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Exam 2 Review

ME 590 – Advanced Materials Processing and
Biomaterials
Spring 2017
University of North Dakota

Main Mechanical Properties

Identify the Types of Stresses

Identify the type of materials ?

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Poisson’s Ratio ? .

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How to measure ductility of material ? .

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Molecular Causes of Plastic Deformation .

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Causes for Plastic Deformation in Ceramics (Glasses) and Amorphous Polymers .

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Deformations in Semicrystalline and Amorphous Polymers .

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Bending Behavior .

Creep .

Stress-induced vacancy diffusion .

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Different Types of Behavior .

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Maxwell Model .

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Voigt Model .

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Materials Behavior .

Standard Linear Model .

Effect of Other Parameters .

Ductile and Brittle Failure .

Polymer Crazing .

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Stress Concentrations .

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Fatigue Testing .

Comparison of Fatigue .

Chapter 5 .

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What is corrosion ? .

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Nernst Equation .

Galvanic Corrosion .

Pourbaix Diagram .

Pitting Corrosion .

Intergranular Corrosion .

Stress and Galvanic Corrosion .

Stress Corrosion Cracking .

Fatigue and Fretting Corrosion .

Degradation of Ceramics .

Degradation of Polymers • Chain Scission • Swelling Dissolution .

• Chain Scission by Hydrolysis .

• Chain Scission by Oxidation .

Other Means of Degradation .

• Biodegrdable Ceramics .

• Biodegradable Polymers .

Chapter 6 .

Processing of Metals .

• Alloying • Strain Hardening • Grain Size Refinement • Annealing • Precipitation Hardening .

• Annealing • Precipitation Hardening .

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Processing of Metals .

Rolling .

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Hot Pressing/Hot Isostatic Pressing .

Rapid Manufacturing .

Processing of Ceramics and Glasses .

Processing of Polymers .

Processing of Polymers .

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Sterilization:
• Steam
• Ethylene Oxide
• Radiation

Fixation of Natural Materials

Chapter 7 .

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Contact Angle Analysis .

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Light Microscopy .

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ESCA .

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FTIR .

SIMS .

Transmission Electron Microscopy .

Scanning Electron Microscopy .

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Atomic Force Microscopy .