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Republic of the Philippines

UNIVERSITY OF RIZAL SYSTEM


Morong, Rizal

GRADUATE STUDIES

Mr. Gemar M. Sullano


MAT Social Studies
SS 207 Geoplotics
Prof. Nestor Vallestero

Racism

Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is a perspective not the
truth Marcus Aurelius

What Is Racism?

Racism is when someone thinks different skin colour or religious beliefs make
some people better than others.
Racists bully people who are different to them. They do this by name-calling or
violence.

Types of Racism

Direct racism where a person is treated unfairly on the basis of their ethnic origin.

Indirect racism when a person or group is treated unfairly, but the discrimination is not
as obvious

Institutional racism when discrimination exists within institutions like the police,
schools or businesses.

Islamophobia discrimination against Islam or Muslims, gained publicity since 9/11

History
Slavery was the pre-formation of racism
- Slavery existed in ancient Egypt (5,000 years ago)

When humans began to build greater civilizations, also greater in size and structure,
people were categorized to each social class.
- Countries like India and Japan had formed distinctive caste systems, which
harshly restricted the advantages of those in lower class.

The African American Culture (Slavery)


- African Americans were taken from their homeland and brought to America as
slaves. Slaves were stripped from their native lands but held on to their
individual cultures, languages and customs. Naturally, the white slaveholders
did not want the slave to embrace their cultures, languages and customs so,
the slaves developed other means to communicate and celebrate their
culture. One such way was to tell stories and the singing of songs
The Civil Rights Movement

a peak from 1955 - 1965

the civil rights march was lead by Martin Luther King on August 28 th 1963

250,000 people gathered for a march for equality between civilians

this was the day, Martin Luther King said:


I have a dream, that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true
meaning of its creed: We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are
created equal.

Some Examples of Racism In History

Hitler and the Nazis


- Adolf Hitler was responsible for the deaths of over thirty million people, most
of them killed between 1939 and 1945.

The Holocaust
- The Holocaust was the Nazis' assault on the Jews between 1933 and 1945.
- Nazis called the holocaust the final solution of the Jewish question in Europe.
- Six million Jews were murdered

Ku Klux Klan
- the Ku Klux Klan were a militant, guerrilla order group, with a purpose to
reserve the white rule in the south.
- They did this by killing black people in inhumane ways such as lynching and
shooting them.

Racism is about Politics (power) and Economics (wealth)

Racism is a form of group bias that becomes institutionalized (in laws, schools,
churches, social customs)

Racism gives privileges to one group and denies them to others

Only a group with power can impose its racist beliefs on a whole society
The function of racism is to increase that groups privileges, power and wealth

Political Correctness

Political correctness is a term which originally referred to efforts to redress,


primarily in the use of language, real or perceived discrimination on the basis of race,
gender, or other criteria.

The English Government have changed the nursery rhyme Baa Baa Black Sheep
to Baa Baa Rainbow Sheep because he thought people were being offended.

How is Political Correctness making the World more Racist?

Blackboard - Chalkboard
Crippled - Disabled
Gingerbread man - Gingerbread person

Political correctness is part of the social decline that generation by generation


makes public behaviour less restrained and less rational.
Solutions

- Spread Awareness
Write articles, make films, posters

- Accept other cultures, religions, and ethnic groups

- Make it illegal for any country to not hire or fire people because of their
religion, culture, or ethnic group

Conclusion

Racism is wrong but people tend to take it out of proportion. Just be careful of
what you say and dont take remarks the wrong way.

Arms trade

What is the use of gun?

- Sef defense
- Law enforcement
- Peacekeeping

Arms trade

An agreement on the exchange of arms and weapons within and outside the country

Did you know that?

1,000 people are killed by arms every day and 8,000,000 firearms are produced each year

The five largest exporters of arms in the world

United States

Russia

Germany

France

United Kingdom

How Arms Trade Works?


The positive side

- Reduction of threats
- Fight wars
- Protection from existing internal and external danger
- Repression of population and/or rebel groups
- Country that cant produce their own be able to have protection

Causes after or during the arms trade

- Destruction of local economies


- Nation Corrupted
- Impacts on local post-conflict community
- Impacts on environment
- Poor Nation still is suffering while richer Nation still is Profiting
- The arms trade is a major cause of human rights abuses