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Digital image processing - Wikipedia

Digital image processing
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform
image processing on digital images. As a subcategory or field of digital signal
processing, digital image processing has many advantages over analog image
processing. It allows a much wider range of algorithms to be applied to the
input data and can avoid problems such as the build-up of noise and signal
distortion during processing. Since images are defined over two dimensions
(perhaps more) digital image processing may be modeled in the form of
multidimensional systems.

1 History
2 Tasks
3 Applications
3.1 Digital camera images
3.2 Film
4 See also
5 References
6 Further reading
7 External links

Many of the techniques of digital image processing, or digital picture
processing as it often was called, were developed in the 1960s at the Jet
Propulsion Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bell
Laboratories, University of Maryland, and a few other research facilities, with
application to satellite imagery, wire-photo standards conversion, medical
imaging, videophone, character recognition, and photograph enhancement.[1]
The cost of processing was fairly high, however, with the computing equipment
of that era. That changed in the 1970s, when digital image processing
proliferated as cheaper computers and dedicated hardware became available.
Images then could be processed in real time, for some dedicated problems
such as television standards conversion. As general-purpose computers
became faster, they started to take over the role of dedicated hardware for all
but the most specialized and computer-intensive operations.

With the fast computers and signal processors available in the 2000s, digital
image processing has become the most common form of image processing and
generally, is used because it is not only the most versatile method, but also the

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In particular.[2] In 2002 Raanan Fattel.. can offer both more sophisticated performance at simple tasks.[3] Tasks Digital image processing allows the use of much more complex algorithms. Digital image processing technology for medical applications was inducted into the Space Foundation Space Technology Hall of Fame in 1994.Wikipedia and hence. introduced Gradient domain image processing.Digital image processing . and the implementation of methods which would be impossible by analog means. a new way to process images in which the differences between pixels are manipulated rather than the pixel values themselves. digital image processing is the only practical technology for: Classification Feature extraction Multi-scale signal analysis Pattern recognition Projection Some techniques which are used in digital image processing include: Anisotropic diffusion Hidden Markov models Image editing Image restoration Independent component analysis Linear filtering Neural networks Partial differential equations Pixelation Principal components analysis Self-organizing maps Wavelets Applications Digital camera images Digital cameras generally include specialized digital image processing hardware – either dedicated chips or added circuitry on other chips – to convert the raw data from their image sensor into a color-corrected image in a standard image file format Film Westworld (1973) was the first feature film to use the digital image processing 2 of 4 27/03/2017 15:43 .

html) Archived (https://web. 3. John Wiley. 4. retrieved 24 March 2010 Further reading Solomon. Azriel Rosenfeld.beanblossom.html) 17 July 2012 at the Wayback https://en. Pravin. Larry Yaeger. doi:10. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing: A Practical Approach with Examples in Matlab.. Computer Vision and Image Processing. C. Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. 3 of 4 27/03/2017 15:43 . C. Wiley- Blackwell. E. Tim Morris (2004). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Mark J. (2010). Retrieved 7 January 2010.J. "Space Technology Hall of Fame:Inducted Technologies/1994".org /web/20120717000000/http://www.1002/9780470689776.beanblossom. Wilhelm Burger. to pixellate photography to simulate an android's point of Rafael C. 1994. Breckon. Robertson.2 (2010): 10. ISBN 978-1-84628-379-6. Fisher. Springer.[4] See also Computer graphics Computer vision CVIPtools Digitizing GPGPU Homomorphic filtering Image analysis IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society Multidimensional systems Standard test image Superresolution References 1. New York: Academic Press. A Brief. "Gradientshop: A gradient-domain optimization framework for image and video filtering. Trucco (2005).. Picture Processing by Computer. Pearson Education.. Early History of Computer Graphics in Film (http://www. ISBN 0470844736. Steven L.Digital image processing . R. Palgrave Macmillan. Richard E. et al." ACM Transactions on Graphics 29. Gonzalez. T. Woods. Space Foundation. Fitzgibbon. ISBN 978-81-7758-898-9. K Dawson-Howe. A. Eddins (2004). Digital Image Processing using MATLAB. ISBN 978-0-470-01526-1. Digital Image Processing: An Algorithmic Approach Using Java.archive. ISBN 978-0-333-99451-1. Burge (2007).wikipedia. 16 August 2002 (last update). 1969 2.

Vaclav Hlavac.ipol.wikipedia. By using this site. External links Lectures on Image Processing (https://archive.Wikipedia https://en. at 19:42. Image Processing. and Machine Vision. IPRG ( /w/index. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Retrieved from "https://en. Inc. a non-profit organization. additional terms may apply. Roger Boyle (1999). 4 of 4 27/03/2017 15:43 .im/) Open research journal on image processing with software and web demos.mathworks.. Milan Sonka.Digital image processing .org/details /Lectures_on_Image_Processing). Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.php?title=Digital_image_processing&oldid=764228266" Categories: Computer vision Image processing This page was last modified on 7 February 2017. Vanderbilt Open group related to image processing research resources Processing digital images with computer algorithms (http://www.wikipedia. PWS Publishing. Updated 7 January 2016. by Alan IPOL (http://www. ISBN 978-0-534-95393-5.