Inca Research Project

The Inca civilization was the largest empire to ever thrive in the Americas, and the largest
in the world during it’s time. The Inca civilization was first organized in 1438 AD in modern day
Peru. As the Inca Empire expanded, they slowly took over the surrounding areas, allowing the
conquered people to live as before, as long as they gave obedience and labor to the Empire. Inca
peoples believed that the God “Viracocha” created the earth, stars, and everything living in
between. They also believed in and worshipped the Sun God, Inti. The people believed that the
ruler of the Inca people, a human, was a direct descendant from the Sun God, or a son of the sun.
Another God the incan people followed was Illapa. Illapa was the God of rain, thunder, lightning,
and war. The people worshipped mainly through practices such as shrines. The main shrine in the
capital city of Cuzco, was called the Coricancha and the interior was lined with silver, gold, and
other luxuries of the time. Besides shrines, the inca people also worshipped in Huacas. Huacas
could be just about anywhere, from caves in waterfalls to cemeteries. The head priests of the
Empire were called the uma uillacas. These priests would teach about the gods, give testimonies,
share stories, and help pay penances for wrong doings. In the religion, animals were sacrificed
daily, and sometimes young, beautiful women were chosen for human sacrifice when animals
didn’t seem sufficient enough.
The language spoken by the inca people was quite unique. This language is known as
Quechua, and is still spoken by modern peoples in Peru. This language is still carried by people
who do not speak spanish and/or that spanish is not their native language. The architecture in the
Inca culture was unique with hints from the area of modern day Bolivia. This type of architecture
is the most influential in the pre-colombian era. An example of this is the Machu Pikchu. There
was no formal calendar used in the Inca Empire. In the Inca Empire, most people were farmers,
however this was not a desirable job. Besides farmers, there were warriors, hunters, sorcerers and
craftsmen. There were also government officials that chose such positions. Social groupings
were prevalent through what type of job and responsibilities you had. The warriors, hunters,
sorcerers, officials, and chosen women at the top, while the farmers, craftsmen, and fishermen
were in the lesser positions. The Inca people had a very different way of occupying population,
while still setting the bar for future civilization.