# ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺍﺒﻥ ﺍﻝﻬﻴﺜﻡ ﺒﺎﻝﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻝﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻡن    ا 
ت ‬ ‫ذج‬
‫ ‪2008/2007‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻤﺩﺓ ‪ 3:‬ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺒﺔ ‪:‬ﺍﻝﻌﻠﻭﻡ ﺍﻝﺘﺠﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬

‫ ‬
‫‪A‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺏ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ) ‪ ) (o , i , j‬ﺍﻝﻭﺤﺩﺓ ‪.( 2cm:‬ﻨﺴﻤﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﻼﺤﻘﺔ ‪ f . -2i‬ﺍﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻴﺭﻓﻕ ﺒﻜل ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ‪ M‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻻﺤﻘﺘﻬﺎ ‪z‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ’‪ M‬ﻻﺤﻘﺘﻬﺎ ’‪ z‬ﺤﻴﺙ ‪z’ = 2iz - 4 -2i :‬‬
‫‪ * (1‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ‪ z‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪z’ +2i = 2i(z +2i):‬‬
‫* ﻋﻴﻥ ﻻﺤﻘﺔ ’‪ A‬ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ‪ A‬ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ‪. f‬‬
‫* ﻨﻔﺭﺽ ﺃﻥ ‪ M‬ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﻋﻥ ‪ ، A‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﻗﻴﺴﺎ ﺒﺎﻝﺭﺍﺩﻴﺎﻥ ﻝﻠﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ )' ‪. ( AM , AM‬‬
‫ ‬

‫* ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ‪. f‬‬
‫‪ α (2‬ﻭﺴﻴﻁ ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ‪.‬‬
‫* ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ )‪ B( 0 ,α‬ﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ )‪ B’( -2α - 4 , -2‬ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ‪. f‬‬
‫*ﻤﺎﻫﻲ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺏ ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ‪ f‬؟‪.‬‬
‫*ﻋﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺭﺴﻡ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ )‪ C(0,-1‬ﻭﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ ’‪ C‬ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ‪. f‬‬
‫) ' ‪ ( z c‬ﻋﺩﺩ ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻤﻭﺠﺏ ﺤﻴﺙ ' ‪ z c‬ﻻﺤﻘﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ’‪C‬‬ ‫* ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪2008‬‬

‫‪ :‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ ) ‪ (u n‬ﺤﺩﻭﺩﻫﺎ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺩﻭﻤﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫‪u 0 = 1‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ u = u α + −1 α . 2‬ﺤﻴﺙ ‪ α‬ﻭﺴﻴﻁ ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﻋﺩﺩ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪ n‬ﺒـ‪:‬‬
‫‪ n +1 ( n ) ( ) u‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪n‬‬

‫ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﻭل ‪ :‬ﻨﻔﺭﺽ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ‪α = 1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪u n +1 = u n −‬‬ ‫‪ (1‬ﺘﺤﻘﻕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪un‬‬
‫‪u3‬‬ ‫‪ (2‬ﺍﺤﺴﺏ ‪، u 2 ، u1‬‬
‫)‪u n = ( −1‬‬
‫‪n‬‬
‫‪ (3‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪: n‬‬
‫‪ (4‬ﻫل ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﻘﺎﺭﺒﺔ ؟‬
‫ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪ :‬ﻨﻔﺭﺽ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ ‪α = 0‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪u n +1 = 1 +‬‬ ‫‪ (1‬ﺘﺤﻘﻕ ﺃﻥ‬
‫‪un‬‬
‫‪ (2‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﻋﺩﺩ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪u n ≻ 0 : n‬‬
‫‪un − 2‬‬
‫= ‪vn‬‬ ‫‪ (3‬ﻨﻀﻊ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﻋﺩﺩ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪: n‬‬
‫‪un +1‬‬
‫• ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ ) ‪ (v n‬ﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻬﺎ‬
‫• ﻋﺒﺭ ﻋﻥ ‪ v n‬ﺜﻡ ‪ u n‬ﺒﺩﻻﻝﺔ ‪ n‬ﺜﻡ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ ) ‪ (u n‬ﻤﺘﻘﺎﺭﺒﺔ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﻗﻠﺏ ﺍﻝﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪2/1‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺎﺫ ‪ :‬ﺤﻤﻴﺩﻱ ﺒﻭﺜﻠﺠﺔ‬
‫ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﺴﺅﺍل ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ﻓﻘﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬
‫→ →‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ )‪(o , i , j , k‬‬
‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ )‪ S(1 ,-2 ,0‬ﻭﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪ (P‬ﺫﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪x + y -2z +7 = 0‬‬
‫‪ -1‬ﺘﻤﺜﻴل ﻭﺴﺒﻁﻲ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )‪ (d‬ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻴﺸﻤل ‪ S‬ﻭ ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ )‪ (P‬ﻫﻭ ‪:‬‬

‫‪x = 2 + t‬‬ ‫‪x = 1 + t‬‬ ‫‪x = 2 + t‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫‪ y = -1 + t‬‬ ‫*‪ t‬ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫‪y = 1‬‬ ‫* ‪ t‬ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫‪y = t‬‬ ‫* ‪ t‬ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬
‫‪z = − 2 -2t‬‬ ‫‪z = 1 -2t‬‬ ‫‪z = 1 -3t‬‬
‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺇﺤﺩﺍﺜﻴﺎﺕ ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )‪ (d‬ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪ (P‬ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫‪1 −17 5‬‬
‫)‪A (−1, −4, 4‬‬ ‫*‬ ‫‪A( ,‬‬ ‫*) ‪,‬‬ ‫)‪A (0, −3, 2‬‬ ‫*‬
‫‪6 6 3‬‬
‫ﻤﻭﺍﺯﻴﺎ ﻝـ )‪ (P‬ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪ (Q‬ﺫﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪(m+2)x + (4m-1)y - 6z-1= 0‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ m‬ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫* ‪m = -1‬‬ ‫* ‪m=0‬‬ ‫* ‪m =1‬‬

‫)‪(C‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﻭل ‪ f :‬ﺩﺍﻝﺔ ﻋﺩﺩﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ R‬ﻜﻤﺎﻴﻠﻲ ‪، f (x ) = ln(x + x 2 + 1) :‬‬
‫ ‬
‫)ﺍﻝﻭﺤﺩﺓ ‪ ln ) (1cm :‬ﻴﺭﻤﺯ ﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ‬ ‫(‬‫‪o‬‬ ‫‪,‬‬ ‫‪i‬‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ) ‪, j‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻠﻭﻏﺎﺭﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻝﻨﺒﻴﺭﻱ(‬
‫‪ * (1‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﻜﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ‪(x + x 2 + 1)(− x + x 2 + 1) = 1 : x‬‬
‫• ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ f‬ﻓﺭﺩﻴﺔ‬
‫• ﺍﺩﺭﺱ ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪. f‬‬
‫• ﻋﻴﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﻝﻠﻤﻤﺎﺱ ﻝﻠﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ )‪ (C‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ‪ o‬ﻤﺒﺩﺃ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻠﻡ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺃﻨﺸﺊ ﺍﻝﻤﻤﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ)‪. (C‬‬
‫‪e x − e −x‬‬
‫= ) ‪g (x‬‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ g‬ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ R‬ﻜﻤﺎﻴﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪ (1‬ﻝﺘﻜﻥ )‪ M(x,y‬ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻭ)’‪ M’(x’,y‬ﺼﻭﺭﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻝﺘﻨﺎﻅﺭ ﺍﻝﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ∆ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪. y = x‬‬
‫• ﺘﺤﻘﻕ ﺃﻥ ‪ x’ = y‬ﻭ ‪y’ = x‬‬
‫• ﻝﺘﻜﻥ ))‪ M(x,f(x‬ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ )‪ ، (C‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ )‪M’( f(x),x‬‬
‫ﺘﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪. g‬ﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺘﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ؟‬
‫‪ * (2‬ﺃﻨﺸﺊ ﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ g‬ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻕ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺤل ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ )‪. f(x) = ln(2‬ﻓﺴﺭ ﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﻝﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬

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