistributed,columnorienteddatabasethatprovidestheabilitytoaccessand
manipulatedatarandomlyinthecontextofthelargeblocksthatmakeupHDFS.

ApacheZooKeeper:Acentralizedtoolforprovidingservicestohighlydistributedsystems.ZooKeeperis
necessaryforHBaseinstallations.

HadoopSupport:AsetofcomponentsthatallowyoutomonitoryourHadoopinstallationandtoconnect
Hadoopwithyourlargercomputeenvironment.

ApacheOozie:AserverbasedworkflowengineoptimizedforrunningworkflowsthatexecuteHadoop
jobs.

ApacheSqoop:AcomponentthatprovidesamechanismformovingdatabetweenHadoopandexternal
structureddatastores.CanbeintegratedwithOozieworkflows.

Ganglia:AnOpenSourcetoolformonitoringhighperformancecomputingsystems.

Nagios:AnOpenSourcetoolformonitoringsystems,services,andnetworks.

YoumustalwaysinstallHDFS,butyoucanselectthecomponentsfromtheotherlayersbasedonyourneeds.

Index

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