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APPENDIX A

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF
PLANTS AND ANIMALS GIVEN IN THE EIS

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

APPENDIX A

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES
OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS
GIVEN IN THE EIS
This appendix contains a list of the common and scientific names of plant and animal species mentioned in the text
of the EIS.

Common Name Scientific Name
PLANTS
Grasses and Grass-like Plants
Alkali Sacaton Sporobolus airoides
Barley, Foxtail Hordeum jubatum
Bluegrass Poa spp.
Bluegrass, Alkali Poa juncifolia
Bluegrass, Kentucky Poa pretensis
Bluegrass, Nevada Poa nevadensis
Bluegrass, Sandberg’s Poa secunda
Brome, Downy Bromus tectorum
Brome, Mountain Bromus carinatus
Brome, Red Bromus rubens
Cheatgrass Bromus tectorum
Cordgrass, Alkali Spartina gracilis
Fescue, Idaho Festuca idahoensis
Grama, Blue Bouteloua gracilis
Hairgrass, Tufted Deschampsia cespitosa
Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia capillaris
Muttongrass Poa fendleriana
Needle-and-thread Hesperostipa comata
Needlegrass, Columbia Achnatherum nelsonii
Needlegrass, Letterman’s Achnatherum lettermanii
Needlegrass, Thurber’s Achnatherum thurberianum
Needlegrass, Western Achnatherum occidentale
Quackgrass Elymus repens
Redtop Agrostis gigantea
Ricegrass, Indian Achnatherum hymenoides
Rush, Baltic Juncus balticus
Rush, Spike Eleocharis spp.
Saltgrass Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Inland Distichlis spicata
Sedge, Clustered Field Carex praegracilis
Sedge, Nebraska Carex nebrascensis
Sedge, Water-loving Carex aquatilis
Squirreltail Elymus spp.
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Elymus elymoides

3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-1 September 2013

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

Common Name Scientific Name
PLANTS (Cont.)
Grasses and Grass-like Plants (Cont.)
Timothy, Alpine Phleum alpinum
Wheatgrass, Bluebunch Pseudoroegneria spicata
Wheatgrass, Crested Agropyron cristatum
Wheatgrass, Slender Elymus trachycaulus
Wheatgrass, Western Pascopyrum smithii
Wildrye, Basin Leymus cinereus
Forbs and Nonvascular Plants
Balsamroot Balsamorhiza spp.
Bassia, Fivehook Bassia hyssopifolia
Buckwheat, Beatley Eriogonum beatleyae
Bulrush Scirpus spp.
Cat-tail Typha latifolia
Cinquefoil Potentilla spp.
Clover, Sierra Trifolium sp.
Cress, Hoary Cardaria draba
Eriogonum Eriogonum spp.
Forage Kochia Bassia prostrata
Goldenweed Haplopappus acaulis
Halogeton Halogeton glomeratus
Hawksbeard Crepis spp.
Iris, Wild Iris missouriensis
Knapweed, Russian Acroptilon repens
Knapweed, Spotted Centaurea stoebe
Lahontan Beardtongue Penstemon palmeri
Least Phacellia Phacelia minutissima
Locoweed Oxytropis lambertii
Lupine Lupine spp.
Milkvetch, One-leaflet Torrey Astragalus calycosus
Mint Mentha spp.
Mustard, Tansy Descurainia pinnata
Mustard, Wild Sinapis arvensis
Nevada Willowherb Epilobium nevadense
Onion Allium sp.
Paintbrush, Monte Neva Castilleja salsuginosa
Penstemon Penstemon spp.
Phlox Phlox spp.
Pickleweed Salicornia sp.
Puncturevine Tribulus terrestris
Ragwort, Tansy Senecio jacobaea
Reedgrass Calamagrostis spp.
Scarlet Globe-mallow Sphaeralcea coccinea
Seepweed Suaeda intermedia
Snakeweed Gutierrezia spp.
Snakeweed, Broom Gutierrezia sarothrae
Sorrel Rumex acetosa
Spikerush Elocharis spp.

3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-2 September 2013

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

Common Name Scientific Name
PLANTS (Cont.)
Forbs and Nonvascular Plants (Cont.)
Spurge, Leafy Euphorbia esula
St. Johnswort, Common Hypericum perforatum
Thistle, Bull Cirsium vulgare
Thistle, Canada Cirsium arvense
Thistle, Musk Carduus nutans
Thistle, Russian Salsola tragus
Thistle, Scotch Onopordum acanthium
Watercress Nasturtium officinale
Whitetop, Tall Lepidium latifolium
Yarrow Achillea spp.
Shrubs and Trees
Aspen, Quaking Populus tremuloides
Bitterbrush, Antelope Purshia tridentata
Bud Sagebrush Picrothamnus desertorum
Ceanothus Ceanothus sp.
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana
Cottonwood, Black Populus balsamifera var. trichocarpa
Fir, White Abies concolor
Gooseberry Ribes spp.
Greasewood Sarcobatus spp.
Greasewood, Black Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Greenstem Paperflower Psilostrophe sparsiflora
Hemlock, Poison Conium maculatum
Hopsage Grayia spp.
Hopsage, Spiny Grayia spinosa
Horsebrush, Littleleaf Tetradymia glabrata
Iodine Bush Allenrolfea occidentalis
Juniper, Utah Juniperus osteosperma
Mahogany, Cur-leaf Mountain Cercocarpus ledifolius
Manzanita Arctostaphylos spp.
Mormon Tea Ephedra spp.
Nevada Ephedra Ephedra nevadensis
Pine, Limber Pinus flexilis
Pinyon, Singleleaf Pinus monophylla
Poison hemlock Conium maculatum
Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus spp. and Ericameria spp.
Rabbitbrush, Douglas’ Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Rabbitbrush, Rubber Chrysothamnus nauseosus
Rose, Wild Rosa spp.
Sage, Mediterranean Salvia aethiopis
Sagebrush Artemisia spp.
Sagebrush, Basin Big Artemesia tridentata tridentata
Sagebrush, Big Artemisia tridentata
Sagebrush, Black Artemisia nova
Sagebrush, Low Artemisia arbuscula
Sagebrush, Mountain big Artemesia tridentata ssp vaseyana
Sagebrush, Wyoming big Artemesia tridentata spp. whyomingensis

3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-3 September 2013

COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS Common Name Scientific Name PLANTS (Cont. Western Fence Sceloporus occidentalis Rattlesnake. Rainbow Oncorhynchus myliss REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS Boa. Long-nosed Rhinocheilus lecontei Snake. Tui Gila spp. Great Basin Spadefoot Spea intermontana Toad.) Saltbush Atriplex spp. Great Basin Collared Crotaphytus bicinctores Lizard. Rubber Charina bottae Coachwhip Masticophis flagellum Frog. Newark Valley Tui Siphateles bicolor newarkensis Chub. Saltbush. Brook Salvelinus frontinalis Trout.) Shrubs and Trees (Cont. Mountain Catostomus platyrhynchos Sucker. Western Anaxyrus boreas 3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-4 September 2013 . Tahoe Catostomus tahoensis Trout. Long-nosed Leopard Gambelia wislizenii Lizard. Northern Leopard Lithobates pipiens Lizard. Narrow-leaf Salix exigua Willow. Sagebrush Sceloporus graciosus Lizard. Rock Salix vestita Winterfat Krascheninnikovia lanata INVERTEBRATES Beetle Coleoptera Caddisfly Trichoptera Fly Diptera Leach Hirdinea Mayfly Ephemeroptera Snail Gastropoda Springsnail Pyrgulopsis spp. Western Crotalus oreagnus Snake. Redside Cyprinella lutrensis Sucker. Stonefly Plecoptera True Bug Hemiptera FISH Chub. Ringneck Diadophis punctatus Toad. Greater Short-horned Phrynosoma douglasii Lizard. Speckled Rhinichthys osculus Shiner. Dace. Arroyo Salix lasiolepis Willow. Columbia Spotted Rana luteiventris Frog. Monitor Valley Speckled Rhinichthys osculus spp. Four-wing Atriplex canescens Saltcedar (tamarisk) Tamarix ramosissima Serviceberry Amelanchier utahensis Shadscale Atriplex confertifolia Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus Willow Salix spp. Dace. Willow. Brown Salmo trutta Trout.

Willow Empidonax traillii Gnatcatcher. Bald Haliaeetus leucocephalus Eagle. Swainson’s Buteo swainsoni Heron. Black-crowned Night Nycticorax nycticorax Heron. Northern Colaptes auratus Flycatcher. Common Chordeiles minor Northern Coot Fulica americana Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus Nuthatch. Great Blue Ardea herodias Jay. Ferruginous Buteo regalis Hawk. Mourning Zenaida macroura Eagle. Western Sturnella neglecta Merlin Falco columbarius Nighthawk.) Whipsnake. Pinyon Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Jay. Western Sialia mexicana Chickadee. Canada Branta canadensis Goose. Barn Tyto alba Owl. Western Burrowing Athene cunicularia 3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-5 September 2013 . Red-breasted Sitta canadensis Owl. Prairie Falco mexicanus Falcon. Yellow-billed Coccyzus americanus Dove. COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS Common Name Scientific Name REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS (Cont. Long-eared Asio otus Owl. Northern Pygmy Glaucidium gnoma Owl. Mountain Poecile gambeli Cuckoo. Western Scrub Apelocoma californica Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Meadowlark. Blue-gray Polioptila caerulea Goose. Sharp-shinned Accipiter striatus Hawk. Mountain Sialia currucoides Bluebird. Cassin’s Haemorhous cassinii Flicker. Great Horned Bubo virginianus Owl. Golden Aquila chrysaetos Falcon. Red-tailed Buteo jamaicensis Hawk. Flammulated Otus flammeolus Owl. Striped Masticophis taeniatus ornatus BIRDS American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus American Kestrel Falco sparverius American Robin Turdus americanus Black Rosy-finch Leucosticte atrata Bluebird. Rough-legged Buteo lagopus Hawk. Northern Saw-whet Aegolius acadicus Owl. Peregrine Falco peregrinus Finch. Snow Chen hyperborea Hawk. Gray Empidonax wrightii Flycatcher. Cooper’s Accipiter cooperi Hawk. Short-eared Asio flammeus Owl.

Western Parastrellus hesperus Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum 3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-6 September 2013 . Green-tailed Pipilo chlorurus Vulture. Black-throated Amphispiza bilineata Sparrow. Little Brown Myotis lucifugus Bat.COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS Common Name Scientific Name BIRDS (Cont. Silver-haired Lasionycteris noctivagans Bat. Juniper Baeolophus ridgwayi Towhee. Townsend’s Myadestes townsendi Sora Porzana carolina Sparrow. Pinyon Peromyscus truei Myotis. Black-tailed Lepus californicus Marmot. Fringed Myotis thysanodes Myotis.) Partridge. Brewer’s Spizella breweri Sparrow. Hoary Lasiurus cinereus Myotis. Black-throated Gray Setophaga nigrescens Warbler. Greater Certrocercus urophasianus Screech-owl. Orange-crowned Oreothlypis celata Warbler. Common Corvus corax Robin. Townsend’s Big-eared Corynorhinus townsendii Cottontail. Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Bat. Loggerhead Lanius ludovicianus Solitaire. Sage Amphispiza belli Swan. Mule Odocoileus hemionus Horse Equus ferus caballus Jackrabbit. Chukar Alectoris graeca Quail. Western Small-footed Myotis ciliolabrum Pipistrelle. Mountain Oreortyx pictus Raven. Sage Oreoscoptes montanus Titmouse. Dark Kangaroo Microdipodops megacephalus Mouse. California Myotis californicus Myotis. Mountain Sylvilagus nuttallii Cougar Puma concolor Cow. Lark Chondestes grammacus Sparrow. Western Otus asio Shrike. Long-eared Myotis evotis Myotis. Turkey Cathartes aura Warbler. Hoary Marmota caligata Mouse. Deer Peromyscus maniculatus Mouse. Macgillvray’s Geothlypis tolmiei Warbler. Tundra Cygnus columbianus Thrasher. Domestic Bos primigenius taurus Coyote Canis latrans Deer. American Turdus americanus Sage-grouse. Long-legged Myotis volans Myotis. Cedar Bombycilla cedrorum Woodpecker. Lewis’ Melanerpes lewis MAMMALS Antelope. Virginia’s Vermivora virginiae Waxwing.

Domestic Ovis aries Shrew. COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS Common Name Scientific Name MAMMALS (Cont. Sagebrush Lemmiscus curtatus Woodrat. Bushy-tailed Neotoma cinerea 3 Bars Project Draft EIS A-7 September 2013 . Montane Sorex monticolus Vole. Ord’s Kangaroo Dipodomys ordii Sheep. Desert Kangaroo Dipodomys deserti Rat. Bighorn Ovis canadensis Sheep.) Rabbit. Pygmy Brachylagus idahoensis Rat.

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APPENDIX B PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE MOUNT LEWIS FIELD OFFICE OF THE BLM AND THE NEVADA STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICER .

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000 acres of public lands at various locations within the Roberts Mountain. the BLM has consulted with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP). the BLM is responsible for completing NEPA and ensuring that it is in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. and WHEREAS. Eureka County. the BLM has determined that the undertaking may have an effect upon properties eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). 36 C. PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE MOUNT LEWIS FIELD OFFICE OF THE BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT AND THE NEVADA STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICER REGARDING NATIONAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION ACT COMPLIANCE FOR THE 3 BARS ECOSYSTEM AND LANDSCAPE RESTORATION PROJECT EUREKA COUNTY. Nevada (hereinafter referred to as the "undertaking" as defined in 36 C. .R. and WHEREAS. and implementing these policies subject to the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). the Mount Lewis Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is preparing a plan to conduct multiple phased vegetation treatments on +/-200. and its implementing regulations. Simpson Park Range.16[y]). Guidelines for Conducting Tribal Consultation and Secretarial Order 3317.F. NEVADA WHEREAS. § 800. to develop and execute this Programmatic Agreement (PA) and the ACHP has elected not to formally enter consultation on the development of this PA. as amended (NHPA). § 800. Eureka County. as amended (NHPA}. § 470f. the BLM proposes to implement the undertaking to comply with all relevant Federal regulations.C. effects to historic properties in the Area of Potential Effect (APE) cannot be fully determined and the Parties desire to enter into this Agreement to set forth procedures to be followed in satisfaction of the BLM's Section 106 responsibilities of the National Historic Preservation Act.R. H-8120-1. the undertaking is officially identified as the 3 Bars Ecosystem and Landscape Restoration Project (undertaking}. and WHEREAS. Nevada. and WHEREAS.14(b). policies. 16 U. and WHEREAS. and laws. and has consulted with the Nevada State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. pursuant to 36 CFR §800.S. and WHEREAS.F. for the Project in the APE. the BLM is responsible for conducting Native American Tribal consultation on a government to government level and ensuring that it is in compliance with the BLM Manual Handbook. Kobeh and Pine Valley.

The BLM is responsible for administering this PA. This includes but is not limited to: ensuring that signatories carry out their responsibilities. which would include some areas outside the undertaking area. weed prevention and treatment. seeding. and for seeking SHPO concurrence with agency compliance decisions. aspen restoration. . the APE for assessing indirect effects on known historic properties will be the area plus one mile outward in all directions from the perimeter of each area. However. AREA OF POTENTIAL EFFECT The APE for cultural resources is defined as the project boundary (+/-750. development. this Programmatic Agreement (PA) covers all aspects of the planning. except as amended here.000 acres) or the area considered for vegetation and fire management in the undertaking NEPA documents. NOW THEREFORE. Nevada and the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office for Implementing the National Historic Preservation Act. The APE shall be defined to include potential direct and indirect effects to cultural resources and properties of traditional religious and cultural importance from any activities associated with the undertaking without regard for land ownership. I. II.WHEREAS the undertaking would be implemented over the course of the next 15 years. stream and spring restoration and protection. will be utilized for this PA. there are no known historic properties outside of the direct APE that would have the characteristics that qualify them for listing in the NRHP adversely affected by visual impacts from the proposed action. This Protocol is incorporated by reference. Based on current data. The overall APE is shown on the map in Appendix A. chaining. and WHEREAS. Revised January 2012 (Protocol). assembling submissions to the SHPO including reports. overseeing cultural resource work. herbicide treatments. tree cutting and removal. The BLM may amend the APE as needed or as requested by the SHPO without amending the PA proper. and treatment plans. determinations of eligibility and effect. and implementation of undertaking including use of prescribe fire. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES The signatories agree that the STATE PROTOCOL AGREEMENT between the Bureau ofLand Management. the signatories agree that implementation of the NEPA decision record shall be administered in accordance with the following stipulations to ensure that historic properties will be treated to avoid or mitigate effects to the extent practicable to satisfy the BLM's NHPA Section 106 responsibilities for all aspects of the undertaking.

.III. 2. The BLM shall ensure that ethnographic. historic.gov/history/local-law/arch_stnds_9.nps. The BLM. including records research. The BLM shall make a good faith effort to consult with the Tribes and affected tribal members to identify properties of traditional religious or cultural importance in accordance with Secretarial Order 3317. STIPULATIONS The BLM shall ensure that the stipulations of this PA are carried out by its contractors. informant interviews. Based on information shared with the BLM. context development. and archaeological work conducted pursuant to this PAis carried out by or under the direct supervision of persons meeting qualifications set forth in the Secretary ofthe lmerior's Professional Qualifications Standards (currently available at http://www. subcontractors. The BLM shall consult with the Tribes or identified affected tribal members to evaluate the NRHP-eligibility of properties of traditional religious and cultural importance. Eligibility For each phase of undertaking within the APE. The BLM will determine NRHP eligibility prior to the initiation of activities that may affect cultural resources. Identification 1. using the Protocol as guidance. in consultation with the SHPO. shall ensure that appropriate cultural resource identification activities. A. 2. or other personnel involved with this undertaking. or the latest edition issued by BLM Nevada (Guidelines) at the date of implementation of each phase. The BLM shall ensure that appropriate cultural resource inventories that identify and evaluate cultural resources are completed and that appropriate reports are prepared in accordance with the Protocol and with the Nevada BLM's Guidelines and Standards for Archaeological Inventory. and archaeological. the BLM would determine the NRHP eligibility of identified properties. B. 3. the BLM shall evaluate cultural resources for eligibility to the NRHP. architectural.htm) and that those who require permits for such work by the BLM Nevada have them. historic. and consult on these determinations with SHPO and the Tribes. 5'h edition (January 2012). or ethnographic inventory for the APE are conducted in a manner consistent with the Protocol.

F. The BLM shall notify the signatories as to the course of action it will pursue. and samples (soil. . IV. or by other means in a manner consistent with the Protocol. ensure that the fieldwork portions of any treatment plan (using BLM staff or contractors and subcontractors) are completed prior to initiating any activities that may affect historic properties located within the area covered by the plan. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record recording. oral history. B) and Appendix B of this PA are met. in consultation with the SHPO. or identified affected tribal members. the BLM. or redesign.. the BLM may consult with the other signatories to reconsider the terms of the PA and amend it in accordance with Section X below or extend the document for additional fifteen (15) years.. DURATION This PA shall remain in effect for fifteen (15) years from the date of its execution. The BLM shall. relocation of activities. Treatment I.C. and consult on these determinations with SHPO and the Tribes.F. historic markers. 4. V. interpretive brochures or publications. § 10. to evaluate effects to properties of traditional religious and cultural importance. carbon. etc. 6. To the extent practicable. Unplanned discoveries of buried cultural resources are not anticipated. the BLM shall ensure that project activities avoid adverse effects to historic properties through project design. 3. The BLM shall consult with the Tribes. In the case of an unplanned discovery.R. the BLM would determine the appropriate treatment to avoid or to minimize to the extent practicable adverse effects. in consultation with the SHPO. The BLM shall ensure that all field records. If proposed actions in the APE are not completed prior to such time. All artifacts will be curated in accordance with 36 C. the BLM will ensure that provisions in the Protocol (Section VI. using the Protocol as guidance. mitigation other than data recovery may be considered in the treatment plan (e. Based on information shared with the BLM. Where appropriate.R.g. artifacts. exhibits. shall determine the precise nature of effects to historic properties identified in the APE. 2. and any treatment efforts are maintained until the final treatment report is complete.). In avoiding or mitigating effects. § 19 or 43 C. recordation. ) collected during the identification. For properties eligible under NRHP criteria (a) through (c). POST-REVIEW DISCOVERY SITUATIONS Stipulations of this PA and the Protocol are intended to identify and treat cultural resources that are eligible for inclusion in the NRHP. treatment plans may include provisions (content and number of copies) for a publication for the general public..

and 3. or B. the BLM may issue Notices to Proceed for individual project phases. Activities in the area of the discovery will be halted until the BLM Authorized Officer provides written authorization that the required mitigation is complete and activities can resume. no properties of traditional religious or cultural importance were identified within the APE for the current phase of the undertaking. BLM shall assume concurrence and issue the NTP. in consultation with the SHPO and in compliance with the PA stipulations. contractors. The BLM. and 4. either there are no historic properties within the APE or through project design all historic properties will be avoided for the current phase of the undertaking. in consultation with the SHPO. all BLM employees. and 5. the fieldwork phase of the treatment option has been completed. and 6. the Tribes. Vll. under the following conditions: A.Prior to initiating any ground disturbing activities within the APE. and 2. the SHPO shall review the summary and if the SHPO concurs or does not respond within two working days of receipt. has implemented an adequate treatment plan for the current phase of the undertaking. the BLM has prepared or accepted a summary description of the fieldwork performed and a schedule for reporting that work. At least one of these individuals will be present during any project field activities. MONITORING AND REPORTING A. . Any signatory may monitor actions carried out pursuant to this PA. and I. To the extent practicable. NOTICES TO PROCEED When appropriate. monitoring activities should minimize the number of monitors involved in the undertaking. the BLM shall provide a copy of the summary to SHPO. a partial NTP may be issued for portions of the APE that are outside of the area that may affect historic properties. after consultation with the SHPO and in the case of properties of traditional religious or cultural importance. and 2. the BLM shall not begin any ground disturbing activities within the boundaries of any historic property until a NTP is issued for the property. has determined that I. in consultation with the Tribes. VI. The BLM. and subcontractors empowered to halt activities in a discovery situation shall be informed about who to contact and under what time frame.

5. and any treatment of historic properties directly or indirectly affected by project-related activity. unless otherwise negotiated. on public lands and with Nevada Revised Statute (NRS) 383 for private lands. C. The BLM shall bear the expense of the identification. BLM should review and comment on any report submitted by contractors within 30 calendar days of receipt. The BLM shall ensure that any human remains. Reporting I. Human remains and associated grave goods on private land will be handled according to the provisions of NRS 383. publications for the general public. interim and summary report preparation. The BLM shall ensure that all final archaeological reports resulting from actions pursuant to this PA will be provided to the SHPO.. will be held confidential to the extent provided by Federal and state law. 4. evaluation. and sacred objects encountered during the undertaking are treated with respect. 470).C. but not be limited to. § I0). and treatment plans to the SHPO for a 30 calendar day review and comment period. grave goods. human remains and associated grave goods found on public land will be handled according to the provisions of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). In coordination with this PA. 25 U.R. All parties shall cooperate with the BLM to ensure compliance with the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (16 U. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS A.B. post-fieldwork analysis. evaluation. recordation. If the SHPO fails to respond to the BLM within 30 calendar days of the receipt of a submission.S. 3. The BLM shaH ensure that all its personnel and all the personnel of its contractors and subcontractors are directed not to engage in the illegal collection of historic and prehistoric materials. All such reports shall be consistent with contemporary professional standards and the Department ofImerior's Formal Standards for Final Reports ofData Recovery Programs (48 Federal Register44716-44740). recordation. as amended.C. and information provided by and considered proprietary by the Tribes. . and its implementing regulations (43 C. items of cultural patrimony. and treatment efforts. A draft report of the identilication. VIII. Such costs may include.S. and the cost of curating project documentation and artifact collections. evaluation. treatment or other mitigative activities will be due to the BLM from any contractor within three (3) months after the completion of the fieldwork associated with the activity. the BLM shall presume concurrence with the findings and recommendations as detailed in the submission and proceed accordingly. fieldwork. The BLM shall submit the results of identification. Information on the location and nature of cultural resources. including discovery situations. 2. D. B. research and report preparation.P. pre-field planning. 3001 et seq.

X. whereupon the signatories will consult to consider such amendment.e/ JJ Date Cf /5hz- . The signatories may continue all actions under this PA that are not in dispute. EXECUTION of this PA and implementation of its terms is evidence that the BLM has taken into account the effects of this undertaking on historic properties and afforded the ACHP an opportunity to comment.S. TERMINATION Any signatory to this PA may terminate the PA by providing thirty (30) days advance written notice with cause to the other signatories. The BLM Battle Mountain District Manager's decision will be considered tina). XI. BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT Date B{J. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. DISPUTE RESOLUTION If any signatory to this PA o~jects to any activities proposed pursuant to the terms of this PA. The amendment will be effective on the date a copy signed by all of the signatories is filed with the ACHP. they shall request the assistance of the BLM Nevada Deputy Preservation Ofticer and the Battle Mountain District Manager to resolve the objection. AMENDMENT Any signatory to this PA may request that this PA be amended.IX. If the BLM MLFO Manager determines that the objection cannot be resolved. provided that the signatories will consult during the period prior to termination to seek agreement on amendments or other actions that would avoid termination. SIGNATORIES: U. the BLM Mount Lewis Field Office (MLFO) Manager shall consult with the objecting party and the SHPO to resolve the issue.

Chair Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Date Bryan Cassadore. Chair . Chair Yomba Shoshone Tribe Date Elisha Mockerman.3 Bars Programmatic Agreement Concurring Party Signatures: Battle Mountain Band Council Date Michael Price. Chair Date qjtz/zD/2 Elko Band Council Date Gerald Temoke. Chair Ely Shoshone Tribe Date Alvin Marques. Chair South Fork Band Council Date Sim Malotte.

Appendix A: Area of Potential Effect 1 .

If necessary. would be initiated by the BLM in consultation with the signatories: I.g. BLM. . 2. is on-site as soon as possible. Discoveries and unanticipated impacts to known resources will be managed according to the provisions of this PA and the Protocol. BLM may be required to cover and/or otherwise protect the resource until such time that the appropriate parties can be present for inspection and/or evaluation. in rare instances. In the event that a CRS or other necessary persons are not immediately available. § 10 or Nevada state laws. the CRS will assess the resource. c. After consultation with the appropriate parties. The nature of the resource (e. the Tribes and appropriate parties. presence/absence of features). or unanticipated impact situation. This may require screening of already disturbed deposits. APPENDIX 8: DISCOVERY AND UNANTICIPATED IMPACTS PROCEDURES In the event that previously unknown cultural resources are discovered within the area of potential effects of the undertaking. The BLM will ensure that a CRS. This may require interviews with construction personnel. 5. other persons having knowledge concerning the resource or. in consultation with the SHPO.P. number and kinds of artifacts.R. All implementation activities in the area of the discovery will be halted until the BLM documents in writing that identification and treatment is complete and activities can resume.. photographs of the discovery. 3. with the proper expertise tor the suspected resource type. c. a. The nature of deposition/exposure. b. At a minimum. treatment and effect. as appropriate. Any items covered by NAGPRA encountered in a discovery. will be handled according to 43 C. including the SHPO. This may require additional subsurface testing. and/or other necessary documentation. as is appropriate to the resource. BLM shall then make a determination of eligibility. Upon arriving at the site of the discovery. b. or should known resources be direclly or indirectly impacted in an unanticipated manner. The spatial extent of the resource. All activities will halt in the immediate vicinity of the discovery and all actions will be directed away from an area at least 100 meters in all directions from the point of discovery. mapping or inspection. the following actions. at a minimum. A BLM cultural resources specialist (CRS) will be notified immediately by the contractors or BLM staff working on the project. 4. the Tribes. other federal agencies. The BLM will initiate consultation with the appropriate parties. the expansion of existing disturbances to establish the characteristics of the deposits. shall ensure that a treatment plan is prepared following the guidance provided in this PA. and interested parties as appropriate. the assessment will include: a.

APPENDIX C STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES .

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...........................................................................7 Riparian Management ................................................................................................................................2.................................C-1 C............................................................3............................................................................................................................................................C-16 C...........................................3......................3 Native American Concerns and Cultural Resources .........................3.........2.......C-16 C................................................................................ C-2 C-2 Raptor Nest Buffers .............................................5 Planting and Seeding ........C-18 C.. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS Page C...........................................................................2 Project Specific Standard Operating Procedures .....................2..........C-17 C..............................................................C-15 C........3...................................................................2...............................4 Erosion Control..............................................C-18 C..................................2.......................................................................................C-17 C.10 Sagebrush Management ........C-18 C............................................2...........................................................................C-26 References .........2...C-21 C...............C-24 C................................2...............................12 Activity Fuel Disposal Methods.......................C-20 C..........................................C-1 C..........3 Wild Horses ..........2 Livestock................................................................................................C-26 C........................................................................C-27 List of Tables C-1 Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines ..C-23 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-i September 2013 .................2................................................................................................................................4 Paleontological Resources.........................C-1 C......................2...........................................................................................................................................................C-13 C.......1 General ..................3 Special Precautions ....11 Prescribed Fire and Fire for Resource Benefit..........2...........1 General Standard Operating Procedures ................................................................5 Wilderness Study Areas ..............................................9 Pinyon-juniper Management ................................................................................................1 Prevention of Weeds and Early Detection and Rapid Response...............................................................C-20 C.............................................6 Protective Fences ....................................................8 Aspen Management .............................3.......2........................................2 Fish and Wildlife ................................C-14 C..C-17 C..................................................................................................................................

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under all alternatives to ensure that risks to human health and the environment from treatment actions would be kept to a minimum. mining claims. C. and PER (USDOI BLM 2007b:2-31 to 2-44). Bureau of Land Management (BLM). 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-1 September 2013 . 2. 3. Treatment locations and acreage to be treated within any one year would be dependent upon availability of funding. the Mount Lewis Field Office has identified the following additional SOPs that would apply to the 3 Bars Project. gas. and geothermal leasing. The SOPs listed in these documents are not all encompassing. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES APPENDIX C STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES This section identifies Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that would be followed by the U. The BLM will make every effort to ensure through treatment design that restorative actions achieve site specific objectives. Treatments would occur during those times of the year when they are most likely to be successful. on federal lands or on federal mineral estate. rights-of-way. 4.2 Project Specific Standard Operating Procedures C. withdrawals. These SOPs are provided in Table C-1. the BLM will try to complete all or several of the projects at similar times to reduce/avoid the occurrence of multiple disturbances in the area over an extended period of time.1 General Standard Operating Procedures The BLM will comply with SOPs identified in the 17-States PEIS (USDOI BLM 2007a:2-22 to 2-38). The BLM will consult the LR2000 database to identify locations of existing authorizations and avoid disturbance of active mining claim markers prior to any treatment. These practices are intended to protect and enhance natural resources that could be affected by future treatments. In addition to these SOPs.1 General 1. C. The LR2000 is the BLM’s Legacy Rehost System that provides reports on BLM land and mineral use authorizations for oil. regulations. These SOPs have been identified to reduce adverse effects to environmental resources and human health from vegetation treatment activities based on guidance in BLM manuals and handbooks. but give an overview of practices that should be considered when designing and implementing a vegetation treatment project on public lands. The BLM will coordinate with the affected livestock operator(s) to ensure that livestock are managed in a way that supports the accomplishment of treatment objectives.S.2. land and mineral title. If multiple projects are proposed for an area. Department of the Interior (USDOI). and standard agency and industry practices. coal and other mineral development. and classifications. Several site-specific projects would likely take place each year. Standard operating procedures are the management controls and performance standards required for streambank restoration and vegetation management treatments.

fire-suppression tools during fire agents that have been tested adequate equipment. and and manuals 1112 (Safety). fire season. before leaving weed infested areas to avoid infecting weed. 4100 Management Activity Planning Domain Forest Management). BLM manuals 1112 (Safety). domestic animals to minimize overutilization of desirable plant species. Land Use • Carefully plan fires in the • Collaborate on project • Collaborate on project • Notify nearby residents and wildland urban interface to development with nearby development with nearby landowners who could be avoid or minimize loss of landowners and agencies. • Notify nearby residents and landowners who could be September 2013 affected by smoke intrusions or other fire effects. • Minimize frequent burning in arid environments. landowners and agencies. which may encourage new • If using domestic animals. Or if seed set has occurred. and 9015 (Grazing Administration). select sites with weeds that are • Avoid burning herbicide-treated palatable and non-toxic to the vegetation for at least 6 months. (Fire Training and Qualifications). 9014 Procedures) and H-9214-1 manuals 1112 (Safety) and 9015 (Integrated Weed Management). agents. 9211 (Fire Planning). and (Integrated Weed Management). TABLE C-1 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Guidance Documents BLM handbooks H-9211-1 (Fire BLM Handbook H-5000-1 (Public BLM Domain Forest Management. C-2 free areas. • Manage the intensity and • Keep equipment in good duration of containment by operating condition. • Ensure that crews have proper season. on Public Lands). affected by biological control structures and property. and 9015 manuals 1112 (Safety). do not move the domestic animals to uninfested areas for a period of 7 days. and approved to ensure they fire-suppression tools during the • Minimize soil disturbance. are host specific. General • Prepare fire management plan. animals. • Ensure that power cutting tools • Ensure that crews have proper • Use only biological control • Use trained personnel with have approved spark arresters. (Use of Biological Control Agents (Prescribed Fire Management). • Utilize domestic animals to contain the target species in the treatment areas prior to weed seed set. . • Wash vehicles and equipment weeds to develop. 9210 (Fire (Integrated Weed Management) and Management). and 9215 Health Standards). Handbook H-4400-1 (Rangeland 9214 (Prescribed Fire).

smoke. extent practicable. when applicable. • Burn under favorable moisture • Minimize dust impacts to the conditions. during the wetter seasons. and Air Management). • Use equipment that minimizes • Minimize soil disturbance and to limit the amount of heat soil disturbance and • Avoid grazing on wet soil to . rainstorms. state. See Manual 7000 (Soil. to ensure that burn plans comply with federal. • Further facilitate revegetation by • Further facilitate revegetation by September 2013 • Conduct burns when moisture seeding or planting following seeding or planting following • Closely monitor timing and content of large fuels. intensity of biological control organic matter. when appropriate. • Burn small vegetation blocks. impact biological soil crusts. and erosion prior to treatment. unpaved roads. • Manage smoke to prevent air C-3 quality violations and minimize impacts to smoke-sensitive areas. and erosion prior to treatment. animals if removal of soil management activities. atmospheric stability. extent practicable. TABLE C-1 (Cont. treatment. • Conduct treatment activities • Conduct treatment activities Management). significant soil erosion or damage to soil resources. including wind speed and during the wetter seasons. • Coordinate with air pollution STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES and fire control officials. working order. favor rapid combustion and • Minimize vehicle speeds on dispersion. Water.) Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Air Quality • Have clear smoke management • Maintain equipment in optimal • Maintain equipment in optimal objectives. to predict • Use heavy equipment under • Minimize vehicle speeds on effects of burn and impacts from adequate soil moisture unpaved roads. • Time treatments to encourage • Time treatments to encourage vegetation may cause • Plan burns so as to minimize rapid recovery of vegetation. Water. rapid recovery of vegetation. and erosion prior to treatment. and local regulations. (Soil. and Air • Evaluate weather conditions. surface treatment. conditions to minimize soil • Minimize dust impacts to the • Burn when weather conditions erosion. • Use backfires. working order. and obtain all applicable smoke management permits. Soil Resources • Assess the susceptibility of the • Assess the susceptibility of the • Assess the susceptibility of the • Assess the susceptibility of the treatment site to soil damage treatment site to soil damage treatment site to soil damage treatment site to soil damage See Manual 7000 and erosion prior to treatment. • Prescribe broadcast and other • Time treatments to avoid intense • Time treatments to avoid intense • Minimize use of domestic burns that are consistent with rainstorms. and soil is high with domestic animals.

vegetation near water bodies. • Consider chaining when soils are frozen and plants are brittle to minimize soil disturbance.g. sources. streams and wetlands.) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Soil Resources (cont. minimize compaction and surfaces and protect surface • Minimize use of heavy • Minimize disturbance to shearing. bodies if trampling or other September 2013 Minimize burning on hillslopes.) penetration into lower soil compaction. supply nutrients. or to convert • Minimize disturbances to supply nutrients. are moist).. and Air Management). organic matter. • Maintain a vegetated buffer . vehicles in water bodies. rather than to timing treatments when crusts • Prevent oil and gas spills to specifically minimize erosion. and reduce erosion. leave plant following burning to re. soil erosion or impact water quality. and reduce a site to a less flammable plant biological soil crusts (e. by erosion.. • When appropriate. introduce species. by • Time treatments to encourage percent. • Conduct mechanical treatments along topographic contours to minimize runoff and erosion. compaction. organisms to aid in their treatment. association. leave plant debris on site to retain moisture. • Reinoculate biological crust C-4 organisms to aid in their recovery. TABLE C-1 (Cont. minimize damage to soil. equipment on slopes >20 biological soil crusts (e. • Further facilitate revegetation by ground is sufficiently dry to • Reinoculate biological crust seeding or planting following support heavy equipment. debris on site to retain moisture. Water Resources • Prescribe burns that are • Minimize removal of desirable • Maintain vegetated buffer near • Minimize use of domestic consistent with water vegetation near residential and residential and domestic water animals near residential or See Manual 7000 management objectives. equipment use occurs. timing treatments when crusts rapid recovery of vegetation. domestic water sources.g. Maintain minimum 25-foot or revegetate hillslopes shortly wide vegetated buffer near • Minimize removal of desirable activities are likely to cause after burning. if possible. reseed measures in areas where heavy • When appropriate. if possible. (Soil. • When appropriate. • Conduct treatments when the are moist). domestic water sources. • Plan burns to minimize negative • Do not wash equipment or • Minimize removal of desirable • Minimize use of domestic impacts to water resources. Water. vegetation near residential and animals adjacent to water • • domestic water sources. • Implement erosion control recovery.

) Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Water Resources between treatment areas and (Cont. Wetlands and Riparian • Following treatment. conducting revegetation existing grazing permit. stream channels. site sufficiently. activities. and 9015 (Integrated breaks and clearings to reduce subsequent mortality by bark grazing and/or supplemental • Identify and implement any STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Weed Management). and manuals 5000 large vegetation. reseed or site sufficiently. in most conducting revegetation vegetation on the treatment site. beetles. enhance desirable vegetation recovery following treatment. Carry out the second conducting revegetation • Use plant stock or seed from including the application of state activities. bank stability. reseed or • Manage animals to prevent Areas replant with native vegetation if provide adequate shade. • Do not chain in areas where . replant with native vegetation if overgrazing and minimize the native plant community sediment control. activities.) water bodies. potential for weed infestations. 4410-1 (National minimize adverse impacts to and exotic species. reseed or if the native plant community replant with native vegetation if cannot recover and occupy the the native plant community site sufficiently. reseed or • Manage riparian areas to • Following treatment. advantageous time for seeding sites of similar elevation when needed to maintain desirable (late fall or early winter. use recovery following treatment. replant with native vegetation • Following treatment. cannot recover and occupy the site sufficiently. the native plant community damage to wetlands. equipment to prevent the woody residue to limit time they are most likely to See Handbook H- • Conduct low intensity burns to introduction and spread of weed subsequent mortality by bark damage invasive species. existing grazing permit. use two • Use plant stock or seed from the needed to maintain desirable chainings to reduce tree same seed zone and from sites vegetation on the treatment • Consider adjustments in the of similar elevation when site. competition and prepare the seedbed. recovery following treatment. Vegetation • Keep fires as small as possible • Power wash vehicles and • Remove damaged trees and treat • Use domestic animals at the to meet the treatment objectives. • Manage animals to prevent C-5 Range Handbook). • Remove damaged trees and treat • Identify and implement any overgrazing and minimize (Forest Management) • Limit area cleared for fire woody residue to limit temporary domestic livestock damage to sensitive areas. feeding restrictions needed to temporary domestic livestock • Use plant stock or seed from the enhance desirable vegetation grazing and/or supplemental • Where appropriate. cases). TABLE C-1 (Cont. • As appropriate. mechanical treatments to same seed zone and from sites feeding restrictions needed to prepare forests for the of similar elevation when • Consider adjustments in the enhance desirable vegetation reintroduction of fire. vegetation on the treatment site. pound links where the objective administration guidelines. including the application of grazing and/or supplemental needed to maintain desirable feeding restrictions needed to is to minimize disturbance to the state or regional grazing understory species. chaining at the most the same seed zone and from September 2013 or regional grazing administration guidelines. beetles. cannot recover and occupy the and recruitment of wood into cannot recover and occupy the • Following treatment. administration guidelines. including the application of state • Consider adjustments in the • Identify and implement any or regional grazing temporary domestic livestock • Use lighter chains with 40 to 60 existing grazing permit.

practical. TABLE C-1 (Cont. • Minimize treatments of • Retain wildlife trees and other • Retain wildlife trees and other other important periods for important forage areas unique habitat features where unique habitat features where birds and other wildlife. least 100 feet from water bodies animals to streams and other minimize soil erosion and soil • Do not wash vehicles in streams to reduce the chance for water bodies to minimize See Manual 6500 runoff into streams. immediately prior to important practical.) • Use plant stock or seed from the annual rainfall is less than 6 to 9 same seed zone and from sites inches. wildlife. Wildlife Resources • Minimize treatments during • Minimize treatments during • Minimize treatments during • Minimize the use of livestock nesting and other important nesting and other important nesting and other important grazing as a vegetation control See Manual 6500 periods for birds and other periods for birds and other periods for birds and other measure where and/or when it (Wildlife and Fisheries wildlife. temporary domestic livestock grazing and/or supplemental feeding restrictions needed to enhance desirable vegetation recovery following treatment. pollutants to enter water. conducting revegetation • Identify and implement any activities. • Minimize removal of desirable potential for damage to fish Management). embryo).) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Vegetation (cont. sediments entering water and (Wildlife and Fisheries • Minimize treatments near fish. especially if downy of similar elevation when brome is present. could impact nesting and/or September 2013 Management). • Consider adjustments in the existing grazing permit. • Refuel and service equipment at habitat. wildlife. needed to maintain desirable vegetation on the treatment site. pollutants to enter water..g. • Maintain adequate vegetated buffer between treatment area and water body to reduce the potential for sediments and other pollutants to enter the water body. bearing streams during periods least 100 feet from water bodies vegetation near fish-bearing when fish are in sensitive life to reduce the chance for streams and wetlands. or wetlands. • Consider and minimize use period(s). C-6 Fish and Other • Maintain vegetated buffers near • Minimize treatments adjacent to • Refuel and service equipment at • Limit the access of domestic Aquatic Resources fish-bearing streams to fish-bearing waters. stages (e. including the application of state or regional grazing administration guidelines. unless the burn is potential adverse impacts to .

for livestock. if possible. when grazing rest periods. to improve coordination and to improve coordination and to improve coordination and • Notify permittees of the avoid potential conflicts and avoid potential conflicts and avoid potential conflicts and project to improve safety concerns during safety concerns during safety concerns during coordination and avoid . snags. or slaughter feeding. or slaughter feeding. • Provide alternative forage sites September 2013 • Notify permittees of the project • Notify permittees of the project • Notify permittees of the project for livestock. restrictions. • Use temporary roads when long- STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Western States term access is not required. for livestock. resting and vegetation that provides a thermal cover areas. and critical source of food or cover corridors (less than 30 feet for wildlife. when possible. when grazing rest periods. if possible. restrictions. concern. See Manual 6840 species. and minimize impacts possible.3 Bars Project Draft EIS TABLE C-1 (Cont. (Special Status C-7 Species) and • Minimize direct impacts to • Survey for species of concern if Vegetation Treatments species of concern. if possible. or slaughter feeding. needed livestock grazing. 4120-1 (Grazing feeding. • Design treatments to take • Design treatments to take • Design treatments to take • Design treatments to take advantage of normal livestock advantage of normal livestock advantage of normal livestock advantage of normal livestock grazing rest periods. • Survey for special status species • Survey for special status Endangered Species of concern if project may impact disturbing equipment near of concern if project could species of concern if project federally and state-listed special status species of impact these species. and minimize impacts possible. unless project could impact these Using Herbicides on studies show that species will species. BLM Lands in 17 benefit from fire. Programmatic Biological Assessment. for livestock. and minimize impacts possible. restrictions.) growth. restrictions.) Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Wildlife Resources designed to stimulate forage • Design chaining treatments to wildlife habitat and minimize (cont. Livestock • Notify permittees of proposed • Notify permittees of proposed • Notify permittees of proposed • Notify permittees of proposed treatments and identify any treatments and identify any treatments and identify any treatments and identify any See Handbook H- needed livestock grazing. when grazing rest periods. if possible. to livestock grazing permits. impacts to livestock grazing • Provide alternative forage sites • Provide alternative forage sites • Provide alternative forage sites permits. needed livestock grazing. Provide removal or physical damage to natural travel lanes. could impact these species. wide) connecting non-chained areas. to livestock grazing permits. Size of clearing should not exceed 100 yards at its widest point. or slaughter Management). Threatened and • Survey for special status species • Minimize use of ground. and minimize to livestock grazing permits. No more than a vegetation control measure 50 percent of an area should be where it is likely to result in chained at one time. needed livestock grazing. provide a mosaic of treated and the use of livestock grazing as nontreated sites.

proposed treatment. at risk from mechanical at risk from manual treatments • Identify opportunities to meet Agreement among the • Identify cultural resource types treatments and design and design inventories that are tribal cultural use plant Bureau of Land at risk from fire use and design inventories that are sufficient to sufficient to locate these objectives for projects on . wild horse or burro minimize impacts to critical populations. or collect paleontological areas. determine Condition 2 areas. implementation of the treatment. including or 36 CFR Part 800. Officers and interested tribes. Management). or collect to establish Condition 1 and to establish Condition 1 and inventory to establish Resource Authorities). including Procedural Guidance Regulations (CFR) Part 800. habitat that could adversely affect wild horse or burro populations. 8270-1 to determine known 8270-1 to determine known 8270-1 to determine known Foundations for Managing Cultural • Follow BLM Handbook H. determine resource types (Paleontological Condition 2 areas. implementation of the treatment. information through inventory Condition 2 areas. 8120 8270-1 to determine known paleontological areas. Wild Horses and • Minimize potential hazards to • Avoid critical periods and • Avoid critical periods and • Avoid critical periods and Burros horses and burros by ensuring minimize impacts to habitat that minimize impacts to habitat that minimize impacts to habitat adequate escape opportunities. including or 36 CFR Part 800. horse or burro populations. and develop at risk from the proposed Resource resource types at risk from the appropriate measures to appropriate measures to treatment. and develop minimize or mitigate adverse minimize or mitigate adverse appropriate measures to appropriate measures to impacts. Condition 1 and Condition 2 Condition 1 and Condition 2 Condition 1 and Condition 2 Resources). Programmatic impacts. minimize or mitigate adverse September 2013 See also: minimize or mitigate adverse • Identify cultural resource types • Identify cultural resource types impacts. impacts. Officers and interested tribes. and develop proposed treatment. determine proposed treatment. and Historic Preservation Officers • Follow BLM Handbook H.) implementation of the treatment. • Follow BLM Handbook H. and develop Management). • Follow BLM Handbook H- manuals 8100 (The and affected tribes. Paleontological and • Follow standard procedures for • Follow standard procedures for • Follow standard procedures for • Follow standard procedures for Cultural Resources compliance with Section 106 of compliance with Section 106 of compliance with Section 106 of compliance with Section 106 the National Historic the National Historic the National Historic of the National Historic See handbooks H- Preservation Act as Preservation Act as Preservation Act as Preservation Act as C-8 8120-1 (Guidelines for implemented through the implemented through the implemented through the implemented through the Conducting Tribal National Programmatic National Programmatic National Programmatic National Programmatic Consultation) and H- Agreement and state protocols Agreement and state protocols Agreement and state protocols Agreement and state protocols 8270-1 (General or 36 Code of Federal or 36 CFR Part 800.) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Livestock (cont. could adversely affect wild could adversely affect wild that could adversely affect • Avoid critical periods and horse or burro populations. necessary consultations with the necessary consultations with the necessary consultations with for Paleontological including necessary State Historic Preservation State Historic Preservation the State Historic Preservation Resource consultations with the State Officers and interested tribes. or collect paleontological areas. TABLE C-1 (Cont. or (Tribal Consultation Condition 1 and Condition 2 information through inventory information through inventory collect information through Under Cultural paleontological areas. potential conflicts and safety concerns during implementation of the treatment. determine Condition 1 and Condition 2 and 8270 to establish Condition 1 and resource types at risk from the resource types at risk from the areas.

line. • Minimize loss of desirable • Minimize loss of desirable possible. areas. • Minimize earthwork and locate • Lessen visual effects in Class I conditions to meet established • Avoid use of fire near away from prominent and Class II visual resource VRM objectives. areas. . the natural landscape character vegetation treatments. by mechanical beneficially. Visual Resources • Minimize use of fire in sensitive • Minimize dust drift. adversely or beneficially. adversely or Preservation Act materials where they have been beneficially. especially • At areas such as visual watersheds to reduce the near recreational or other public near recreational or other public overlooks. • Consult with tribes to locate Historic Preservation. color. overlooks. where vegetation in place. where possible. exposed by fire. leave sufficient overlooks. lands. to screen views of form. vegetation treatments. leave sufficient areas. minimize impacts. line. line. and texture of natural landscape conditions to the natural landscape character meet established Visual conditions to meet established September 2013 Resource Management (VRM) VRM objectives. line. treatments.) Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Management. leave sufficient See handbooks H- creation of large areas of use areas. to screen views of vegetation treatments. to screen views of Resource Inventory) • vegetation treatments. Management). Provide resources. • Design activities to repeat the • Lessen visual effects in Class I • Lessen visual effects in Class I form. leave sufficient vegetation in place. • Lessen visual effects in Class I Rating). biological treatments. • Revegetate treated sites. Historic Preservation objectives for projects on public lands. color. color. populated areas.3 Bars Project Draft EIS TABLE C-1 (Cont. agricultural or densely topographic features. • Identify opportunities to meet • Identify opportunities to meet any areas of vegetation that are and the National • Identify opportunities to meet tribal cultural use plant tribal cultural use plant of significance to the tribe and Conference of State tribal cultural use plant objectives for projects on public objectives for projects on public that might be affected. and texture of and Class II visual resource and Class II visual resource the natural landscape character areas. measures to minimize impacts. and Manual treatment method. where • Design activities to repeat the vegetation in place. conditions to meet established • Design activities to repeat the VRM objectives. C-9 and H-8431-1 (Visual Consider the surrounding land vegetation near high public use vegetation near high public use Resource Contrast use before assigning fire as a areas. texture of the form. areas. and texture of possible. by manual (1997). objectives. Provide measures to public lands. Manner in Which • Consult with tribes to locate any • Consult with tribes to locate any BLM Will Meet Its • Monitor significant areas of vegetation that are of areas of vegetation that are of Responsibilities Under paleontological and cultural significance to the tribe and that significance to the tribe and that the National Historic resources for potential looting of might be affected. the inventories that are sufficient to locate these resources. • Design activities to repeat the form. • At areas such as visual • At areas such as visual and Class II visual resource STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 8400 (Visual Resource • At areas such as visual overlooks. where feasible. by Officers Regarding the lands. use areas. especially • Minimize dust drift. where 8410-1 (Visual browned vegetation. Advisory Council on locate these resources. adversely or might be affected. to screen views of possible. Provide measures to minimize impacts. treatments. vegetation in place. color.

Wilderness Study amount of equipment needed. • Maintain adequate buffers for Wild and Scenic Rivers. and where possible study areas. during peak times to maximize unless treatments must be timed unless treatments must be timed unless treatments must be effectiveness. peak recreational use times. and methods. that agents are effective. nearby alternative recreation nearby alternative recreation nearby alternative recreation areas. hazards. hazards. • Revegetate sites with native species if there is no reasonable expectation of natural regeneration. expectation of natural Areas). in other areas. TABLE C-1 (Cont. effectiveness. • Maintain adequate buffers for • Require shut down of work Wild and Scenic Rivers. hazards. and where possible wilderness study areas. off-season. before evening if work is located near campsites. times. times. and • Notify the public of treatment • Notify the public of treatment • Notify the public of treatment September 2013 nearby alternative recreation methods. where possible in other areas. Recreation • Control public access to • Control public access until • Control public access until • Control public access in areas potential burn areas. methods. potential treatment hazards no potential treatment hazards no with control agents to ensure See Handbook H- • Schedule treatments to avoid longer exist.) STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Wilderness and Other • Minimize soil-disturbing • Use the least intrusive methods • Use the least intrusive methods • Use the least intrusive methods Special Areas activities during fire control or possible to achieve objectives. and use non-motorized and use non-motorized and use non-motorized See handbooks H- • Revegetate sites with native equipment in wilderness and off equipment in wilderness and off equipment in wilderness and 8550-1 (Management species if there is no reasonable existing routes in wilderness existing routes in wilderness off existing routes in of Wilderness Study expectation of natural study areas. prescribed fire activities. • Schedule treatments to avoid • Schedule treatments to avoid • Schedule treatments to avoid unless treatments must be timed peak recreational use times. areas. use the minimum species if there is no reasonable Wild and Scenic Rivers. H-8560-1 (Management of • Maintain adequate buffers for • If mechanized equipment is • Revegetate sites with native • Maintain adequate buffers for Designated Wild and Scenic Rivers. times. and areas. and methods. • C-10 If aircraft are used. and Areas (WSAs)). areas. longer exist. 1601-1 (Land Use Planning Handbook). plan flight paths to minimize impacts on visitors and wildlife. required. and regeneration. in other areas. peak recreational use times. hazards. peak recreational use times. • Time the work for weekdays or regeneration. times. maximize effectiveness. during peak times to maximize during peak times to maximize timed during peak times to • Notify the public of treatment effectiveness. possible to achieve objectives. possible to achieve objectives. .

maintained. • Notify adjacent landowners. hire local project. treatment areas. and use equipment and clothing. grazing permittees. exists. • Manage burns under powerlines • Apply appropriate safety • Always use appropriate safety so as to avoid negative impacts measures when operating equipment and operating to the powerline. hire local • To the extent feasible. treatment areas. proposed for treatment. maintained. equipment within utility ROW procedures. where possible. flat. hire local • To the extent feasible. • Post treatment areas. • Notify adjacent landowners. treatments. treatments. September 2013 because of hazardous fuel • Cut all brush and tree stumps • Cut all brush and tree stumps buildup. spreading or reinfestation of • Keep operations within unwanted vegetation. might be affected by the • To the extent feasible. to eliminate • Wear appropriate safety sharp points that could injure a sharp points that could injure a equipment and clothing. treatment areas. the public. proposed for treatment. • • • • STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Notify other public land users Notify other public land users Notify other public land users Notify other public land users within or adjacent to the ROW within or adjacent to the ROW within or adjacent to the ROW within or adjacent to the ROW proposed for treatment. . • Control public access to • Control public access to • Control public access to • Control public access to treatment areas. and use equipment and clothing. joint or multiple use of a ROW joint or multiple use of a ROW joint or multiple use of a ROW of-way (ROW) exists. grazing permittees. • Wear appropriate safety • Wear appropriate safety • Wear appropriate safety Safety such as mechanical or manual equipment and clothing. the public. contractors and purchase contractors and purchase contractors and purchase • To the extent feasible. hire supplies locally. exists. affected by the project. • Consult with Native American • Consult with Native American • Consult with Native American • Consult with Native American tribes and Alaska Natives whose tribes and Alaska Natives whose tribes and Alaska Natives whose tribes and Alaska Natives health and economies might be health and economies might be health and economies might be whose health and economies affected by the project. Rights-of-way • Coordinate vegetation • Coordinate vegetation • Coordinate vegetation • Coordinate vegetation C-11 management activities where management activities where management activities where management activities where joint or multiple uses of a rights. exists. prescribed ROW.) Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines 3 Bars Project Draft EIS Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Social and Economic • Post treatment areas. supplies locally. • Notify adjacent landowners. • Post treatment areas. Values • Notify adjacent landowners. the public. grazing permittees. TABLE C-1 (Cont. and use worker or the public. in areas where fire equipment that is properly equipment that is properly use equipment that is properly cannot be safely introduced maintained. where possible. Human Health and • Use some form of pretreatment. treatments. corridors. worker or the public. affected by the project. to eliminate flat. local contractors and purchase supplies locally. grazing permittees. proposed for treatment. • Post treatment areas. supplies locally. and treatment. the public. • Utilize methods for disposal of • Minimize exposed soil areas vegetation that prevent during treatment. and emergency personnel of and emergency personnel of and emergency personnel of and emergency personnel of treatments.

) 3 Bars Project Draft EIS STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Vegetation Treatment Methods Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines Treatment Method Resource Element Wildland Fire Mechanical Manual Biological Human Health and equipment that is properly • Ensure that only qualified Safety (cont. • Burn vegetation debris off ROWs to ensure that smoke does not provide a conductive path from the transmission line or electrical equipment to the ground. TABLE C-1 (Cont.) maintained. could be affected by smoke. personnel cut trees near • Notify nearby residents who powerlines. • Maintain adequate safety buffers between treatment area and residences/structures. C-12 September 2013 .

3. Although manual and mechanical methods are labor intensive and costly on a per unit of area basis compared to prescribed burning. the BLM would coordinate with the National Pony Express Association to minimize activity and noise that would detract from the experience of re-riders during the annual re-ride of the trail through the Project Area. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 5. Treatment methods will be matched with site characteristics and potential based on ecological site description. This will help to ensure safe implementation of treatments. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-13 September 2013 . 7.2 Livestock There are 12 livestock allotments within the 3 Bars ecosystem. For proposed treatments that would impact use of the Pony Express National Historic Trail.” or the amount of area between two adjacent habitat types. 4. steps will be taken to minimize both soil disturbance and the spread of invasive species. they are highly selective and can be used in areas such as sensitive habitats or where human health and safety are concerns.2. With any mechanical treatment. to minimize impacts to livestock grazing permits. 10. No new roads will be constructed. an area with cheatgrass could be burned. 5. Standard Operating Procedures specific to livestock are: 1. and that treatment activities will have minimal impacts on livestock operators. then drill seeded with desirable plant species. 9. and additional site-specific mitigation. The following procedures will ensure that the health and safety of livestock are not compromised by treatment activities. Rangeland improvements would be documented prior to initiating treatment projects and any damaged improvements will be repaired to previous condition or current BLM standards as soon as project activities in the immediate area are complete. 6. For example. 8. Do not implement any restoration activities without appropriate adjustments in the management of livestock. and to resolve issues they may have with the proposed treatments. current grazing practices. thus maximizing the “edge effect. when possible. 2. Some sites could likely be treated with a combination of methods. Notify allotment permittee(s) of proposed vegetation treatments to discuss dates of treatment and restoration. C. then disked. Several mechanical methods are available for vegetation treatment. Manual and mechanical treatments will be applied when prescribed burning is not appropriate. Vehicle speed limits will be set at 25 mph to avoid livestock/vehicle collisions and to reduce the generation of fugitive dust deposition. Thinning will be conducted in a manner that blends treated areas into untreated areas. Stumps will be cut as low as possible to the ground. Design treatments to take advantage of normal livestock grazing rest periods for a particular area.

a year of grazing rest prior to a prescribed fire treatment may be required in order to build up an adequate amount of fine fuels needed to carry the fire. These criteria are: 1. Treatment area requires reseeding. Riparian treatment areas will be closed for a minimum of 2 years. Closure decisions are associated with the range regulations 43 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) § 4160 and are required to close the treatment areas to livestock grazing. thus limiting impacts to current management strategies. The proposed treatment area understory lacks perennial understory vegetation that is expected and described in the Ecological Site Description(s) for the Ecological Site(s) for the treatment area.2. The BLM will take steps to reduce the impact of treatment closures on permittees through targeting general areas for treatment as opposed to scattering treatments across the 3 Bars Project Area. Following the prescribed fire treatment. Close areas for at least 2 growing seasons. but is heavily concentrated in the vicinity of Cadet Trough Spring. The BLM will also work within grazing authorizations to modify patterns of use to accommodate treatment closure when possible. 3. 2. Perennial plant species that meet site-specific restoration objectives will be determined by the BLM. For prescribed fire treatments. The procedures will also ensure a desirable distribution of wild horses. To meet these objectives. Depending upon the vegetation management treatment method used. however. and that meets the following criteria. will result in a temporary closure of that area for a minimum of 2 growing seasons or until vegetation establishment objectives are met. Any treatment method used to release understory vegetation. SOPs specific to wild horses are: 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-14 September 2013 . the length of the temporary grazing closure will vary.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C. a minimum of 2 growing seasons of grazing rest will be required to meet vegetation establishment objectives.2. Re-open treated area to grazing in accordance with livestock grazing mitigation actions developed in the 3 Bars Project EIS or in accordance with existing permitted uses. The BLM will determine if a growing season’s rest is required before the prescribed fire treatment. The Rocky Hills HMA population is currently below AML.2. to ensure treatment success. The following procedures will ensure that the health and safety of wild horses are not compromised by treatment activities. Rest from livestock grazing is considered necessary to aid in the establishment/improvement of desired perennial vegetation. Animal Unit Months associated with the treatment areas will be temporarily suspended. 2.1 Temporary Livestock Grazing Closures 1. The wild horse population in the 3 Bars Project area is in excess of the established Appropriate Management Level (AML) in the Roberts Mountain Complex. and few areas of overuse by wild horses. closure could be extended until the streambank is stabilized and vegetation establishment objectives are met.3 Wild Horses There are four Herd Management Areas (HMAs) within the 3 Bars ecosystem. or until restoration objectives are met. C.

The Rocky Hills HMA is a priority for gathering and for maintaining the AML through subsequent gathers during the life of the 3 Bars Project.2. wattles.3. 2.3 Other Measures 1.3. 2. 4. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-15 September 2013 .3. Use temporary or permanent fencing to protect riparian treatment areas and include water gaps or off-site water development (trough placement).1 Roberts Mountain Complex 1. Do not implement any restoration activities without appropriate adjustments in the management of livestock or wild horses. C. Install sediment traps in streams if prescribed fire is used near streams.2. Stabilize terrestrial areas as quickly as possible after treatment. including reseeding or replanting with native vegetation. use temporary electric fencing around sagebrush and pinyon-juniper treatment areas to protect from use by wild horses. wood straw. 5. Follow guidance provided in the Nevada Contractors Field Guide for Construction Site Best Management Practices (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection 2008) and in An Introduction to Erosion Control (Zeedyk and Jansens 2006). Use temporary or permanent fencing to protect riparian treatment areas and include water gaps or off-site water development (trough placement). The Rocky Hills HMA is part of the Catch. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C. and Release gather and fertility control program.2 Rocky Hills Herd Management Area 1. Where fencing is needed within HMAs. and other erosion control features to minimize erosion and movement of sediments into nearby water bodies in areas treated using prescribed fire or where other large-scale vegetation removal occurs. C. if the existing native plant community cannot recover and revegetate the site sufficiently. Treat. The timing of the gathers will be determined by the BLM Nevada State Office.to 3-year basis to re-treat the mares for fertility control. 2. 2. Use mulch. Minimize disturbance associated with restoration activities within wild horse HMAs during the foaling season (March 1 – June 30).2. National direction has been to return to these HMAs on a 2. C. 3. Leave downed trees and mulch in areas with large-scale pinyon-juniper removal to prevent sediment from entering nearby waterways.4 Erosion Control 1.2.

Use existing fence infrastructure as much as is practical to protect treatment areas. Follow BLM Handbook H-1742-1.2.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C. and Standards (USDOI BLM 1989). and to reduce the need to remove livestock from the pasture or allotment.5 Planting and Seeding 1. Practices. Construct livestock. natural. 2. Let-down fences could be constructed in big game ranges and migration corridors where feasible and necessary. 8. if steel pipe corners are used. wild horse. Enhance the visibility of fences constructed within greater sage-grouse habitat or HMAs by using appropriate measures such as installing wide stays. 6.6 Protective Fences 1. 4. to prevent wildlife entry and to minimize predatory bird perching. and/or white-topped posts. avoiding fence construction within 1. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-16 September 2013 . Permanent fences besides those proposed for the 3 Bars Project. Modifications may be incorporated into the design based on consultation with the Nevada Department of Wildlife (NDOW) and subsequent recommendations to minimize adverse impacts to wildlife. Use temporary protective fences when feasible. will be analyzed under the National Environmental Policy Act for the effects to cultural. the BLM will provide access to water through the form of a water gap or impoundment. and wild ungulate exclusion fences around treatment boundaries. 7. These protective fences will be on an as-needed basis to allow vegetation to establish. Follow the contour of the land as much as possible when drill seeding to reduce potential water erosion. if needed. 2. Additional measures to reduce impacts to greater sage-grouse include constructing fences with larger and more conspicuous wooden fence posts. Place domed pipe caps on the top of steel pipes. Burned Area Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation Handbook (USDOI BLM 2007c) during the seed procurement process.640 feet of an inactive lek. Type or brand of reflectors used will be selected from those that have been previously tested and determined to be effective. and social resources from the fencing. ensuring that fence segments are less than 13 feet wide. deflectors. 5. Build fences in accordance with BLM Manual H-1741. Place the top fence wire above horizontal braces to minimize perching by predatory birds. This may entail modification of grazing on a pasture basis to ensure the appropriate amount of protection for seeding and restoration activities.2. Renewable Resource Improvements. to ensure that noxious weeds and other invasive non-native species seed are not present. C. Fences may be permanent if needed to protect the integrity of the treatment. Where exclusionary fencing is constructed around water features. 3. Do not disturb intact stands of sagebrush and native perennial vegetation. including the sampling and testing of all seed lots for noxious weeds and other invasive non-native species. and avoiding fence construction within 1¼ miles of an active lek.

C. 2.1 Types of Temporary Fencing 1. and temporary electric fence may be used. standard barbed wire fence. Pinyon-juniper Treatments – Temporary electric fence and piperail (jack fence type) may be used in Birch Creek and Upper Pete Hanson treatment areas. and temporary barbed wire fencing outside of areas utilized by wild horses. Remove vegetation incrementally over several years if loss of shade near streams and other waterbodies is of concern to minimize stream temperature effects.500 stems per acre and sapling reach at least 7 feet in height with exclosure fencing. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C.2. Aspen Treatments – Piperail (jack fence type). Typically. treatment of pinyon-juniper will occur predominately in Phase I and Phase II sites. 3. objectives are met in 3 to 5 years as a result of exclusion. 3. 4.8 Aspen Management 1. standard barbed wire fence. C. C. 2. In most instances. The BLM may leave downed trees and mulch in areas with large-scale pinyon-juniper removal to prevent sediment from entering nearby waterways. Slash accumulations will remain in place to promote seedling and sapling establishment. Prescribed fire could be utilized in all pinyon-juniper phase classes and may be carried out at any time of the year depending on treatment objectives. and temporary electric fence may be used. The BLM may protect treated aspen stands until the stand density is 1. Pinyon-juniper removal activities may extend 200 feet beyond the aspen stand. 3. Remove mountain mahogany only where it compromises riparian habitat treatment objectives. Riparian Treatments .2. Treatments within Phase III sites will be used to disrupt the continuity of fuels and reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfire. Remove non-riparian trees within the historic floodplains.2. 4.9 Pinyon-juniper Management 1. No fueling within 300 feet of water bodies. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-17 September 2013 .Piperail (jack fence type). Sagebrush Treatments – Temporary electric fence. 2.7 Riparian Management 1. as well as improve forest health.2. 3.6. and temporary barbed wire fencing may be used outside of areas utilized by wild horses. 2.

and will monitor all units for noxious weeds and other invasive non-native vegetation for up to 5 years after treatment. Standing tree skeletons in areas burned to enhance greater sage-grouse habitat may be felled.2. Consolidate burn piles and other burn materials to enhance fuel consumption and to minimize smoke production. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-18 September 2013 .2. Any treatments on greater sage-grouse habitat will utilize a mosaic design where treated areas have a width of no greater than 200 feet between untreated areas. Treatments will adhere to the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (Connelly et al. Minimize dirt content when slash piles are constructed. Develop a burn plan prior to any prescribed burn occurring.11 Prescribed Fire and Fire for Resource Benefit 1. 6. to allow desirable plants to become established in burned areas. The BLM may suspend grazing on burned areas for at least 2 years after the burn. Prescribed fire and fire for resource benefit will not be used in Wyoming big sagebrush communities or where annual precipitation is less than 12 inches. 5. 5. For all pinyon-juniper removal projects. Treatments may be conducted next to roads to improve the roads’ usefulness as fuel breaks and as control lines for wildfires and prescribed fires. Ignite burns under fair to excellent ventilation conditions and suspend operations under poor smoke dispersion conditions. unless additional site-specific objectives are identified.2. Soil tests will be conducted to determine if suitable seeds are present in the seedbank before treatments occur in sagebrush communities. the BLM will implement SOPs to minimize the chance of noxious weeds and other invasive non-native vegetation becoming established on the treatment units. No treatment will occur within 0. and other woody materials that remain from treatments to reduce the buildup of hazardous fuels and potential for wildfire. 2000). 2.10 Sagebrush Management 1. the Wyoming Game and Fish Department (2010) greater sage-grouse guidelines. and the BLM Nevada State Office and Washington Office Instructional Memoranda guidelines when restoring sagebrush habitats.6 miles of any occupied lek that results in a decrease in canopy cover of greater than 15 percent. Use fencing. 3. C. 7. if necessary. or until standards are met.12 Activity Fuel Disposal Methods The following actions will be taken to dispose of felled trees. 2. 4.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 4. slash. 3. 4. C. C.

fall. or burned in slash piles to minimize ground litter. Burn during the fall. lop and scatter felled trees to reduce fuel loading. Where appropriate. or winter. fall. buck and stack close to access points to minimize erosion and spread of noxious weeds and other invasive non-native species. Should slash accumulations exceed 4 tons/acre. 3. Dispose of activity fuels (slash) using one or more of the disposal options from the activity fuel disposal alternatives listed below.3 Slash Burn 1. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-19 September 2013 . Where appropriate. 4.2. Where appropriate. these activity fuels will be disposed of with one or more of the activity fuel disposal methods listed below. Burn piles maybe covered with wax paper or similar material (no plastic). Slash will be burned in the spring. make activity fuel available for personal and commercial biomass use. 2. and vegetation green-up to reduce fire impacts to non-target vegetation. Place coarse and large wood debris perpendicular to slopes greater than 10 percent. leave tree materials on the ground and positioned perpendicular to slopes to minimize erosion. Where appropriate. Burn piles will be piled with fine fuels and slash on the interior and larger fuels on the exterior.12. allow felled trees to be used for public wood harvesting per District policy and to aid in the removal of tree materials. snow. make juniper activity fuels that are wider than 3 inches available to the public (personal use or commercial) for fire wood or posts. C. Where feasible. 2. or winter. Scatter activity fuels according to guidance from the Fire Behavior Fuel Models for slash. C. use coarse and large woody debris for stream restoration to slow stream water flow and reduce the potential for stream erosion.2 Pile Burn 1. 3. make activity fuel available to the public (personal use or commercial) as mulch. 2. C. Where appropriate.2. Remove biomass in a manner that minimizes the spread of noxious weeds and other invasive non-native species and promote seeding establishment and development. Burn piles should not exceed 10 feet long by 10 feet wide by 6 feet high.12. precipitation.2. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 1. 5. winter. Piles will be burned in the spring. and spring to take advantage of conditions of soil moisture.12. 5. 2. 6. 3. 4.1 Biomass Utilization 1. 4. Where appropriate.

prevention and public education are the highest priority weed management activities. Cleaning efforts will also focus on axles.3 Special Precautions C.4 Leave on Site 1.3. frames. cross members. the BLM may modify the project to reduce the likelihood of weeds infesting the site and to identify control measures to be implemented if weeds do infest the site. The following are actions that can be taken by the BLM to slow the introduction or spread of noxious weeds and other invasive non-native vegetation: 1. Vehicle cabs will be swept out and refuse will be disposed of in waste receptacles. and rapid response are the most cost-effective methods of weed control. feet and tires.An Action Plan for the BLM (USDOI BLM 1996). Any subsequent cleanings (i. steps. To eliminate the transport of vehicle-borne weed seeds. infestations can increase and expand in size. and undercarriage. will be cleaned to ensure that they are free of soil and debris capable of transporting weed propagules. As stated in the BLM’s Partners Against Weeds . Priorities are as follows: • Priority 1: Take actions to prevent or minimize the need for vegetation control when and where feasible. Prevention is best accomplished by ensuring the seeds and reproductive plant parts of new weed species are not introduced into new areas. Weeds colonize highly disturbed ground and invade plant communities that have been degraded. The BLM is required to develop a noxious weed risk assessment when it is determined that an action may introduce or spread noxious weeds or when known noxious weed habitat exists (USDOI BLM 1992). Equipment will arrive at the project unit area already cleaned of all dirt and debris. roots. If the risk is moderate or high. all vehicles and heavy equipment that could cause ground disturbance. early detection. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-20 September 2013 . • Priority 3: Use herbicides after considering the effectiveness of all potential methods or in combination with other methods or controls. but are also capable of invading intact communities. Where appropriate. before moving between units) will be recorded using Global Positioning System units or other mutually acceptable equipment and provided to the District Office Weed Coordinator or designated person.. leave some material piled on site to provide wildlife habitat or for erosion control.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C.1 Prevention of Weeds and Early Detection and Rapid Response Once weed populations become established. Prevention. considering the management objectives of the site. early detection. or rhizomes. running boards.e. Cleaning efforts will concentrate on vehicle tracks. C. or are authorized for off-road use. prevention. and front bumper/brush guard assemblies. • Priority 2: Use effective nonchemical methods of vegetation control when and where feasible. motor mounts. 2. Equipment will be washed prior to being moved between project units.2. All vehicles and equipment will be cleaned prior to entering or leaving the project area. and rapid response strategies that reduce the need for vegetative treatments for noxious weeds and other invasive non-native should lead to a reduction in the number of acres treated using herbicides in the future by reducing or preventing weed establishment. Therefore.12.

and to ensure that no agency action is likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species or adversely modify critical habitat. at a minimum. the Secretary of the Interior is required to determine which species are threatened or endangered and to issue recovery plans for those species. Policy and guidance (BLM Manual 6840. Any noxious weeds discovered within the Project area will be flagged and project treatments will not be allowed within 75 yards of the noxious weed infestation. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). The BLM state directors may designate special status species in cooperation with their respective state. If so. Before any vegetation treatment or ground disturbance occurs. Under the Act. BLM policy requires that the Mount Lewis Field Office survey the treatment site for species listed or proposed for listing. Special Status Species. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 3. A project with a “may affect.14 of the EIS. The purposes of the Act are to provide mechanisms for the conservation of threatened and endangered species and their habitats. To ensure fish passage and to protect fish. endangered. likely to adversely affect” determination requires formal consultation and receives a Biological Opinion from the USFWS. not likely to adversely affect” determination requires informal consultation and receives a concurrence letter from the USFWS. the biologist will follow the BLM Nevada Wildlife Survey Protocols (USDOI BLM 2013a). Project areas will be surveyed for noxious weeds and other invasive non-native vegetation prior to project implementation. the same level of protection as federal candidate species. All treatment areas where soil is disturbed will be monitored to determine if noxious weeds and other invasive non-native vegetation establish on the site.S. For wildlife surveys.1 Fish 1. the BLM will consult with the USFWS. all culverts will be designed to ensure fish passage unless specifically designed and located to minimize interaction of fish species in coordination with NDOW and U. 2. C.2 Fish and Wildlife C. 4. and other special status species are discussed in Section 3. Section 7 of the Act specifically requires all federal agencies to use their authorities in furtherance of the Act to carry out programs for the conservation of listed species. The BLM will also carry out management activities for the conservation of state-listed species. A project with a “may affect. and state laws protecting these species will apply to all BLM programs and actions to the extent that they are consistent with Federal Land Policy and Management Act and other federal laws. USDOI BLM 2008a) also stipulates that species proposed for listing must be managed at the same level of protection as listed species. Threatened. and for special status species. C.3. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-21 September 2013 .2 Special Status Species Federal policies and procedures for protecting federally listed threatened and endangered plant and animal species and species proposed for listing were established by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act) and regulations issued pursuant to the Act.3. Hardened water crossings or raised culverts would be considered in all locations where roads cross lotic or lentic areas. they will be treated to remove them from the site. If a proposed project may affect a proposed or listed species or its critical habitat.3.2. These special status species must receive.2. This must be done by a qualified biologist and/or botanist who consults the state and local databases and visits the site during the appropriate season.

3. 3. Surveys will be conducted no more than 14 days prior to commencement of surface-disturbing activities in an area. or the area will be removed from project consideration.3 Migratory Birds 1. territorial defense. and other Mammals 1. the site will be resurveyed. species listed as threatened or endangered. The BLM will consult seasonal range maps prepared by the NDOW to delineate winter range for mule deer and pronghorn antelope at the time of treatment activities. 2. Pronghorn Antelope. the Migratory Bird Treaty Act as amended.4 Mule Deer.3. or a protective buffer (the size depending on the habitat requirements of the species) will be delineated and the buffer area will be avoided to prevent destruction or disturbance to nests and birds until they are no longer active. or exemption from. If nests are found within the treatment area.2. C. As part of this process. The BLM will consult seasonal range maps prepared by the NDOW to delineate kidding areas at the time of treatment activities. transporting food) is observed. 2. the BLM prepared a formal consultation package that included a description of the program. carrying nest material. species proposed for listing. 3. If during any surveys nests or nesting behavior are documented. Ground disturbing activities will not occur in pronghorn antelope kidding areas from May 1 through June 30 to avoid displacement and mortality to pronghorn antelope during the kidding season. and critical habitats that could be affected by the program. and critical habitats from the proposed vegetation treatment programs. If disturbance does not occur within 14 days of the survey. mated pairs.2. Compliance with this SOP does not constitute full compliance with. C. or if other evidence of nesting (i. or any other legislation. The BLM would also consult with the USFWS and NDOW before conducting prescribed fire and other treatments that could adversely impact Lahontan cutthroat trout when working near Lahontan cutthroat trout occupied or potential habitat. and a Biological Assessment that evaluated the likely impacts to listed species.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES The BLM consulted with the USFWS during development of the 3 Bars Project EIS as required under Section 7 of the Act.e. A BLM-approved wildlife biologist will conduct raptor nesting using guidance in the BLM Nevada Wildlife Survey Protocols (USDOI BLM 2013a). treatment activities may be postponed until after the completion of nesting. the area must be avoided until the young have fledged from the nest or the nest fails. The BLM will conduct migratory bird nest surveys prior to any surface disturbing activities that would occur during the avian breeding season (April 1 through July 31) following guidance in BLM Nevada Wildlife Survey Protocols (USDOI BLM 2013a). 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-22 September 2013 . species proposed for listing. The Lahontan cutthroat trout was the only species that required evaluation in the Biological Assessment (USDOI BLM 2013b). Raptor nest sites are subject to seasonal and spatial protection from disturbance to avoid displacement and mortality of raptor young as shown in Table C-2. BLM will not conduct treatments within 40 meters (131 feet) of active pygmy rabbit burrows.. Ground disturbing activities will not occur in mule deer and pronghorn antelope winter range from November 15 through March 16 to avoid displacement and mortality to mule deer and pronghorn antelope during winter.

3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-23 September 2013 .33 Swainson’s hawk 3/1 – 8/31 0.25 Northern goshawk 3/1 – 8/15 0. To ensure that treatments benefit greater sage-grouse.25 Ferruginous hawk 3/1 – 8/1 1.125 Long-eared owl 2/1 – 8/15 0. The BLM will conduct lek and other surveys based on the BLM Nevada Wildlife Survey Protocols (USDOI BLM 2013a).25 Great-horned owl 12/1 . (1985). sagebrush restoration treatments would adhere to the most recent guidance available at the time of treatment implementation.0 Barn owl 2/1 – 9/15 0..25 Flammulated owl 4/1 – 9/30 0.125 Short-eared owl 3/1 – 8/1 0. C.5 Peregrine falcon 2/1 – 8/31 1. or in accordance with current guidelines and policies. Pacific Time. 2.m. 3.125 Northern pygmy-owl 4/1 – 8/1 0. Romin and Muck (1999).2. and USDOI BLM (2013a). Ground disturbing activities will not occur near within 3 miles of active sage grouse leks from 7 p.9/30 0. during March 1 through May 15.5 Red-tailed hawk 3/15 – 8/15 0.0 Golden eagle 1/1 – 8/31 0.125 Burrowing owl 3/1 – 8/31 0. or in accordance with current guidelines and policies.25 Sharp-shinned hawk 3/15 – 8/31 0.3.5 Northern harrier 4/1 – 8/15 0. Ground disturbing activities will not occur in sage-grouse brood rearing areas from May 15 through August 15.25 Northern saw-whet owl 3/1 – 8/31 0. to 10 a.0 Bald eagle 1/1 – 8/31 1.125 Prairie falcon 3/1 – 8/31 0. Whittington and Allen (2008).125 Sources: Herron et al. and the BLM Nevada State Office and Washington Office Instructional Memoranda when restoring sagebrush habitats. The BLM will consult seasonal range maps prepared by the NDOW to delineate greater sage-grouse use areas at the time of treatment activities.5 American kestrel 4/1 – 8/15 0.m.5 Greater Sage-grouse 1.25 Western screech-owl 3/1 – 8/15 0. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES TABLE C-2 Raptor Nest Buffers Species Seasonal Restrictions Spatial Buffers (miles) Turkey vulture 2/1 – 8/15 0. currently the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and the Wyoming Game and Fish Department greater sage-grouse guidelines.25 Cooper’s hawk 3/15 – 8/31 0.

or maintenance of a project will not disturb.3. The BLM will consult seasonal range maps prepared by the NDOW to delineate greater sage-grouse use areas at the time of treatment activities. a mitigation plan will be crafted in accordance with National Historic Preservation Act as guided by the 36 CFR § 800 regulations and the site(s) will be fully mitigated. Individuals involved in illegal activities will be subject to penalties under the Archaeological Resource Protection Act (16 United States Code [USC] § 470ii). 3. and has adopted the following SOPs that would in part ensure compliance. building. All persons participating in the construction.3 Native American Concerns and Cultural Resources The BLM meets its responsibilities for consultation and government-to-government relationships with Native American tribes by consulting with appropriate tribal representatives prior to taking actions that affect tribal interests. All disturbance activities will comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. USDOI BLM 2004b). Wherever possible. C. General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation: Guidelines for Conducting Tribal Consultation.e.3. object or artifact on lands associated with the project. Where it is not possible to avoid potential adverse affects. All disturbance activities would comply with Section 106 in accordance with the measures outlined in the State Protocol Agreement between the Bureau of Land Management and the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office for Implementing the National Historic Preservation Act (Protocol Agreement) and specifically the Programmatic Agreement for the 3 Bars Project (Appendix B) between the Nevada BLM and the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office. 2. or destroy any scientifically important remains. 2. Ground disturbing activities will not occur in sage-grouse winter habitat use areas from November 1 through March 15. alter. No in-stream treatments will be conducted between January 1 and June 1 for waters occupied by rainbow trout. Actions that could be taken to address Native American concerns and cultural resources and to meet its responsibilities for compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act include: 1.6 Lahontan Cutthroat Trout 1. Information gathered on important tribal resources and potential impacts to these resources from restoration activities is presented in the analysis of impacts. structure. the project will be designed to avoid potential adverse effects to historic properties (i. USDOI BLM 2004a) and Handbook H-8120-1 (Handbook H-8120-1. No in-stream treatments will be conducted between January 1 and July 15 for waters occupied by Lahontan cutthroat trout. injure. or in accordance with current guidelines and policies. The BLM’s tribal consultation policies are detailed in BLM Manual 8120 (Tribal Consultation under Cultural Resource Authorities. Each treatment will be monitored to ensure that avoidance measures have been effective and that project activities have not impacted cultural resources in an unforeseen manner. C. operation.2.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES 4. Compliance will be achieved in accordance with the measures outlined in the Protocol Agreement. or any eligible archeological site. archeological sites eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places[NRHP]). the Federal Land Policy and Management 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-24 September 2013 . The BLM consulted with various tribes and bands of the Western Shoshone during development of this EIS. The BLM meets its responsibilities for compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

evaluate cultural resources for NRHP eligibility. Under all alternatives. consult with the Tribes or tribal members regarding areas of cultural or traditional religious importance. Sites identified as holding special significance to Native American groups from a cultural or spiritual importance will be avoided if restoration activities would compromise the site’s value. 5. Provide training to all BLM and contract personnel to ensure compliance with the Archeological Resource Protection Act of 1979 (16 USC § 470). or other applicable statutes. Develop and implement appropriate treatment measures to mitigate adverse affects to those resources determined eligible for inclusion in the NRHP and in accordance with Stipulation III(C) of the Programmatic Agreement. the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (16 USC § 1170). 4. 2012. as amended. 5. 1. If human remains/burials or other previously unidentified cultural resources or vertebrate paleontological resources are discovered during project operations. all activities within 300 feet of the discovery will immediately cease and the BLM archeologist will be notified by telephone. 6. followed by written confirmation. the BLM Handbook H-8120-1. All discoveries of human remains (regardless of location in association with the project area) will be reported to the BLM Mount Lewis Field Office. 2. and consult with the State Historic Preservation Office and tribes regarding the NRHP determinations per Stipulation III(B) of the Programmatic Agreement. Treat unanticipated finds in accordance with the protocols outlined in Stipulation VII of the Programmatic Agreement. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Act (43 USC § 1701). Complete a cultural resource inventory of the proposed project area and consult with the Tribes in accordance with Stipulation III (A) of the Programmatic Agreement. General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation: Guidelines for Conducting Tribal Consultation be conducted prior to project implementation. For each phase of the undertaking. Phase III cultural resource inventories Handbook H-8120-1. 4. General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation: Guidelines for Conducting Tribal Consultation implement the following measures as outlined in the Programmatic Agreement prepared for the 3 Bars project and signed by the BLM and Nevada State Historic Preservation Officer on September 5. Work will not resume and the discovery will be protected until the BLM authorized officer issues a Notice to Proceed. 3. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-25 September 2013 . and ensure that human remains and burial associated items are treated with respect and are handled according to the provisions of the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act and Nevada Revised Statute 383 in accordance with Stipulation VIII of the Programmatic Agreement.

USDOI BLM 2012). The general management standard is that the suitability of the WSAs for preservation as Wilderness must not be impaired.3. C.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES C. a stream restoration that potentially involves substantial excavation will require more intense monitoring than other activities. 2. including a list of the recovered fossils. A copy of this report will accompany the fossils to the BLM-approved facility where they are curated. 4. If it is the opinion of the authorized officer that particular treatment areas may contain valuable fossil resources that may be placed at risk by invasive treatments.3. then protective measures according to BLM rules and guidance will be implemented to protect potential fossil resources. Treatment areas identified as having a high potential for buried paleontological resources based upon field surveys will be monitored by a qualified paleontologist during ground disturbing activities. For instance. Once geologic deposits have been classified according to the PFYC system. Additional policies for specific activities are provided in the manual and will be followed for the 3 Bars Project. will be prepared following completion of the program. and if there is a medium to high potential for valuable fossil resources to be present in a given area. Fossils recovered during the field surveys or monitoring will be prepared in accordance with standard professional paleontological techniques.4 Paleontological Resources Standard Operating Procedures that apply to paleontological resources are in BLM Manual 8270. a program will be developed and implemented to remove at risk fossils prior to ground disturbing activities. Such protective measures will include. The method of treatment will determine the level of monitoring needed.5 Wilderness Study Areas The guidance for managing each Wilderness Study Areas (WSAs) is provided in the BLM Manual 6330 (Management of Wilderness Study Areas. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-26 September 2013 . General Procedural Guidance for Paleontological Resource Management (USDOI BLM 2008b. but are not limited to. c). If any scientifically important fossils are found during a field survey. A report on the findings of the salvage program. then paleontological surveys will be conducted by a BLM-permitted paleontologist. Instruction would stress the nonrenewable nature of paleontological resources and that collection or excavation of fossil materials from federal land without a federal permit is illegal. Paleontological surveys would assess the potential for valuable resources to be present by using the Potential Fossil Yield Classification (PFYC) System. Paleontological Resource Management. 3. Personnel will be instructed about the types of fossils they could encounter and the steps to take if fossils are uncovered during construction. the following actions: 1. and BLM Handbook H-8270-1.

D. Washington. Washington. Herron. General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation: Guidelines for Conducting Tribal Consultation. Nevada. Available at URL: www. USDOI BLM. U. 2007a.fws. Carson City. USDOI BLM.B.nv. Washington.E. Manual 6330 Management of Wilderness Study Areas (Public).C.C. Practices.C.W. USDOI BLM. J. Schroeder. D. D. BLM Manual H-1741.C. Final Vegetation Treatments on Bureau of Land Management Lands in 17 Western States Programmatic Environmental Report.htm. 2008a. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:967-985. M.gov/utahfieldoffice/Documents/MigBirds/Raptor%20Guidelines.C. Braun. D. 8. D. 2013a. Renewable Resource Improvements.C.C.Tribal Consultation under Cultural Resource Authorities. 1996. Washington. Washington. Bureau of Water Quality Planning.. Romin. Utah Field Office Guidelines for Raptor Protection from Human and Land Use Disturbances.A.gov/bwqp/bmp05. Special Status Species Management. Manual 8270. Salt Lake City. BLM Manual 8120 . Final Vegetation Treatments on Bureau of Land Management Lands in 17 Western States Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Draft Wildlife Survey Protocols BLM Nevada. USDOI BLM. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES References Connelly.S. Nevada. Reno. D. USDOI BLM.A.. Nevada. C.C. 2008b. D. 2007b.C. 2008c. and Standards. 2000. USDOI BLM. Integrated Weed Management. Sands. 2004a. Washington. D. and C. Partners against Weeds: An Action Plan for the Bureau of Land Management. Nevada. Washington. USDOI BLM 2004b. A. Release 9-935.S.A. USDOI BLM.R. Reno. Washington. USDOI BLM. Rawlings. Paleontological Resource Management. Muck. USDOI BLM. 1989. 2012.A. Burned Area Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation. Nevada Raptors: Their Biology and Management. Handbook H-1742-1. Available at URL: http://ndep.. USDOI BLM. Washington. Handbook H-8270-1 General Procedural Guidance for Paleontological Resource Management. Mortimore. D. G. Nevada Department of Wildlife Biological Bulletin No. Handbook H-8120-1. L. and M. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-27 September 2013 . 1992. 2007c. and J. USDOI BLM. Guidelines to Manage Sage Grouse Populations and Their Habitats. Reno. 1999. 1985. Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. Nevada. Reno.C. 2008. Department of the Interior USFWS Utah Field Office. Nevada Contractors Field Guide for Construction Site Best Management Practices. USDOI BLM. Washington. BLM Manual Section 9015. D.

2010. Cheyenne. Battle Mountain District Mount Lewis Field Office. Nevada. 3 Bars Project Draft EIS C-28 September 2013 . Battle Mountain. B. New Mexico. Jansens. and Zeedyk Ecological Consulting. Protocols for Treating Sagebrush to Benefit Sage Grouse (11-29-2010).. Wyoming Game and Fish Department. Earth Works Institute. Biological Assessment for the 3 Bars Ecosystem and Landscape Restoration Project.org/Publications/Publications_for_Download/index. Available at URL: http://quiviracoalition. and J. Wyoming. Zeedyk. An Introduction to Erosion Control. Second Edition. The Quivira Coalition. Santa Fe.html. 2006. 2013b.STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES USDOI BLM.