Metaphorically speaking, cuisine like ‘welfare’, ‘house’, ‘education’, ‘culture’, ‘history’, and ‘job’ is made of various ingredients including

characteristics and properties of the area and is served on the plates called ‘ town’.

CASE Japan

Urban Regeneration
Design By
For With

People

ま ち づ く り 協議会

地 縁 型コミュニティ

まち づく り

I. Own Community Development is Collect People’s Dreams and Create Opportunity to Challenge
URBAN REGENERATION

Community Committee Establishment

Location: Japan Architect Team: CASE-Japan Story Contributor: CASE-Japan
K Area About 200 families are settled in this area. Community development started in 1990s. Through the use of “community funds”, the residents have changed the community from being one that is reliant on government assistance, to taking their own initiative. In 2000, a big development started in the neighboring area. As a result, various groups got together and started community development from the residents’ initiative. In 2001, in order to support civilian activities, an NGO , which has functions of incubation, intermediary and funding, was established.

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N Area Community work to develop a safe town. About 2500 families live in this area, of which approximately 1400 live in public housing. Remodeling of the apartment complexes started in 2003, and at the same time a community development committee was founded. The committee was concerned by frequent cases of people passing away alone and in solitude. Therefore it started a “civilian watching” activity in order to renew self-supportive attitudes which people used to have. By gathering residents’ opinions, a “map” of the olden days was made. Based on this map, children and school staff worked together, offering suggestions for remodeling of parks. For the remodeling of the apartment complex, surveys were carried out on people’s lifestyles, and design workshops were conducted. As a result, different plans for the various lifestyles were drawn up. At present, the actual plans for the apartment complex remodeling are in progress, and a cooperative housing project is being implemented, aiming for private ownership of housing.

URBAN REGENERATION

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S Area The community management acts by repairing relations with the existing community stock. S area is located nearby the JR Shinosaka station. Various local organizations and public facilities have been well functioning, thanks to the area’s development being characterized by a project management style which joins the already existing organizations and activities. Many projects have been implemented such as cooperative housing, community bus, remodeling public apartment complex, community salon, and symbiosis park.

URBAN REGENERATION

Flexible Plan System Community Units System Community Management Activity System...

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Kids designing their own playground - painting The first implementing process was changing the old burnt down market area that had become a garbage dump site and an informal playground into a proper playground. This area was regarded as one which had the most potential for change, and it was easy to communicate and scale up to other communities. It was therefore useful not only for the market’s residents, but also people passing through the area who use the community as a shortcut. Those involved in making the playground started first with only little children, a few adults, and the outside volunteers. At that time, there was no trust from anyone there. However, the process continued and visibly changed the burnt down area into a cleaner place, thanks to the children and adults collecting and digging out the garbage from the ground. Later, more teenagers and adults started to step in, bringing some equipment and help. It took around 8 weeks to finish the whole process and more people than expected got involved. Interestingly, after all the outsiders left the community, the residents started to change and improve the playground areas by themselves. The sand ground was turned into a proper concrete ground, and the old wall started to have graffiti art on it which was done by one of the teenagers who helped finish the playground at first. Some activities were organised inside and kids and adults started to have more things to do together. All these things were considered a hopeful sign in a sense that the residents started to have a sense of their place and an understanding of the possibilities for change in spite of the fact that they were still facing the land right problem. Later, the second implementing process was put in to continue on from the first one. This time we moved from the outdoor to indoor area and started to turn one of beautiful old housing units into a community
Design By
For With

II. Creating New Grounds, Old Minburi Market, Bangkok Architect : Kasama Yamtree, Case studio Architects, Bangkok TYIN, Norway Year : 2006-2010
Starting with the idea of the city changing and people rapidly migrating into the eastern part of Bangkok, the research project on how the old, small communities could live or adjust themselves and their architecture into this new city began. The focus communities were the old markets situated at the junctions of canals along Pravetburirom and Sansab canals in the eastern part of Bangkok. Their beautiful architecture led us to go deep in and ask more questions about the areas. We found that these communities were facing a more serious flooding problem than before, together with many complicated issues that stopped them from ‘thinking beyond themselves’, which directly and understandably affected their homes, environment, attitudes and their own lives. The old Minburi market was chosen to be the first for implementation out of the seven markets we researched. At that time, it was the only market that had a particular group of people who still had a vision that they should do something with their land before it was taken away. However, the group was so small and the community had so many complicated issues, that we were not sure that we would be able to make any visible change, especially because of the land rights problem.

People

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URBAN REGENERATION

library. The idea behind this was to show the residents the possibilities for changing and improving their housing by only using old materials, especially those left on the ground with very cheap price. For example, small pieces of old and abandoned timber could be used to make a new floor and wall. The main people involved in this process were architecture students from Norway, TYIN, who worked with the community and community architects and mainly helped with the designing and construction process. They were also the very important people who encouraged the community to realize the skills that they already had – in carpentry, painting, masonry etc. This time, the kids and adults from the first playground process got involved, together with more new faces who seriously came to help. These projects created not only physical changes in the community, but also gradually improved the relationship between the people in the community and their neighbors. Other communities started to come and became interested in improving their common areas. The community is now very creative in improving their land in many ways, such as growing their own food by making vegetable patches along-

side Sansab canal, or the adults creating more games for children every month to help prevent them from going outside the community to get addicted to computer games. All these events have shown the residents to be much more active than before, eager and energetic to improve things in the community, and understanding the possibilities for change and having a better environment for their homes. From this, we hope that the consequences from all these processes will create more positive changes and the people will know how to live and ‘think beyond themselves’ no matter where they are….

URBAN REGENERATION

Kids designing their own playground – making a 3d model

Little kids and teenagers cleaning the burnt down market area

Changing the old house into a community library

The finished playground and more changes

More pictures and activities please visit: www.kidsontheground.blogspot.com www.mai-kao-hong-mai-library.blogspot.com

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