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# I am a real person in real space in real time in real fight with modern and Nobel

**I am Joe Nahhas founder of real time astronomy July 21 1969 at age 11
**

I am the founder of real time mathematics July 17 1971 at age 13

I am the founder of real time physics July 4 1973 at age 15.

Modern and Nobel physicists and astronomers measure in present time (real time

= measured time) and calculate in past time (event time = actual time) and

puzzled by the difference between present time and past time (shift time =

measured time - actual time). Shift time is the time difference between when an

event happens and when an event is measured. Shift time in labs is a

measurement error or visual effects that make up make - believe modern and

Nobel physics and astronomy. I am not saying that modern physics and

astronomy is all wrong and can be deleted but modern physics and astronomy

were deleted and replaced with real time physics and astronomy on July 21 1969.

I am not only the greatest physicist of all time but the only physicist since the

beginning of time because I know/knew what time it is and all others do/did

not.

Humans since the beginning of time measure/measured in wrong time.

Page 1

Introduction

In July 21, 1969 at age 11 and after graduating from 5th grade and on the

same day a man landed a foot on the moon I watched Apollo 11 take off and

disappear into the skies on its way to the moon and then saw Neil Armstrong

land human's first step on the moon. I wondered how someone sees and

measures distances in space and how someone sees and measures sizes of

objects in space. Apollo 11 rocket looked like it is shrinking in size while moving

up into the skies; not as if the rocket shrunk in size but as if the rocket visual

changed in size indication a different location and not a different size. Apollo 11

looked similar to a moving car moving away and shrinking in size. I realized that

objects location and size has to do with how we see things (eye as an

instrument). I imagined two snap shot of Apollo 11 at different distances A and

B. At snap shot distance A Apollo 11 looked like it has a size C, and at snaps

shot distance B Apollo 11 looked like it has a shrunk size D as shown below:

C

D

Eye ------------------------------ A ------------------------------ B

I asked myself the question: how A, B, C, and D are related

1 = 1 is self evident; 2 = 2 is self evident

A = A is self evident

If A = A; add and subtract B; then A = B + (A - B)

Divide by B; then (A/B) = 1 + (A - B)/B

Multiply by C; then (A/B) C = C + [(A - B)/B] C

Equation - 1

Also D = D; add and subtract C; then D = C + (D - C)

Equation - 2

**Comparing Equation - 1 and Equation - 2
**

(A/B) C = D; or, AC = BD

C=C

D - C = [(A - B)/B]

The answer is AC = BD = is how distances A and B related to sizes C and D

And D - C = [(A - B)/B] C = visual contraction of C when moved from A to B

AC = BD = actual distance x actual size = visual distance x visual size

Page 2

The initial condition solution to AC = BD is A = B and C = D

The general solution to AC = BD = constant = actual distance x actual size

AC = BD = constant = actual distance x actual size

(Cosine ω t + í sine ω t) = e i ω t; (Cosine ω t - í sine ω t) = e - i ω t

(Cosine ω t + í sine ω t) (Cosine ω t - í sine ω t) = e i ω t e - i ω t = 1

AC = BD = k

Taking AC = k

Differentiating with respect to time

Then d A/ d t + d C/ d t = d k/ d t = 0

And d A/ d t = - d C/ d t = λ + í ω; method of separation of variables

A = e (λ + i ω t) = e λ e i ω t = C e i ω t

C = e - (λ + i ω t) = e - λ e - i ω t = D e - i ω t

A = Be iωt

C = De -iωt

AC = B e i ω t D e

-iωt

= BDe

iωt

e

-iωt

= BD x 1 = BD

A real number C has a visual complex number D = C e

iωt

**D along the line of sight = D x = C cosine ω t = C - 2 C sine2 (ω t/2)
**

D

D

D

D

x

- C = - 2 C sine2 (ω t/2)

= C √ (1 - sine2 ω t); with ω t = tan -1 (v/c) = aberration angle

= C √ [1 - sine2 tan -1 (v/c)]; (v/c) << 1

x

= C √ [1 - (v/c) 2]

x

x

D x = C cosine ω t

D x / C = cosine ω t

And ω t= cosine-1 (D x / C) = 1 - 2 sine 2 cosine-1 (D x / C)

D x / C = cosine ω t = 1 - 2 sine 2 cosine-1 (D x / 2 C)

[(D x / C) -1] = - 2 sine 2 cosine (D x / 2 C)

D - C = [(A - B)/B] C

D - C = - 2 C sine 2 [cosine-1 (A / 2 B)]

Page 3

**In practice: physicists and astronomers measure orbits of planets around the Sun
**

not from the Sun (distance A) but from Earth (distance B)

A = Be iωt

C = De -iωt

D - C = [(A - B)/B] C

D - C = - 2 C sine 2 [cosine-1 (A / 2 B)]

D - C = Einstein's numbers without Einstein = Illusions

Astronomers measure planet Mercury orbit around the Sun (distance A) not from

the Sun but from Earth (distance B) and that means the orbit has visually shrunk

and not actually shrunk by the quantity [(A - B)/B] C

A = Sun - Mercury distance = 5.82 x 109 meters;

B = Sun Earth distance = 149.6 x 109 meters

Sun - Mercury Period in seconds = 88 days x 24 hours x 60 minutes x 60 seconds

Planet Mercury angular velocity around the Sun

Is θ0'= 2 x π/88 x 24 x 60 x 60 radians per period

Planet Mercury angular velocity around the Sun in arc second per century δθ0'

= (2 x π /88 x 24 x 60 x 60) (180/ π) (36526/88) (3600)

= 70.75 arc sec per century.

If C = δθ0' = 70.75 arc sec per century measured from the Sun, then how much it is

diminished if measured from Earth?

A = 5.82 x 109; B = 149.6 x 109; C = 70.75

And the answer is [(A - B)/B] C = [(5.82 x 109 - 149.6 x 109)/ 149.6 x 109] 70.75

= 43 arc sec per/100 years same numbers as Einstein's numbers

Defining distance r = r x + í r y = r0 e í ω t

And r = r0 [cosine ω t + sine í ω t] and r x = r0 [cosine ω t

And r x - r0 = r0 [cosine ω t - 1] = - 2 r0 sine2 ω t/2; ω t = cosine-1 (r x/r0)

And [(r x - r0)/r0] = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r x/r0)]/2}

And [(r x - r0)/r0] δθ0'= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (58.2/149.6)]/2} 70.75 = 43

1 - A real object (classical) of size C has a visual (quantum) of size D = C e

2 - D - C = visual illusions = (Einstein's relativity theory)

íωt

**The fight is about this
**

Everything modern and Nobel said in physics and astronomy is all wrong!

Modern and Nobel deletion is in progress and this book is 1st replacement

Page 4

**Chapter One: light signal processing
**

1.1 - Light signal wave length shift

Naming: r = Visual distance

And r 0 = actual distance

Then, r0 = r0; add and subtract visual distance r

And, r0= r + (r0 - r); divide by r

Then (r0/ r) = 1 + [(r0 - r)/ r] multiply by δθ0'

And (r0 / r) δθ0' = δθ0' + [(r0 - r)/ r] δθ0'

Modern and Nobel error # 1 is: [(r0 - r)/ r] δθ0' = 70.75 [(r0 - r)/ r]

= 70.75 [(58,200,000,000 - 149,600,000)/ 149,600,000] = 43 arc sec/ 100y

1.2 - Light signal period shift:

T0 = r0/c = 58,200,000,000/300,000 (light velocity km/sec) = 194 seconds

T = r/c = 149,600,000/300,000 = 498.67 seconds

Naming: T = visual time

And T0 = actual time

Then, T0 = T0; add and subtract real time T

T0= T + (T0 - T); divide by T

(T0/ T) = 1 + [(T0 - T)/ T]; multiply by δθ'0

(T0 / T) θ'0 = θ'0 + [(T0 - T)/ T] θ'0

(T0 / T) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(T0 - T)/ T] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 2 is: [(T0 - T)/ T] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(T0 - T)/ T]

= 70.75 [(194 - 498.67)/ 498.67] = 43 arc second per century

1.3 - Light signal argument shift; tan θ0 = v0/c; tan θ = v/c

Naming: v = visual velocity

And v 0 = actual velocity

Then, v0 = v0; add and subtract v

And, v0= v + (v0 - v); divide by v

Then (v0/ v) = 1 + [(v0 - v)/ v] multiply by δθ'0

And (v0 / v) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(v0 - v)/ v] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 3 is: Is: 70.75 [(v0/c) - (v/c)]/ (v/c)

= (tan θ0 - tan θ)/ tan θ = [(v0 - v)/ v] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(v0 - v)/ v]

= 70.75 [(48.1 - 29.8)/ 29.8] = 43 arc sec/100y

1.4 - Light signal surface acceleration frequency shift; f0 = γ 0/c; f = γ /c

Naming: γ = g = Earth gravitational acceleration = 9.8

And γ 0 = g 0 = Mercury gravitational acceleration = 3.8

Then: g 0 = g 0

And g 0 = g + (g 0 - g)

Page 5

And (g 0 / g) = 1 + [(g 0 - g)/ g] multiply by δθ'0

And (g 0 / g) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0

And [(g 0 /c)/ (g/c) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + {(g 0/c) - (g/c)]/ (g/c)} δθ'0

And [(f 0 - f)]/ f] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 4 is: [(f 0 - f)]/ f] δθ'0

[(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(3.8 - 9.8)/ 9.8] = 43 arc sec/100y

1.5 Light signal momentum P shift

With λ p = h; differentiating d λ/λ = - d p/p = [(r0 - r)/ r]

Alfred Nobel Prize winner's and Einstein's error # 5 is: [(f 0 - f)]/ f] δθ'0

= (70.75) x 0.61 = 43 arc sec/100y

1.6 Light signal Energy E shift

E0 = h f0; E = h f

[(E0 - E)/E] δθ'0 = [(f0 - f)/f] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 6 is: [(E0 - E)/E] δθ'0

= [(f0 - f)/f] δθ'0 = 70.75 (0.61) = 43 arc sec/100y

Planet

Distance/km Signal

Orbital Spin

period

period velocity

Mercury 58,200,000 194 sec

88days .003km/sec

Earth

149,600,000 498.67 sec

375.26 0.4651km/sec

6

Sun radius

0.696x10 kmSun mass

Page 6

Mass

Eccentricity

0.33 x 1024 0.206

5.97X 1024 0.00167

2X 1030

**Chapter two: Orbit processing
**

2.1 - Distance shift

r = Visual distance; r 0 = actual distance

Then, r0 = r0; add and subtract visual distance r

And, r0= r + (r0 - r); divide by r

Then (r0/ r) = 1 + [(r0 - r)/ r] multiply by δθ0'

And (r0 / r) δθ0' = δθ0' + [(r0 - r)/ r] δθ0'

Modern and Nobel error # 7 is: [(r0 - r)/ r] δθ0' = 70.75 [(r0 - r)/ r]

= 70.75 [(58,200,000,000 - 149,600,000)/ 149,600,000] = 43 arc sec/ 100y

2.2 - Velocity shift

Light signal argument shift; tan θ0 = v0/c; tan θ = v/c

Naming: v = visual velocity; v 0 = actual velocity

Then, v0 = v0; add and subtract v

And, v0= v + (v0 - v); divide by v

Then (v0/ v) = 1 + [(v0 - v)/ v] multiply by δθ'0

And (v0 / v) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(v0 - v)/ v] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 8 is: [(v0 - v)/ v] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(v0 - v)/ v]

= 70.75 [(48.1 - 29.8)/ 29.8] = 43 arc sec/100y

2.3 - Acceleration shift

Naming: γ = g = Earth gravitational acceleration = 9.8

And γ 0 = g 0 = Mercury gravitational acceleration = 3.8

Then: g 0 = g 0

And g 0 = g + (g 0 - g)

And (g 0 / g) = 1 + [(g 0 - g)/ g] multiply by δθ'0

And (g 0 / g) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 9 is: [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0

= 70.75 [(3.8 - 9.8)/ 9.8] = 43 arc sec/100y

2.4 - Linear distance shift

Naming: d = Real time linear distance

And d 0 = event time linear distance

Then, d 0 = d 0; add and subtract real time distance d

And, d 0= d + (d 0 - d); divide by d

Then (d 0/ d) = 1 + [(d 0 - d)/ d]; multiply by δθ'0

And (d 0 / d) δθ'0 = δθ'0 + [(d 0 - d)/ d] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 10 is: [(d0 - d)/ d] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(d 0 - d)/ d]

With d 0 = v 0 τ 0= 47.9 x 88, and d = v τ = 29.8 x 365.26

= 70.75 [(v0 τ 0 - v τ /)/ v τ]

= 70.75 [(47.9 x 88 - 29.8 x 365.26)/ 29.8 x 365.26] = 43 arc sec/100y

Page 7

**Chapter 3: light aberrations processing
**

3.1 - Light signal period Aberration:

Modern and Nobel error # 11is: = {[Tan-1 (T0/ τ 0)/tan-1 (T/ τ)] -1} δθ'0

= 70.75 {[Tan-1 (194/ 88 x 24 x 3600)/tan-1 (498.67/ 88 x 24 x 3600)] -1}

= 70.75 x 0.61 = 43 arc sec/100 y

3.2 - Light signal distance Aberration:

Modern and Nobel error # 12 is: = {[tan-1 (r0/ c τ 0)/tan-1 (r/ c τ)] -1} δθ'0

= 70.75 {[Tan-1 (58,200,000/ 300,000x88 x 24 x 3600)/tan-1 (149,600,000/

88 x 24 x 3600)] -1} = = 70.75 x 0.61 = 43 arc sec/100 y

3.3 - Light signal velocity Aberration:

Modern and Nobel error # 13 is: = {[tan-1 (v0/ c)/tan-1 (v/ c)] -1} δθ'0

= 70.75 {[Tan-1 (48.1/ 300,000)/tan-1 (29.8/300,000)] -1}

= 70.75 x 0.61 = 43 arc sec/100 y

3.4 - Light signal frequency Aberration:

Modern and Nobel error # 14 is: = [(tan-1 f0/tan-1 f) -1] δθ'0

= {[tan-1 (γ0/ c)/tan-1 (γ0/ c)] -1} δθ'0

= 70.75 {[Tan-1 (3.8/3x108)/tan-1 (9.8/3x108)] -1}

= 70.75 x 0.61 = 43 arc sec/100 y

3.5 Image processing

Orbit and planet sizes are governed by

AC = BD = constant

(A/B) -1 = (D/C) - 1

Radius of Earth is 6731 km and radius of Mercury is 2440 km

The fact we measure from Earth then velocity of earth is 29.8 km/sec

The fact that we measure Earth orbit and confused with Mercury orbit the velocity is

29.8 - 0.465 = 29.335 km/sec

The mistake astronomers are doing is taking Mercury's orbit as Earth orbit but with

less orbital speed of 0.465 when they use Sun as reference point and measure from

Earth. They are looking at Earth orbit and not mercury's orbit

Modern and Nobel error # 15 is: [(D /C)(29.8/29.335) - 1] δθ'0

[(D x 29.8/C x 29.335) - 1] δθ'0

= [(2440 x 29.8/6371x 29.335) - 1] δθ'0 = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/ century

8

**Chapter four: Mistakes of Kepler, Newton
**

4.1 - Kepler's Period historical mistake

Kepler’s law: a³/T² = k = constant

Or, a1³/ T1² = a2³/ T2² = k

Or, a1/ a2 = (T1/ T2)2/3

And (a1 - a2)/ a2 = (τ0/ τ) 2/3 – 1

Or (a 0 – a)/ a = (τ 0/ τ) 2/3 – 1

And [(am – a e)/ a e] δ θ’0

= [(a0 – a)/ a] (v 0 /r 0) δθ'0

= [(a0 – a)/ a] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 16 is: [(τ 0/ τ) 2/3 – 1] δθ'0

= 70.75 [(88/365.26) 2/3 -1] = 43 arc sec/100y

4.2 - Newton's distance historical mistake

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/r2 = m v2/r

And velocity of a celestial object measured from the sun is = (GM/r) 1/2

With r3 0 = (GM/v2 0); r0 = (GM/v2 0)

And r3 = (GM/v2); r = (GM/v2)

Modern and Nobel error # 17 [(r 0 - r)/r] δθ'0 = {[(GM/v2 0)/ (GM/v2)] - 1} δθ'0

= [(v/v0)2 - 1] δθ'0 = [(29.8/47.9)2 - 1] x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

4.3 - Newton's velocity historical mistake

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/r2 = m v2/r

And v 0 = (GM/r 0) ½; v = (GM/r) 1/2

Modern and Nobel error # 18 [(v 0 - v)/v] δθ'0 = [(GM/r 0) 1/2/ (GM/r)

= [(r/r 0) 1/2 - 1] δθ'0 = [(149.6/58.2) 1/2 - 1] x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

½

-1] δθ'0

**4.4 - Newton's surface gravity historical mistake
**

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/R2 = m g

And g 0 = Gm0/R2 0; g = Gm/R2

Modern and Nobel error # 19 = [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0

= {[(Gm0/R02) - (Gm/R2)]/ (Gm/R2)} δθ'0 = {[(m0/ R02) - (m/R2)]/ (m/R2)} δθ'0

= [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0 = [(3.8/9.8) -1] 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100 years

Note: [(m0/ R02)/ (m/R2) (29.8/29.335)2 -1] δθ'0 =43 arc sec/100y

4.5 - Newton's signal time historical mistake

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/r2 = m v2/r; v 0 = (GM/r 0) ½; v = (GM/r) 1/2

Modern and Nobel error # 20 [(r/r 0) 1/2 - 1] δθ'0 = {[(r/c)/(r 0/c) ½] - 1]} δθ'0

= [(T/T 0) 1/2 - 1] δθ'0 = 70.75 [(498/194) 1/2 - 1] = 43 arc sec/100y

Page 9

**Chapter five: mistakes of Le Verrier
**

5.1- Le Verrier velocity historical mistake

The angular velocity of Mercury around the Sun is: θ 0' = v 0 /r 0

If it is measured for planet Mercury from the sun, then θ 0' = v 0 /r 0

If planet Mercury around the sun measured from earth

Then θ m' (Earth) = (v 0 + v)/r 0

And θ m' (Earth) = v 0 /r 0 + v /r 0; not v 0 /r 0

Le Verrier mistake is: v /r 0

The angular speed shift: v /r 0; taking into account Earth rotation v º

Le Verrier mistake: = [(v +/- vº) /r 0]

In arc second per century multiplying by (180/ π) (3600) (100 τ / τ 0)

= [(v +/- v º) /r 0] [(180/ π) (3600) (100 τ / τ 0)]

= [(v +/- v º) /v 0) (v 0 /r 0)] (180/ π) (3600) (100 τ / τ 0)

Modern and Nobel error # 21 is: [(v +/- v º) /v 0)] δθ'0

[(29.8 - 0.465) /47.9)] 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

5.2- Le Verrier distance mistake

And v= [G M2 / (m + M) r] 1/2 = (G M / r) 1/2; m <<M; Solar system

And v 0 = [G M2 / (m0 + M) r] 1/2 = (G M / r0) 1/2; m0 <<M; Solar system

And v = (G M / r) ½; v 0 = (G M / r0) 1/2

And (v/ v 0) = (G M / r) ½/ (G M / r0) ½ = (r0 / r) 1/2

With [(v - v º) /v 0)] δθ'0 = (r0 / r) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 22 is: (r 0/r) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (58.2/149.6) 1/2 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

5.3 - Le Verrier signal time mistake

With (r/r 0) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0 = [(r 0/c) /(r /c)] 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 23 is: (T 0 /T) 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (194 /498.67) 1/2 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

5.4 - Le Verrier orbital period mistake

Kepler’s law: a³/T² = k = constant

Or, r 0³/ τ0² = r³/ τ ² = k; r 0/ r = (τ 0 / τ) 2/3

With (r 0 /r) 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 24 is: (τ 0 / τ) 1/3 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (88/365.26) 1/3 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

5.5 - Le Verrier gravity mistake

And γ 0 = g 0 = Gm0/r20; γ = g = Gm/r2

And (γ / γ 0) = (g/g0) = (Gm/r2)/ (Gm0/r20) = (m r20/ m0 r2)

And (r0/r) = (m0g/g0m) ½; (r0/r) 1/2 = (m0g/g0m) 1/4

With (r/r 0) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 25 is: (m0g/g0m) 1/4 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (0.33 x 9.8/3.8 x5.97) 1/4 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Page 10

**Chapter six: Real time Vision
**

6.1 Distance: AC = BD = k

Differentiation with respect to time of BD = k

Gives D (dB/d t) + B (d D/d t) = 0

And D (dB/d t) = - B (d D/d t)

And [(dB/d t)/B] = - [(d D/d t)/D] = - í ω

B=Ae

-íωt

D=Ce

íωt

Or, r = r0 e í ω t; r0 = r e - í ω t

And r0 = r x + í r y = r (cosine ω t + í sine ω t); ω t = cosine-1 (r x/r)

And r x = r cosine ω t = r [1 - 2 sine2 (ω t/2)]

And (r x - r)/r = - 2 sine2 (ω t/2)

And (r x - r)/r = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r x/ r)]/2}

= [(r x - r)/r] δθ'0 = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r x/ r)]/2} δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 26 is: - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r x/ r)]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (58.2/ 149.6)]/2} x 70.75 = 43

6.2 Time r = r0 e

íωt

and r = c T and r0 = c T0

íωt

Then T = T0 e

; T0 = T

And T = T x + í T y = T0 (cosine ω t + í sine ω t); ω t = cosine-1 (T/ T0)

And T x = T0 cosine ω t = T0 [1 - 2 sine2 (ω t/2)]

And (T x - T0)/T0 = - 2 sine2 (ω t/2)

And (T x - T0)/T0 = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (T/ T0)]/2}

= [(T x - T0)/T0] [(v 0 /r 0)] [(180/π) (3600) (100 τ/ τ0)]

Modern and Nobel error # 27 is: - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (T x/ T0)]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (194/ 498.67)]/2} x 70.75 = 43

6.3 Velocity v = 2 π r / τ; and v 0 = 2 π r0/ τ0

Then r = (v τ /2 π) and r 0 = (v 0 τ 0/2 π)

And (r /r 0) = (v τ /2 π)/ (v 0 τ 0/2 π) = (v τ)/ (v 0 τ 0)

= [(r - r0)/r0] [(v 0 /r 0)] [(180/π) (3600) (100 τ/ τ0)]

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r/ r0)]/2} [(v 0 /r 0)] [(180/π) (3600) (100 τ/ τ0)]

Modern and Nobel error # 28 is - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (v τ)/ (v 0 τ 0)]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (48.1 x 88/ (29.8 - 0.465) x 365.26]/2} x 70.75 = 43

Page 11

6.4 Areal velocity r v = h = r0 v0

The r/r0 = v0/v; taking Earth spin into account

Then r/r0 = (v0 - v0)/v

Modern and Nobel error # 29 is: - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (v0 - v0)/v]/2} δθ'0

=- 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (29.8 - 0.451)/48.14]/2} δθ'0

6.5 Acceleration g = GM/r2; g0 = GM/r0

The r/r0 = (g0/g) 1/2; taking Earth spin into account

Then r/r0 = (g0/g) ½ (1 - v0/ v)

Modern and Nobel error # 30 : - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (g0/g) ½ (1 - v0/ v)/2} δθ'0

=- 2 sine2 {cosine-1 {(3.8/9.8)[1 - (0.451/29.8]}/2} 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

6.6 Argument r/r0 = (v0/c)/ (v/c) same as Le Verrier

The r/r0 = (v0/c)/ (v/c); taking Earth spin into account

Then r/r0 = [(v0 - v0)/c]/ (v/c)

Modern and Nobel error # 31: - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 {[(v0 - v0)/c]/ (v/c)}/2} δθ'0

=- 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 {{[(29.8 - 0.451)]/ 3x108}/ (48.14/3x108)]}/2} 70.75

= 43 arc sec/100y

6.7 Frequency [(g0/c)/ (g/c)] ½ (1 - v0/ v)

The r/r0 = v0/v; taking Earth spin into account

Then r/r0 = (v0 - v0)/v

Modern and Nobel error # 32: - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 [(g0/c)/ (g/c)] ½ (1 - v0/ v)}/2} δθ'0

=- 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 {[(3.8/3x108)/ (9.8/3x108)]1/2 x0.98}/2}} 70.75

= 43 arc sec/100y

6.8 - Kepler's Period historical mistake II

Kepler’s law: a³/T² = k = constant

Or, a1³/ T1² = a2³/ T2² = k

Or, a1/ a2 = (T1/ T2)2/3

And (a1 - a2)/ a2 = (τ0/ τ) 2/3 – 1

Or (a 0 – a)/ a = (τ 0/ τ) 2/3 – 1

And [(am – a e)/ a e] δ θ’0

= [(a0 – a)/ a] (v 0 /r 0) δθ'0

= [(a0 – a)/ a] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 16 is: [(τ 0/ τ) 2/3 – 1] δθ'0

= 70.75 [(88/365.26) 2/3 -1] = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 33 is: - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (τ 0/ τ) 2/3]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (88/365.26)2/3]/2} 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Page 12

6.9 - Newton's distance historical mistake II

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/r2 = m v2/r

And velocity of a celestial object measured from the sun is = (GM/r) 1/2

With r3 0 = (GM/v2 0); r0 = (GM/v2 0)

And r3 = (GM/v2); r = (GM/v2)

Modern and Nobel error # 17 = [(r 0 - r)/r] δθ'0 = {[(GM/v2 0)/ (GM/v2)] - 1} δθ'0

= [(v/v0)2 - 1] δθ'0 = [(29.8/47.9)2 - 1] x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 34: = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (v/v0)2]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (v/v0)2]/2} δθ'0

6.10 - Newton's velocity historical mistake II

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/r2 = m v2/r

And v 0 = (GM/r 0) ½; v = (GM/r) 1/2

Modern and Nobel error # 18 = [(v 0 - v)/v] δθ'0 = [(GM/r 0) 1/2/ (GM/r)

= [(r/r 0) 1/2 - 1] δθ'0 = [(149.6/58.2) 1/2 - 1] x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

½

-1] δθ'0

**Modern and Nobel error # 35: = - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (r/r 0) 1/2]/2} δθ'0
**

= - 2 sine2 {[cosine-1 (149.6/58.2) 1/2]/2} 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

6.11 - Newton's surface gravity historical mistake II

Newton force is F = k/r2 = G m M/R2 = m g

And g 0 = Gm0/R2 0; g = Gm/R2

Modern and Nobel error # 19 = [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0

= {[(Gm0/R02) - (Gm/R2)]/ (Gm/R2)} δθ'0 = {[(m0/ R02) - (m/R2)]/ (m/R2)} δθ'0

= [(g 0 - g)/ g] δθ'0 = [(3.8/9.8) -1] 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100 years

Note: [(m0/ R02)/ (m/R2) (29.8/29.335)2 -1] δθ'0 = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 36:

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 [(m0/ R02)/ (m/R2)]}/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 [(0.33/ 24402)/ (5.97/63712)]}/2} 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

6.12 - Le Verrier mistake II

Modern and Nobel error # 21 is: [(v +/- v º) /v 0)] δθ'0 = (v /v 0) [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 37: - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (v /v 0) [1- (v º/v)]}/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (29.8 /48.14) [1- (0.4651/29.8)]}/2} 70.75

= 43 arc sec/100y

Page 13

6.12 - Le Verrier distance mistake II

And v = [G M2 / (m + M) r] 1/2 = (G M / r) 1/2; m <<M; Solar system

And v 0 = [G M2 / (m0 + M) r] 1/2 = (G M / r0) 1/2; m0 <<M; Solar system

And v = (G M / r) ½; v 0 = (G M / r0) 1/2

And (v/ v 0) = (G M / r) ½/ (G M / r0) ½ = (r0 / r) 1/2

With [(v - v º) /v 0)] δθ'0 = (r0 / r) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 22 is: (r 0/r) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (58.2/149.6) 1/2 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

= 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 38:- 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (r 0/r) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)]}/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (58.2/149.6) 1/2 [1- (0.4651/29.8)]}/2} 70.75

= 43 arc sec/100y

6.13 - Le Verrier signal time mistake II

With (r/r 0) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0 = [(r 0/c) /(r /c)] 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 23 is: (T 0 /T) 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (194 /498.67) 1/2 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 39:- 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (v /v 0) [1- (v º/v)]}/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (194 /498.67) 1/2 x 0.98}/2} x 70.75

13.14 - Le Verrier orbital period mistake

Kepler’s law: a³/T² = k = constant

Or, r 0³/ τ0² = r³/ τ ² = k; r 0/ r = (τ 0 / τ) 2/3

With (r 0 /r) 1/2 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 24 is: (τ 0 / τ) 1/3 [(1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (88/365.26) 1/3 x 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 40:

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (τ 0 / τ) 1/3 [(1- (v º/v)}}/2} 70.75

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (88 / 149.6) 1/3 [(1- (0.4561/29.8)}}/2} 70.75

= 43 arc sec/100y

13.15 - Le Verrier gravity mistake

And γ 0 = g 0 = Gm0/r20; γ = g = Gm/r2

And (γ / γ 0) = (g/g0) = (Gm/r2)/ (Gm0/r20) = (m r20/ m0 r2)

And (r0/r) = (m0g/g0m) ½; (r0/r) 1/2 = (m0g/g0m) 1/4

With (r/r 0) 1/2 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

Modern and Nobel error # 24 is: (m0g/g0m) 1/4 [1- (v º/v)] δθ'0

= (0.33 x 9.8/3.8 x5.97) 1/4 0.98 x 70.75 = 43 arc sec/100y

Modern and Nobel error # 41:

=- 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (m0g/g0m) 1/4 [1- (v º/v)]/2} δθ'0

= - 2 sine2 {{cosine-1 (0.33 x 9.8/ /3.8 x5.97)

= 43 arc sec/100y

Page 14

1/4

[(1- (0.4561/29.8)}}/2} 70.75

**Chapter 7: Fourier Light motion visual analysis
**

r = r0 e í ω t

Distance r in real time is r = r0 e i (θ + ω t)

With r2θ' = h = r0 2θ'0; θ' = θ'0 e -2 i (θ + ω t)

At θ = 0; Perihelion

r = r0 e í ω t

Taking r = c t and r0 = c t0

Then (t/t 0) = e i ω t

And the Fourier transform is:

Γ = (1/2 π) {-∞∫∞ e

And Γ = (1/2 π) 0∫

iωt

τ0

e

d t}

iωt

dt

τ

Γ = (1/2 π) [e i ω 0 -1]/ i ω

= (1/2 π) [cosine ω τ 0 + i sine ω τ 0 - 1]/ i ω

Along the line of sight

Γx = (1/2 π) [sine ω τ 0]/ ω

Γ

x

[100 τ / τ 0] = (100 τ /2 π) [sine ω τ 0 / ω τ 0] per 100 τ

**With ω τ 0 = arc tan (v0/c); 100 τ = 1 century = 36526 days
**

Γ

x

[100 τ / τ 0] per century

**= (100 τ /360) {sine [arc tan (v0/c)] / [arc tan (v0/c)]}
**

Γ x [100 τ / τ 0] per century

= (36526days /360degrees) {sine [arc tan (v0/c)] / [arc tan (v0/c)]}

In arc seconds per century:

Γ x [100 τ / τ 0] per century

= (36526x 24 x 3600 /360 x 3600) {sine [arc tan (v0/c)] / [arc tan (v0/c)]}

Γ x [100 τ / τ 0] per century

= (36526x 24 x 3600/360 x 3600) {sine [arc tan (v0/c)] / [arc tan (v0/c)]}

Where v0 = 47.9 km/second; c = 300,000 km/second

Modern and Nobel error # 42:

Γ

x

[100 τ / τ 0] = (36526 /15) {sine [arc tan (47.9/300,000)] / [arc tan (47.9/300,000)]}

**= 42.5 arc seconds per century
**

Modern and Nobel error # 43:

Γ x [100 τ/ τ 0] = (36526 /15) {sine [arc tan (29.8/300,000)] / [arc tan (29.8/300,000)]}

= 42.5 arc seconds per century

Page 15

Angular velocity θ' in real time is θ' = θ'0 e - 2i (θ + ω t)

Taking θ'= 2 π f and θ'0 = 2 π f 0

Then (f/f 0) = e - 2i (θ + ω t)

At θ = 0; Perihelion

And (f/f 0) = e - 2i ω t

And the Fourier transform is:

Γ = (1/2 π) {-∞∫∞ e

And Γ = (1/2 π) 0∫

- 2i ω t

τ0

e

d t}

- 2i ω t

dt

Γ = (1/2 π) [e - 2i ω t -1]/ -2 í ω

= (1/2 π) [cosine 2 ω τ0 + í sine 2 ω τ0 - 1]/ -2 í ω

Along the line of sight

Γx = - (1/2 π) [sine 2ω τ0]/ 2ω

Γ

x

[100 τ / τ0] = (100 τ /2 π) [sine 2 ω τ0 / 2 ω τ0] per 100 τ

**With ω τ0 = arc tan (v0/c); 100 τ = 1 century = 36526 days
**

Γ

x

[100 τ / τ0] per century

**= (100 τ /360) {sine 2 [arc tan (v0/c)] / [arc tan (v0/c)]}
**

Γ x [100 τ / τ0] per century

= (36526days /360degrees) {sine2 [arc tan (v0/c)] / 2 [arc tan (v0/c)]}

In arc seconds per century:

Γ x [100 τ / τ0] per century

= (36526x 24 x 3600 /360 x 3600) {sine 2[arc tan (v0/c)] / 2[arc tan (v0/c)]}

Where v0 = 47.9 km/second; c = 300,000 km/second

Modern and Nobel error # 44:

Γ

x

[100 τ /τ 0] = (36526 /15) {sine 2[arc tan (47.9/300,000)] / 2[arc tan

(47.9/300,000)]}

= 42.5 arc seconds per century

**Modern and Nobel error # 45:
**

x [100 τ / τ 0] = (36526 /15) {sine 2[arc tan (29.8/300,000)] / 2[arc tan

(29.8/300,000)]}

Γ

= 42.5 arc seconds per century

Page 16

**Chapter 8: Axial tilt processing
**

In Chapter 7 Fourier analysis said that planet Mercury's Perihelion has nothing to do

with planet Mercury but has something to do with Earth.

Astronomers measure with an axial tilt of 23.440 because they measure from Earth

and use the Sun as reference point

Parallaxes are shifted by an angle of 23.440

**Meaning measurements are shifted by a factor of: (1 - sine 23.440)
**

Modern and Nobel error # 46: (1 - sine 23.440) δθ'0

= (1 - sine 23.440) 70.75 = 43 arc sec/ 100y

Page 17

**Chapter ten: Descartes and LaGrange failures
**

10.1 Γ = Γ x + Γ y = Γ 0 e í ω t

Along the line of sight

Γ x = Γ 0 cosine ω t

Then ∆ Γ x (seconds) = Γ x - t

= - 2 t sine² {[arc tan (V r m - V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43

And in arc ∆ Γ x (arc seconds) = Γ x - t

**= - 30 t sine² {[arc tan (V r m - V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43
**

Where r’ = V r; and r θ’ = V θ; and V r ²= 2 γ r r; and V

θ

²=rγ

θ

**The confusion is and was γ r = γ θ; V r ²= 2 V θ ²; and taking V r = (√ 2) V
**

And taking V r = V r (Mercury) - V r (Earth) = V r m - V r e

And V θ = V r / √ 2

θ

**Modern and Nobel error # 47: ∆ Γ x (Arc second) = Γ x - Γ 0
**

= - 30 t sine² {[arc tan (V r m - V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43 arc second /century

10.2 La Grange historical mistake

Angular velocity with respect to center of mass θ' c m = v c m/r

Angular velocity with respect to Sun θ's = v s/r

And Astronomers observed: θ's = v s/r

Angular velocity with to the sun

And v c m = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a]; m = 0.32 x1024 kg; and M = 2.0 x1030 kg

And v s = √ (GM/a)

And (θ' cm - θ’s) /θ’s = [(2 π/T c m) - (2 π /T s)]/ (2 π /T s)

= (T c m/T s) – 1 = (v s/v c m) – 1

= [√ (GM/a)] / {√ [(m + M) a/ GM²]} - 1

= √ [(m + M)/M] - 1

= √ [1 + (m/M)] - 1

≈ 1 + (m/2 M) – 1 ≈ m/2 M

**And (θ' cm - θ’s) /θ’s ≈ (m/2 M); and (θ' cm - θ’s) = (2 π /T s) (m/2 M)
**

And (θ' cm - θ’s) T s = (2 π + δ θ - 2 π) = π m/ M; δ θ = π m/ M

Multiplying by [(180/π) (3600) (26526/ τ0)]

Modern and error # 48 = π (m/ M) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/ τ0)] = 43

= π (0.32 x 1024/2x 1030) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/ τ0)] = 43

Page 18

**Chapter 9: Newton's equation was/is solved wrong for 350 years
**

All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a

location

r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the

product

S = m r; State = mass x location:

P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment

= change of location + change of mass

= m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate

F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force

= m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r

= m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate

In polar coordinates system

Y - Axis

θ1

r1

r

Angle θ

X - Axis

First r = r r1= r [cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ]

Define r1= cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ

Define v = d r/d t = (d r/d t) r' r1+ r (d r1/d t) = r' r1+ r (d r1/d t)

= r' r1+ r θ'[- sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ]

= r' r1+ r θ' θ1

Define θ1= -sine θ î +cosine θ Ĵ;

And with r1= cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ

Then d θ1/d t= θ' [- cosine θ î - sine θ Ĵ= - θ' r1

And d r1/d t = θ' (-sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ) = θ' θ1

Define γ = d (r' r1+ r θ' θ1) /d t

= r" r1+ r' (d r1/d t) + r' θ' θ1+ r θ" θ1+ r θ' (d θ1/d t)

= (r" - rθ'²) r1+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)

r = r r1; v = r' r1 + r θ' θ1; γ = (r" - rθ'²) r1+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ1

r = location; v = velocity; γ = acceleration

F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r

F = m [(r"-rθ'²) r1+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ1 + + 2m'(r' r1+ r θ' θ1) + (m" r) r1

= [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r1 + (1/m r) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ1

Page 19

With d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'² = F (r)

And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0

If light mass m = constant, then

With m [d² r/dt² - r θ'²] = F (r) Eq-1

And d (r²θ')/d t = 0

Eq-2

A - Newton's gravitational classical or past time solution

Newton took m = constant

Then F = m γ

With d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'² = - G m M/r² Newton's Gravitational Equation (1)

And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0

Kepler's law (2)

Then m (d² r/dt² - r θ'²) = - G m M/r² Eq-1

And d (r²θ')/d t = 0

Eq-2

From Eq-2: d (r²θ')/d t = 0

Then r²θ' = h = constant

With d² r/dt² - r θ'² = 0

Let u = 1/r; r = 1/u; r²θ' = h = θ’ /u²

And d r/d t = (d r/ d u) (d u /d θ) (d θ/ d t) = (- 1/u ²) (θ’) (d u/ d θ)

= - h (d u/ d θ)

And d² r/ d t² = - h (θ’) (d² u/ d θ ²)

= (- h²/r²) (d² u/ d θ ²)

= - h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²)

With d² r/dt² - r θ'² = - G M/r2

Eq–1

And - h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) – (1/u) (h u²) ² = - G M u2

Then (d² u/ d θ ²) + u = G M/h2

And u = G M/h2 + A cosine θ

The r = 1/u = 1/ (G M/h2 + A cosine θ); divide by G M/h2

And r = (h2/G M)/ [1 + (A h2/G M) cosine θ]

With; h2/G M = a (1 - ε2); (A h2/G M) = ε

Or, r = a (1 - ε2)/ (1 + ε cosine θ); definition of an ellipse

This is Newton's equation classical solution

Measuring planetary orbit in real time using Newton's equation classical solution

does not match Newton's equation classical solution but solving Newton's equation

**in real time or solving Newton's equation in present time will match measurements
**

of planetary orbits in real time. Solving an equation in real or present time is solving

it in complex numbers system. Solving Newton's equation in complex numbers

produces quantum mechanics solution. The difference between real numbers

classical solution and real time or complex numbers solution will produce relativistic

effects as visual effects. In short:

Real (Complex numbers solution) = real numbers solution + relativistic effects

Page 19

B - Real time solution or complex numbers solution of Newton's equation is:

F = m [(r"-rθ'²) r1+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ1 + + 2m'(r' r1+ r θ' θ1) + (m" r) r1

= [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r1 + (1/m r) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ1

With d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'² = F (r) = - G m M/r2 E q - 1

And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0

Eq-2

From E q - 2; d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0

Then m²r²θ' = constant

=H

= m² h; h = r² θ'

With m²r²θ' = constant

Differentiate with respect to time

Then 2mm'r²θ' + 2m²rr'θ' + m²r²θ" = 0

Divide by m²r²θ'

Then 2 (m'/m) + 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0

This equation will have a solution 2 (m'/m) = 2(λ

And 2(r'/r) = 2(λ r + ì ω m)

And θ"/θ' = -2[λ m + λ r + ỉ [ω m + ω r)]

Then (m'/m) = (λ m + ì ω m)

Or d m/m d t = (λ m + ì ω m)

And dm/m = (λ m + ì ω m) d t

Then m = m

0

(λ m + ì ω m) t

℮

And m = m (θ, 0) m (0, t); m

And m = m (θ, 0) ℮

And m (0, t) = ℮

Finally, m = m

0

(λ m + ì ω m) t

(λ m + ì ω m) t

℮

(λ m + ì ω m) t

0

= m (θ, 0)

m

+ ì ω m)

**Similarly we can get (r'/r) = (λ r + ì ω r)
**

Or d r/r d t = (λ r + ì ω r)

And d r/r = (λ r + ì ω r) d t

Then r = r

0

℮

(λ r + ì ω r) t

And r = r (θ, 0) r (0, t); r

And r = r (θ, 0) ℮

(λ r + ì ω r) t

℮

(λ r + ì ω r) t

0

= r (θ, 0)

(λ r + ì ω r) t

And r (0, t) = ℮

Finally, r = r

0

Page 20

And θ'(θ, t) = θ' (θ, 0)] ℮

-2 [(λ

m+ ỉ ω

And, θ'(θ, t) = θ' (θ, 0) θ' (0, t)

And θ' (0, t) = ℮

-2 [(λ

m

+ λ r) + ỉ (ω

m

m)

+ (λ r + ỉ ω r)] t

+ ω r)] t

Also θ' = H / m² r²

From (1): d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'² = - G m M/r²

= -G M m³/m²r²

= - G M m3 u2

Let m r =1/u

Then d (m r)/d t = -u'/u²

= - (1/u²) (θ') d u/d θ = (- θ'/u²) d u/d θ

= - H d u/d θ

And d² (m r)/dt² = -H θ'd²u/dθ² = - Hu² [d²u/dθ²]

- Hu² [d²u/dθ²] - (1/u) (Hu²)² = -G M m³ u²

And (d²u/ dθ²) + u = G M m³/ H²

And [d²u (θ, 0)/ dθ²] + u (θ, 0) = G M (θ, 0) m³ (θ, 0)/ H² (θ, 0)

Then u (θ, 0) = G M m³ (θ, 0)/ H² (θ, 0) + A cosine θ

= G m 0 M 0/ h² + A cosine θ

And m0 r = 1/u (θ, 0) = 1/ [G m 0 M 0/ h² + A cosine θ]

Or, r = 1/ [G M 0/ h² + A cosine θ]

And r = h²/ G M0/ [1 + (Ah²/ G M0) cosine θ]

Then r (θ, 0) = a (1-ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)

**This is Newton's gravitational law classical solution of two body problem which is the
**

equation of an ellipse of semi-major axis of length a and semi minor axis b = a √ (1

- ε²) and focus length c = ε a

Then, r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (λ r + ì ω r) t ------------- I

This is real time solution or present solution of Newton's equation

It is the math formula that matches astronomical measurements

If time is frozen that is t = 0

Then r (θ, 0) = a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ) or classical or event time solution -- II

Relativistic is the difference between Real I and II

And it is the visual difference motion and motion measurement

Page 20

The difference between and event and its measurement in real time

Real time solution = Event time solution + time shift solution

Real of a complex orbit solution = real numbers orbit solution + shift solution

We Have θ' (0, 0) = h (0, 0)/r² (0, 0) = 2πab/ τ0 a² (1- ε) ²

= 2πa² [√ (1- ε²)]/ τ0a² (1- ε) ²]

= 2π [√ (1- ε²)]/ τ0 (1- ε) ²]

Then θ'(0, t) = 2 π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] ℮

Assuming that λ m + λ r = 0; or λ m = λ r = 0

-2 [(λ

-2 ỉ (

m

+ λ r) + ỉ (ω

+

m

+ ω r)] t

t

ωm

ω r)

Then θ'(0, t) = 2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] ℮

= 2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] [cosine 2 (ω m+ ω r) t - ỉ sine 2 (ω m+ ω r) t]

Real θ'(0, t) = 2 π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] cosine 2 (ω m+ ω r) t

Real θ'(0, t) = 2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] [1 - 2sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

Naming θ' = θ'(0, t); θ'0 = 2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²]

Then θ' = 2 π √ [(1- ε²)/ τ0 (1- ε) ²] [1 - 2 sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

And θ' = θ'0 [1 - 2sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

And θ' - θ'0 = - 2 θ'0 sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

= -2{2 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²]} sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

And θ' - θ'0 = -4 π √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² (ω m+ ω r) t]

If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then

With, v ° = spin velocity; v0 = orbital velocity; τ0 = orbital period

**And ω m τ0 = tan-1 (v°/c); ω r τ0 = tan-1 (v0/c)
**

Δ θ' = θ' - θ'0

= - 4 π √ [(1-ε²)]/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² [tan-1 (v°/c) + tan-1 (v0/c)] radians per τ0

In degrees per period is multiplication by 180/ π

Δ θ' = (-720) √ [(1-ε²)/ τ0 (1-ε) ²] sine² {tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c]/ [1 - v° v0/c²]}

The angle difference in degrees per period is:

Δ θ = (Δ θ') τ0

Δ θ = (-720) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] sine² {tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c]/ [1 - v° v0/c²]} calculated

in degrees per century is multiplication = 100 τ; τ = Earth orbital period = 100 x

365.26 = 36526 days and dividing by using τ0 in days

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Δ θ (100 τ / τ0) = Δ θ in degrees per century

= (-72000 τ / τ0) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] sine² {tan-1 (v°+ v0)/c]/ [1 - v° v0/c²]}

In arc second per century is multiplying by 3600

Δ θ = - 3600 x 720 (100 τ / τ0) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] x

Sine² {tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c]/ [1 - v° v0/c²]}

Approximations I

With v° << c and v0 << c, then v° v0 <<< c² and [1 - v° v*/c²] ≈ 1

Δ θ ≈ - 3600 x 720 (100 τ / τ0) [√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²] Sine² tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c]

Arc second per century

Approximations II

With v° << c and v* << c

Then Sine² tan-1 [(v°+ v0)/c] ≈ (v° + v0)/c

Δ θ (Calculated in arc second per century)

= (-720x36526x3600/ τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

Approximations III

The circumference of an ellipse

Is: 2 π a (1 - ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)²- --.) ≈ 2 π a (1- ε²/4); r0 = a (1- ε²/4)

From Newton's laws for a circular orbit:

F = [M/m F = - Gm M/r02 = m v0²/ r0

Then v0² = GM/ r0

For planet Mercury

And v0 = √ [GM/ r] = √ [GM/a (1-ε²/4)]

G = 6.673 x 10 -11; M = 2 x1030 kg; a = 58.2 x 109 meters; ε = 0.206

Then v0 = √ [6.673 x 10 -11 x 2 x1030 /58.2 x 109 (1- 0.206 ²/4)]

And v0 = 48.14 km/sec [Mercury]; c = 300,000

Δ θ (Calculated in arc second per century)

= (-720x36526x3600/ τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

With ε = 0.206; √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] = 1.552; v° = 3 meters per second

Δ θ = (-720x36526x3600/88) 1.552 (48.143/300,000) ²

Δ θ = 43 arc second per century

**Modern Nobel error # 49:
**

= (-720x36526x3600/ τ0 days) √ [(1-ε²)/ (1-ε) ²] [(v° + v0)/c] ²

= (-720x36526x3600/88) 1.552 (48.143/300,000) ²

= 43 arc second per century

With θ' = θ'0 e - 2i ω t

Then τ = τ0 e 2i ω t; Δ τ = - 2 τ0 sine2 arc tan (v/c)

Modern and Nobel error # 50 is

Δ θ (per century) = - 2 x 15 τ0 sine2 arc tan (v/c); τ0 = 100 years

= - 30 (100 x 36526 x 24 x 3600) sine2 tan-1 (48.14/300,000) = 43 arc sec/100y

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