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326D2 and 329D2 Excavators Hydraulic System-Control Valve (Boom Lowering)

Control Valve (Boom Lowering)


The boom lowering control valves are located on the head end of the boom cylinders.
The boom lowering control valve has two functions:

The boom lowering control valve prevents the boom from falling if a hydraulic supply
line fails or if a supply tube to a boom cylinder fails.

The boom lowering control valve allows the operator to lower the boom manually when
the engine is shut down.

ReferenceFor information on lowering the boom manually, see Operation and Maintenance
Manual, "Equipment Lowering with Engine Stopped".

Partial schematic
(1) Boom cylinders
(2) Boom lowering control valves
(3) Main control valve(4) Pilot control valve
BOOM RAISE Operation

Boom lowering control valve


(1) Port (boom cylinder head end)
(2) Passage
(4) Check valve
(5) Spring
(6) Passage
(7) Line relief valve
(8) Port
(10) Port (pilot)
(11) Spool
(12) Passage
(13) Orifice(23) Valve
When the operator moves the joystick to the BOOM RAISE position, oil from the main control
valve flows through port (8) in the boom lowering control valve. As the oil pressure increases,
check valve (4) shifts against the force of spring (5) . This shift allows oil to flow through
passage (6) , passage (2) , and port (1) to the head end of the boom cylinders. The rod is extended
and the boom raises.

BOOM LOWER Operation


Boom lowering control valve
(1) Port (boom cylinder head end)
(2) Passage
(7) Line relief valve
(8) Port
(10) Port (pilot)
(11) Spool
(12) Passage
(13) Orifice(23) Valve
When the operator moves the joystick to the BOOM LOWER position, pilot oil flows from the
pilot control valve to port (10) of the boom lowering control valve. The pilot pressure moves
spool (11) to the left. Orifice (13) opens allowing oil to flow to passage (12) .
As the joystick is moved further to the BOOM LOWER position, the pilot pressure in port (10)
increases. Spool (11) shifts further to the left which allows more oil from passage (2) to flow to
passage (12) . Oil from the head end of the boom cylinder flows through port (1) , to port (8) ,
and then to the main control valve. The boom cylinder rod retracts and the boom lowers.

Manual Boom Lower


(1) Port
(15) Port
(21) Seat
(22) Locknut
(23) Valve(24) Ball
As seat (21) is turned counterclockwise, ball (24) will shift. As ball (24) is shifted, oil is allowed
to flow through port (1) and valve (23) to port (15) . Oil from the head end of the boom cylinder
flows through port (15) to the hydraulic tank. This action will allow the boom to lower.

Posted by JOCA at 19:22


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