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‫اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻤﻘﺮاﻃﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺘﻘﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ‪ -‬ﺗﺎﺟﻨﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻮﻻﻳﺔ ﻣﻴﻠﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺒﻜﺎﻟﻮرﻳﺎ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))†‪2008@ðbß@ñŠë‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﺪة‪3 :‬ﺳﺎﻋﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‪ 3 :‬ﻋﻠﻮم ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ اﻷول‪5) :‬ﻨﻘﺎﻁ(‬
‫  ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ) ‪ ( o, i , j , k‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﺎﻁ‪:‬‬
‫)‪C(3 ;2 ;4) , B(-3 ;-1 ;7) , A(2 ;1 ;3‬‬
‫‪  .1‬أن ا
ط ‪    C, B , A‬ا
 واة‪.‬‬
‫‪x = −7 + 2 t‬‬
‫‪y = −3t‬‬ ‫‪ .2‬ﻝﻴﻜﻥ )‪ (d‬ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻝﻭﺴﻴﻁﻲ‬
‫‪z =4+t‬‬
‫أ( ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )‪ (d‬ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪.(ABC‬‬
‫ﺃﻜﺘﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﺩﻴﻜﺎﺭﺘﻴﺔ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪.(ABC‬‬
‫ﻝﺘﻜﻥ ‪ H‬ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )‪ (d‬ﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪. (ABC‬‬

‫{‪.‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪ H‬ﻫﻲ ﻤﺭﺠﺢ ﺍﻝﺠﻤﻠﺔ })‪( A; −2),( B; −1),(C ; 2‬‬
‫ ‬ ‫  ‬
‫ﻋﻴﻥ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ) ‪ (Γ‬ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁ ‪ M‬ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‪( −2 MA − MB + 2 MC ).( MB − MC ) = 0 :‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫ ‬ ‫‬
‫ﻋﻴﻥ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ )‪ (Γ2‬ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁ ‪ M‬ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‪ −2 MA − MB + 2 MC = 29 :‬ﻭ ﺤﺩﺩ ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻝﻤﻤﻴﺯﺓ‪.‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪5) :‬ﻨﻘﺎﻁ(‬
‫)‪z 3 − ( 4 + i ) z ² + (13 + 4i ) z − 13i = 0 . .............(E‬‬ ‫أ( ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪ ℂ‬ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺏ ‪ i‬ﻫﻭ ﺤل ﻝﻠﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ )‪.(E‬‬
‫ﺤل ﻓﻲ ‪ ℂ‬ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ )‪.(E‬‬
‫‬
‫ﺏ( ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺏ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ) ‪ (o, i , j‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﺎﻁ ‪ C, B ,A‬ﻝﻭﺍﺤﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫‪ZA=i‬‬ ‫‪,ZB=2+3i , ZC=2-3i‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ ‪:‬‬
‫‪π‬‬
‫‪ .‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﻻﺤﻘﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ‪ A′‬ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ‪ A‬ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻝﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ‪.r‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪ (1‬ﻝﻴﻜﻥ ‪ r‬ﺍﻝﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻤﺭﻜﺯﻩ ‪ B‬ﻭ ﺯﺍﻭﻴﺘﻪ‬
‫‪ (2‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﺎﻁ ‪ C , B , A′‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺎﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ﺜﻡ ﻋﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺒﺔ ﻝﻠﺘﺤﺎﻜﻲ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻤﺭﻜﺯﻩ ‪ B‬ﻭ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻴﺤﻭل ‪C‬‬
‫ﺇﻝﻰ ‪. A′‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪3) :‬ﻨﻘﺎﻁ(‬
‫ﻝﺘﻜﻥ *‪ (U n )n∈ℕ‬ﻭ *‪ (Vn )n∈ℕ‬ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻴﻥ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪U1 = 3‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫‪Vn = U n −‬‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫‪n+2‬‬
‫‪n‬‬ ‫‪U n+1 = 2U n −‬‬
‫)‪n( n + 1‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺃ‪ .‬ﺃﺤﺴﺏ ‪. V2 , V1 ، U2‬‬
‫ب‪ .‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ *‪ (Vn )n∈ℕ‬ﻫﻲ ﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ ﻫﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻬﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺃﻜﺘﺏ ‪ . n  & Un $% Vn‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺤﺴﺏ ‪lim U n :‬‬
‫∞‪n→+‬‬

‫ﺃﺤﺴﺏ ﺒﺩﻻﻝﺔ ‪n‬ﺍﻝﻤﺠﻭﻉ ‪Sn= V1+V2+…..+Vn ' Sn‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‪ 7 ) :‬ﻨﻘﺎﻁ(‬
‫‪ g (I‬ﺩﺍﻝﺔ ﻋﺩﺩﻴﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ℝ‬ﺒﺎﻝﺸﻜل ‪g ( x ) = e x + x + 1 :‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺃﺩﺭﺱ ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪.g‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪ g(x)=0‬ﺘﻘﺒل ﺤﻼ ﻭﺤﻴﺩﺍ ‪ α‬ﺤﻴﺙ ‪. -1.28< α < -1.27 :‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﺇﺸﺎﺭﺓ )‪ g(x‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪. ℝ‬‬
‫‪xe x‬‬
‫‪f ( x) = x‬‬ ‫‪ (II‬ﻝﺘﻜﻥ ‪ f‬ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩﻴﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ℝ‬ﺒﺎﻝﺸﻜل ‪:‬‬
‫‪e +1‬‬
‫ ‬
‫(‬ ‫)‬
‫)‪ (CC‬ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﻤﺜل ﻝﻠﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ f‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭ ﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ‪ ) o, i , j‬ﺍﻝﻭﺤﺩﺓ ‪.(2cm‬‬
‫‪g ( x ).e x‬‬
‫‪f '( x ) = x‬‬ ‫‪ (1‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﻋﺩﺩ ﺤﻘﻴﻔﻘﻲ ‪ x‬ﻝﺩﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫‪(e + 1)²‬‬
‫‪ (2‬ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺇﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ ، f‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺘﻲ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ f‬ﻋﻨﺩ ∞‪+∞, −‬‬
‫‪ (3‬ﺃﻜﺘﺏ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﻤﺎﺱ )∆( ﻝﻠﻤﻨﺤﻨﻲ )‪ (CC‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻓﺎﺼﻠﺘﻬﺎ ‪.0‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺩﺭﺱ ﻭﻀﻌﻴﺔ )‪ (CC‬ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺇﻝﻰ )∆(‪.‬‬
‫‪ (4‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )‪ (D‬ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺘﻪ ‪ y = x‬ﻫﻭ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﺏ ﻤﺎﺌل ﻝﻠﻤﻨﺤﻨﻲ )‪ ، (CC‬ﺜﻡ ﺃﺩﺭﺱ ﻭﻀﻌﻴﺔ )‪ (CC‬ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻝﻰ )‪.(D‬‬
‫‪ (5‬ﺃﻨﺸﺊ )∆( ‪. (CC) ، (D) ،‬‬

‫‬
‫إ
‬ ‫ا ‪2/2‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺘﺎﺫ‪ :‬ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻲ ك‬

‫     د
א ‬