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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 1

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 2

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 3

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 4

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 5

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 6

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 7

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 8

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 9

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

ON d1 d1 h
cos
OA a h a

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 10

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

ON d1 d1 k
cos
OB a k a

ON d1 d1l
cos
OC al a
d1h d1k d1l
cos : cos : cos : :
a a a
cos 2 cos 2 cos 2 1
2 2 2
d1 h d1 k d1l
1
a a a
d1 2
h k2 l2
a2
a2
d12
h2 k2 l2
a
d1
h2 k2 l2

2a 2a 2a
OA : OB : OC : :
h k l

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 11

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

OM d2 d2h
cos
OA 2a h 2a
OM d2 d2k
cos
OB 2a k 2a
OM d2 d 2l
cos
OC 2a l 2a

d 2 h d 2 k d 2l
cos : cos : cos : :
2a 2a 2 a
2 2 2
d2h d2k d 2l
1
2a 2a 2a

d 22 h 2 d 22 k 2 d 22 l 2
4a 2 4a 2 4a 2

d 22 2
h k2 l2 1
4a 2

2 4a 2
d 2
h2 k2 l2
2a
d2
h2 k2 l2

ABC

d d2 d1

2a a
d
h2 k2 l2 h2 k2 l2
a
d
h2 k2 l2

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 12

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 13

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 14

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1
8 1
8

a
2

4 3
v r
3

a
atomic radius r
2

v
V

4 3
r
PF 3
a3

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 15

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

4 3 4 3 4 3
r r r
3 3 3 3.14
0.5236
( 2r ) 3 23 r 3 8 r3 6 6

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 16

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

3a 2
r2
16
3
r a
4

4 3
v 2 r
3
4r
a
3

3
atomicradius, r a
4

v
V

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 17

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

4 3
2 r
3
a3

8 3 8 3
4 3 r r
2 r 3 3 8 3 3 3
3 r
PF 3 43 r 3 64r 3 3 64 r 3
4r
3
3 3 3 3

3
8

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 18

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 19

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

2a 2
r2
16

2a 2
r2
16

a 2
r
4

4 3
4 r
3
4r
a
2

2
atomicradius, r a
4
3
4r
2
v
V

4 3 16 3 16 3 16 3
4 r r r r
3 3 3 3
4r
3
43 r 3 64 r 3 64 r 3
3
2 2 2 2 2 2 2

16 3 2 2
r
3 64 r 3
2
0.74
6

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 20

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 21

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 22

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 23

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

AY
ABY, Cos30 0
AB

a 3
AY AB cos 30 0
2

a 3
AY
2

3
AB a, cos30 0
2

2
AX AY
3

2 a 3
AX
3 2

2 a 3
AX
3 3 2
a
AX
3
AXC,

AC 2 AX 2 CX 2

a c
AX CX
3 2
2 2
2 a c
a
3 2

a2 c2
a2 2
3 22

2 a2 c2
a
3 4

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 24

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

c2 2 a2
a
4 3
c2 3a 2 a2
4 3
c2 2a 2
4 3
c2 2 4
a2 3
c2 8
a2 3

c2 8
a2 3
c 8
1.633
a 3
c
1.633
a

a
r
2

4 3
v 6 r
3
a
r
2

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 25

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

3
24 a
v
3 2
24 a 3 24 a 3
v
3 23 3 8

v a3

1
( BO) ( AY )
2

a 3
AY
2

1 a 3
a
2 2

a2 3 a2 3
2 2 4
a2 3 3 3a 2
6
4 2

3 3a 2 c
V
2
v
V

a3
3 3a 2 c
2
2 a
PF
3 3 c

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 26

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1/ 2
2 3
PF
3 3 8

2 31/ 2 2 3 2 2
PF 1/ 2
3 38 3 3 8 3 4 2 3 2 2
3.14
PF 0.74 74 %
3 2 3 2

a 3 a
r a
2 4 2 2
r a
4

mass
density
volume

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 27

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

M
N

M
n
N
M
n
N
nM
Na 3

a a a
, ,
4 4 4

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 28

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1 1 1
, ,
4 4 4

1
8 1atom
8

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 29

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1
6 3atoms
2

2 2 2
XY XZ ZY
2 2 2
XT TZ ZY
2 2 2
a a a
4 4 4

a2 a2 a2
16 16 16

2 3a 2
XY
16

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 30

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

2 3a 2
2r
16
3a 2
4r 2
16
3a 2
r2
16

a 3
8
8r
3

4 3
r
3

4 3
8 r
3
a 3
r
8
3
4 a 3
8
3 8

a3 3
v
16

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 31

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

a3 3 3
16 a 3 16

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 32

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1
,0,0
2

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 33

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

1
12 3
4

1
8 1
8

1
6 3
2

a
2

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 34

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 35

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 36

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 37

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 38

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 39

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 40

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 41

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UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS

SUDEC/K.KARTHIKEYAN/STUDY MATERIAL/PH 6151/ENGG PHY- I/2013-2014 Page 42

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