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<h1>
Full text of "<a href="/details/RcaUltriconSitCameraTubes">RCA Ultricon
& SIT Camera Tubes</a>"
</h1>
<h2 class="pull-right">
<small><a href="/details/RcaUltriconSitCameraTubes">See other formats</a
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<br class="clearfix" clear="right"/>
<pre>The RCA Ultricon
and SIT Camera Tubes

RCA-Norbain Electro- Optics Ltd.


Seminar
Electro - Optics / Laser
International '82 UK
Brighton 23-25 March 1982

I
I

THE RCA ULTRICON


AN IMPROVED SILICON-TARGET VIP I CON
FOR
CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION
I. Acknowledgements
II. Introductory Comment
RCA introduced the Vidicon camera tube about thirty years ago and with
it the industry of closed-circuit television (CCTV)
With the ever increasing usage of CCTV, there developed greater require-
ments on systems' capabilities; higher sensivity was foremost.
^ To meet this need, RCA developed the silicon-diode photoconductor the
silicon- target vidicon.
Now, after ten years' production and with new and very significant
improvements, RCA offers the Ultricon the most sensitive vidicon
available today I
The RCA Ultricon allows dawn-to-dusk CCTV operation. And night-time
operation is achieved with minimal auxiliary lighting (just 3 x 10~ 3
foot candle input illumination will produce full video output) .
III. Ultricon Presentation
(Following the format and content of AN6 9 94)
IV. The RCA SIT
An intensified silicon-target vidicon
W COMMENT: For CCTV operation at illumination levels as little as that
from a quarter moon (full video level with just 7.5 x 10~ 5 foot candle
input) .
V. SIT Presentation
VI . Summary
VII. Questions
VIII. Demonstrations

MB/A

The silicon intensifier target tube:


seeing in the dark

G.A. Robinson

Copyright 197 7 RCA Corporarlon


All Rights Reserved

The silicon intensifier target tube: seeing in the dark

I
I

G.A. Robinson

The SIT tube's excellent low-light-level characteristics have


led to applications ranging from police surveillance to
internal inspection of jet engine parts.

IMAGE SECTION

SCANNING SECTION
1
ELECT WON
SUN

, i 1 r i
FIELD MESH GUN FOCUSING ACCELERATING CONTROL
(GRID Mo 41 grid G R 10 No.2) CH 10 I GRI D to.2l G RIO (GRID No. 1 1

SCENE

FI9fl OPTIC
FACEFLATE

IMAGE FOCUS
GRIDS

LOW VELOCITY
SCANNING SEAM

SILICON TARGET

HIGH VELOCITY FHOTOELECTRON


9EAM IMAGED ON TARGET

Light enters the SIT tube through a fiber-optic faceplate, which transfers the f
lat-scene image onto the curved
photocathode The light then travels through the focusing grids and strikes the t
arget, which is a matrix of over 1300 silicon
diodes per inch. The image is typically stored there and read out by the scannin
g beam every 1/30 second.

George Robinson has contributed to the


design of flying-spot kinescopes, 1. 5-inch
magnetic, 1-inch hybrid and all-
electrostatic vidicons since joining RCA in
1955. His specialities include electron-gun
work, high-resolution vidicons. and camera
tubes for military systems and unusual
environments. In his present position he is
involved with applications at low light levels.
Contact him at:
Applications Engineering
Electro-Optics Products
Solid State Division
Lancaster, Pa,
Ext 2073

The idea of using a silicon-diode-array


target in an intensifier tube (SIT) has
received wide acceptance in the last few
years in cameras operating at low light
levels. This paper discusses some of the
characteristics of the SIT tube that make it
the leading low-tight-level camera tube in
use today. Elsewhere is this issue, R.G.
Neuhauser 1 discusses how the silicon target
is used m vidicon tubes.
Photocathode +
silicon-diode array
The SIT tube (Fig. !) is a photodetector
using a photocathode as the light-sensitive
surface and a silicon-diode-array target as
the surface upon which an image charge
pattern can be stored. The SIT tube's gain
comes from the high number of hole-
electron pairs generated in the target when
it is bombarded by high-energy electrons
from the photocathode. In the silicon-
vidicon target some fraction of the in-
coming photons creates a hole-electron
pair, but in the silicon target of the SIT tube
each photoelectron can create many hole-
electron pairs. A tube operating with 9000
volts across the intensifier section will have
an electron gain of about 1600.
The relationship of gain to intensifier
voltage is shown in Fig. 2. By introducing
an energy-absorbing "buffer layer" in front

of the target, the useful gain characteristic


is kepi above 3000 volts, where the in-
tensifier section performs best. The buffer
layer selectively absorbs photoelectrons. If
all photoelectrons had equal energy, the
INTENSIFIER VOLTAGE- KIL0VOLTS

Pig. 2
Electron gain (solid line) is an essentially
linear function of the intensifier voltage. An
energy-absorbing 'buffer layer" keeps the
gain above 3 kV, where the intensifier sec-
tion performs best Deviation from linearity
(the dashed line) is caused by high-energy
photons penetrating the buffer layer.

Final manuscript recaived Octoor 22. 1978.

I
I
1
I
I
I

gain would be expected to continue its


linear decrease as voltage is reduced until a
cutoff voltage is reached. But as Fig. 2
shows, some gain exists below the pro-
jected cutoff voltage, suggesting thai some
higher-energy electrons are getting through
the buffer layer.
An SIT tube with a gain of 1600 and a
photocathode responsivity of 140 pAj Im
will be approximately 50 times more
sensitive to tungsten illumination than a
silicon-target vidicon with a published
sensitivity of 4350 nAi Im.
Photocathode
The photocathode surface is the basic S-20
multi-alkali (Na-K-Cs-Sb), and is placed
on the inside of a curved fiber-optic
faceplate. Since fiber-optic plates have
poor ultraviolet transmission, the tube
response is low to the shorter wavelengths.
The 340-nano meter cutoff can be seen in

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H*tENGTH-MOIHtTIin
fig. 3
Photocathode response is limited by the low
uv transmission of the fiber-optic faceplate.
(This can be corrected by using a uv-
sensitive scintillator, however.) Tube also
does not have the near-ir response of the
vidicon.

the response curve of Fig. 3. Some users


overcome this deficiency by applying an
ultraviolet-sensitive scintillator to the out-
side of the faceplate.
The response to the longer wavelengths is
limited by tube processing of the S-20
photocathode; the extended-red (ERMA)
photocathode is not presently obtainable in
the SIT tube. Because the silicon target is
bombarded by electrons rather than
photons, the basic near-ir response of the
target, which is shown in the vidicon, is
lost.
Image section
The image section of the SIT tube inverts
the photoelectron image and focuses it
onto the silicon target. The electron optics
of this process requires a spherical
photocathode surface, but a conventional
lens system focuses the image of a scene
onto a flat plane. Therefore, it is convenient
to have a fiber-optic faceplate transmit the
flat-scene image onto the curved
photocathode. The faceplate, which is
thicker at its edge than at its center,
introduces a fixed 'shading** signal into a
fiat-light field because of the transmission
difference across the faceplate. This
shading accounts for a drop in signal
output of approximately 17% at the cor-
ners. Also, geometric distortion increases
by about 2% as a result of the transition
from a plane image to a spherical surface.
This distortion is displayed as "pin-
cushion" effect on the camera monitor.
Resolution
The matrix structure of the silicon target
limits the resolution performance of the
SIT tube. The existing target has a density
of over 1800 diodes per inch, or about 35
line pairs per millimeter of resolution. In a
nominal 16-mm optical image (I; 2 X 3/8
in.) this condition will result in a limiting
resolution of about 700 tv lines per picture
height. Higher resolution is obtained by
using a larger-sized target rather than a
target of higher diode density. A 27-mm
target with a limiting-resolution capability
in excess of 1 000 tv lines per picture height
is currently being used in l.5-in.-bulb-dia.
tubes.
The contrast transfer function (CTF), or
square-wave amplitude response
characteristic, can be useful in determining
resolution performance. The complete
curve shown in Fig. 4 can be obtained in the

laboratory by viewing high-contrast


patterns of parallel white and black bars.
This curve shows the relationship of output
signal to bar width. The signal reduction
associated with small images is significant
in that the signal- to- noise ratio is directly
affected and is important in determining
the low-light limitation of operation. This
limitation may be reached at light levels
higher than expected because actual scenes
are not made up of parallel black and white
bars. The effect upon amplitude response
when looking at points rather than bars can
be approximated by squaring the CTF
characteristic curve. Fig. 4.
Resolution also degrades as light level is
lowered because lower output signals affect
the signal- to- noise ratio. Fig. 5 shows the
relationship of light level and limiting
resolution; the curve was made using a
static scene consisting of black and white
bars. Two different contrast levels are
shown: the 100% level is typical of a
laboratory-type evaluation, while the 30%
level corresponds more closely to typical
outdoor scenes.
Lag
Resolution is only one of the important
characteristics in low-light-level operation.
A second very important characteristic is
lag, which becomes worse as the signal level
decreases. Lag is the residual signal
measured in the dark and is expressed as
the percentage of the original signal present
after three fields of scanning in the dark.
SIT tubes exhibit no photoconductive lag,
but there is some capacitative lag resulting
from the finite time it takes for the electron
beam to remove accumulated charge from
the target. A target with high capacitance
will store relatively more charge with less
voltage change than will a low-capacitance
target ( C d Q! d V). H o wever. it will take a
longer time for the beam to discharge the
signal because of the electron velocity
distribution within the beam. It is for this
reason that lag increases as light level (and
charge) decreases. Fig. 6 shows typical
"third-field" lag for a 4804 tube as a
function of light level.
It is possible to improve lag by artifically
raising the "zero-signal" voltage so that the
beam electrons can discharge the target
more effectively. This can be done either by
simulating an increased dark current (using
bias lighting) or by actually increasing the
dark current (increasing target voltage or
raising target temperature).

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10 10 10
2856 K FtCE PLATE ILLUMINANCE - LUMENS/ FOOT

* 6 a
10' ;

TV LINES PER PICTURE HEIGHT


Fig. 4
Response to black-and-white parallel-bar pattern depends on
bar width. Curve is cafled the contrast t ranter function (CTF),
squaring it gives the effect upon amplitude response when the
tube sees points Instead of bars.

Fig. 5
Low light levels lower resolution 100% and* 30%
levels correspond to laboratory and outdoor
environments.

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TUBE TYPE 14804

lENr: 7 NANOAMPEHES
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TUBE TYPE: 48&amp;


TEMPERATURE

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J&gt;^
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FACEPLATE ILLUMINANCE LUMENS^ POOT :


Fig 6
Lag is a measure of the residual signal present after
scanning the field in the dark. Curve shows lag for a
standard .4804 tube after scanning three fields in the
dark.

TARGET VOLTAGE VOLTS

Fig. 7
Dark current is caused by thermally-developed carriers in the
target, and is seen as a background to the image. Dark current is a
function of both target voltage and temperature.

Dark current

Dark current manifests itself as a


background to the image. This background
is a result of thermally developed carriers in
the target and is usually not a problem
except for a low-level grain or mottling that
is visible only at extremely low signal levels.
It is normally desirable to keep the dark
current low so that the dark portion of the
scene will have a voltage reference near
zero. There may be circumstances when the
dark current will be increased to com-
promise performance, such as to improve
lag, as discussed previously, if this is done
by increasing target voltage above the
nominal 8 V, then the maximum signal

capability of the tube will be increased as


well. Normally this will be of no concern to
the user, because the tube generally has
sufficient signal-handling capability.
However, whenever the target voltage is
increased, the maximum value should not
exceed 15 V because of the increased
prominence of target defects. Fig. 7 shows
the typical relationship of dark current to
target voltage. This curve is for a 30C
operating temperature; dark current in-
creases with increased operating
temperature.
Operation at low light levels
The SIT tube is basically a low-light-level
device. Even though it has a variable-gain

feature, as shown in Fig. 2, around-the-


clock operation should not be attempted
without auxiliary light-control capability.
Rather than operate the tube at high
illumination for long periods, it is better to
incorporate the variable-gain feature of the
tube into the camera design as a fast-acting
automatic light control (ALC). As an
example, the nominal operating voltage
might be chosen as about 4500 volts, where
the gain is about 200 (3 lens stops away
from full gain). At this operating point the
tube will have a good signal-to-noise ratio,
the picture will be pleasing, and the tube
will have long life. The voltage (gain) can be
varied from this operating point to handle
light levels changing up or down by as
much as a factor of 8 in less than a second.

Then, at a slower rate, lens-iris adjustment


and, or filler insertion can bring the light
level back to the value thai will allow 4500-
volt operation.
Tube life
When caution is exercised in using the SIT
tube, reduced thermionic cathode emission
will end its life, as in other camera tubes. A
calculated mean-time-lo-faiiure (MTTF)
in excess of 5500 hours (to 90-percent
confidence) has been maintained
throughout the last three years of produc-
tion. Faceplate exposure must be con-
trolled for long life. By following
recommended camera design con-
siderations, the operating lime before the
onset of damage will be 2000 hr. Protection
must be provided against two types of
damage mechanisms: target damage from
high-energy electron bombardment and
photocathode damage from ion bombard-
ment.
Target damage
In addition to time and illumination, the
energy of photoelectrons that bombard the
target determines the extent of target
damage. Excessive exposure will cause a
permanent increase of dark current at the
point of impact on the target. If the damage
becomes severe, it will be evident in the
dark portions of a scene or even in total
darkness with the high voltage completely
removed. Fig. 8. Damage can be related to
signal level on the target and can be
controlled by keeping the signal within
bounds.
Damage is most apt to occur where small,
intense sources are present. However, in

such an application it is usually necessary


to obtain information from the dark
background surrounding the small source,
so it is not practical to reduce gain and
signal level just to protect the target from
the exposure of the small area. If prolonged
operation is necessary under these con-
ditions, it is best to mo ve the camera so that
the small area does not remain in one spot.
Target damage is most likely to occur in an
unattended camera. In an attended and
correctly operating camera, the overex-
posure of a small spot will usually bloom to
an unusable degree before a damage level
is reached. If the over- illuminated area
becomes large and takes up a significant
portion of the picture area, the chance for
photocathode damage increases.
Photocathode damage
Ion damage to the photocathode results in
a poorly defined dark spot in the center of
the picture. Fig. 9. This dark spot is
actually an area of reduced photocathode
sensitivity and cannot be seen in the dark or
with the high voltage removed. The
damage results from the bombardment of
positive tons, originating from collisions
between photoelectrons and residual gas
molecules, that are accelerated toward the
negative potential of the photocathode. In
normal operation the number of photoelec-
trons is never high enough to generate a
damaging number of ions: it is only when
the photocathode current becomes ex-
cessive that the number of ions reaches a
damaging level.
ton generation is a function of numbers of
photoelectrons rather than energy. It is
possible to have such a small voltage (as
low as 100 volts) on the image section that.

Fig. 8
Severe target bum caused by excessive
exposure. Damage is evident here even with
the high voltage removed.

Fig. 9
Photocathode ion damage produces a poor-
ly defined dark soot in the center of the
image.
although no picture is present, photoelec-
trons are flowing as a result of light
exposure. Therefore, the only sure methods
of photocathode protection are to com-
pletely remove all photocathode voltage or
to limit the light level.
S/N at low light levels
The degradation of resolution at tow light
levels is closely related to signal-to-noise
ratio. It is desirable to have a camera
system that is so quiet and a tube so
sensitive that performance will be limited
only by the number of photons available
from the scene. The SIT tube comes close
to reaching this goal. Several factors are
involved in evaluating the low-light-level
limit of operation: the detector quantum
efficiency and its integration with the
spectral distribution of available photons:
the reflectivity and contrast of the scene;
the lens aperture: the solid angle cor-
responding to the picture element: and the
integration time. All these factors are
important in establishing an S ,V at the
target.
When the camera system processes this
information, it contributes its own
additional noise, the significance of which
depends upon the actual signal level com-
ing out of the target. Fig. 10 shows a typical
Si .V characteristic for a tube and camera.
Note thai at the higher light levels the Si ,V
does not continue to increase along the
"photocathode-limited" line. When full
signal output is obtained from the tube, any
further light-level increase is accompanied
by a gain reduction brought about by
decreasing the in tens i fie r voltage. As this
lower voltage cuts into the photoelectron
energy distribution, the number of primary
electrons entering the target through the
buffer layer will only be sufficient to
maintain signal level, thus flattening the
5; ,V characteristic.
Signal integration
The silicon target stores the charge image
until it is scanned off. For broadcast
systems and most closed-circuit systems in
the United States this integrating time is
nominally 1/30 s. If the photon flux input
can be integrated for a longer time, more
information will be stored: the results will
have an improved signal-to- noise ratio bui
a loss of motion perception. Operation in
an extended integrating mode will be
limited by dark-curreni build-up, which is
usually proportional to integrating time.

30dB-

20 .IB I

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TUBE TYPE 4804

PHOTOCATHODE RESP0NSIVITYii60)iA/U
EQUIVALENT NOISE BANDWIDTH Of

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10 10 10 * 10 10 * JO
FACEPLATE ILLUMINANCE- LUMENS/ FOOT*

tO'

Fig. 10
Typical S/N characteristic for tube and camera. At higher illumination levels, i
ntensifier
voltage decreases to limit gain. This lowers the number of primary photoelectron
s striking
the target, so the S/N flattens out from the photocathode-limited line.

When the tube is operated in this mode,


increased dark current resulting from
build-up can usually be tolerated up to
about a one-second integrating time.
Longer limes will require target cooling of
about 20C for each order increase in
integrating time. In addition, for in-
tegrating times in excess of ten minutes, it
has been found useful to turn off the gun
heater until just before ready to read out
the information. Signals have been
successfully stored in this manner for up to
eight hours before being read out.
Blooming
Blooming is the spread of a highlight image
and is associated with most camera tubes.
It occurs when portions of the pictures are
overloaded with excessive light: the
overloaded area then appears larger than it
should because excess charge on the target
spills over into adjacent areas. Low-light-
level scenes are particularly susceptible to
blooming because the general content of a
scene may have detail with a rather narrow
contrast range exept for an occasional
bright light or flash.
Recently developed targets with a new
reduced-blooming feature are now being
used with significantly improved results.
The 4804 H reduced-blooming tube, at
extreme overload, can handle intensities 20
times greater than those that can be
handled by the conventional 4804 tube.
However, spot intensities greater than 1000
times full signal introduce additional con-
cerns for the user of the reduced-blooming

tube: either further distortion of the spot


image as a result of lens flare (internal
reflections) or potential damage to the
target from overexposure.
Alternate configurations
Although most camera applications in-
volving simple surveillance can use a 16-
mm SIT lube with no modificaton, there
are circumstances requiring additional
features or characteristics. At extremely
low light levels, such as those found out-
doors with no artificial illumination, it is
necessary to have the pickup device in-
troduce as little noise as possible to the
incoming image signal and to have enough
gain available so thai the output signal-to-
noise ratio is not degraded by amplifier
noise.
An image-intensifier tube can provide
additional gain to an SIT tube so that
operation can be realized up to the
photoelectron noise limit. The fiber-optic
output element of the image tube couples
directly to the SIT photocathode through
the SIT tube's fiber-optic faceplate. The
additional while-light gain of over 20: 1 is
the ratio of the SIT tube photocathode
current to the photocathode current of the
image-intensifier.
For additional light collection, it is possible
to increase the sire of the input aperture
from 16 mm to 40 mm. In applications
where space is at a premium, an SIT with a
smaller, 2; 3-inch gun section may be
useful. Tubes are also available for unique
applications that require either gale or
?oom in the intensifier section. Where

improved resolution is required, a 27-


millimeter target is available that provides
resolution in excess of 1000 tv lines per
picture height.
Applications
Many military, medical, and scientific
applications, in addition to surveillance
applications, have developed for low-light-
level television cameras employing the SIT
tube.
Airborne cameras used in gunfire control
take advantage of the tube's ability to
provide useful information under adverse
conditions of low contrast and low light
level. Cameras on aircraft carriers
operating under similar adverse conditions
are used to help guide aircraft landings.
Other shipboard cameras are used for night
maneuvers and harbor piloting. These
applications encounter less rapid motion,
but present a challenge to blooming control
because of bright lights in the harbor or
running lights on other ships. Submarine
periscopes are also being outfitted with
low-light-level cameras.
Parking-lot surveillance applications in
both the private and public security
domains are well known, as are the search-
and-observe functions of the cameras in
law-enforcement applications.
Various businesses have found uses for
low-light-level cameras, including observ-
ing activity in lllm-processing plants and
inspecting internal parts of jet engines
during maintenance. Cameras go un-
derwater to aid in oil drilling. Airlines use
low-light-level cameras with low-level X-
ray systems for baggage inspection.
Fishermen use airborne cameras to locate
fish schools in the ocean by observing
plankton fluorescence.
Scientists can use low- light -level cameras
to observe the nocturnal habits of birds and
animals or to advance their knowledge in
astronomy. Medical applications find low-
light-level cameras used in low-light X-ray
systems and eye fundus investigations.
References
I, V-uiuuwi K.O : -lhe iilicon target vnlicoru. new feiium
and c-ipunderi use*." ItNS i.mjc
1. Enplrnm. K.W.; ml Robinsun. O.A.: Thome Ihe lut* lor
I iv" EtmnfitptUal ivurmy Dftfifel. Jun l^l
J Rodger*; ft I .. 111. "rfcam sawurj vilKiin lirgcis tut camera
lube*." IEEE Inlercun. Mar 1973
i Mc.ner. M . .inn SefWMiig. W .: -rlflul repon SIT jensor
mciimrcrrwiH." R(. \ Aiirit-EleclriMto, unpuMnhcd

nnn

and Devices

Camera Tubes

4804/H Series
SIT Camera Tubes
16-Millimeter Fiber-Optic Types
Improved Blooming Characteristic
Improved Output Sensitivity
Improved Discharge Capability
Tightened Blemish Selection
Improved Resolution
Improved Dynamic Range (Gain Ratio)

The RCA 4804/H Series types are sturdy, compact, 16-


millimeter Silicon-lntensifier Target (SIT) camera tubes
designed for use in very-low light level TV systems.
All tubes in the 4804/H Series employ the silicon diode
array target known for its low lag and its ability to
exhibit low blooming when exposed to bright tight
sources and intense specular reflections within a scene.
The 4804/H Series consists of two premium grades
(4804B/H/P-, 4804A/H/P-) and a surveillance grade
(4804/H/ P-),
The suffix P- indicates a specific potting configuration
used on the image section of the tube. These potting
variants are described in the outline drawing section of
this bulletin. Other than for the potting, the tubes in each
grade are mechanically identical. The major electrical
differences between grades are the performance values
for such characteristics as maximum voltage rating
[which reflects in current gain capability, gain ratio
(dynamic range) and tube sensitivity], picture blemishes,
and photocathode responsivity.
The improved dynamic range of the 4804/H Series is
obtained by increasing the peak target current rating and
by improving the beam discharge capability with greater
beam reserve. As a result, the "comet tail" and blooming
is minimized when viewing specular highlights without
any sacrifice in picture quality or life.
The sturdy, compact structure of the 4804/H Series lends
itself to operation in applications involving environments
of vibration and shock. A ruggedized version of the P2
potting configuration, when assembled with the rugged
RCA AJ2216 deflection/focus component, can be

mounted to operate through the aircraft vibration


schedule of Mil-Std-810 (11.9 g rms random, etc.) with
little mechanical amplification and an acceptable level of
spurious microphonic signal generation.
These tubes operate at light levels near the
photoelectron noise limit. Operation at the photoelectron
noise limit is possible by coupling a single image tube.
Coupled assemblies, such as the RCA 4849/H Series
(ISIT), are available to meet the needs of most systems.
Non-potted variants are also available on request. For
greater safety, ease of use, and life expectancy, the
potted variants are strongly recommended.

General Data
The majority of these data apply to all tube types in the 4804/H
Series. Where exceptions exist, the data are labeled appropriately.
Heater Voltage (AC or DC):
Operational 6.5 V
For standby with no other
electrode voltages applied 3.0 V
Heater Current at 6.5 V 0.1 A
Capacitance (Approx.)
Target to all other electrodes:
P1 and P4 version* 10 pF
P2 and P5 versions 12 pF
Photocathode to all other electrodes 75 pF
Focus/gate to all other electrodes:
PS only 60 pF
Unpotted tube ... ta pF

For further information or application assistance on these devices, contact your


RCA Sates Representative or write Camera Tube Marketing. RCA. Lancaster. PA 178
04.

Information lurmsried Oy RCA is behaved to be accurate end


reliable. However, no res pona &gt;ti Hy la assumed t&gt;y HC* lor its use;
nor tor any infringements of patents or other rights o( third parties
which may result Irom its use. No license is granted ay Implication
or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of RCA.

Trademark (si Registered


vtsrca(a) fleglstradats)
Printed irt U.S.A./12-81
Supersedes 9-77 4804/H Series

4804/H Series

General Data (Cont'd)


Target:
Maximum useful size of
rectangular image 12.3 mm x 9,6 mm
(0.50 in x 0.38 in)
image Surface:
Shape Rat, Circular
Material Dark-Clad Rber-Qptics
Pitch (nominal center-to-
canter spacing) e pm
Image Section:
Focusing method Electrostatic
Configuration:
/PS : Triode
All other IP- Diode-Connected Triode
Internal focus bleeder (PI, P2,
and P4 types only), nominal 1 to 2 Gft
Scanning Section:
Focusing method Magnetic
Deflection method Magnetic
Operating Position Any
Absolute- Maxim urn Ratings 1 J
Limiting Values
Temperature:
Operating (See Figure 6) -54 to +60 C
Storage -54 to +71 S C
Image Section:
Photocathode and focus electrode
(with respect to anode):
43Q48/H, 4804A/H types 12 -kV
4804/H types 10 -kV
Focus electrode (with respect
to photocathode) non-potted
and P5 -1500 to 250 V
Anode voitage Normally operating near ground or
thermionic cathode potential
Exposure 3 , point sources
(See Figure 9} .. 10* fc:s
Illuminance 1 , average scenes
(See Figure 9)
Scanning Section:
Heater- voltage tolerance
(between pins 1 and 8) 5 %
Grid-No.4 voltage 4 VG3 to 500 V
Grid-No.3 voltage* 500 , V
Grid-No. 2 voltage 350 V
Grid-No.2 dissipation 1 w
Grid-No.1 voltage -150 to V
Heater-cathode voltage -125 to 10 V
Target voltage (briefly
during special cycling) . . . , 300 V
Target voltage (during operation) 20 V
Peak target current 850 nA
Typical Operating Values 1
With tube operated in an RCA AJ2216 assembly, or equivalent,
faceplate image size of 12.8 mm x 9.6 mm [0,50 in x 0.38 in), and
standard CCIR "M", or EIA, TV scanning rate (525 lines, interlaced
2:1, frame time 1/30 second), and in a non-pulsed mode.
10** lm/ft 4 (fe)

Temperature 28 C
image Section:
Photocathode voltage, Ep&lt;,
(with respect to anode) 1 4.5 -kv
Focusing-grid voltage
(with respect to anode) Adjusted For Best Focus
Anode voitage # . . . ^ero
Scanning Section:
Heater, for unipotential cathode:
Current (ac or dc) 0.1 A
Nominal voltage for current
of 0.1 ampere' 6.5 y
Grid-No, 4 (decelerator) voltage 4 500 V
Grid-No.3 (beam focus
electrode) voltage 4 325 V
Grid-No, 2 (accelerator) voltage 300 V
Grid-No. 1 (beam) voltage (approx.)* ,. -40 V
Peak-to-peak blanking voltage:
When applied to grid No.1 .75 Jk
When applied to cathode 20 ^t
Target current, for scene highlights . . . 300 nA
Target voltage 9 v
Focusing-coil current (approx.) . , 1 10 mA
Peak-to-peak deflection coil current:
Horizontal 360 mA
Vertical 270 mA
Field strength of each adjustable
alignment coil to 4x10"* T""&gt;
Performance; Data
Under conditions shown under Typical Operating Values
Mln. Typ. Max
Grid-No. 1 Voltage for
Picture Cutoff -120 -30 - V
Photocathode Luminous Resoonsivity:
4804B/H, 4804A/H types .... 130 160 - jiA/lm
4804/H types 90 160 - ^A/lrrw
Lag-Percent of Initial Signal W
Output Current 1/20 Second
After Illumination is Removed: 11
(See Figure 4) - 7 10 %
Dark Current (See
Figures 5 and S) - 7 15 nA
Contrast Transfer (Amplitude
Response) to a 400 TV Line
Square- Wave Test Pattern at
Center of Picture, (See
Figure 7): 30 34 - %
Resolution, (See
Figures) - 700 - TV Lines
Current Gain, at Rated Epc
(See Figure 10):
4804B/H, 4804A/H types ....1600 2100
4804/H types 1200 1600
Gain Ratio for Photocathode
Voltage Swing from Rated Epc to
-2.5 kV (See Figure 10):
4804B/H, 4804A/H types .... 600 950
4804/H types 450 700
4804/H Series

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Sensitivity (At Rated Epc):

4804B/H, 4804A/H types .

.. 325

450

&gt;iA/fc

4804/H types

.. 200

350

^A/fc

Geometric Distortion 1 * ..
..

Blooming '3 (See Figure 11) .

..

Signal Non uniformity '

20

In accordance with the Absolute- Maxim urn rating system as


defined by the Electronic Industries Association Standard
RS-239A, formulated by the JEDEC Electron Tube Council.
Voltages, unless otherwise indicated, are taken with respect
to thermionic cathode.
High incident light levels on the photocathode resulting in
excessive photocathode current may, over a period of time,
result in shortened tube life due to either target damage
from photoelectrons or photocathode damage from ion
bombardment. Therefore, overexposure for long time
periods should be prevented whenever possible. For
applications covering wide illumination ranges, suitable
combinations of tens stops, light filters and photocathode
voltage should be chosen to provide close to typical signal
currents. Figure 9 shows the safe operating range o)
exposure based upon illumination and time and shows the
relationship of photocathode voltage to the safe operating
range.
Grid-No.4 voltage must always be greater than grid-No. 3
voltage. The recommended ratio of grid-No. 3 to grid-No. 4
voltage is 65/100 (applies to the tube in the RCA-AJ2216).
Other magnetic configurations may dictate different ratios.
The optimum ratio is that ratio providing the most uniform
center-to-edge highlight discharge.
A synchronous high-voltage power supply with 0.1% ripple,
such as the RCA PF1040 is satisfactory for supplying the
photocathode voltage. To obtain satisfactory performance
from an assynchronous high-voltage power supply the
ripple should be less, 0.01%.
As the photocathode voltage is varied (for gain control), the
focus voltage will remain at a fixed percentage of the
photocathode voltage. This value will range from zero to 2%
of the photocathode voltage and may be supplied with a
fixed bleeder-divider between photocathode and anode.
Heater voltage should be controlled between 6.4 and 6,6
volts to prevent thermionic emission fluctuations which
could degrade tube performance and shorten tube life. This
precaution is particularly important in applications requiring
unattended operation for long periods of time.
Operating grid-No, 1 voltage should be adjusted for each
tube to provide sufficient discharge beam to handle peak*
signals two to three times normal highlights. This
adjustment will minimize blooming and "comet tail" effects
and assure satisfactory operation during long periods of
unattended operation, varying input conditions, and
environments.
The polarity of the focusing coil should be such that a north
seeking pole is attracted to the image end of the focusing
coil, with the indicator located outside of and at the image
end of the focusing coil.
iT(Tesla) = 10* Gauss.
For an initial signal output current of 300 nanoamperes, and
for a tube with typical dark current.
Fiber optic shear distortion is negligible in the 4804B/H
types. It may be as great as 2 TV lines in the 4804/H and
4804A/H types.

Blooming is the ratio of two spot width measurements (a


final to an initial) made at the 50% spot amplitude points on
a line-select oscilloscope display. The initial spot width is
measured for a spot image having a diameter equal to 1% of
the picture diagonal and the light level set to produce 300
nA peak signal. The final spot width is measured for the
increased spot diameter when the light level is increased
1000 times and the beam (EG1) is adjusted to saturate the
signal at 300 nA peak.
Each tube employs a fiber optic faceplate of nonuniform
thickness since the electron optical design requires a
shaped photocathode. This design results in a characteristic
nonuniform signal output, with maximum signal near the
center where the faceplate is thinest. It is possible to
process the video information electronically to correct most
of this nonuniformity with suitable parabolic waveforms.
The deflecting circuits must provide extremely linear
scanning for good signal uniformity. Any change in
scanning velocity produces a signal uniformity error in
proportion to the change in scanning velocity.

ZONE 3

D - Active Target Diameter


H - Raster Height (4 x 3 Aspect Ratio)
Zone 1 - Diameter = H/2. Area 15%
Zone 2 - Diameter = H. Area =&lt; 45%
Zone 3 - Peripheral Area 40%
Figure 1 - Spurious Signal Zones

Spurious Signal Test


This test is performed with the tube carefully focused on
a uniformly illuminated test pattern which identifies the
zones as pictured in Figure 1. The tube is operated in
accordance with "Typical Operating Values" with the
target operating at 9.0 volts and illuminance is adjusted
to provide a highlight reference signal current of 300
nanoamperes. After completion of the setup adjustments,
light is excluded and the picture examined to locate and
measure bright spots. Thereafter, reference level
illuminance is applied and the picture examined for
additional spots and other blemishes.
Spots: Spots whose resulting video signal current
exceeds the specified value for each test level are
acceptable within the size, "polarity" and distribution
limits shown in Table I for the 4804B/H types, Table ft
for the 4804A/H types, and Table III for the 4804/H
types. The size of spots (diameter or length plus width
divided by two) is measured in terms of the pitch of the
raster lines in a 525-line system.

4804/H Series

Other Blemishes: Smudges, streaks, mottled or grainy


background are acceptable only if their video signal
current amplitude does not exceed 30 nA (10% of the
reference signal current).
Table I
For 4804B/H Types
Evaluation is made over a 200:1 range of illumination between Epc
= -10 W and Epc =-3 kV

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
Number of
Raster Lines)

Zone 1
Allowsi
Spots
Wht

i
Totat

Zone 2
Allowet
Spots
Wht

+ 1
1
Total

Zone 3 + 2 + 1
Allowed
Spots
WhL Total

Over 4

None

None
None

None

None

None

Over 1

None

15

22

1 or less

Note 1

Spots are recorded at video signal currents in excess of 15 nA (5%


of the reference signal current).
Fiber optic block lines are acceptable only if their video signal
current amplitude does not axceed 30 nA (10% of the reference
signal current).
Table II
For 4804A/H Types
Evaluation is made over a 200:1 range of illumination between Epc
= -10 kV and Epc -3 kV.

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
Number of
Raster Lines)

Zone 1
Allow*
Spots
Wht

1
Total

Zona 2
Alio wet
Spots
Wht

i- 1
I
Total

Zone 3
Alio wet
Spots
WhL

+ 2 + 1
i
Total

OverS

None

None

None

None
None

None

Over 4

None

None

None

None

Over 1

15

22

1 or less

Note i

Spots are recorded at video signal currents in excess of 30 n A (10%


of the reference signal current).
Fiber optic block lines are acceptable only if their video signal
current amplitude does not exceed 30 nA (1 0% of the reference
signal current).
Table III
For 4804/H Types
Evaluation is made over a 10:1 range of illumination between rated
Epc = -10 kV and typical operating value of Epc = -45 kV.

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
Number of
Raster Lines)

Zone 1
Allow*&lt;
Spots
Wht

I
Total

Zone 2
Alio we
Spots
Wht

+ 1
i
Total

Zone 3
Ailowei
Spots
Wht.

+ 2+1
i
Total

Over 8

None
None

None

None

None

None

Over6

None

None

None

Over 4

None

None

Over 1
2

17

24

1 or less

Note i

Spots are recorded at video signal currents in excess of 30 n A (10%


of the reference signal current).
Fiber octic block lines are acceptable only if their video signal
current amplitude does not exceed 90 nA (30% of the reference
signal current),

Note 1 - Do not count spots of this size unless concentration


causes a smudged appearance.
Operating Considerations
Assembling LGH Leads and Receptacles - The potted
versions of the 4804/H Series are so designed to
withstand environments of altitude and humidity. In such
applications the high voltage coupling of the connector
to the power supply receptacle may require special
attention. For optimum high voltage coupling, the
following procedure, supplied by AMP Inc., is
recommended:
a Using a clean cloth saturated with toluene, clean the
mating end of the "0" ring type or molded end type
tead. The surface area to be cleaned should exceed
the barrel depth of the mating receptacle.
b Apply a thin coating of Dow Corning High Vacuum
Grease (DC-4) to the clean portion of the tead.
c Apply a generous coating of silicone grease to the
inside surface of the receptacle.
SILICONE
GREASE

Caution: Too much grease wilt prevent the lead and receptable
from fully mating.
d With a back-and-forth twisting motion, insert the tead
into the receptacle until the lead end bottoms. This
manner of insertion causes the silicone grease to be
forced over the entire circumference of the lead and 1
receptacle.
e With the washers and "O" ring (if applicable) in
place, install the cap until the "O" ring or molded
shoulder is compressed. This forms a complete seal
between the top of the receptacle and lead.
f Remove all excess grease from the mated lead and
receptacle with a clean cloth.
Target Voltage
The sensitivity of these tubes is not affected by target
voltage. Target voltage provides a collecting potential for
cathode current and permits a voltage swing of the
scanned side of the target which generates the video
signal.
Optimum target voltage is determined by trading off the
increase in maximum discharge current and decrease in
lag with increased dark current and the intensity of some
spots. Beam-landing voltage errors will affect this
optimum voltage value. In general, optimum target

. 4804/H Series

voltage is in the range of 8 to 12 V for the recommended


yoke assemblies.
In normal operation, the target voltage should not
exceed 15 volts because (1 ) excessive voltage causes
excessive dark current with no increase in signal, (2)
excessive voltage makes target detects more prominent,
and (3) operation at high voltages may result in the
deposition of a charge on the dielectric between the
diodes causing clipping of signal highlights at normal
operating voltage. If such a charge is deposited, it may
be removed by brief operation with the target set at +300
volts - see recommended procedure below.
Procedure to remove charge pattern:
1. Use maximum scanning (which results in least image
magnification to the picture tube).
2. Set for maximum beam current (Grid No.1 should be
-5 to -10 volts).
3. Set target voltage to +300 volts,
4. Cut off beam completely after one or two seconds of
operation at the high target voltage.
5. Reset target voltage to normal operating voltage
(about 9 volts).
6. Increase beam current to normal target discharge.
The minimum target voltage is that required to allow the
beam to satisfactorily discharge the picture highlights.
To obtain this operating condition, reduce the target
voltage to about 3 or 4 volts until the picture highlights
are clipped. If the highlight signal is clipped more in one
part of the picture than another, symmetry about the
center may be obtained by use of alignment. If, when
symmetry is obtained, the picture corners do not have
about the same amount of clipping as the center, the
ratio of grid No.4 (mesh) voltage to grid No. 3 (wall)
voltage may be readjusted (while maintaining electron
optical focus) to best bring out the corners. The
optimum value of this ratio depends on the design of the
focus and deflection coils.
At a normal operating target voltage, about 9 volts,
neither the features associated with low-voltage
operation nor those associated with high-voltage
operation are significant.
The anode provides considerable shielding around the
target. In normal operation it is grounded at the first
video amplifier stage.

Recommended Start-Up Procedure


Upon receipt and after any idle period of ninety (90)
days, or more, it is recommended that the tube be
operated for one (1) hour, or more, with only heater
voltage applied. Following this heater warm-up period, it
is further suggested that the tube be operated for an
additional one-half (1/2) to one (1) hour with no high
voltage (Epc) applied. After tubes have been installed in
cameras and the above conditions can not be
conveniently applied, it is suggested that the camera be
operated for one to eight hours before being placed into
service. During this period all light should be excluded
from the faceplate. This procedure will minimize possible
photocathode damage from excessive ion generation.
Pulsed Operation of the /PS Configuration
The /P5 suffix indicates a specific potting configuration
that does not include an internal image-section focusing
voltage-divider network. It has a separate high voltage
gating lead internally connected to the focusing
electrode for pulsing the image section which makes
these devices highly useful in active systems using
pulsed illuminators, e.g., laser ranging, and in passive
systems operating over a wide dynamic range of light
levels.
In pulsed operation, only one value of gate voltage will
provide optimum focus for a given photocathode voltage.
This optimum value, for an operating photocathode
voltage of -8 kV, will be within the range of +180 to zero
volts with respect to photocathode. Gating grid cutoff
voltage is -900 300 volts. Accordingly, a voltage swing
of approximately 1 100 volts will be necessary at the dc
level of -8 kV from ground to shutter the tube. If the
operating photocathode voltage is changed, the voltages
required for optimum gate focus and cutoff will change
in direct proportion. Under cutoff conditions, the cutoff
ratio will be in excess of 10 4 :1. Cutoff ratio is defined as
the ratio of signal current in the focus mode to signal
current in the cutoff mode for the same illuminance
level.
Satisfactory tube performance can be obtained with
pulse widths as short as one microsecond. Shorter
widths may be utilized with power supplies which can
accommodate the gating-electrode capacitance with
sufficiently fast rise and decay times. Light control
applications can operate over a 500:1 range with little
danger of over-exposure during cutoff conditions.

Warnings
Failure to observe the maximum dc electrode voltage
ratings can drastically reduce the life expectancy of
these tubes. When operated within ratings with the
recommended deflection-focusing coil assembly, the full
performance capabilities of the silicon-diode array target
will be easily realized. Normally, a tube life expectancy
of thousands of hours of useful service can be obtained
when the tube is operated within the specified maximum
ratings.
The factory-potted tubes employ a guard electrode in
the form of a transparent conductive coating on a cover
glass plate which is in contact with the outside surface
of the fiber-optic bundle. This guard electrode is
operated at photocathode potential. The fiber-optic plate
is thus in a field-free region and the cover glass prevents
atmospheric particles from accumulating in the focal
plane of the optical system. Because of the spacing from
the optical plane, due to the cover-glass thickness, any
small particles present will be sufficiently out of focus so
that they will not be resolved in the resulting picture.

4304/H Series

If for some reason it is impossible to use factory-potted


tubes and un potted versions are procured, the system
designer must consider the following:
Metal flanges connecting to the photocathode and
focus electrode will be operated at voltages (with
respect to ground) up to -10 kV. Clearances and
connecting structures should be spaced, shaped or
coated to provide personnel protection, prevent
formation of leakage paths, especially during
periods of high relative humidity, and prevent
corona. These flanges (and the anode flange)
should also be protected from extended exposure
to a corrosive atmosphere such as salt air.
The focus electrode operating voltage can be
derived from a high impedance voltage divider.
External leakage is the only significant load. Note
that in the factory-potted tubes, this voltage divider
is customarily 10* ohms total resistance.
Fiber optic faceplates should not be subjected to
high voltage fields between the surfaces. Because
the inner surface bears the photocathode which
operates 10 kV below ground, the outer surface of
the fiber faceplate must be guarded from ground,
In a high voltage field, individual fibers in the
faceplate will undergo electrical breakdown
resulting in a field of scintillations which excite the
photocathode. Allowed to continue, this breakdown
can lead to catastrophic tube failure due to air
leakage.

Warning
Notice of Warranty Restrictions - RCA highly
recommends the purchase of tubes which are
completely potted with high voltage protection and
connectors. Such assemblies are exceptionally easy
to use and offer guaranteed service over a wide range
of conditions.
Because the photocathode of this intensifier camera
tube operates at a high negative potential, there is a
high probability of permanent damage to the device
unless adequate corona discharge suppression
precautions are employed. Consequently, all
warranties are void where evidence of external arcing,
corona discharge or high voltage breakdown is
present.
RCA designs and manufactures these sophisticated
vacuum tube devices to be as durable as is practical.
However, because of their nature, the glass-to-metal
and ceramic-to-metal seals can be stripped with the
application of excessive thermal or mechanical
stresses. Care must be exercised, therefore, when
making connections to the various electrodes and the
target pin. Although the devices are assembled under
ultra-clean conditions, there is always some risk of
adding blemishes if the tube is handled photocathode
end down, as is often necessary in potting operations.
Any evidence of thermal or mechanical abuse also
must void ail warranties.

Warning - Personal Safety Hazards


Electrical Shock - Operating voltages applied to this
device present a shock hazard.

4804/H Series

WAVELENGTH - NANOMETERS

Figure 2 - Typical Photocathode Responsibly -


Multialkaii (NaKCsSb) as Modified by
Fiber Optic Window

SO 100 150 J00 ISO 300


TIME AFTER ILLUMINANCE IS REMOVED -MILLISECONDS
Figure 4 - Typical Persisience Characteristics

i
2 1000
11 I
ui -
i
i 100
- *
*
*- 4
p
o
I
3
t

BE n(

Ft LIGHT LEVELS. IMAGE-SECTION GAIN SHOULD


JUCEO SV LOWERING THE PHOTOCATHODE VOLTAGE.
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' J * I 1 &lt; II 1 &lt; I 141


10-* 10-1 10-" 10-1 iq-i
2TO It FACEPLATE ILLUMINANCE - LUMEN&amp;IFOOTZ ltd
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TARGET VOLTAGE - VOLTS

Figure 3 - Typical Transfer Characteristics

Figure 5 - Typical Dark Current as a


Function of Target Voltage

4804/ H Series

20 40 60
C#t MflM TEMFERAruHE - "c

Figure 6 - Typical Dark Current as a Function


of Operating Temperature

m
fa
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m
Ml
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TUT PATTERN TRAWFARtNT SLANT - UNt BURST-


. fHOTOCATHOOE VOLTAOE lt flo J&gt;-*SkV
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TEST FATTERN: HICH-CONTRAST SQUARE-WAVE RIS0LUT1ON FATTERN


MlEAMFLIFlEfV HMS NOISE - 5 n
3AN0WI0TH - 10 MHi
IMAGE -SECTION GAIN SHOULD fl'E REDUCED Br LOWERING THt M4OTOCATWO0E
VOLTAGE FOR LIGHT LEVELS ABOVE 1 10-3 It
PMOTOCATM00E VOLTAGS If^l --10HV
TOO
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1W K F ACETATE ILLUMINANCE -LUMEIMS/FOOT J

Figure 8 - Typical Resolution Characteristic

TV LINES FIR FICTURE HEIGHT


' Contrast Transfer Function measured using tne RCA P2000 slant-line
burst pattern with horizontal cantor response balanced on the 400 line
cnevrons.
Figure 7 - Typical Horizontal Square Wave Response
(Contrast Transfer Function)

I
I

4804/ H Series

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. -

=Kv'| 1 ili

. .i-^

: -
lyl 1 J

K^

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1
4

1 IHJ]

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1
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j-
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4r44ft

1 1 1
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- v--*f~rV "

-v.

-js[ : ;

. I [J.

""TT

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4

! .

\U

tiii

Bl
i
H

LOW SOLID LIMES Ft


SPECIFIED PHOFOC
LOW DASHED LINE f

IH POII
IT HOD
OHAV

J -
IT SOURC
E VOLTAC
ERAGE

.5
E
1

4^

NOMINAL CAMERA
J. DESIGN POINT i
! i ; llu

THO

3E VOLTAGES
H-l 4 Hi

*
it

-+

-N

ll;

-+

'i - - ft

ll 1 [ill

f
\

rt
i

10-' 1 10 10* 103

10* It* 10 10'


EXPOSURE TIME - SECONDS

10&gt; 10&gt;

10 IOJ
EXPOSURE TIME -

ID)
HOURS

10*
]JW-JH1

Figure 9 - Faceplate Exposure Limits

* J 5 a 7 a s u ii t
PHOTQCATHODE ACCELERATING VOLTAGE l.hVl
LM-&amp;WR1

7
Z
a
I*
i s
ui&lt; 4
UJ **
X -
I s '
O E
s= i
8
i *
SATURATION
POINT

10X 100X
SPOT INTENSITY (AFTER ON SET OF SATURATION!

Figure 11 -Typical Blooming Characteristic

Figure 10 -Typical Gain Characteristic

4804/H Series

, 31*.

ii.isoi.moi &lt; T -
jjU^ INUMJESICTION

McsnAre

] r

a ASTER

TARGET
CONNECTION ^ I
STUB I NOTE 4)

[1.0501
IMAGE
SECTION
FACEPLATE

stntJi ,
2 an t .01(1 '
INOTEZt

I1.M t 0151
S I
tWT*IL"*-4

.tUl.lHMWrEll
IMAGE PLANE

4-40 HOUND MEAO


SCREWS 131

ANOOE
CONNECTOR
lot 14) LONG

PwOTOCATHOOi
LEAO 22S 111 LOW].
CCNNECTOR HATES
WITH AMf INC. LGH
1/2 L OR HOWS NO.
ALA 15 IS flECEPT

IW.7S 1 lit
{7.JM t .1401

ELECTROSTATIC
SHIELD
177 191 LONG
I GREY) J
[NOTE 21 '

OUTER SWELO-
4N00S

JttOTCCATHOOE
LEAD 229 19) LONG,
CONNECTOH MATES
*l TH JMP INC LCH
Ml L OH ROME INO.
ALA IS 13 RECEFT.

Approx. tube weight: 264 g (9.3 oz)


Dimensions in milli meters. Dimensions in parentheses are in
inches.
Note t Cover glass Corning type 7056 44.4 (1.75} dia. x 3.18
(0.125). Index of refraction at 589,3 rsm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Concentricity within 0.76 (0.030) to center of raster.
Figure 12 - Outline Drawing for Types 4840B/H/P1,
4804A/H/P1 and 4840/H/P1

Approx. tube weight 264 g (9.3 oz)


Dimensions in millimeters. Dimensions in parentheses are in
inches.
Note 1 - Cover glass Coming type 70S6 44.4 (1.75) dia. x 3.1^
(0.125). Index of refraction at 5S9.3 nm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Connect to grounding lug on yoke.
Note 3 - Concentricity within 0,76 (0.030) to center ol raster.
Diameter applies only to front 51 (2,0) of tube.
Note 4 - Soiderable terminal is designed to match AMP 61276-2
soiderless terminal supplied with each tube.
Figure 13 - Outline Drawing for Types 4804B/H/P2,
4804A/H/P2 and 4804/H/P2

10
I
I

4804/ H Series

TARGET
CONNECT 10 M
STUD (NOTE II

M -*T nt*
!1DM&gt; OIA

OUTER SHIELD
GATtNG/FOC USING
ELECTRODE
140 (S.S) LONG

ELECTROSTATIC
SHIELD LEAD
1 IS 5) LONG
IGREVI
INOTE 2!

ALTERNATE CONNECTION
OUTER SHIELO GATING/ -
FOCUSING ELECTRODE

G ATI HGI FOCUSING


ELECTRODE LEAD
Z29 .91 LONG
CONNECTOR MATES
WITH AMP INC. LGH
1/2 L OR ROWE IND.
RLA 1S15RECEFT

INOTE II
IMAGE PLANE
TARGET PLANE

ANODE LfcAO
1*0(5.5) LONG
(BLACK)
41 02 | 31

OUTER SHIELD
ANODE
PHOTOCATHOOE
LEAD 229 (91 LONG.
CONNECTOR MATES
WITH AMP INC. LGH
1/2 L OR ROWE (NO.
RLA Wit HECEPT.

Approx. tube weight; 264 g (9.3 oz)


Dimensions in millimeters. Dimensions in parentheses are in
inches.

Figure 14- Outline Drawing tor Types 4804S/H/P5,


4804A/H/P5 and 4804/H/P5

Note 1 - Cover glass Corning type 7056 44.4 (1.75) dia. x 3.18
(0.125). Index of refraction at 589.3 nm is 1.49,
Note 2 - Connect to grounding lug on yoke.
Note 3 - Concentricity within 0.76 {0.030) to center of raster.
Diameter applies only to front 51 (2,0) of tube.
Note 4 - Sofderable terminal is designed to match AMP 61276-2
solderless terminal supplied with each tube.

11

4804/H Series

RASTER
""TSIL* am Swage sEcrto
Dl *- FACEPLATE

MI
(NOTE 11
IMAOE HANI

3UTER
SHIELD ANOOE
xa 111 WIN. LONG

PHOT OCA THOOS


LEAD IU.4I5 2S1L0N6.
CONNECTOR MATES
WITH AMP INC. LGH 1/2 L
OR HOWE INO. HLA ISIS
RECEPTACLES

M.10- 3
&lt;1 500 I 019) -"
DIA.
IS. 17

*OCLS
CQNNfl
" NOTE 1

PHOTOCATHO06
CONNECTION

f-ocusing-ghio
connection

Jk
1IT.3ZtI.1S
I7.J7S I .12SI

TARGET
moeo
SIGNAL
LEAO

5 J

ANOOE
CONNECTION
f TARGET PLANE

MMmL

i/

[ME
111

2S-0* .
n.a"

JEDEC Ha. ES.11 .


( INOTtZI

ttMMM
Aporox, tube weight: 128 g (4.5 azi
Dimensions in millimeters. Dimensions in parentheses are in
inches.
Note 1 - Clearance of 44.83 (1.755) is required to pass all
protrusions.
Note 2 - A typical socket for use with this base is the TRW Cinch
type 8VT (133-98-11-015). or equivalent.
Figure 16 - Outline Drawing for Non-Potted Versions -
Types 48048/H, 4804A/H and 4804/H 1

Appro*, tube weight: 236 g (8.3 oz)


Dimensions in millimeters. Dimensions in parentheses are in
inches.
Note 1 - Cover glass Corning type 7056 44.4 (1.75) dia. x 3.18
(0.125). Index of refraction at 589.3 nm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Concentricity within 0.76 (0.030) to center of raster.
Figure 15- Outline Drawing for Types 48043/H/P4,
4804A/H/P4 and 4804/H/P4

TAAOfT
IC_ t JRK&gt;NJ

ic iwtipnal oomkctioh. Hwrmi

Figure 17- Basing Diagram, Bottom View


' All Types

CD. HEWC0MER
LANCASTER

Fill

RCA| Solid State Di vision | Electro Optics and Devices) Lancaster, PA 17604

CMCB/7D
Solid State
Division
Electro-Optics and Devices
Application Note
AN-6994

The RCA Ultricon


An Improved Vidicon Camera Tube for
General Closed-Circuit Television Applications

by CD. Newcomer
The RCA Ultricon is the most sensitive vidicon cameratube
available today for general closed-circuit television (CCTV)
applications. It achieves nearly 100-percent quantum
efficiency in the visible spectrum with a broad spectral
response extending from the near ultraviolet (UV), through
the visible, and well into the near infrared (IR). In addition,
the Ultricon has new a nti -reflective features that very
effectively reduce the spurious effects resulting from intense
specular highlights within a television scene.
The Ultricon combines new and important performance
features with the excellent performance characteristics
previously established by RCA silicon-target vidicons:
- High sensitivity
- No after-image effects
- No image burn-in
- Low lag
- High resolution
- Excellent blooming control
- Broad spectral response
- Minimal comet- tailing
- Excellent signal-discharge capabilities
- Low dark current
- Adaptability to special applications
While all of the various vidicons utilize the dual functionsof
photoelectric conversion and field storage to generate the
CCTV video signal, both of these functions are achieved in
the Ultricon target in a very different way, and it is this
difference in the image-to-signal conversion that produces
the Ultricon's unique performance characteristics.
THE ULTRICON TARGET
Construction Features
The Ultricon target is a rectilinear array of silicon diodes
having a density of 74 diodes per millimeter in each
dimension. (In the standard one-inch vidicon format of 3/8
by 1/2 inch, there are more than 664,000 diodes in the
matrix.) The diodes are formed on a wafer of single-crystal
silicon by processes familiar in the manufacture of inte-
grated circuits and similar solid-state devices, as follows:
1. The silicon wafer is polished and cleaned.
2. An oxide layer is then formed on one surface of the
wafer,
3. Using photolithographic methods, the oxide layer is
perforated in a precise hole pattern. The holes are
small, just a few micrometers in diameter; each hole is
the site of a diode.
4. A p-type dopant is introduced through the holes and
into the silicon substrate,

5. Again using photolithographic methods, conductive


beam landing pads are formed over the remaining
oxide coating in precise registry around each diode
site. These conductive pads prevent the scanning
electron beam from landing outside the diode sites and,
therefore, prevent the surface around the diodes from
becoming charged by the electron beam.
6. Additional proprietary processing in the n-type
. substrate of the silicon wafer results in the near-
quantum yield of the Ultricon.
The manufacture of the silicon target involves a series of
complex and precise procedures that account for the
unique performance advantages of the Ultricon. Because
the diodes are small, and because of the landing-pad
feature, dark current is low. For these same reasons, the
target capacitance and, therefore, image-lag, is also low.
Resolution is excellent because there is no lateral leakage
of the image charge pattern. And the target has excellent
signal-discharge capability.
Target Operation
The target is made to operate in the reverse-biased mode by
the positive target potential applied to the front (n-type)
surface of the wafer and the more negative potential
developed at the rear (p-type) diode matrix surface by the
scanning electron beam. Reverse-biased operation results
in a depletion region extending from the diode junction into
the silicon substrate.
A scene illuminating the front surface of the wafer will
generate electron-hole pairs within the silicon substrate
proportional to intrascene brightness variations. The
minority-carrier holes are swept toward the diodes (the
electrons toward the front surface) by the potential field
through the wafer. The holes move into the nearest diode
site and discharge the established bias in quantum. When
the scanning electron beam again restores each diode
charge, a signal voltage is developed across the target-
circuit load resistor in the camera system.
Performance
The important performance characteristics of various
vidicons used in CCTV are compared in the following
photographs and graphs. Where applicable, these
comparisons were made with the tubes installed in an RCA
TC1005 CCTV camera at equivalent operating conditions.
The comparisons typify the performance of the 4532/U, a
popular one-inch (25-mm) tube (refer to the product
bulletin on the RCA Ultricons for detailed operating
conditions and performance specifications'). Most, but
not all, comparisons apply to two-thirds-inch (18-mm) tubes
as well.

Trade mark (s) Registered


Marca(s) Rsglstrada(s)

Information lumtohed by RCA is believed to be accurate and


reliable However, n ores pons I bin ty is assumed by RCA (or Its
uaa; nor tof any infringements of patent) or other right* of
third parties which may result from its use. No license is
granted by im plication or otherwise under any pel en t or
patent rlgfiia of RCA,

Printed in USA/1 0/81

AN-6994

e
2
I i

UNIFORM

ILLUMINATION ON A SCANNED AREA OF !

IE-8RMI &gt; 9.6 mm (0 500 IN. 0375 IN )

FACEPLATE TEMPERATURE- 30 C APPRO*.


1 Ml

ULTRICON

- N

[111
:wvicon
// /

. . .

a i

t /l '

LNICON
&lt;ioo a

1
1 4
&lt; 10

L#7Li
-&gt;
,-. N

p&gt;
s
" *

/
&gt; '

1
3.01

'

;
1

-1

i
1

2 4 (

2 &lt;

6 a
100

500 700 900


W9VE LENGTH -NANOMETER

1100
S2CS- 34391

FOOTCANDLES (LUMENS/ 111

10"' I , 10
LUX I LUMENS /m z )
S894 K TUNGSTEN ILLUMINANCE

100

Fig. 1(b) - Spectral response.

32CS-343B3
Fig. 1(a) - Conversion characteristics.

Fig. 1(c) - Sensitivity


A split-screen-monitor com-
parison of the sensitivity of the
Ultrjcon (left side) and the
Newvicon (right side). The test
pattern was back-side illuminat-
ed by a tungsten lamp. The
photograph illustrates the data
of Figs. (1)a and 1(b) tor the
Newvicon and Ultricon.

400 600
TV LINE NUMBER

92CS- 34392
Fig. 2(a) - Resolution
The amplitude response to alternate and uniform black-
and-white lines at specified spatial frequences (1"
tubes only).

Fig. 2(b) - Resolution


A split-screen-monitor comparison of the resolution capa-
bilities of the Ultricon (left side) and the Newvicon (right
side). The iens apertures were adjusted to produce a typical
peak signal current of 200 nanoamperes. This photograph
illustrates the data of Fig. 2(a) (1" tubes only).

I
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ii
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11
ti
11
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Li
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AN-6994

100
| so
o
I
u
lj GO
1 3
u&gt;
E
a 40
u
: ^
c
g 2
i
&lt;
z
u
5&gt;

INITIAL HIGHLIGHT SIGNAL OUTPUT CURRENT 200 nA


FACEPLATE TEMPERATURE J0C APPR0X
SCANNEO AREA OF FACEPLATE : I2,6mmi9 6mm
10.500 IN iOS75IN)

\ NEWVICON 'AND CHALN ICON


\\ / II
,\\ / DARK CURRENT &lt;a 20 nA
\\y / ANTIMONT TRISOtFlOE

ULTRICON
12 FIELD PERIODS

IK) vi. i ISECONDS [829 SYSTEM

60 120 180 MILLISECQN0S1625 SYSTEM)


TIME AFTER ILLUMINATION IS REMOVED
92C5-34JS0

Fig. 3(a) - Image tag.

Fig. 3(b) - Comet Tailing


The monitors illustrate the comet-tailing characteristics (the
long-term retention of specular highlights) of the Ultricon
(left side) and the Newvicon (right side). Typical tubes were
exposed to a background illumination simulating night-time
conditions (camera system AGC activated). The specular
highlights produced peak signal levels just three times the
normal operating signal level of 200 nanoamperes.

Fig. 4 - After-image
The monitor displays illustrate the after-image character-
istics of the Ultricon (left side) and the Newvicon (right side).
Typical tubes were exposed to produce 200 nanoamperes
of peak signal current for a period of one hour. The camera
lenses were then capped. (The camera-system's AGC cir-
cuit produced 10x gain.) The photograph was made ten
minutes after capping.

Fig. 5 - Image Burn-in


The monitors illustrate the image burn-in characteristics of
the Ultricon (left side) and the Newvicon (right side). For
this comparison, typical tubes were equally exposed to
an incandescent reading lamp for a period of five hours.
The lamp was then turned off while camera operation
continued. The photograph was made twenty-four hours
later. The cameras operated at standard gain; AGC was
turned off.

I
I

AN-6994

E 9

SATURATION 2
POINT IOX IQQX
SPOT INTENSITY (AFTER ONSET OF SATURATION)
32CS-343BB

Fig. 6(a) - Blooming at specified overexposures.

Fig. 6(b) - Blooming


An image of an intense specular highlight within a television
scene will "bloom" larger than its true dimension as a
function of its brightness. Here, the blooming character-
istics of the Ultricon (left side) and the Newvicon (right
side) are compared with specular highlights twenty-five
times the normal operating peak-signal level. This photo-
graph illustrates the data of Fig. 6faJ for the Newvicon and
Ultricon,
Fig. 7 - Reflection of Highlights
The monitors illustrate the spurious images that result
from the reflections of intense specular highlights within
a scene. The Ultricon (left side) effectively attenuates these
effects. The Newvicon image is displayed on the right side.

Fig. 8 - "Dark Scene" Surveillance


The split-screen-monitor display demonstrates the "dark
scene" surveillance capabilities of the Ultricon (left side)
and the Newvicon (right side). The scene was illuminated by
tungsten lamps filtered to exclude the visible spectrum.
The tens aperture (f/stop) was the same for both cameras.

SET-UP AND OPERATING PROCEDURES

The various vidicons made for general CCTV application


can usually be used interchangeably in camera systems.
The cameras provide common operating conditions and
the set-up procedures are standard. The requirements for
the Uitricon are essentially equivalentto those applicable to
the Newvicon, Chalnicon, Plumbicon, and the various
silicon-target vidicons. These tubes are operated at a fixed
target voltage and use an auto-iris lens to maintain video
signal level for changing scene illumination. Additionally,

because these types have linear conversion characteristics


(unity gamma), compensation is usually provided for in the
camera system to complement the non-linear drive
characteristics of the monitor picture tube.
A review of standard set-up procedure follows. Refer to the
RCA bulletin on the Ultricons 1 and the service manual for
your camera system for detailed operating conditions and
performance specifications.

I
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AN-6994

Step Adjustment
1 Target Voltage

2 Set-up (preliminary)

3 Beam Alignment

3.1 Beam Alignment


(Alternate Procedure)

4 Beam Focus

5 Image and Scan Format


and Scan Linearity
I

Procedure
The Ultricon is operated at a fixed posi-
tive target voltage of 8 to 10 volts.
Note; Target voltage is the potential
difference between the target and the
cathode. Since the cathode is not at
ground potential in many of the camera
systems, and because the vidicon
beam-blanking pulses are often applied to
the cathode, the measurement of target
voltage is made using an oscilloscope,
and is referenced to the "unblanked"
(beam-on) interval of the blanking
waveform.
With the vidicon exposed to a suitable
test pattern, bring up the vidicon beam
to produce picture information. Now
proceed to adjust beam alignment, optical
focus, and beam focus to produce a
reasonably good picture. Adjust the
input illumination to produce typical
picture signal level.
Adjust the beam-alignment controls to the
point where the picture does not exhibit
lateral movement but rotates about the
center point as the beam focus control is
turned back-and-forth through best focus.
Illuminate the vidicon to obtain a
"token" picture at very low target
voltage. Now adjust the beam alignment
controls to produce the greatest signal
level consistent with the best signal
uniformity.
Caution: Never misalign a vidicon beam
to achieve better signal uniformity to
compensate for non-uniform input
illumination.
Reminder Reset the target voltage to 8
to 10 volts.
Adjust the beam-focus control to produce
the highest and most uniform resolution.
For example, do not peak the resolution
in the vertical wedge of the test pattern
to the point where it results in a loss
of resolution in the horizontal wedge.
Using a suitable test pattern;
a. Make the necessary optical system
adjustments to center the image
format on the vidicon target.
b. Adjust the vidicon scan size and
centering controls to make the scan
format coincident with the image
format.
Using an electronic test-pattern
generator, adjust the vidicon scan-
linearity controls to make the test-
pattern image coincident with the
electronic test signal on the picture
monitor.
Notes:
1. An adjustment of the linearity
controls will usually require the
readjustiM^pT6f the size and
centering controls.

Function
To establish the proper tar-
get voltage for the Ultricon.

To establish preliminary
set-up and operation.

To align the vidicon beam


precisely coaxial with the
beam-forming and focusing
electrodes of the tube to
establish best beam qualities.
This alternate beam-
alignment procedure will also
produce good results.

To obtain the highest and


most uniform resolution.

To establish proper image


and scan formats on the
vidicon target.
An error in scan linearity
will produce a corresponding
error in signal uniformity.

AN-6994

Step Adjustment
6 Beam Setting, Final
7 Beam Alignment, Final
8 Beam Focus, Final
9 Gamma Compensation

Procedure
Set the vidicon beam to discharge a
signal level twice the normal
operating-signal level.
Repeat step 3 or 3.1.

Repeat step 4.

Comment: The picture monitor must dis-


play brightness variations proportional
to those variations within the original
"scene." To achieve this fidelity, the
video amplifier in the television camera
has a control (gamma) that permits the
adjustment of video-signal gain linearity
to compensate for the non-linear transfer
characteristics of the picture tube.
Compensation is most conveniently -
achieved by the use of a test pattern
having linear steps of gray scale: with
the test pattern in place, adjust the
exposure to produce a typical video-
signal level. Now adjust the gamma com-
pensation control to achieve the best
definition of gray scale on the picture
monitor.

Function
To establish a beam setting
with an adequate reserve
capability.
A final beam alignment is
advisable following the pre-
ceding set-up steps.
A final beam focusing is
advisable following the
preceding set-up sets.
To achieve the best
reproduction of intrascene
variations in contrast.

Additional Operating Considerations


The excellent IR sensitivity of the Ultricon allows for unique
industrial and surveillance applications. In more general
CCTV application, the IR response can substantially extend
the low-light-level capabilities of a camera system.
However, IR is absorbed or reflected differently (depending
on materials) from illumination within the visible spectrum,
and it is sometimes important (or desirable) to reproduce
intrascene contrast values as they are seen by the eye. The
spectral response of the Ultricon is conveniently matched
to visual perception by the use of an IR blocking filter. Either

the Schott-Jenaer KG3 or the Fish Schurman HA1 1 may be


used; both are available to fit standard lens-filter adapter-
rings.
SELECTION AND INTERCHANGEABILITY GUIDE
Table I, the selection guide, and Table II, the
interchangeability guide, provide a convenient cross-
reference for the popular high-sensitivity heterojunction
and silicon-target vidicon types. Refer to the RCA Imaging
Devices Catalog for more complete interchangeability and
selection information. 2

Table I Selection Guide

Tpa
Number"
Ullrlcons

D meniioni and Outlines

JEDEC
Bae
Deslo-
nallon

Haattr
Currant/
Power
A/W

Man.
Image
Diagonal
mm/ In

Focua
Mai hod

D-
II action
Mat hod

Typical Operation (2856 K Sou tea

Approx,
Bulb
Din. (A)
mm/ In

Mai.
OveraR
Lenolh (B)
mm/In

Mai.
Clearance
Ola. (C)
mm/In

Sensitivity

Detail Responie (4x3 Aepecl)

A1
Dark
Current
nA

Output
Signal
nA@
Inv'tl 1

Al
Math
Volt.
V

AmpHtuda
Responie
400 TV
Llnaa/PH

Limiting
Resolution
TV-Lines

Two-Thlrdi Inch (i* mm)


4833/U
4833A/U
487 5/U

16/07

107 4/4 23
107.4/4.23
1(13.1/4 06

19 870.78
19.B/0.TB
19.8/0 78

E7-91
E7-91
E7-91

1/06
0.1/0.6
0.1/0.6

1 1 0/0.43
11,0/043
1 1 0/0.43

M
M
E

M
M
M
_

346 @ 01
346 @! 0.1
345 (510.1

480
480
460

B0"
60"
SO"

450
450
425

Ons- Inch (25 mm)

4532,'U
4532A/U
4S32B/U

25/!,C

162.0/6.38
1 62.0/6.38
162.0/638

29.071.14
29.0/1 14
29.0/1.14

E8-I1
E8-11
8-11

0,1/0 6
1/0.6
0.1/06

16 0/0.63
16.0/0.63
160/0.63

M
H
M

M
II
M

720 C&lt;S 0.1


720 @ 0.1
720 @ 01

480
480
480

45
4S

700
700
700

Notes
Quality Grades:
/u Industrial (3rd) Level
AAJ Commercial (2nd) Level
B/U Premium (tsl) Level
"A1200TVL
"'Using RCA P200 slant-line test pattern.

AN-6994

Table II Interchangeability Guide

TYPE TO BE REPLACED

Photoconductor Type

REPLACEMENT

Type No.

Name

Ultrlcon Type

1. S4092

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc seienide

4875U

2. S4102

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4875U

3. 4904

Newvicon
zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4875U

4. E5071

Chalnicon

cadmium selenide

4875U

5. XQ1275

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4875U

6. 4875

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4875U

7. 4875/H

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4875U

8. S4075

Newvicon
zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4833U

9. S4113

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4833U

10. 4905

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4833U

11. XQ1274

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4833U

12. E5022

Chalnicon

cadmium selenide

4833U

13. E5072

Chalnicon
cadmium selenide

4833U

14. E5052

Chalnicon

cadmium selenide

4833U

15. 4833

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4833U

16. 4833/H

ST. Vidicon

si I icon -target

4833U

17. 20PE15

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4833U

18. N747

ST. Vidicon
silicon-target

4833U

19. P8124

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4833U

20. Z7927

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4833U

21. 9231

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4B33U

22. S4076

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4532U

23. 4906

Newvicon
zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4532U

24. XQ1440

Newvicon

zinc telluride, zinc selenide

4532U

25. E5001

Chalnicon

cadmium selenide

4532U

26. E5091

Chalnicon

cadmium selenide

4532U

27. 4532

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

28, 4532/H

ST. Vidicon
silicon-target

4532U

29. 20PE14

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

30. N736

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

31. E5036

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

32. E5058

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

33. TH9828

ST. Vidicon
silicon-target

4532U

34. P8125

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

35. P8126

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

36. S1200, 1,2,3

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

37. XQ1200

ST, Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

38. Z7975

ST. Vidicon
silicon-target

4532U

39. 9901

ST. Vidicon

silicon-target

4532U

References
1. Camera-tube data sheet lor 4532/U,4833/U,4875/U
series, "Ultricon Improved Silicon-Target Vidicons,"
RCA Electro-Optics and Devices publication, June 1980.
2. "Imaging Devices," RCA Electro-Optics and Devices
catalog IMD-100.

RCA Sales Offices (as of 8/81)

International
Belgium RCA S.A., Mercure Centre
100, Rue de la Fusee
1130 Brussels

(02) 720.39.80

Brazil RCA Solid State Uda,


Av, Brigadeiro Faria Lima
1476-7' Andar CEP-01452
Sao Paulo-SP 011 210-4033
Canada RCA Inc.. S303-30th SI. S.E.
Calgary. Alberta T2C 1R4 (403) 279-3364
RCA Inc., 21001 No. Service Rd.
Trans-Canada Highway
Ste Anne de Bellevue
Quebec H9X 3L3 (514) 4S7-2185
RCA Inc. 1 Vulcan St.
Hexdale. Ontario M9W 1L3 (416) 247-5491
France RCA S.A , 32, rue Fessart
92100 Boulogne (01) 603.87.B7
Germany RCA GmbH
Pfingstrosenstrasse 23
aOOOMuncfien 70 (089) 714.30 47

Mexico.

UK.

RCA S.A. rJeC.V


Apartado Postal 17-570
Mexico 17, L&gt;F
RCA Ltd.. Lincoln Way - Windmill Road
Sunbury-on-Thames
Middlesex TW16 7HW (09327) 855.11
Hong Kong RCA International Ltd.
PO Box 112, 1027 Prince's Building
Charier Hoad

399-72-28

234 181

U.S. (OEM)
AmUi'-m
Arizona . .
Calilomia

Colorado .

RCA. Holiday otttce Canter, Suits 41


3322 So Mamorial Parkway
Huntsville. AL 35801 (205) 88 1-4100
RCA 8900 E Camaloack Rd.. Suile 460
Scottsdala. AZ 65251 (602) 947-7235
RCA 482? Sepulvada Blvd . Suite 420
Sherman Oaks. CA 91403 (Z13) 46B-42O0
RCA 4546 El Camino Real
Los Altos. C A 94022 (415)948-8996
RCA, 8333 Clairemom Mesa Blvd.
Suile 105
San Diego, CA 921 1 1 (7141 279-0420
RCA. 17731 Irvine Blvd.
Soils 104 Magnolia Plaza
Tultin. CA 92690 (7141 832-5302
RCA, 6767 S. Spruce SI.
Englewoofl.CO 801 12 (303) 740-8441

Florida : . , RCA. PO Box 1 224 1


Lake Park, FL 33403 (305) 626-6350

RCA. 1850 Leo Road, Suiio 135


Winter Park. FL 32769
.[305) 647-7100

minors RCA. 2700 River Road


Das Ptaines. IL' 60018 (312) 391-4380
Indiana RCA Corp.. 44 10 Executive Bivo.
Suite 13A
Fl. Wayne. IN 46606 ,. 1219)484-6460
RCA, 9240 N Meridian SI
Suite 102
Indianapolis. IN 46260 ;3l7) ?67-63&lt;'3

Massachusetts RCA. 20 William SI.


Wellesley, MA 05131

(617! 237-7970

New Jersey... .

Michigan RCA. 30400 Telegrapn Rd.


Suite 440
Birmingham. Ml 46010 (313) 644-1151
Minnesota RCA. B750 France Ave.. S.
Suite 122
Minneapolis. MN 55435 (612) 929-0676
Kansas ,RCA. 8900 Indian Creek Parkway
Suds 410
Overland Park, KS 66210 (913) 642-7656
. RCA. 1998 Spnngdaie Rd.
Cherry Hill. NJ 08003 (609) 338-5042
RCA, 67 Walnut Ave.
Clark. NJ O7066 (201)574-3550
Now York , , RCA 160 Pennion Hill Office Park
Purport. NY 14450 (716)223-5240
RCA. One Hunlinglon Quadrangle
Suite 2C14. Hunlinglon station
LI. Ny 11746 1518) 293-0180
North Carolina RCA, 531 1 77 Centar Drive
Charlotte. NC 26210 (704)525-3424
Ohio RCA, 29525 Cnagnn Ellvd
Pepper Pike. OH 44122 -(216) 831-0030
Texas RCA, 4230 LBJ al Midway Rd.
Town Nortn Plaia, Suite 121
alias. TX 75234

Virginia RCA, 1901 N Moore St-


Arlington, VA 22209.

!214) 661-3515
(703) 558-4161

U.S. (Distributor)
Distributor &amp; Special Products Division, Deptlord, NJ
Eastern Hegion RCA 2000 Clements BriOga Rd
Oeptiord NJ 06096 (609)963-8000
western Reqion RCA, 6363 Sunset Boulevard
ego Hollywood. CA 90028 (213(468-4092

nC^JI Electro
Imlmffl optics

Lancaster, PA 17604
n A 41 Electro Optics

and Devices

Camera Tube

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U Series

4532/U

4833/U

487S/U

l-95

L-994

Ultricon
Improved Silicon Target Vidicons

Low Blooming
Image Burn Resistant
Low Lag
Anti-Flare Features
Extremely High Sensitivity
Broad Spectral Range
Electrostatic and Magnetic Focus Types
Low Dark Current
Excellent Discharge Capability

The RCA Ultricon camera tubes employ unique processing


that makes them the most sensitive vidicons available for
general Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) application.
Improved sensitivity in the visible spectrum is achieved
without loss of the excellent near infrared (IR) response that
is characteristic of the RCA silicon-target types.
The special Ultricon processing further reduces the
blooming effects caused by intense specular highlights
within a scene. The discharge capability of the tubes is
excellent, i.e., they have minimal "comet-tail" effects. Other
features such as low dark current, low lag, exceptional
resistance to image burn, and good resolution capability
make these tubes an excellent choice for CCTV pickup
systems where the superior features of the silicon target are
required.
The RCA 4532/U, 4532 A/U, and 45328/U are 25 mm (1 inch)
diameter magnetic focus and deflection types; they are
identical in all respects except for spurious signal (blemish)
criteria. The 4532/U is the premium type for use in the more
critical systems while the 4532A/U is intended for high
quality commercial use. The 4532/U is for general CCTV
applications.
The RCA 4833/U and 4833A/U are 18 mm (0.7 inch)
magnetic focusand deflection types; they are identical in all
respects except for the spurious signal (blemish) criteria.
The 4833A/U is intended for use in more critical
applications. The small size of the 4833A/U and 4833/U
makes possible the design of compact CCTV cameras.
The RCA 4875/U is an 18 mm (0.7 inch) electrostatic focus
and magnetic deflection type intended for use in more
general CCTV applications. The small size of the 4875/U
makes possible the design of lightweight hand-held CCTV
cameras.
600

i/

t
&lt; 500

4l
E
2 400

4&amp;

ULTRICON
V 1/

I
B
l-j 300

\

1

/
II
It

\
t vinir:

JM

V
I

100

J,

ft
1
r
4
-^

500 700 BOO


WAVELENGTH - NANOMETERS

uv

VISIBLE

INFRARED

G
R

&lt;

&lt;

vEseua* nultivj*o

feQEMUM V ArMJ'J

I, FLUORESCENT iDftTt-inHT^

&gt; 1

TUNGSTEN tIRMT

I I 1

mS-5763R1V[
Figure 1 -Typical Spectral Responsivlty
Characteristics RCA Type V

For further information or application assistance on these devices, contact your


RCA Sales Representative or write Camera Tube Marketing, RCA, Lancaster, PA 176
04.

Information (urnisrrid t&gt;V RCA is believed to be accurate end


reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by RCA for
its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of
third parties which may result from its use. No license is
granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or
patent rights Df RCA,

Trademark (s) Registered


Marca(s) Reg 1st radars}
Printed in U.S.A./6-80
4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U Series
Supersedes 12-78

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

General Data
Electrical
Heater Voltage:
Operational ,
For standby with no other electrode
voltages applied
AC or DC Heater Current at
6.3 Volts (Nominal value)
Focus Method
Deflection Method
Direct Interetectrode Capacitance: 1
Target to all other electrodes
4532/U, 4532A/U,
4532B/U

6.3
3.0

Optical
Spectral Response
Target:
Normal scanned area
(4x3 aspect ratio)
Maximum useful diagonal of
rectangular image

Mechanical
Dimensions
Deflecting Yoke - Focusing Coil
Alignment Coil - Assemblies 1 .

Operation Position
Weight (Approx.)

0.1
Magnetic
Magnetic
5.7

See Figure 1
12.8x9.6 (0.50x0.38)
16 (0.63)
See Figure 16
Cletronics VYLFA-959.
Penn Tran 1465
Any
57(2)

4833/U
4833A/U

6.3
3.0
0.1
Magnetic
Magnetic
3.5
See Figure 1

4875/U
6.3
3.0
0,1
Electrostatic
Magnetic
3.5
See Figure 1

8.8x6.6 (0.346x0.260) 8.8x6.6 (0.346x0.260)


11 (0.433) 11 (0.433)

See Figure 18

See Figure 20

Penn Tran CY-1 07-1500, Chuomusen KV 19B


Cletronics 5135-012244
Any Any
24 (0.85) 24 (0.85)

Unite
V
V
A

mm (in)
mm (in)

I
I
:
1
I

g (oz)

Absolute-Maximum Ratings 3
Limiting Values
Heater-Voltage Tolerance (Operational) . . 5
Grid-No.5 Voltage*
Grid-No.4 Voltage* 500
Grid-No.3 Voltage" 500
Grid-N o.2 Voltage 350
Grid-No. 2 Dissipation 0,5
Grid-No. 1 Voltage (Positive value)
Grid-No.1 Voltage (Negative value) -150
Heater-Cathode Voltage (Positive value) . 10
Heater-Cathode Voltage (Negative value) -125
Target Voltage (Briefly during
special cycling) 8 300
Target Voltage (During operation) 8 20
Maximum Target Current 750
Faceplate:
Illuminance 7 6xl0 7
6x10 s
Temperature:
Non-operating and storage -54 to +70
Operating Note'

500

500

350

500
350*

350

350

0.5

0,5

-150

-150

10

10

-125

-125

V
300

300

20

20

350

350

nA

6x1 7

6x10 7

Im/fr* (fc)

6x1 0"

6x10 s

lux

-54 to +70

-54 to +70

-c

Note"

Note 8
C

Warning - Personal Safety Hazards


Electrical Shock - Operating voltages applied
to these devices present a shock hazard.

I
I
I
i
i

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

I
1

4532/U, 4532A/U, 4833/U,


4S32B/U 4833A/U 4875/U Units
Typical Operating Values
With the tube operated in the specified or equivalent assembly; specified scanne
d area; faceplate temperature of 30 3 C; and standard
CCIR "M", or El A, TV scanning rate (525 lines, interlaced 2:1, frame time 1/30
second)."
Voltages are with respect to thermionic cathode.
Grid-No.5 Voltage* - - 480 V
Grid-No.4 Voltage* 480 480 35 to 75 V
Grid-No.3 Voltage* 410 290 300* V
Grid-No.2 Voltage 300 300 300 V
Peak-to-Peak Blanking Voltage;
When applied to grid No, 1 75 75 75 V
When applied to cathode 20 20 20 V
Target Voltage 10 8 to 10 8 to 10 8 to 10 V
Focusing-Coil Current 11 12 40 95 - mA
Peak-to-Peak Deflecting-Coil Current:"
Horizontal 200 100 120 mA
Vertical 20 12 30 mA
Field Strength of Each Adjustable
Alignment Coil 1 * to 4x10"* {0 to 4) to 4x10"* (0 to 4) to 3x10"* (0 to 3) G (T
)

Performance Data
Under the conditions shown under Typical Operation.
Peak Radiant Responsivity 510
Grid-No.1 Voltage for Picture Cutoff" -50 to -100
Dark Current 8,5
Average "Gamma" of Transfer Characteristic ... 1
For a Signal-Output Current Between 4 and 400
Lag-Per Cent of Initial Value of Signal-Output
Current 1/20 Second After Illumination is
Removed" (See Figures 11, T2) ,. 8
Limiting Resolution:
At center of picture 700
At corner of picture 500
Amplitude Response to a Square-Wave Test
Pattern at Center of Picture 15 (See Figure 8) ... 45 @ 400 TV lines
Sensitivity to Tungsten Light Source 1 '
Conditions-
Faceplate Illumination (Highlight) 0.1
1.08
Performance-
Sensitivity 5500
Typical Signal-Output Current" . 700
Sensitivity to Visible Light"
Conditions-
Illumination from 2856 K Light Source Incident
On Infrared Absorbing Filter (Highlight) 0,1
1.08
Performance-
Sensitivity 1030
Typical Signal-Output Current 17 135

510

510

mA/W

-35 to -95

-35 to -95

nA

2 and 200

2 and 200
nA

450
350

425
325

TV lines
TV lines

60 @ 200 TV lines

50 @ 200 TV lines

0.1
1.08

0.1
1.08

Im/tt 2 (fc)
Jux

5500
350

5500
350

/uA/lm
nA

0.25
2.7
1030
162

0.25
2.7
1030
162

Im/ft 2 (fc)
lux
^A/lm
nA

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

Spurious Signal Test


The allowable spots for each tube type are shown in Tables I
through V. The tables define the acceptable distribution of
the spots by zones, size and their polarity.
This test is performed with the tube carefully focused on a
uniformly illuminated test pattern which identifies the
zones as pictured in Figures 2 and 3. The tube is operated in
accordance with "Typical Operating Values" and
illumination is adjusted to provide a highlight reference
signal current of:
4532B/U, 4532A/U, 4532/U 300 rtA
4833 A/U, 4833/U 150 nA
4875/U 150 nA
After completion of the setup adjustments, the light is
excluded and the picture is examined for bright spots.
Thereafter, the reference level illumination is applied and
the picture is examined for additional spots and other
blemishes.
Spots: Spots are countable when their signal level exceeds
10% of the reference signal level and are acceptable within
the criterion shown in the Tables. The size of the spots
(diameter, or length plus width divided by two) is measured
in terms of equivalent raster lines in a 525-line system.
Other Blemishes: Smudges, streaks, mottled or grainy
background are acceptable only if their video signal level
does not exceed the reference signal level as follows:
4532B/U 3%
4532 A/U. 4532/U 5%
4833A/U, 4833/U 5%
4875/U 5%
It should be noted that in using narrow band illumination in
the near IR region some additional spurious signal effects
may be evident.

Table I - Type 4532B/U

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
TV Lines)

Zone 1
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 A 2
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1, 2 ft 3
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Over 6
Over 4
Over 1
1 or smaller

Table II - Type 4532A/U

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
TV Lines)

Zone 1
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 ft 2
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1, 2 ft 3
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Over 6
Over 4
Over 1
1 or smaller

1 5

Table III - Type 4532/U

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
TV Lines)

Zone 1
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 ft 2
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 , 2 ft 3
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

OverS
Over6
Over 4
Over 1
1 or smaller

1
3 12

2
5 20

ZONE 3

D - Active Target Diameter


H - Raster Height (4x3 Aspect Ratio)
Zone 1 - Diameter - H/2, Area 15%
Zone 2 - Diameter - H, Area 45%
Zone 3 - Peripheral Area " 40%
Figure 2 - Spurious Signal Zones - 4532/U Series

D - Active Target Diameter


H - Raster Height (4x3 Aspect Ratio)
Zone 1 - Diameter - H, Area = 60%
Zone 2 - Peripheral Area =* 40%
Figure 3 - Spurious Signal Zones
4833/U Series, 4875/U

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

Table IV - Type 4833A/U

I
I

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
TV Lines)

Zone 1
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 &amp; 2
Allowed Spota
Bright Total

Over 6
Over 4
Over 1
1 or smaller

1 4

Table V - Types 4833/U and 4875/U

Blemish Size
(Equivalent
TV Lines)

Zone 1
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Zone 1 &amp; 2
Allowed Spots
Bright Total

Overr 8
Over 6

Over 4

1 3

Over 1

2 8

4 12

1 or smaller

Notes for Tables I Through V


Mini my m separation between any 2 spots greater than 1 raster line
is limited to 16 raster lines.
Spots of this size are allowed unless concentration causes a
smudged appearance.

This capacitance, which effectively is the output impedance of


the tube, is increased when the tube is mounted in the
deflecting-yoke and focusing-coil assembly. The resistive
component of the output impedance is in the order of 100
megohms.
The magnetic components are made by: Cletronics (formerly
Solar Systems and Cleveland Electronics), 1684 Medina Rd,.
Medina. OH 44256: Penn-Tran Corp.. P.O. Box 508, 1155 2ion
Rd., Bellefonte, PA 16823; Chuomusen Co.. Ltd. 762-5151 , 9-
12. 1-chorne. Ohmori-Nishi. Ohta-ku. Tokyo 143, Japan.
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum rating system as
defined by the Electronic Industries Association Standard RS-
239A. formulated by the JEDEC Electron Tube Council,
4532/U Series and 4833/U Series: Grid-No. 4 voltage must
always be greater than grid-No. 3 voltage. The grid-No.3/grid-
No 4 ratio should be 0.85 for the 4532/U Series and 0.7 for the
4833/U Series.
4875/U: Grid-No. 5 voltage must always be greater than the
grid-No.3 voltage. Thegrid-No.3/grid-No.5 ratio should be 0.7
for the 4875/U.
These ratios are determined by the electro-optical
characteristics of the target-mesh region. These ratios should
provide optimum performance with regard to dark current
uniformity, signal uniformity, resolution uniformity, and
geometrical accuracy with the typical focus and/or deflection-
coil assemblies referenced herein. When using other
assemblies, the voltage ratio should be adjusted for optimum
performance in that assembly.

5 Gi and Gi connected together internally,


* If operation is attempted using target voltages typical of sulfide
vidicons (30 to 50 V), the surface of the silicon target will
develop a negative (unwanted) charge. This condition is easily
corrected by briefly increasing the target voltage to about 200
volts while overscanning the target and with the beam turned
fully on. The beam is then cut off completely before reducing
the target voltage to its normal 8 to 10 volt value.
7 The tube can typically withstand the illuminance contained in a
focussed image of the sun without permanent damage.
' Dark current approximately doubles with each 9 C increase in
temperature. (See Figures 4 and 6.)
9 The tube is normally positioned in the deflection-focus
assembly with the index pin {short pin) horizontal at the 3
o'clock position (viewed from the front). Some rotation not
exceeding 10" is allowed,
' This range of target voltage provides an optimum operating
point consistent with maximum target discharge capability and
optimizes other performance characteristics such as dark
current uniformity, lag, and blemish content. It is highly
recommended that the operating target voltage be set to and
maintained at 8-10 volts.
" With a compass located outside of and at the image end of the
focus coil, the polarity of the focus coil should be such that a
north-seeking pole is attracted to the image end,
1* These components should be selected to provide minimum
beam landing error (best signal uniformity). The alignment coil
should be positioned so that its axis is coincident with the axis
of the tube, the deflecting yoke, and the focus coil.
The deflecting circuits must provide extremely linearscanning
for good signal uniformity. Any change in scanning velocity
produces a signal uniformity error in proportion to the change
in scanning velocity.
13 With no blanking voltage on grid No.1,
u At the recommended target voltage and at an initial signal-
output current of:
4532/U Series - 200 nA
4833/U Series - 250 nA
4875/U - 250 nA
19 Amplitude response is the signal amplitude from a given TV
tine number expressed as a per cent of the signal amplitude
from a low frequency (large-area) picture element. In practice,
the large area reference of 15 TV lines is set equal to 100 per
cent signal amplitude. The TV line numbers are determined by
the number of equal-width black and white lines that will fit into
the physical height of the image focused on the camera-tube
faceplate,
11 Light source is a tungsten-filament lamp having a lime-glass
envelope. The lamp is operated at a color temperature of 2856
K.
17 Defined as the highlight target current (signal current) after the
dark current component has been subtracted.
With the same light source specified in footnote (r) except an
infrared absorbing filter (Schott Jenaer KG-3, 5.5 mm thick
available from Fish-Schurman Corporation, 70 Portland Road,
New Rochelle, MY 10802) is interposed between the light
source and the faceplate of the tube.
For sharper infrared cutoff, the Kodak Series 305 Infrared
Rejection Filter may be used. This series is available from
Eastman Kodak Co.. Special Products Sales, Rochester, NY
14650.

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

Operating Considerations
Warning
Failure to observe the maximum dc electrode voltage
ratings can reduce the life expectancy of these tubes. When
operated within ratings with the recommended deflection-
focusing coil assemblies, the full performance capabilities
of the silicon-diode array target will be easily realized. A
tube life of many thousands of hours of useful service may
be obtained when the tube is operated within the
recommended ratings.
Variants of the 4532/U Series
RCA types C23231 and C23246 may be used for
applications in the near UV region (to wavelengths as low as
250 nanometers).
C23231 - Enhanced UV response (90 mA/W @ 300 nm)
C23246 - Enhanced UV response (20 mA/W @ 300 nm)
Although the 4532/U Series have useful response to 1100
nanometers, RCA types C23250 and C23250A should be
considered for applications where response in the near IR
region is of primary concern.
C23250, C23250A - Enhanced red and near IR response
(60 mA/W@ 1060 nm).
C23250A - Premium (1st) Level
C23250 - Commercial (2nd) Level
Ruggedlzed, Reduced Length Versions
of the 4532/U Series
C23174, C23174B - Commercial (2nd) Level
C23174A, C23174C - Premium (1st) Level
C23174B, C23174C - Bonded Target Versions

4
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2 B
1 6
4
r-
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QC Z
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8
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o
Cl.
E
0.1

SCANNING! USSTD.1CCIR "M"l


-

"

-
10 20 30
TAHGET TEMPER ATU HE - C

Figure 4 - Typical Dark Current vs. Temperature


4532/U Series

Application Notes and Other Technical


Literature Relating to Silicon Target Vidicons
AN-4974 Modifying TV Cameras for Use of Silicon
Target Vidicons
IMD-100 RCA Imaging Devices
PE-696 The Silicon-Target Vidicon
{Copies available by writing RCA, Box 3200, Somerville,
NJ 08876.)

10
3
a
UJ
1
&lt;
5
Z =
&lt;
1-
se
UJ "J
CC
9
3
S 2
O
1
I
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t 5 4 S 6 7 S 9 10 2
TARGET VOLTAGE - VOLTS
mi mini

Figure 5 -Typical Dark Current Characteristic


4532/U Series

m a
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ec
(U
4
O
&lt; '!
Z 8
i e
r-
Z 4
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3 *
I 1.0
q a
i *
3
D. 4
&gt;
j-
2
0.1

SCANNING: US STD. (CCIH 18*1


E
I
I

_20 _| 10 20 30 40 50
TAHGET TEMPERATURE - C
UMBM
Figure 6 -Typical Dark Current vs. Temperature
4833/U Series, 4875/U

I
I

i!

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

10

* *
iu ,
a. f
% ,
o
1 6
z
i
z
6
s
M
(E
i

1.0

G
EC
IU J
!
i-
5 i
5
1
K
J 0.1
&gt;- e
:
in
E
1 ,
01
TYPE V WITH KG J FILTER, 5.5 mm THICK
2 3 15 6
TARGET VOLTAGE - VOLTS

Figure 7 - Typical Dark Current Characteristic


4833/U Series, 4875/U

ILLUMINATION 2956 K TUNGSTEN. FILTERED TO ELIMINATE INFRARED


[BY 5.5 mm, KG-J GLASS!
HIGHLIGHT TARGET CURRENT-JOOnA 1*532/01; ISOnA &lt;4B33/U,4B75/U&gt;
TARGET VOLTAGE - * 10 VOLTS
TEST PATTERN : RCA P2O0

M
i
z
Ul

K
111
K
*
LU
U5
IU
B
ui
&gt;
ul
S
&lt;
a
c
fl
1

I-
3
til
%
id
z
I

O
Ul
i-
1
z
a.
Z I
1

-^

~"--^-"^
s. *

HiAJ
SE-n

es

4B7I

IAJ \
l\

\ \
\

\
J

SEHIE

\
500 700 900
WAVELENGTH NANOMETERS

Figure 9 - Typical RCA Type V Spectral Response


Characteristics as Modified by the Filter
Characteristic of Figure 10

3O0 400 500 600 TOO 800


WAVELENGTH NANOMETERS
900

9SLS - 2994R4

Figure 10 - Typical Transmission of Schott KG-3


Infrared Absorbing Filter, Thickness: 5.5 mm

TV LINES PER PICTURE HEIGHT

Figure 8 - Typical Amplitude Response


(MTF) Characteristics

4532/U, 4833/ U, 4875/U

TIME AFTER ILLUMINATION IS REMOVED - MILLISECONDS


MUMSttM

50 100 ISO 200 250 300


TIME AFTER I LLUMINATION IS REMOVED Ml LLISECONDS
MHWH

Figure 11 -Typical Persistence (Lag) Characteristics


4532/U Series

Figure 12 -Typical Persistence (Lag) Characteristics


4833/U Series, 4575/U

II
II
Ijl
II
II.

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

103
t
I
A
Ifl 3
E
m
| TO*
&lt;

&lt;
1-
2 !
5
&lt; a

TARGET VOLTAGE - 8 10 VOLTS


#,

- ^

\Wd=\

^
_Ar

&amp;

/&gt;

T /*

4
S
2
1

Sr

ff

,*
]

-;

*
i L

..

10* ''

* t

'io-j :

4 8

'in' :

* B

".'

4 fl B

10
-1
I B
&lt;t
is
Ul UJ
UJ*-
hj u.
S
? ur
WO

UJ
E
2
?
^

4
^
^ '

&lt;j

^^sr
j

&gt;*
2858 K TUNGSTEN ILLUMINATION AT FACEPLATE - LUMENS/H* (FOOTCANDLESI

Figure 13 -Typical Light Transfer Characteristics


4532/U Series

SATURATION
POINT

10X 10GX
SPOT INTENSITY IAFTER ON -SET OF SATURATION)

SJLS-SXIHIV1

II
n

Figure 15 -Comparison Between Low-Blooming


Ultrlcon Types and Conventional
S-T Vldlcons

' itt 3 ' ' *io-&gt; - - - -10-'


FACEPLATE ILLUMINANCE - FOOTCANDLES [LUMENS PER SQUARE FOOT)
iii 1 1 &gt;'

I 1

V'

B B

FACEPLATE ILLUMINANCE - LUX ILUMENS PER SQUARE METER)


Figure 14 -Typical Light Transfer Characteristics
4833/U Series, 4875/U
10
LM~4B73ff?

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

Figure 17 - Bating Diagram, Bottom View


4532/U Series

Socket for JEDEC E8-11 Base


Cinch N0.8VT (133-98-11-015), or equivalent.

Made by:
TRW Cinch Connectors
(312)439-8800
1501 Morse Ave., Elk Grove, I'L 60007

l!

BASE
EOECNo.ES-11

92LM-53WW3

Dimensions in millimeters, dimensions in parentheses are in


inches.
Note 1 - Faceplate glass is Corning No. 7056, or equivalent. Its
index of refraction at 589.3 nm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Optical distance (front of faceplate to target).
Figure 16- Dimensional Outline
4532/U Series
10

4532/ U, 4833/U, 4875/U

tf

Figure 19* Basing Diagram, Bottom View


4833/U Series

Socket for JEDEC E7-91 Base


Connector Corp. No.546A103, or equivalent

Made by:
Connector Corporation
6025 North Keystone Ave,
Chicago, IL 60646

Dimensions in millimeters, dimensions in parentheses are in


inches.
Note 1 Faceplate glass is Corning No. 7056, or equivalent. Its
index of refraction at 589.3 nm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Optical distance (front of faceplate to target).
Figure 1fi -Dimensional Outline
4833/U Series

I
1 1

4532/U, 4833/U, 4875/U

GSiJ

7)04

Figure 21 - Basing Diagram, Bottom View


4875/U

Socket (or JEDEC E7-91 Base


Connector Corp. NO.546A103, or equivalent
Made by:
Connector Corporation
6025 North Keystone Ave.
Chicago, IL 60646

Dimensions in millimeters, dimensions in parentheses are in


inches.
Note 1 - Faceplate glass is Corning No. 7056, or equivalent. Its
index of refraction at 589.3 nm is 1.49.
Note 2 - Optical distance (front of faceplate to target),
Figure 20 - Dimensional Outline
4875/U

RCA | Solid State Division | Electro Optics and Oevices! Lancaster, PA 17604

</pre> </div><!--/.container-->
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