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Welcome to 33 Eye Facts eBook. Know Your Eyes. It is the

first in our series of Know Your Body Facts eBooks.

Our team of Expert Eye Specialists has put together an

Informative and Easy to read eBook to help you get a better
understanding of your Eyes.

33 Eye Facts is packed with interesting facts regarding the

anatomy, disorders, functions and how to maintain healthy eyes.

Congratulations on taking the first step in maintaining healthy


Tonia Phipps, RN
Table of Contents

The Eye is an Organ of the Body that is Responsible for Vision.

Chapter 1 Anatomy of The Eyes (11)

Chapter 2 Disorders & Treatment (11)

Chapter 3 Food for Healthy Eyes (11)

Chapter 1
Anatomy of the Eyes

Listed below are 11 common Anatomy Terms & Definitions of the Eyes.

Internal and External View of the Eye

1. Iris is responsible for eye color, controlling the amount that
enters the eye and the size & diameter of the eye.

2. Cornea is responsible the eyes ability to focus and it is a

great refractive surface.
3. Pupil is responsible for controlling the amount of light
entering the eye.
4. Crystalline Lens a transparent biconvex structure in the
eye that is responsible for helping light focus on the retina.
5. Sclera is responsible for forming the white potion of the eye
and the supporting wall of the eyeball.
6. Ciliary Body is responsible for changing the shape of the
lens when the eye is focus on an object. It is also responsible
for its ability to produce a clear fluid that fills the front of
the eye.
7. Choroid is responsible for providing Oxygen and Nutrients
to the eye.
8. Optic Nerve is responsible for transferring visual images
and information from the retina to the brain.
9. Macula is responsible for detailed central vision and allows
us to have clear straight ahead vision (such as reading).
10. Retina is responsible for transforming light sent from the
lens into neural signals thus sending them to the brain.

11. Vitreous is responsible for providing a clear like jelly fluid

from the lens to the back of the eye.
Chapter 2
Disorders & Treatments

The Eyes, just like any organ in your body are susceptible to diseases if
not maintained properly. Listed below are 11 common diseases that
affect the Eyes along with their treatment.

1. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that causes damage to the

optic nerve resulting in excessive pressure formation in the
eyes. There are several treatment options available,
however, if left untreated it can lead high eye pressure and
vision loss.
2. Conjunctivitis is a disorder of the eye that can be viral or
bacterial. It affects the outermost lining of the eye causing
redness, itchiness and burning.
3. Myopia (nearsightedness) is a condition that results in the
eyes seeing close objects clearly and distant objects with
4. Cataracts are the clouding of the lens causing decrease
vision. There are 3 types of cataracts with various additional
symptoms. If left untreated it can lead to blindness and
vision loss.

5. Amblyopia (lazy eye) is an eye disorder that results in

decreased vision. It mainly occurs in childhood and usually
only affects one eye. Treatment includes refractive options,
surgeries and eye drops.
6. Uveitis is the swelling of the uvea that involves the choroid,
iris and ciliary body. Some symptoms are eye pain, redness
and blurred vision.
7. Hyphema is the formation of blood in the front chamber of
the eye. It is caused by blunt trauma, eye surgery and other
eye problems.
8. Cornea Ulcer is an open sore on the outer layer of the
cornea. They are painful and are mainly caused by
infections. Some of the treatments are steroids, antibiotics or
9. Photophobia is an abnormal sensitivity to bright lights.
Corneal ulcers, acute iritis and migraine headaches are some
of the causes of photophobia.
10. Scleritis is inflammation of the sclera (the white part of the
eye). Autoimmune disorders is the primarily cause of
Scleritis. Some symptoms include red eyes, soreness and a
decrease in visual acuity.
11. Coloboma is a defect or hole in an eye structure (iris,
retina, choroid and optic disc). It is caused from eye
surgery, trauma or inherited.
Chapter 3
Foods for healthy eyes

Listed below are 11 fruits, vegetables and vitamins for maintain healthy
1. Leafy Greens
2. Eggs
3. Almonds
4. Carrots
5. Berries
6. Fatty fish
7. Citrus
8. Vitamin A
9. Beta carotene
10. Vitamin C
11. Lutein
Check out the entire collection of 33
Body Facts Series.

33 Ears Facts
33 Mouth Facts
33 Nose Facts
33 Skin Facts
33 Eye Facts

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