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ISHRAE Handbook DESIGN DATA PSYCHROMETRIC, IAQ AND COMFORT 1.

91

Table 1-T-100 : Cooling and Dehumidifying


Heat Load Estimate Form
Job Name Heat Gain% Leak Loss
Address TONS = GRAND TOTAL HEAT*
Space Used for Peak Local Time
Size ______ x ______ = Sq.Ft.x _____ = ______ Cu. Estimated for Local Time
Load Sun Time
Ft. CONDITIONS DB WB %RH DP Gr/Lb
Area of Sun Gain or Btu / Outside
Item Factor
quantity Temp. Diff. Hour Room
SOLAR GAIN GLASS
Difference xxx xxx xx
Glass Sq. Ft. x x
Glass Sq. Ft. x x Selected Room Conditions DB WB %RH
Glass Sq. Ft. x x
Glass Sq. Ft. x x __________ People x ____
Sky Light Sq. Ft. x x
SOLAR AND TRAINS GAIN WALLS AND ROOF
Wall Sq. Ft. x x
Wall Sq. Ft. x x ______ Sq. Ft. x ________ cfm / Sq. ft. = ______
Wall Sq. Ft. x x cfm. Ventilation
Wall Sq. Ft. x x SWINGING
Wall Sq. Ft. x x REVOLVING DOORS PEOPLE X CFM / PERSON = ___
Roof Sun Sq. Ft. x x Open Doors ________ x ______ CRM / DOOR = _______
Roof Shaded Sq. Ft. x x Exhaust Fan
TRAIN GAIN EXCEPT WALLS AND ROOF Crack ___________ Feet x _______ cfm / Ft = ________
All Glass Sq. Ft. x x
Partition Sq. Ft. x x
SENSIBLE HEAT FACTOR AND APPARATUS
Ceiling Sq. Ft. x x DEWPOINT
Floor Sq. Ft. x x
INFILTRATION AND OUTSIDE AIR
. .
Infiltration Cfm x X 1.08 _______ Sens Heat Factor (ESHF)
.
Outside Air Cfm x 0F BF X 1.08
INTERNAL HEAT Indicated adp ___________ 0F Selected adp. _______ 0F
People People
Power H.P. / KW
(1 BF) (Room Temp. ADP = _____ Dehumidified rise
Lights x 1.08
Appliances Etc. x __________ Dehumidified cfm
.
ROOM SENSIBLE HEAT
NOTES
Supply Supply
Duct Duct
Heat Gain% Leak Loss %
EFFECTIVE ROOM SINSIBLE HEAT
ROOM LATENT HEAT
Infiltration cfm x gr/b x 0.68
Outside Air cfm x gr/b x BF x 0.68
People People x
Steam Lb / hr x 1080
Appliances, Etc.
Vapor Train
Room Latent Heat Sub Total
Supply Duct
% + SAFETY FACTOR %
Leakage Loss
EFFECTIVE ROOM LATENT HEAT
EFFECTIVE ROOM TOTAL HEAT
Sensible : Cfm x 0f x (1-BF) x 1.08
Latent : cfm x gr / lb x (1-BF) x 0.68
Grand Total Heat Sub Total
Return Return
Duct Duct H.P. % %
ISHRAE Handbook DESIGN DATA PSYCHROMETRIC, IAQ AND COMFORT 1.94

Psychrometric Formulae

A. AIR MIXING EQUATIONS C. SENSIBLE HEAT FACTOR EQUATIONS


(Outdoor and Return Air)
RSHF = (25)

.... (1)

ESHF = (26)

(2)

GSHF = (27)

(3)

D. BYPASS FACTOR EQUATIONS


B. COOLING LOAD EQUATIONS

ERSH = RSH + (BF) (OASH) + RSHS* (4) BF = 1 (28)

ERLH = RLH + (BF) (OALH) + RLHS* (5)
ERTH = ERLH + ERSH (6)
BF = 1 (29)

TSH = RSH + OASH + RSHS* (7)



TLH = RLH + OALH + RLHS* (8) BF = 1 (30)

GTH = TSH + TLH + GTHS* (9)

RSH = 1.08 x cfmsa x (trm tsa) (10)


E. TEMPERATURE EQUATIONS AT APPARATUS
RLH = 0.68 x crmsa x (W rm W sa) (11)
RTH = 4.45 x crmsa x (hrm has) (12)
RTH = RSH + RLH (13) = (31)

OASH = 1.08 x cfmoa x (toa trm) (14) (32)


OALH = 0.68 x cfmoa x (W oa W rm) (15)
OATH = 4.45 x cfmoa x (hoa hrm) (16) ** and correspond to the calculated values of
and on the psychrometric chart.
OATH = OASH + OALH (17)
(BF)(OATH) = (BF) (OASH) + (BF) (OALH) (18)
= (33)

ERSH = 1.08 x cfmda kx (trm tadp) (1-BF) (19)


(34)
ERLH = 0.68 x cfmda kx (W rm W adp) (1-BF) (20)

ERTH = 4.45 x cfmda kx (hrm hadp) (1-BF) (21)

TSH = 1.08 x cfmda kx (tedp tidp)** (22) F. TEMPERATURE EQUATIONS FOR SUPPLY AIR

TLH = 0.68 x cfmda kx (W ea Wla)** (23)

GTH = 4.45 x x cfmda kx (hea hla)** (24) (35)


.
ISHRAE Handbook DESIGN DATA PSYCHROMETRIC, IAQ AND COMFORT 1.95

Psychrometric Formulae (Contd)


1.08 = 0.244 x
.
G. AIR QUANTITY EQUATIONS
Where 0.244 = Specific heat of moist air at 70
(36) F
. db and 50% rh, Btu / (deg F)
(lb dry air).
60 = min./hr
(37) 13.5 = specific volume of moist air
. at 70 F db and 50% rh

0.68 =
.
(38)
.
Where 60 = min./hr

13.5 = Specific volume of moist air at


(39) 70 F db and 50% rh
.

1076 = average heat removal required


to condense one pound of
(40) water vapor from the room air.
.

7000 = grains per pound

(41)
. 4.45 =
.

(42) Where 60 = min./hr


.

13.5 = Specific volume of moist air at


70 F db and 50% rh
(43)
.

* RSHS, RLHS and GTHS are supplementary loads


due to duct heat gain, duct leakage loss, fan and pump
(44) horsepower gains, etc. To simplify the various
.
examples, these supplementary loads have not been
used in the calculations. However, in actual practice,
these supplementary loads should be used where
(44) appropriate.

kWhen no air is to be physically bypassed around the


Note : will be less than only when air
is physically bypassed around the conditioning conditioning apparatus,
apparatus.
** When tm, Wm and hm are equal to the entering
conditions at the cooling apparatus, they may be
(45) substituted for and respectively.
ISHRAE Handbook DESIGN DATA PSYCHROMETRIC, IAQ AND COMFORT 1.96

ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS

Adp apparatus dewpoint


cfmba bypassed air quantity around apparatus
BF bypass factor
cfmda dehumidified air quantity
(BF) (OALH) bypassed coutdoor air latent heat
crmba outdoor air quantity
(BF) (OASH) bypassed outdoor air sensible heat cfmba return air quantity
But/hr British thermal units per hour
cfmsa supply air quantity
Cfm cubic feet per minute h specific enthalpy
db dry-bulb
hadp apparatus dewpoint enthalpy
dp dewpoint hes effective surface temperature enthalpy
ERLH effective room latent heat
hea entering air enthalpy
ERSH effective room sensible heat hia leaving air enthalpy
ERTH effective room total heat
hm mixture of outdoor and return air enthalpy
ESHF effective sensible heat factor
hoa outdoor air enthalpy
hra room air enthalpy
F Fahrenhelt degrees
hsa supply air enthalpy
tpm feet per minute t temperature
gpm gallons per minute
tadp apparatus dewpoint temperature
gr/lb grains per pound tedb entering dry-bulb temperature
GSHF grand sensible heat factor
tes effective surface temperature
GTHS grand total heat supplement tew entering water temperature
OALH Outdoor air latent heat
tewb entering wet-bulb temperature
OASH Outdoor air sensible heat tldb leaving dry-bulb temperature
OATH Outdoor air total heat
tiwb leaving wet-club temperature
rh relative humidity
tm mixture of outdoor and return air dry-bulb
RLH room latent heat temperature

RLHS room latent heat supliment toa outdoor air dry-bulb temperature

RSH room sensible heat tim room dry-bulb temperature

RSHF room sensible heat factor tsa supply air dry-bulb temperature

RSHS room sensible heat supplement W moisture content or specific humidity

RTH room total heat Wadp apparatus dewpoint moisture content

Sat EH saturation efficiency of spray Wea entering air moisture content

SHF sensible heat factor Wes effective surface temperature moisture


content
TLH total latent heat
Wla leaving air moisture content
RSH total sensible heat
Wm mixture of outdoor and return air moisture
wb wet bulb content
Woa outdoor air moisture content
Wrm room moisture content
Wsa supply air moisture content