You are on page 1of 2

INTRODUCTION

For decades, ongoing attention has Since the initial launch of READ 180 in 1999, years criteria by providing opportunities for students to write medium for comprehension and large for general
been directed towards the dire need of effectiveness research, combined with reports of every day, including arguments that are supported literacy achievement (WWC, 2009). Similarly, READ
its practical use in classrooms around the country, with evidence, wrap-up projects that synthesize what 180 was one of four programs out of over 100
for improvements in adolescent
have contributed to the ongoing refinement and has been read and apply it to real-world research considered for review earning the label of Moderate
literacy. While this focus has yielded
improvement of the program. Now, with the questions and research papers. In their writing, Evidence of Effectiveness in a 2008 report by Johns
some positive results, such as small nations focus on the Common Core, READ 180 students employ technology in the process. Academic Hopkins Universitys Center for Data-Driven Reform in
but significant gains in eighth- and Next Generation holds a pivotal place in meeting the discussions, oral summaries, eReads, morphology, Education (Slavin, Cheung, Groff, & Lake, 2008).
twelfth-graders reading performance demands of the standards. By individualizing and and grammar practice are included to meet the
on the 2009 National Assessment of adapting practice with the necessary foundational speaking and listening standards, as well as the In a recent study published in the peer-reviewed
Education Progress, the percentage reading skills, READ 180 Next Generation is the language standards. Across all parts of the READ 180 journal, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis,
of students performing at or above onramp that allows struggling readers to access Next Generation instructional model, students track Kim et al. (2011) found that READ 180 had a
more complex texts. READ 180 instruction, aligned their own progress on the digital Student Dashboard.
the Basic level did not change significant positive effect on reading comprehension
to Common Core, includes the critical analysis and For greater accessibility, READ 180 Next Generation and vocabulary for fourth through sixth grade students
significantly from 2009 to 2011
synthesis of texts that reflect the literature found in is also available for iPad. in an after-school program, the majority of whom
(National Center for Education the real world (National Governors Association (95%) had previously scored below proficient on a
Statistics 2009, 2011). The concern Center for Best Practices (NGACBP), Council of Chief As a mission-driven company focused on helping all state assessment of English language arts. This work
over persistent achievement gaps State School Officers (CCSSO), 2010). Additionally, students learn, research is at the heart of everything followed up on a 2010 study in which Kim et al. found
remains; hence, sweeping changes in READ 180s instructional approach, which includes that Scholastic Education does. From its inception, that READ 180 had a significant positive effect on
the way that the nation handles these the use of data dashboards replete with student self- READ 180 has been built upon a foundation of reading fluency and attendance rates for even lower
discrepancies are underway. monitoring tools, supports the CCSS goal of having the best research, and in consultation with the top performing fourth grade students, also in an after-
all students, even those who are struggling, become educational researchers. But it does not stop there; school program.
self-directed learners (NGACBP, CCSSO, 2010). READ 180 is continuously validated and improved
In response to the lackluster
upon to ensure that every student is engaged, every In the 2006 to 2011 Striving Readers studies,
performance of too many students,
With many new Common Core enhancements, teacher effective, and every leader empowered. READ schools in four school districts that used READ
the Common Core State Standards READ 180 Next Generation builds on its proven 180 is arguably the most thoroughly researched 180 for a period ranging from one to five years
(CCSS) were rolled out, which instructional model to address specific expectations reading intervention program ever created. More than showed significant increases in reading achievement
demand that students be prepared of each of the four anchor standards. In reading, a decade of validation through research and practice for struggling students. In Newark, New Jersey,
for success in college and careers in READ 180 Next Generation meets the criteria by have affirmed READ 180s effectiveness and informed significant impacts were shown for all students,
a globally competitive society by the offering a range of quality textsincluding increased further development of the program. including important student population groups
end of high school. A daunting task, percentages of informational texts that meet CCSS of boys, African Americans, and students with
recommendationswith embedded text-based
yet one READ 180 Next Generation For example, a What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) disabilities. READ 180 was shown to have a
comprehension questions that build Higher Order review concluded that the extent of evidence for significant overall impact on incarcerated students
(NG) is prepared to meet. Released
Thinking skills and that accelerate students to grade READ 180s impact on student achievement is in Ohio Department of Youth Services facilities, the
in 2011, READ 180 Next Generation is level. In writing, READ 180 Next Generation meets the
the result of an ambitious, multiyear
research and development effort
aimed at bringing READ 180 into
full alignment with the rigorous
An initiative of the U.S. Department of Educations Institute of Education Sciences, the What Works
1
The Striving Readers program was funded by the U.S. Department of Education with two aims: 1) to raise middle and high school students
3

expectations of the Common Core. Clearinghouse (WWC) is a central source of scientific evidence for what works in education. The full literacy levels in Title I-eligible schools with significant numbers of students reading below grade-levels; and 2) to build a strong, scientific
review is available on the WWC website at whatworks.ed.gov. research base for identifying and replicating strategies that improve adolescent literacy skills. The full reviews are available on the Striving
Readers website at ed.gov/programs/strivingreaders.
The Best Evidence Encyclopedia (BEE), developed by Johns Hopkins Universitys Center for Data-Driven
2

Reform in Education, presents reviews of research-proven educational programs to help policy makers,
4 principals, teachers, and researchers. The full review is available on the BEE website at bestevidence.org. 5
INTRODUCTION continued READ 180 WORKS
Elementary Middle School High School Other Educational Settings
majority of whom were male and African American, This compendium of READ 180 research contains 40
and a large percentage of whom were students with studies, approximately half of which were conducted
NUMBER OF STUDIES BY STUDENT GROUP*
disabilities. Additionally, READ 180 was shown to by third-party firms, with about half of these being
ECONOMICALLY ENGLISH ETHNICITY STUDENTS WITH
have significant impacts for students in the urban- independently funded. The studies take place in a
DISADVANTAGED LANGUAGE LEARNERS DISABILITIES
suburban school district of Springfield-Chicopee, variety of settings in school districts across the country
Massachusetts and the urban school district of from 1999 to 2012. Summarized are correlational and
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, both of which contained descriptive studies, as well as randomized or quasi-
large percentages of economically disadvantaged experimental studies. Reports on reading gains for
students. the general student population and in some cases for
specific demographic groups of students are provided.
Additional studies conducted by Scholastic have Not only have the studies in this compendium shown
found READ 180 to be effective for English language that READ 180 meets the literacy needs of even
learners (ELL). In a bronze level study conducted in the most challenged students, the findings of these
Deer Valley Unified School District, Arizona, ELL fourth studies have been integral in informing new and better NUMBER OF PROGRAM YEARS
versions of the program, including the most recent

FIFTEEN
through eighth grade students made significant gains
on various assessments after using READ 180 for a READ 180 Next Generation.
year (2012). Likewise, in Lawrence Public Schools,
Massachusetts, elementary, middle, and high school STUDENTS IMPACTED*
ELL students showed achievement gains on two state
assessments (2009).

Given the current federal push for evidence of ROI


From its inception,
READ 180 has been built Almost one in two studies (46%) are Independently
60,221
the return on investment in education spending a upon a foundation of the best Funded with a quarter of those studies funded by
the United States Department of Education.
study conducted by Whiteboard Advisors (2013)
found READ 180 to be an integral part of Californias research, and in consultation
Napa Valley Unified School Districts model of smart
with the top educational 49%
investment management by delivering academic
progress and resulting in cost savings. Not only did researchers. But it does not Elementary
School
students using READ 180 make significant gains
on the state assessment, the district tracked lower
stop there; READ 180 is Students
28%
referral rates into special education, as well as lower continuously validated and Middle
numbers of expulsions and suspensions, since using
improved upon to ensure that
School
19%
11 7
Students
the program.
High
every student is engaged, School

every teacher effective, and


STUDIES MEET
EVIDENCE
STUDIES
ARE PEER
Students
4%
Other
every leader empowered. STANDARDS REVIEWED
Educational
Settings

*The infographics on this page represent the


studies included in this compendium. More results
6 can be found online at research.scholastic.com. 7