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311D, 312D, 312D2, 313D, 313D2, 314D, 315D, 318D, 318D2 and 319D

Excavators Machine Electronic Control System / Backup System

Backup System

Backup System Connections

The "Backup System" allow an operator to have manual control over a limited number of machine
functions. The "Backup System" allows the operator to move the machine when the other machine
functions have failed.
(22) Main Backup Switch
(52) "Fast Engine Speed" Mode (Rabbit)
(53) "Slow Engine Speed" Mode (Tortoise)(54) "Engine Speed Selector" Switch
The main backup switch is located to the right rear of the console. When the "main backup" switch is
turned to the MAN position, the viscous fan speed is set to maximum, the power to the Machine ECM is
removed and the "Limited Mobility Mode" is activated. (See operator display above.) At this time, the
joysticks and the travel pedal will continue to function for a limited period. The "Engine Speed" dial on the
switch panel of the right console does not function. The engine speed can be adjusted by the speed
switches that are located to the right rear of the console. At this time, both the AEC and the Low Idle
switch will not function. The Monitoring System displays the message "LIMITED MOBILITY MODE" on the
Monitoring System and the Monitoring System will sound the action alarm. The backup switch provides
the minimum machine functions. The "Limited Mobility" Mode allows the operator to maneuver the
machine to the shop when the machine ECM has failed. Excavating operations are not possible if the
machine is in the "Limited Mobility" Mode.
Pump Torque Control
When "Pump Toque Control" is selected, the engine output is approximately 60% to 80% of the rated
output for the engine. The power shift pressure is fixed. When the "engine speed dial" of the machine is
set to a lower position, the engine output decreases significantly. Care must be taken to prevent stalling
the engine.
Release Function of "Swing Brake"
During normal operations, the Swing Brake is OFF. The Swing Brake is ONwhen the hydraulic system is
disabled, or the hydraulic activation control lever is in the locked position.
Monitoring System

The monitoring system is an input and an output of the Machine Control System. The Machine Control
System communicates back and forth on the CAN Data Link. The monitoring system consists of the
following components: display with numerous screens and menus, keypad, indicators and gauges. These
components will be described throughout this manual.
The monitoring system informs the operator of the status of the machine. The monitoring system includes
a graphic display that allows the operator to view information that pertains to machine functions. Refer to
Illustration 14.

Monitoring System Display

(55) Action Lamp
(56) Clock
(57) Engine Speed Dial Indicator
(58) Fuel Gauge
(59) Hydraulic Oil Temperature Gauge
(60) Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge(61) Keypad
The monitoring system display will display various warnings and information about the condition of the
machine. The monitoring system display has 3 gauges and a number of alert indicators. Each gauge is
dedicated to a parameter within a machine system. The monitoring system will allow the user to do the
View system status information
View parameters
View service intervals
Perform calibrations
Troubleshoot machine systems
Some of the possible parameters of the machine systems are listed: fuel level, engine coolant
temperature and hydraulic oil temperature. The gauges receive information from sensors or senders that
are connected to the ECM. The ECM uses the information from each sensor input to calculate the value
that is shown on the gauges.
The alert indicators will notify the operator of an abnormal condition in a machine system. The ECM uses
information from pressure switches, sensors, and other inputs in order to determine when an abnormal
condition is present. The ECM will send a message to the monitoring system display. Then, the
monitoring system will display a pop-up alert indicator for the machine system with the abnormal
(62) Up key
(63) Right key
(64) Home key
(65) Main menu key
(66) Left key
(67) Down key
(68) Cancel key or Back key(69) OK key
The keypad (61) is used in order to provide input to the monitoring system. Also, the keypad is used in
order to navigate through the menu of the monitoring system. Refer to Illustration 15.