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Schlumberger Private

Anti Collision RISK and Survey
Management
D&M-SQ-S002
Luis Felipe Gonzalez
Importance of Well Surveying

 Certainty of well trajectory

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 Reach the geological target

 Manage Collision Risk with offset wells or LIH Tools

 Intersect relief wells

 Comply with local regulations

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Surveys’ Uncertainty
 Errors due to sensors resolution
 Errors in Depth Measurement

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 Errors in surface coordinates and elevations
 Errors due to Magnetic Interference
 Errors due to tool misalignment

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Surveys’ Uncertainty
(Ellipses of Uncertainty EOU)
 This is a method to quantify errors produced on directional
surveys.

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 The size of the EOUs is in function of:
 Surveying Tool Semi-minor axis

 Surveys frequency
 Magnetic Interference
 Inclination and direction
 of the well
 Geographical Location
Semi-major axis

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Ellipses of Uncertainty (EOUs)

 EOUs size increases along the
well
EOUs size is in function of the

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survey tool error code used
 This tool error code has been
defined by the ISCWA

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Ellipses of Uncertainty (EOUs)
Major - Azimuth
Ellipsoid Axes
Minor –Inclination
Survey
Depth

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Inclination
Azimuth

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Do you know the
cumulative uncertainty
in your well trajectory?

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Importance of Preventing Well Collisions

• Safety – Gas and Oil flow with high pressure

• Environment Protection – Hydrocarbons spills

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• Reputation - Credibility and Company Image

• Economics – Legal issues, loss of revenue,

equipment damage, well abandonment, etc.

• Business Strategy – Loss of drilling license

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Schlumberger Archive

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Causes of Well Collision
• Human failures (Main Cause)

• Bad procedures or drilling practices

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• Lack of communication

• Lack of quality control on surveying data

• Inability to recognize early signals of collision

• Lack of Anti-Collision Awareness and Risk Management

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World Wide Wells

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SPE 101719, SPE 108279, SPE 121040
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World Wide Exemptions

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SPE 101719, SPE 108279, SPE 121040
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World Wide Wells

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World Wide Exemptions

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Reasons of Higher Collision Risk

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Reasons of Higher Collision Risk

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How to Prevent a Collision?
 Anti-Collision Process Training
 AC Risk Awareness and Management
 Understanding of AC Policy and drilling procedures

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 Survey Management and Shallow Kick Off (Nudge)
 Validation of Survey Database
 Use of separation factors
 Proper planning of future wells (Slot Distribution)
 Proper use of well references (North and Elevations)
 Enough Non-Magnetic material in the BHA

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Well with Nudge to avoid collision at surface
sections

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Proper Planning for Future Wells
-6 -5 -5 -4 -4 -3 -3 -2 -2 -1 -1 0 1 1 2 2 3 3

8 8

8 8

7 7

7 Zaap 27/RE/24-Ago-06/Gyro Final 7

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6 6

D
800 TV

200
900 TVD

6 6

T VD
700
TVD
<<< S Scale = 1(cm):0.5(m) N >>>

5 5
0 TVD
10
0T

600 TVD
VD

5 5

10
00
4 TV
D 4
500 TVD

4 4

3 3
400 TV
D

3 3

2 Zaap 25/RE/26-Oct-06/Gyro Final + MWD + Blnd 2

2 300 TV
D
2

1 1
True

Grid

1 1
Mag
200 TVD

0 0 TVD 0
100
TVD

-1 -1

-6 -5 -5 -4 -4 -3 -3 -2 -2 -1 -1 0 1 1 2 2 3 3
<<< W Scale = 1(cm):0.5(m) E >>>

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Survey and AC Standard

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SLB Anti Collision Rules

 OSF >1.5 and ct-to-ct > MASD (Surface Rule) or > 30
ft (non Pad) :
– Drill ahead

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 OSF < 1.5 or ct-to-ct < MASD (Surface Rule) or < 30 ft
(non Pad) :
– STOP Drilling, invoke Exemption and drill ahead with P,
VP or GM approval and Client Indemnification

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Separation Factor

Subject EOU
Separation
Well Offset Well
Factor = 1.5
EOU Separated by
1.5 x Sum of

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Esferas de .
Cierre EOU’s Radius

EOU
Ct to Ct Offset Well
Subject Well Distance at closer point

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Separation Factor

Separation
Factor = 1 EOU’s
Offset
Well
EOU’s touch each other

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Offset
Well
Ct to Ct
EOU’s Distance at closer point
Subject Well
Subject Well

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Oriented Separation Factor

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OSF

 OSF doesn’t take into account the major axis, but the size of the EOU
in direction to the offset well
 The result is a bigger separation between ellipses, therefore we get
a less conservative analysis

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Surface Rule, MASD

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R1 R2
ct-to-ct

clearance

MASD = (0.8*clearance)+R1+R2
Ct-to-ct distance must be larger than MASD at all time

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Land – PAD Drilling

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16 ft 8 ft

Murray 1-14B, 1-14A, 1-14C and 1-14D

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Alert Zones
Buffer Zone
1.5 < OSF < 5
There is no risk of

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collision
Drilling is safe but
constant monitoring is
necessary otherwise the
subject well might fall
into a minor risk zone.

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Alert Zones
Minor Risk
1 < OSF < 1.5
There is a minor risk of

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collision
The minimum separation
factor rule has been
violated, drilling is not
possible unless a proper
exemption has been
approved.

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Alert Zones
Major Risk
OSF < 1
There is a major risk of

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collision.
Drilling must be suspended.
SLB recommends to use
Gyro tools to reduce
uncertainty and increase
OSF. Exemption is required
to drill ahead.

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Anti-Collision Summary Report

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Real Example of Collision

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Traveling Cylinder
North
0
340 20
150

320 40
125

100
When the subject well
si at 1628 MD, the

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300 60
75

offset well will be at
Plan – Subject Well 50
138m Ct-Ct to 110 deg
280 80
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azimuth
Surveys Actual Trajectory ADP
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Well C West
50

50
260 100
75

75
0
10

10

16
5

0
12

28
12
When the subject well is

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0
15

5

15
40 0
240 120

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at 1677 MD, the offset
16 68

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16 7
65
MD Actual Well
well will be at 55m Ct-Ct
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7
16

220 140

to 160deg azimuth Well C West
90

Offset Well
17
02

200 160
17

180

No-Go Zone
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Anti-Collision Risk

 HSE Risk
– Not acceptable

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– Dealt case by case basis
– Require D&M P, VP approval
 Financial Risk
– Acceptable
– Require D&M GM approval

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Hazard Analysis and Risk Control

Risk Assessment Matrix -25 to -20

-16 to -10
BLACK
RED
NON-OPERABLE: Evacuate the zone and or area/country
INTOLERABLE: Do not take this risk

-9 to -5 YELLOW UNDESIRABLE: Demonstrate ALARP before proceeding

-4 to -2 GREEN ACCEPTABLE: Proceed carefully, with continuous improvement

-1 BLUE NEGLIGIBLE: Safe to proceed

Likely
Improbable

Unlikely

Possible

Probable
Mitigation

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Control
Measures 1 2 3 4 5

Prevention LIKELIHOOD

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5
Light -1 1L 2L 3L 4L 5L

-2 -4 -6 -8 -10
Serious -2 1S 1S 3S 4S 5S

SEVERITY
-3 -6 -9 -12 -15
- SPE 121040, Anti-Collision Risk Management Major -3 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M

Standard for Well Placement Catastrophic -4
-4
1C
-8
2C
-12
3C
-16
4C
-20
5C

- SPE 108279 , Minimizing the Risk of Well Multi-Catastrophic -5
-5 -10 -15 -20 -25
1MC 2MC 3MC 5MC

Collisions in Land and Offshore Drilling
4MC

White arrow indicates decreasing risk

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Production Environment

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Examples Of Well Collision Murray 1-14D
 Immediate tangible cost is estimated at USD $ 200 K
– Remediation work to retrieve and replace the damaged tubing
– Damage to the 4 1/2” tubing (replaced) and 8 5/8” casing (not repaired)
 Intangible cost includes:

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– Client man-hours
– Loss of production from resulting delay to complete the well
– Client relationship and professional reputation of Schlumberger

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Examples Of Well Collision Ku-1271
 Ku-1271 collide with a no-documented SideTrack of Ku-62
 Platform productions suspended 1 week to take new Gyros

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Drilling Office -Official Software

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AC Report Spider Plot DD ToolBox

T-Plot
Travelling Cylinder Visualization

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