# ‫ﺍﻝﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻝﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴـﺔ ‪2008/2007 :‬‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﺒﺌﺭ ﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﻝﻭﻻﻴﺔ ﺘﺒﺴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻝﻤـــﺩﺓ ‪ 03 :‬ﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻝﺸﻌﺒﺔ ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻭﻡ ﺘﺠﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫" ***‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ ﺭﻗﻡ ‪01‬‬ ‫ا  

ر ا
   دة ا  
ت "‬ ‫***‬

‫ا
 اول ‪ 04 ) :‬ﻥ (‬
‫‪z 3 − ( 4 + i ) z 2 + (13 + 4 i ) z −13 i = 0‬‬ ‫)‪(E‬‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪ C‬ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﻬﻭل ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺏ ‪: z‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺏ ‪ z 0 = i‬ﺤل ﻝﻠﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ) ‪. ( E‬‬

‫‪ .2‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﻴﻥ ‪ a‬ﻭ ‪ b‬ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ‪z 3 − ( 4 + i ) z 2 + (13 + 4 i ) z −13 i = ( z − i ) ( z 2 + a z + b ) :‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺤل ﻓﻲ ‪ C‬ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ) ‪. ( E‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ )‪ (O , I , J‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ‪ B ، A‬ﻭ ‪ C‬ﻨﻘﻁ ﻝﻭﺍﺤﻘﻬﺎ ‪2-3i ، 2+3i ، i‬‬
‫‪π‬‬
‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃ( ﻋﻴﻥ ﻻﺤﻘﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ’‪ A‬ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁﺔ ‪ A‬ﺒﺎﻝﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ‪ r‬ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻤﺭﻜﺯﻩ ‪ B‬ﻭﺯﺍﻭﻴﺘﻪ‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁ ’‪ C ، B ، A‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﺜﻡ ﻋﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻌﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﻜﺒﺔ ﻝﻠﺘﺤﺎﻜﻲ ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻤﺭﻜﺯﻩ ‪B‬‬
‫ﻭﻴﺤﻭل ‪ C‬ﺇﻝﻰ ’‪. A‬‬

‫ا
 ا
‪ 04 ) :‬ﻥ (‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ) ‪ ( O , I , J , K‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﻘﻁ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ 1 1 1‬‬
‫‪. ω , , ‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫)‪C(1,0,1‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫)‪B(0,1,1‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫)‪A(1,0,0‬‬
‫‪ 2 2 2‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺃ( ﻋﻴﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﺩﻴﻜﺎﺭﺘﻴﺔ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪. (ABC‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺘﺤﻘﻕ ﺃﻥ ‪ ω‬ﺘﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪. (ABC‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺃﻋﻁ ﺘﻤﺜﻴﻼ ﻭﺴﻴﻁﻴﺎ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ )∆( ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺭ ﻤﻥ ‪ ω‬ﻭﺍﻝﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪. (ABC‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻝﺘﻜﻥ )‪ (Cr‬ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﻴﻁﺔ ﺒﺎﻝﻤﺜﻠﺙ ‪. ABC‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺒﻴﻥ ﺃﻥ ‪ ω‬ﻤﺭﻜﺯ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ )‪. (Cr‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﻋﻴﻥ ﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ﺍﻝﻜﺭﺓ )‪ (S‬ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻝﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪ (ABC‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ )‪ (Cr‬ﻭﻤﺭﻜﺯﻫﺎ ﻴﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﻝﻠﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ )‪(P‬‬
‫ﺫﻭ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪. x + z = 2 :‬‬

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‫ا
 ا

‪ 08 ) :‬ﻥ (‬
‫‪ f‬ﻭ ‪ h‬ﺩﺍﻝﺘﻴﻥ ﻋﺩﺩﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻝﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ‪ x‬ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎل [ ∞‪ ] 0 , +‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫‪1 + 2 ln x‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬
‫= )‪f ( x‬‬ ‫‪,‬‬ ‫= )‪h ( x‬‬
‫‪x2‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬
‫ﻭﻝﻴﻜﻥ )‪ (Cf‬ﻭ )‪ (Ch‬ﺘﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻝﺒﻴﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻱ ﻤﻨﺴﻭﺏ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻤﺩ ﻭﻤﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ f‬ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﺅﻭل ‪ x‬ﺇﻝﻰ ‪ 0‬ﺜﻡ ﺇﻝﻰ )∞ ‪. (+‬‬
‫‪ -‬ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ )‪ (Cf‬ﻴﻘﺒل ﻤﻘﺎﺭﺒﻴﻥ ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﻫﻤﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺃﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪ f‬ﺜﻡ ﺸﻜل ﺠﺩﻭل ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻋﻴﻥ ﺇﺤﺩﺍﺜﻴﻲ ‪ A‬ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺘﻘﺎﻁﻊ )‪ (Cf‬ﻭﺤﺎﻤل ﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﺍﻝﻔﻭﺍﺼل ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ‪ x‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎل [ ∞‪ ] 0 , +‬ﻨﻀﻊ ‪g(x) = 1- x + 2 ln x :‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺃﺩﺭﺱ ﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﺩﺍﻝﺔ ‪. g‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ ‪ g(x) = 0‬ﺘﻘﺒل ﺤﻼ ﻭﺤﻴﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎل [ ‪ ] 0 , 2‬ﻭﺤﻼ ﺁﺨﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎل [ ‪. ] 2 , 4‬‬
‫ﻝﻴﻜﻥ ‪ α‬ﺍﻝﺤل ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻴﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﻝﻠﻤﺠﺎل [ ‪. ] 2 , 4‬‬
‫‪ -‬ﺃﻋﻁ ﺤﺼﺭﺍ ﻝﻠﻌﺩﺩ ‪ α‬ﺒﺘﻘﺭﻴﺏ ‪. 10-2‬‬
‫)‪1 g ( x‬‬
‫‪f ( x) −‬‬ ‫‪= 2‬‬ ‫‪ .5‬ﺃ( ﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ‪ x‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺠﺎل [ ∞‪: ] 0 , +‬‬
‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬
‫‪ -‬ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ )‪ (Cf‬ﻭ)‪ (Ch‬ﻴﺘﻘﺎﻁﻌﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻘﻁﺘﻴﻥ ﻴﻁﻠﺏ ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﻫﻤﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫≤ )‪0 < f ( x‬‬ ‫ﺏ( ﺒﺭﻫﻥ ﺃﻨﻪ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ‪ x‬ﺤﻴﺙ ‪ x ≥ 4‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫‪x‬‬
‫‪ .6‬ﺃﻨﺸﺊ )‪ (Cf‬ﻭ)‪ (Ch‬ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻕ ‪.‬‬

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‫‪..................................‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻘﺴﻡ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪............................................................................‬‬ ‫ﺍﻝﻠﻘﺏ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻻﺴﻡ ‪:‬‬
‫هم ‪ :‬د ه ار  أوراق ا‪"#\$‬‬
‫‪ 04 ) :‬ﻥ (‬ ‫ا
 ا 
ا!‬
‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻝﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﻴﻤﺜل ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ ﺍﻝﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ )‪ ، (QCM‬ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻝﻜل ﺴﺅﺍل ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺘﻴﻥ ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺘﻴﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻘﻁ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻴﻌﻠﹼﻡ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺭﺸﺢ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﺒﻌﻼﻤﺔ )×( ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺒﻊ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺘﺒﺭﻴﺭ ‪.‬‬
‫‪un ≤ vn ≤ wn‬‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﺜﻼﺙ )‪ (un) , (vn) , (wn‬ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺠل ﻜل ﻋﺩﺩ ﻁﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪ n‬ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﻌﺩﻭﻡ ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ )‪ (vn‬ﺘﺅﻭل ﺇﻝﻰ ) ∞ ‪ ، (-‬ﻓــﺈﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (wn‬ﺘﺅﻭل ﺇﻝﻰ )∞ ‪. (-‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (un‬ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (un‬ﺘﺅﻭل ﺇﻝﻰ )∞ ‪. (-‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (wn‬ﻝﻴﺱ ﻝﻬﺎ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ‪ un > 1‬ﻭ ‪ wn = 2 un‬ﻭ ‪ ، lim (un) = l‬ﻓــﺈﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫• ‪lim (vn) = l‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (wn‬ﺘﺅﻭل ﺇﻝﻰ )∞ ‪. (+‬‬
‫• ‪lim (wn - un) = l‬‬
‫• ﻻ ﻨﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻝﺠﺯﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (vn‬ﺘﻘﺒل ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﻡ ﻻ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ‪ lim (un) = -2‬ﻭ ‪ ، lim (wn) = 2‬ﻓــﺈﻥ ‪:‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (vn‬ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ‪.‬‬
‫• ‪lim (vn) = 0‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (vn‬ﻝﻴﺱ ﻝﻬﺎ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻻ ﻨﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺍﻝﺠﺯﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (vn‬ﺘﻘﺒل ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﻡ ﻻ ‪.‬‬
‫‪2 n2 + 3‬‬ ‫‪2 n2 − 1‬‬
‫= ‪ ، wn‬ﻓــﺈﻥ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫= ‪un‬‬ ‫‪ .4‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬
‫‪n2‬‬ ‫‪n2‬‬
‫• ‪lim (wn) = 0‬‬
‫• ‪lim (vn) = 2‬‬
‫• ‪lim (un) = 2‬‬
‫• ﺍﻝﻤﺘﺘﺎﻝﻴﺔ )‪ (vn‬ﻝﻴﺱ ﻝﻬﺎ ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬

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