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# ESc201 : Introduction to Electronics

Operational Amplifier Part-2

Shilpi Gupta
Dept. of Electrical Engineering
IIT Kanpur
Mar 9, 2017
1
Comparator: Opamp under open Loop condition

VO
VCC

VS2 -VS1
-VCC
2
~ -12V

~ +12V

3
Comparator

4
Schmitt Trigger

5
Schmitt Trigger

6
Integrator

7
Differentiator

8
Log Amplifier

9
Temperature Sensor ?

But IS is a function of temperature as well.

10
D

+VCC
VS
R1 VO1

-VCC

11
D

+VCC
VS
R1 VO1

-VCC

Output voltage is directly proportional to temperature
12
AntiLog Amplifier

13
Multiplier

14
Experiment 7
(Mar 20-22 [Mon, Tue, Wed sections], Mar 31 [Fri sections])

Operational Amplifier Circuits
Concepts
Op-amp
Open Loop
Amplifier and Comparator
Feedback
Negative
Inverting, Non-inverting, Difference Amplifiers
Virtual Ground
Positive
Schmitt Trigger
Op-amp 741
Familiarize with pin names
before connecting in the
circuit
Connect the op-amp such that its pin 1 is on your left side
Be doubly sure that the +12 V (pin 7) and 12 V (pin 4) supplies are
connected properly to the op-amp. If you interchange these connections
or connect them to some other pins, the op-amp will get damaged
instantly. This is the most common reason for op-amp damage.
Make sure to turn the power supply on after all the connections are made,
and turn it off after the measurements are done.
It is a good practice to keep the DSO and FG in ON condition. Connect the
FG output to the left side of the breadboard and use a jumper to connect
it your circuit as required. Note that the FG signal should appear at the
op-amp circuit input only after it receives DC power.
Inverting Amplifier
Wire the circuit of Fig. 6. Choose R2 = 51 k . Adjust
the FG output to produce Vi = 0.1 sin( t) (f = 1 kHz).
Observe and sketch the Vi and V0 waveforms.
Measure the voltage gain Av V0/Vi.

Do theoretical Av and
experimental Av
match?
Non-inverting Amplifier
Wire the circuit of Fig. 7. Choose R2 = 51 k . Adjust
the FG output to produce Vi = 0.1 sin( t) (f = 1 kHz).
Observe and sketch Vi and V0 waveforms.
Measure the voltage gain.

Do theoretical Av and
experimental Av
match?
Difference Amplifier
Difference Amplifier

R2 R4 R R2
V0 Vi1 Vi 2 1
R1 R4 R R3 R1
Difference Amplifier
Choose R such that
Common Mode Gain
R2
51 k
R1
10 k
2
6
R
V0
+ 3
R3
Vi 10 k R4
47 k

R
10 k
Fig.8
Vi to both R1 and R3. Adjust the FG
output to produce Vi = 10 sin( t) (f = 1
kHz).
Observe the output voltage V0 on the
DSO and minimize its amplitude by
adjusting the 10 k potentiometer.
Perform this step as best as you can. As
V0 decreases with the potentiometer
adjustment, increase the sensitivity of
the DSO channel and obtain the very
minimum possible V0.
Keep this setting of the potentiometer
unchanged for the next part of the
experiment.
Calculate Ac (V0/Vi) common-mode

Choose R such
that Acm is
minimum

For common mode gain, Vi1 = Vi2
Differential Gain
Adjust the FG output to give Vi = 0.5 sin( t) (f
= 1 kHz).
Calculate Ad (V0/Vi) differential-mode