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FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA

OIL TO AIR BUSHINGS SERIES PNO
VOLTAGE FROM 300 TO 765 kV

STORAGE, OPERATING
AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

IS2470GB

...................................................................................3 1..............................................................................................12 6............................1 (ra) ............................16 7 FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING PNO 765 KV ...............................................................................le Suzzani...4 MAINTENANCE ..............................2 ACCEPTANCE..............................................................................................................17 7..............................................................................................14 6................12 6.........................................................................................................................................................5 ICE AND SNOW DEPOSITS........................12 5 TEMPERATURE LIMITS ..............................6 3..............................................1 PAINTING ..................................3 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS .......................................Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa................... V...........................................................9 4...............................4 OIL SIDE DEFLECTOR.......com Page 2 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA INDEX 1 DESCRIPTION ...........................................................14 6.................9 4...................................................................................................................................................... 2.....................8 OIL SAMPLING .......................................................................................................................................................6 2..........................3 2 PACKING AND STORAGE............................................... ..................1 PACKING .................................6.... 02-66122............................. .....................................11 4..............................................................................................5 MEASUREMENT OF DIELECTRIC LOSSES ..............................................2 UNPACKED BUSHING .....................................................6 3 LIFTING AND TRANSPORTATION ...............................................................................................................1 DRAW LEAD CONNECTION..........7 EXTRAORDINARY CHECKS.............15 6...12 6 SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE..3)...................................6 3..........................1 OIL SIDE DEFLECTOR (SEE PAR...................................................................8 CONNECTION TO BUCHHOLZ RELAY .......................................................................................................................................2 SAFETY .........................................................................................6 OIL FILLING OF THE TUBE OF THE BUSHING.....................................................................................................3 SHIPMENT TO THE END USER.............................11 4....................................................................3 1...........17 First edition March 1973 Revision C September 2003 Revision A September 1984 Revision D September 2005 Revision B June 2001 Revision E March 2008 .............8 4.........................................7 OIL LEVEL REGULATION ..................................................................................................................................................................15 6....................................................................................................11 4....................................................8 4 INSTALLATION ON THE TRANSFORMER..............................2 CHECKS AFTER INSTALLATION .......................................................................................15 6..12 4...5 2..................................................................1 GENERAL .1 PACKED BUSHING ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 2...............2 DRAW ROD CONNECTION .........................8 4.......................................... 229 ....3 1.............................................................................................................................12 6...................................................................................................3 STORAGE..........2 LIFTING AND TRANSPORTATION (SEE PAR.17 7..................20162 Milano (Italy) Tel..................................................3 DISASSEMBLY OF THE BUSHING .........................................................3 BOTTOM CONNECTION....................4).......6 CHECKS ON OLD BUSHINGS ...................................................6 3...... 2......................................................

for installation with inclination up to 30° from the vertical (fig. Design. according to IEC 60137 Standard “Insulated bushings for alternating voltages above 1000 V”. The installation. The designation of the bushing is made as in the following example: PNO.3 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS These bushings are capacitance-graded type. and CAUTION (minor hazard) signs. components and manufacturing technology guarantee an average lifetime longer than 30 years.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. to reduce the water content in the “PNO” . 1.le Suzzani.1250 P Condenser bushing (“P” from Italian word “Passante”) N Normal tail type. operation and maintenance of the bushings.com Page 3 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 1 DESCRIPTION 1.525. oil to air O Oil paper insulation (OIP) 525 Rated voltage (in kV) 1550 BIL – Basic Insulation Level (in kV) 1250 Rated current (in A) 1.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. 1 . Fig.3. 1). provided for operation with the upper part in the open air (normally or highly polluted atmosphere) and with the lower part immersed in the transformer oil.1 Insulation The main electrical insulation is given by a condenser 1. V. Please follow carefully all the instructions of the manual and pay attention to the WARNING (severe hazard).1 GENERAL body. Other information are given regarding their service and maintenance. No compliance with these procedures and instructions can involve very severe and dangerous conditions for the personnel and the property. condenser bushings of series Heated cylinders and infrared rays dry the paper during winding. oil impregnated type (OIP). in normal operation conditions. made of a continuous sheet of pure kraft paper. These instructions are applicable to the OIP (oil-paper) wound around a tube or conductor rod.Rated voltage 300 to 765 kV paper to 1% maximum. 02-66122.2 SAFETY This manual must be available to the personnel responsible of the installation. 229 . and give all general information to be followed from the receipt of bushings until their installation on the transformer.1550.1 (ra) . operation and maintenance of the bushings present conditions of no safety and it is necessary to follow carefully specific procedures and instructions.

They sheds).8. in order to obtain the best impregnation and to test the perfect tightness. embedded in the mass itself.3. the recommendations of Standards.Potential device tap (voltage tap) – on request.4. to More pieces of porcelain are used. requirements. consists of a cemented to the flange.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel.5.com Page 4 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA During the winding a sequence of aluminium foils. is inserted The metal components of the head are made of between the layers of paper. V. o-ring type. moreover they the external ambient are protected by means of a can grant the possibility of making metal parts silicone sealing. In case of used also for special low ambient temperature bottom connection execution it is fixed. Flat gaskets are fitted concentrically to o-rings. it is coupled to the gas absorption capacity in presence of an electrical conductor by means of multi-blades contacts. which is grounded. For special requirements regarding low ambient temperatures (up to -55°C) special o-rings are 1. . thickness and dimension tolerance not curing quick.3. with the function of reducing the (having max. Upon request a magnetic oil level indicator can be The winding is made by computer controlled supplied.9. These foils grade the aluminium alloy casting and acts as oil reservoir. 02-66122. Gaskets The shed configuration is alternated type (small-large Made of Fluorcarbonium elastomer. i. The impregnation is made under pressure order to ease the lead connection operations. This is the most effective solution as proved are compatible with impregnating oil of bushing and by salt tests and the profile of sheds complies with hot mineral oil of the transformer. machines. The of the bushing. shapes. Terminal can be made of aluminium or copper. kept at 4⋅10 mm Hg for some days and impregnated with oil aluminium sheet. All this process is automatic and with the following accessories: computer controlled.6.7.3. fixing flange. . creepage distance normally for very high-polluted atmosphere (VHP): 31 mm/kV. the chemical constancy make it better and preferable to aluminium one can be without any surface treatment the mineral oil. and it is field.e. best possible distribution of the radial and longitudinal The bushing head operates as oil compensator and is electrical gradient between the conductor and the provided by an oil level indicator.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.2 Air side . long time experienced in the cable field. Furthermore the air side porcelain is epoxy resin is bi-components type.le Suzzani. Before the impregnation.Buchholz relay connection. Oil side shield and placed into an oven at 105 °C. 1. 1. For bushings greater than 420 kV the oil side 1. for the manufacturing of the transformer obtained by compression springs placed at the head side envelope in the re-entrant type bushing. prevent a direct contact from the metal parts and the without using gaskets in between.1 (ra) . Assembling been employed by PASSONI & VILLA for the first Mechanical coupling among all the components is time in 1963. Flange After impregnation the head of bushing is filled with The flange made of aluminium casting and is equipped nitrogen cushion. the copper one is always tinned. After the winding the bushing is assembled 1. Head and oil level indication cylindrical shape and coaxial disposition.3. The epoxy resin envelopes have The cemented used is a monocalcic aluminized type. epoxy resin glued.Oil sampling valve. porcelain envelope.3. colour (upon request grey colour or resin fibre-glass envelope covered with silicone sheds). It has an optimum stability to The HV terminal can be removable in case of draw the electrical and thermal stresses and exceptional lead or draw rod execution. These characteristics together with physical- depending from the rated current of the bushing. treated under -2 The oil side is shielded by a suitable electrode. in order to have a stronger resin base and a hardener. All the cement surfaces in contact with possible to be achieved by porcelains. so it can be fixed on the head by means of four screws.3. 1. The oil side envelope is made of moulded epoxy resin for bushings up to 420 kV. . with a . Versions with under flange sleeve in oil side for CT The impregnation is made with synthetic oil accommodation.10. This type of housing has 1. humidity content of 3 ppm and suitably dielectric strength in oil.3.3 Oil side foreseen. Type of dielectric envelope is made of one piece porcelain. The air side envelope is made of porcelain. are available upon request. 1. made of nitrile mixtures. HV terminal DDB is made by a mixture of monoalkylbenzols. dodecylbenzene (DDB). 229 . made of vacuum (each bushing individually). prismatic glass type.3. This is an oil with high electrical and constant characteristics.3. 1. with simultaneous machining to the final shape. oil is suitably or silver plated. Its pour point is lower than -55°C.Power factor tap. quartz sand. The shield is removable in degassed). brown .Lifting holes. with lateral saturated chains. the charge material is mechanical resistance.

2a) there are the following information: Remember to lay down the bushing following 1 .TRAVERSEE. 3.Rated current grants that the dimensions of cases.Type of bushing carefully the indication of the yellow label sticked in the bushing’s head. the lower part of the Each bushing is provided of two name plates. 2a The month is indicated by a code. before packing. 229 . positioned on the head: ITALY 7 the bushing has to be positioned with the oil level PASSANTE.com Page 5 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA dried.3.11. 2. as follows: A = January L = July B = February M = August C = March P = September D = April R = October E = May S = November H = June T = December On the second plate. 3 Fig. with bushing is cleaned from the oil and the porcelain from serial number and all the electrical data. plate (fig.Max. N░ 6 2 kV A 50. DDB is fully compatible 2 PACKING AND STORAGE and miscible with transformer mineral oil.DURCHFUHRUNG 1 indicator towards the bottom.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.Serial number CAUTION 7 .1 (ra) . are smaller and the transportation less costly. On the main position. 2b) – Serial number – Main capacitance measured value – Tap capacitance measured value – Dissipation factor measured value – Standard reference – Available Fig. 2a and 2b) are made of stainless steel bottom part.Month and year of production 8 . 2 . Thanks to a special device to prevent the with the prescription of IEC Standards.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. make sure to follow the indications written MILAN in the yellow label of fig. mounting angle bushing.Insulating voltages The possibility of positioning bushings in horizontal 3 . degassed and filtered.1 PACKING 1.BUSHING. in accordance the dust. 2b . diffusion of the nitrogen cushion of the head into the The plates (fig. containing one 4 .(Available) When the bushing is positioned in horizontal position. there are the following information (fig.60Hz Kg 3 4 5 8 Fig. 5 . 02-66122. bushings can be packed in horizontal and are placed on the flange by nails.le Suzzani.Weight 6 . Name plate After the tests. V.

if made of epoxy resin.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.com Page 6 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 2.Make sure that the anchoring elements are in up to – 55°C. Please consider that each bushing has been tested with the tail immersed in oil. the bushings can be stored at temperature . 4. or by a metallic Upon receipt of the goods the Customer should operate container. 02-66122. 4). 5. 4 order to avoid dangerous movements. Until the bushing is not installed on the transformer it has to be considered as an apparatus for indoor installation. • If the shock watch indicator is red don’t refuse shipment. • In case any damage is found.3 STORAGE Although there are no preclusion for the bushings Fig. leave in original packaging and request an immediate inspection from carrier within 15 days of delivery.MILANO (ITALY) PHONE: +39-02-661221 FAX: +39-02-6470906 E-mail: info@passoni-villa. V. that is with the oil level indicator To take the bushing out of the case. special care must be taken in order to avoid that the lower part of the bushing. oil filled and hermetic: bushings so as follows: protected can be shipped and stored for a long time • Check the external surfaces of the packing cases: even in the most unfavourable weather conditions.2 ACCEPTANCE lower part protected by a rigid container. hermetic and containing silicagel salt. it is better to follow the suggested options.1 PACKED BUSHING give the forwarding agent a written claim and notify The case containing the bushings can be easily lifted PASSONI & VILLA with the details of the packing with a tackle by applying the ropes on the points and list. 5 remaining in the open air.No sign of damage have to be found. order and securely fixed. • Considering the weight and the dimensions it is On request. 5). where special o-rings are . but nevertheless it is better to keep the bushing in a dry ambient. number of the bushing. including the number of the case and the serial with the inclination as indicated in fig.A. 229 . operate according towards the bottom. from -25 to +50 °C. especially in the joints between good conditions of any part.Open the packing case by removing its cover. as indicated by the yellow label put to the following suggestions: on the head of the bushing and reproduced in fig.. The bushings must be kept in their original packing and 3. for a long period storage (greater than advisable to use two tackles or two equivalent one year) the bushings can also be shipped with the lifting systems. .2 UNPACKED BUSHING in their initial position.Viale Suzzani 229 20162 .1 (ra) . Moreover 3. When the bushing is taken out from the storage is .20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. During the period prior the final installation of the bushing on the transformer. . porcelain and metal parts and that there are no breaks or broken parts. to the following address: Some indications appear also in the packing case. in Fig.Make sure that there are no leaks from the necessary to make a visual check to be sure about the bushings. it is preferable to store them in a closed location. therefore some oil traces can CAUTION be found.The shockwatch indicator. placed in the external The temperature range acceptable for the storage is part of each packing case (fig. must be white. AREVA-PASSONI & VILLA S. remains outside and in very humid places for long periods. . make a notation on delivery receipt and For special requirements regarding low ambient inspect for damage as follow: temperatures (see par. In fact the resin- moulded envelope is not hygroscopic.le Suzzani. nevertheless.com 2. 3 LIFTING AND TRANSPORTATION The bushings type PNO are sturdy.p. foreseen.

6 If the air side is film glass made.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. 7a CAUTION This is a delicate operation. because there is the risk to damage them. the rope has not to be fixed between petticoats. 6a). Make all these operations only by expert people. 6): the first type is an eyebolt screwed on one flange’s fixing hole. be sure that the ropes are well fixed. Bushing Type φ (mm) S (mm) 300 kV M12 screwed eyebolt 30 12 362 kV M20 screwed eyebolt 42 17 420 kV M20 screwed eyebolt 42 17 550 kV M20 screwed eyebolt 42 17 765 kV Cast eyebolt 48 35 Fig. 7c and 7d). Before to start the handling.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. So place the rope between the head and the first petticoat • Apply a second rope at the same two lifting holes Fig. V. 7e).com Page 7 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA • Apply a rope at the two lifting holes on the flange and fasten it with a string around the upper petticoats of the porcelain (from second and third) (fig.1 (ra) . • Handle with the two tackles in order to bring the bushing to the vertical position (fig. 7a). Note that the lifting flange holes may be of two different types (fig. . 229 . the other one is cast on the flange itself. • Lift with the two tackles and hold the bushing in horizontal position (fig. 7d • Place the bushing on a trestle (Fig. 7b). Fig.le Suzzani. Fig. Table 1 shows dimensions and type of the flange eyebolts depending of the bushing’s type. 02-66122. 7c (fig. 7b Table 1 Cast eyebolt Screwed eyebolt Fig.

press softly on the smooth surface of the lug (3). Verify that the o-ring remains seated in the recessed gasket retention groove. brought back to blue colour). they have to be dried into an oven (i. up to the lug placed in the upper bushing with the head lower than the tail and with part of the bushing (fig. keeping the terminal well centered on the axis of the bushing. 8 • Remove the copper lug (3) from the central tube of the bushing. after the transformer factory tests. has to be made either with the original packing or with a new one. 229 . Fig. electrically testing it. Apply the second rope at the two lifting holes (fig. • Remove the locking pin (4) from the lug hole. made with the same principles. it will be still necessary to operate with two independent Before installation.1 (ra) . for 24 hours and gently rock it to release any residual of nitrogen gas.3 SHIPMENT TO THE END USER Shipment of bushing made by the transformer manufacturer. located inside the terminal. which may have been trapped in the Apply a rope at the two lifting holes on the flange and insulation. make sure to follow the indications written in the yellow label of fig. 3. keep the bushing in vertical position tackles. CAUTION When the bushing is positioned in horizontal position in the case. in order to be sure that no nitrogen goes in the lower part of the bushing.) because the multicontact blades (2). 7c). 7e Inclined mounting 4 INSTALLATION ON THE TRANSFORMER If the bushing has to be mounted in inclined position. Pull the HV top terminal (1) from the lug (3). 02-66122. In this case silicagel salts used to protect the oil side from humidity. The necessary force is small (about 10 kg. following information: 4.e. 7a). positioned on the head: the bushing has to be positioned with the oil level indicator towards the bottom.le Suzzani.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. it must be enclosed with the protection bag. 11 and fig. The installation of the bushing on the transformer and the coupling with the insulated connection coming from Lift the bushing (fig. V. 12).1 DRAW LEAD CONNECTION CAUTION In this type of execution the current in the bushing is carried out directly by the lead coming from the In all the operations of handling avoid to put the transformer’s winding. remove the 4 x M8 screws and lock washers. . which secure it to the bushing head.com Page 8 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 3.e. In any case it is advisable to keep the fasten it with a string around the upper petticoats of the bushing in a vertical position for about 48 hours prior to porcelain (from second and third). if they are pink colour). 8).20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. 7d) and operate with the two the winding must be executed according to the tackles in order to give the request inclination (fig. Particularly if the bottom part of the bushings is made of epoxy resin. the oil level upward (fig. have to be checked: if they have absorbed humidity (i. Complete the assembly as follows: • The lug has to be removed from the head of the bushing in order to make the connection: to disas- semble the HV top terminal cap (1). Fig.

of the draw lead to the copper lug. carrying the current. • Lift and install the bushing according to the There are some types of bottom connection terminals. assure the transformer oil tightness and for this reason it is . upon customer request (fig. • Hexagon type (fig. keeping the of holes in order to make the transformer winding terminal well centered on the axis of the bushing. 12.le Suzzani.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. 1). 11.5 mm and a maximum diameter • Place the gasket on the flange on the transformer. supplied with the bushing’s order bushing and the oil of the transformer. 11. It can be also sectioned in two parts. Every type of bottom connection terminal has a system • Insert the HV terminal on the lug.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. the the multicontact blades. • Place the bolts on the flange of the bushing. 4. 02-66122. The connector to the HV terminal must be of compatible material. but now instead of a lug it is used a conductor that is placed inside the bushing all along it and coming out from the bottom part. 14). in the lug. 14).1 (ra) . • Cross type (fig.2 DRAW ROD CONNECTION In this type of execution the internal bushing’s conductor. connection. involved in this assembly. it is advisable to protect the lead coming from the winding of the • Fix a thread to the lug. 14). of 2 mm smaller than the internal one of the tube (to • Slide inside the central bushing’s tube from the permit the oil circulation). 9 10. The connection coming from the transformer has to be soldered to the lower extremity of the conductor. bottom the lug with the lead. 14) is obtained by means of special inner lugs. having sufficient diameter the terminal and apply a specific grease for for the connection but a maximum diameter 3 mm electrical contact and then assembly the connector lower than that of the lug. press softly on the smooth surface of the lug. the passage of current from the bottom terminal and the tube and from the tube and the top bushing terminal (item 2 of fig. it is suggested to insulate with a minimum layer of 1. For a better bushing’s tail insulation. equipped with multicontact blades (item 1 – fig. 11. instructions of par. 3. • Be sure the pin is centred. • Mount the terminal on the lug as described hereunder. V. is not confirmation. 11). 12. 229 . the locking pin. Fig.com Page 9 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA • Cut the connection at a right size Lcut plus 20 mm necessary to block the terminal before filling the for the soldering of the lug. in order to make easier the transport of the transformer. using the M12 hole (fig. Tighten the screws by a moment of 13 Nm. 13. 13). The procedure is similar as the draw lead execution. through brazing. Clean well • Make a hole. The gasket placed between the two pieces. 13. 12.3 BOTTOM CONNECTION In this type of execution the current is carried directly by the central bushing conductor. 4. holes are threaded. to the terminal • Make the connection. all made of • Align the hole in the lug with the hole in the central copper: tube and secure the lug in position by reinstalling • Palm type (fig. The necessary force is small (about 10 kg) because In the case of hexagon type of bottom connection. • Clamping type (fig. The top terminal cap will hold the pin in place. 10. located inside the terminal. 13. is rigid and removable. note that the size Lcut is transformer with oil. transformer with paper. The gasket which is necessary indicated on the “bushing overall dimensions” to assure the tightness between the oil of the drawing. 12).

10 In this type of bushing connection the top terminal (2) has not to be dismounted. Then these four screws have to be tightened with a torque of 13 Nm. 229 . V. 11 Hexagon type bottom terminal Palm type bottom terminal . in order to permit to the air inside the internal central tube of the bushing to flow out during filling. Only if the transformer oil filling is not made under Fig.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.le Suzzani. 1 1 2 2 Fig.com Page 10 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 2 1 1 3 2 Fig. It is fixed with four M8 screws to the bushing head and includes in one piece also the internal connection lug with multicontact blades (1). 12 vacuum it is suggested to loosen the four screws of the Cross type bottom terminal HV terminal. 02-66122.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel.1 (ra) . 13 Fig.

the flange is provided with a plug There are two shield’s versions: which allows the air to flow out (fig. Furthermore lift a little the HV terminal in order to allow • Deflector removable upwards: it can be unscrewed the air to go out and complete the filling of the upwards (fig. Then these four screws have to be tightened with a torque of 13 Nm. For this purpose. 229 . 4. increasing the dielectric strength in oil and screen the In case the oil filling is made from the top of the connection between the lead coming form the transformer without the vacuum treatment. in order to improve the bushing cooling. in a suitable slot on the thread temperature (up to 90°C) which occur during the there an o-ring is placed in order to act as a brake treatment of the live part made inside the transformer against a possible deflector’s movement due to case. it is necessary to make aluminium insulated electrode. . Take care that this remains in its slot during deflector dismounting. transformer and of the lower part of the inner tube of • Deflector with bayonet coupling: it can be removed the bushing. without the presence of air bubbles. necessary to be sure that the oil level reaches the This deflector is removable to facilitate the connection bushing flange.com Page 11 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA CAUTION During handling.4 OIL SIDE DEFLECTOR The bottom end of the bushing is shielded by a suitable After the closure of the bushing. in order to permit to the air inside withstand capability. 15 CAUTION 4. Fig. between transformer cable and bushing. 15). and terminal has not to be dismounted.le Suzzani. has to be put in service. Bushings can withstand the vacuum conditions and In the first execution.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. 16).1 (ra) . 14 Clamping type bottom terminal Fig. take care to not damage the exter- nal finishing coat of the dielectric shield. It has the function of the vacuum on the transformer and then fill it with oil. the internal central tube of the bushing to flow out during filling. it is recommendable before to Only if the transformer oil filling is not made under remove from every bushing’s porcelain excessive ice or vacuum it is suggested to loosen the four screws of snow deposits. 4. it is transformer winding and the bushing itself. vibrations during service. which can reduce the dielectric the HV terminal.6 OIL FILLING OF THE TUBE OF THE BUSHING It is foreseen that the bushing operates with the inner tube filled with the transformer’s oil at least up to the flange. downwards rotating and pulling down its body.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. V.5 ICE AND SNOW DEPOSITS If the transformer is installed in arctic climate with In the bottom connection execution the top HV bushings mounted in inclined position (about 30°). important in the dielectric strength of the bushing oil side. 02-66122.

in vertical more leads.8 CONNECTION TO BUCHHOLZ RELAY 6. 16) in order to: The flange and the head of the bushing are made of aluminium casting. the oil level reaches about the half of the prismatic In order to comply with these limits. The customer therefore has to give a paint coating at the moment of installation on the transformer. it should be better to regulate the oil level. 17). the PF tap has to be grounded maintaining screwed its proper tap.7 OIL LEVEL REGULATION The over-temperatures allowed are in accordance to In the factory. In this case we suggest to unscrew the plug and leave Furthermore it is suggested.25°C Oil temperature: Maximum: +100°C Max. through the head’s plug placed in other special or different condition please inform the upper part of the head. outdoor ones. . 6 SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE 4. if foreseen. Fig. Their surface is chemically treated by a chemical • Eliminate the air pocket which may be formed process which gives a good resistance to ambient and during some executions and by the filling of the pollution attack. a rotating white / red dial For special requirements regarding low ambient helps the reading.le Suzzani.2 CHECKS AFTER INSTALLATION After the installation on the transformer it is advisable to make a check of the bushing capacitance and tgδ. daily mean: + 30°C bushings it must be considered the natural derating and ageing of the gaskets Minimum: . The spring closing system is calibrated in order the vertical. In case of old Max. having a total section that gives a current 2 position. For any oil accurately treated. close for bushings indoor installation and after 5 years for the plug. 10) in order to have a visible oil the bushings level in the whole range of operating temperatures. to maintain the bushing hermeticity at these extreme Remove some bushing’s oil or add transformer mineral conditions and the oil maintains its proprieties. temperatures (up to –55°C) special o-rings are When the bushing is mounted on the transformer in foreseen.1 PAINTING A 1/2” GAS plug is placed on the bushing flange (fig. 02-66122. draw lead connection. 16 On request bushings can be provided with PD (Voltage) tap. V. daily mean: + 90°C 4. it is suggested to use one or Bushings are filled in order to assure. • Connect the relay tube.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. which is suitable either for the con- nection to a Potential Device or for the measurement of the power factor (fig. to give a further paint coating. upper part of the transformer not under vacuum. made of nitrile mixtures for low tempera- inclined position with an angle higher than 10-15° from tures. 16). in bushing with indicator (or magnetic one) at 20°C. the bushings are filled with oil in order IEC 60137 Standard.com Page 12 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 5 TEMPERATURE LIMITS CAUTION Bushings of the series PNO are designed for operation at temperatures according to IEC 60137 Standard: The characteristic of withstanding vacuum and Ambient temperature: Maximum: + 40°C temperature refers to new bushings.1 (ra) . a visible oil level in the whole range of density not bigger than 2 A/mm . operating temperatures. 1/ 2" GAS Normally the measurement (C1) must be carried out between the HV terminal and the Power Factor tap (schematised in fig. near the HV terminal (item 5 Passoni & Villa and ask the permission to put in service – fig. During operation. item 3 – fig.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. 6. The capacitance values measured in PASSONI & VILLA HV laboratory are shown in the test report of the bushings. When the oil begins to come out. 229 . after a period of 10 years the air flowing. 9. In case of magnetic indicator.

Closing and grounding cap (removable) 2 . 6 4 5 Fig. the Potential Device tap has to be grounded maintaining screwed its proper tap (see fig. 17 Power factor tap (standard) 2 WARNING The PF tap has to be grounded during the normal operation of the bushing. 5 .Mounting flange 6 – Internal connection 7 – Fixing screw (irremovable) 8 – Oil filling screw Fig. we recommend to fill of oil the internal part 2 . 18). according to 4 – Gasket the French Standard NFC 52062. 02-66122.Measurement electrode Upon request on the bushing’s flange it can be 3 . It is advisable to check that the cap of the PF tap (see fig. 19 item 8). 18 Power factor tap (on request) WARNING Don’t unscrew the screws item 7 of fig. 19 Potential Device tap (voltage tap) . If a Potential Device is connected to the potential 1 .Insulating bushing mounted another type of PF tap (fig. Do not apply voltage to the bushing if the PF cap is removed. 18). to avoid 4 – Gaskets possible internal and dangerous sparking.1 (ra) . The cap grounds the tap connection. it has to be grounded through the connected measuring instrument.Mounting flange 6 . 5 .Measurement electrode of the connection through the oil filling plug placed in 3 .com Page 13 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA In bushings provided of PD tap the measurement can be carried out between the HV terminal and PD tap (C1) and another one between PD and PF tap (C2). A forgetfulness of this generates during service a voltage on the tap that 7 3 4 1 exceeds the insulation dielectric strength: this may lead to a catastrophic failure.Last layer 7 – Fixing screw (irremovable) 6 8 5 Fig. If present and not used.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.Closing and grounding cap (removable) device tap. If accidentally this operation happens some oil goes out from the bushing and the electrical contact between the internal condenser body and the flange 3 7 2 1 can be damaged. If present and used. 17. 1 . V.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. that fix the PF flange to the bushing.Insulating bushing the upper part of the tap (fig.le Suzzani. 17) is well screwed. 229 .

Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.com Page 14 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA If not used the voltage tap can remain empty. Check the proper location of the tap cap and its suitable complete screwing in order to prevent entrance • For draw lead and draw rod type bushings of moisture (Fig. In case of connections surfaces very oxidised. in order to let go down the and the oil filling screw. in order to prevent entrance of transformer oil level inside the bushing central moisture (Fig. bushing following the indication given in par 3. 9. In case the oil level would go down. Check the connections in order to avoid poor contacts with dangerous sparking problems. Metal parts • Fix the bushing like indicated in par. measurement of the dielectric losses (tgδ) following the The refilling of the gas cushion on the top head of the instruction under par. and consequent overheating. but we recommend to fill it of mineral oil to side. On the contrary moisture entering can HV terminals cause the corrosion of the tap connection contact. 19 item 8) have been properly applied and screwed. accurately treated and As for the preservation of the active part. loose the the suitable complete screwing either of the tap cap terminal four screws. To disassembly the bushing operate according to the After this operation. by using the dielectric properties of the oil paper is ensured.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. dust. on which dangerous sparking problems. same transformer mineral oil. the corrosion of the tap connection contact. • Secure a pulling device to the hole foreseen in the with dangerous sparking problems top of the lug and remove the locking pin (not for bottom connection execution). bushing with nitrogen or dry air is not strictly necessary.le Suzzani. 229 . As for the preservation of the external surfaces. to • Remove the bolts that fix the flange and lift the give a further paint coating. these degassed. If nothing will be inspections: detected then refill the bushing.4 MAINTENANCE necessary. and then remove the connection in the oil empty. dirt. Check for chips. check carefully if PASSONI & VILLA suggest to undergo the following any external leakage is present. paying 6. WARNING If the transformer has to be put in service during winter. 9). 19). combustion resituates. clean well the surfaces with a light constructive solution adopted for the transformer. at the same time. prevent the entrance of moisture. 3 . with Wash periodically the porcelain surfaces. Oil level Check the oil level of the bushing and add oil if 6.fig. V. . item 3 . that during the years can cause from service and replaced. oil and other deposits may easily collect and reduce consequently the flashover value. saline compounds. if present. Mineral oil is fully compatible with the bushings require no maintenance. Voltage tap If not used can remain tube. screw (fig. If the oil level still go down it is necessary to remove the bushing from the Porcelain service and to repair it. It is recommended to perform every 5 years the Close the cap with a tightening torque of 100 Nm. For this operation it is necessary to draw the terminal in Potential device tap (Voltage tap) longitudinal way and. cracks and contamination. rotating a little in clockwise and counter clockwise direction.3 DISASSEMBLY OF THE BUSHING attention to not damage the tinned layer. check the proper location and For bottom connection bushings. The refilling can be done throughout the tap The bushings PNO are hermetically sealed and positioned in the upper part of the head. we porcelain from ice or snow that can reduce the recommend to control if the cap of the oil filling dielectric withstand capability.1 (ra) . clean them slightly passing a fine sandpaper. 02-66122. parallel with the following suggestions: Power factor tap • Bring the oil until a level lower than the bushing flange. Minor chips maybe painted with an insulating varnish to obtain a glossy finish which will prevent dirt and moisture attack. Make particular attention on the air side connections. in solvent (for example alcohol). withdraw the terminal from the lug (fig. more subject to oxidation than the oil side ones. 17). If present and not used. 10). near the HV therefore an excellent preservation in time of the terminal (item 5 – fig. 5. but we Bushings with major chips or cracks which appreciably recommend to fill it of mineral oil to prevent the decrease the creepage distance should be removed entrance of moisture. impregnating DDB synthetic bushing’s oil. It is advisable after a period of 10 years for bushings indoor installation and after 5 years for outdoor ones. it is recommendable before to clean the bushing’s If the potential device tap is not used. that during the years can cause the corrosion of the tap connection contact.

both from the for 24 hours. Fill completely the bushing through the oil filling plug placed in the top bushing’s head (fig. than restore the oil level. All values are shown in the Test Report.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel.6. Electrical checks 6.5 mm In order to measure the Co value (capacitance between During working: ≥ 45 kV/2. maintaining grounded the flange (C1 the limits it is suggested to carry out an oil sampling measurement). To prevent oxidation of the bushing oil and humidity entering.7 EXTRAORDINARY CHECKS voltage of 10 kV between the HV terminal and PF tap If the electric measurement detects a tgδ higher than (or PD if present). • Gas chromatography (DGE): A field measurement of tgδ and capacitance can differ Make reference to Standards (IEC 60599.1 (ra) . 10. . 02-66122. condenser body of the bushing and the external housing.6. 229 . due ship back the bushing to PASSONI & VILLA which will to stray capacitances.2. • Humidity content If a tgδ higher than the above one is measured. The bushing is considered good if a tgδ (See par. the measurement can be performed by means of a bridge. in order to make a complete check and eventually to carry out an oil • Dielectric strength treatment or eventually to replace the active part with another of new manufacture. • 100% for tgδ of capacitance Co. Furthermore the installation conditions.8) and to perform the following tests: less than the maximum one established by the Standards is measured. Tightness test the conclusion of the refilling operation. by applying a 6. from the measurements carried out in the factory due to IEC TR 61464) the different conditions of test and relevant accuracy: for this reason a light shifting (max 10% for tgδ) is If these checks give negative results. No leakages have to be detected.5 mm the PF tap and flange) the flange has to be supplied with a voltage maximum of 2 kV and the PF tap has to • Dielectric losses (tgδ): be connected to the bridge. Measurement at the voltage of 10 kV is carried out in An increase of the last value means a derating of the order to have a reference value for comparison with dielectric characteristic of the external layers of the measurements made at site during the service of the paper and/or of the oil in the interspace between the bushing.IEC Publication 60137 . dielectric and thermal properties.5 MEASUREMENT OF DIELECTRIC LOSSES The old bushings are suitable for service if. 6. V. 6.6 CHECKS ON OLD BUSHINGS CAUTION Before remounting an old bushing it is advisable to carry out a tightness test and an electrical check.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. please contact Areva-Passoni & Villa that will decide if it is Original value: ≤ 10 ppm necessary to make other tests before removing the During working: ≤ 20 ppm bushing from service or to ship it back. the filling plug has to be closed just after 6.1. voltages requested by the Standards. there are no increase Test in the factory higher than (note: values only indicatives): The Standard . Original value: ≥ 62 kV/2.com Page 15 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 6. as regards the values of reception test.states that the • 1% for the capacitance C1 (this assure that there -3 oil-paper bushings must have a tanδ less than 7x10 . this one can be supplied During working: ≤ 12*10-3 with a max voltage of 10 kV and the PF tap has to be connected to the bridge (C2 measurement). it is necessary to acceptable. future comparison measurements. physical and chemical point of view and from the Make a visual check. execute a complete set of electrical tests and eventually will decide to make an oil treatment to the For this it is advisable to measure capacitance and tgδ bushing or to replace the active part with another one upon the installation and use these values as base for of new construction. item 3) with The oil inside the bushing is not toxic and perfectly treated oil and regulate the pressure at 2 bar relatives miscible with mineral transformer oil. Original value: ≤ 7*10-3 In case of presence of PD tap. isn’t a perforation between two layers) The measurement is performed in our Test Laboratory by means of a Schering bridge (Tettex type) at the • 30% for tgδ of capacitance C1.le Suzzani. Test on the bushing installed on the transformer With the bushing already installed on the transformer and the HV terminal disconnected. can affect the capacitance value.

20 Operate as follows: • Clean the plug zone accurately. • A syringe cap. CAUTION The operation is to be obviously carried out when the line is off. . 02-66122. with a holes wheelbase of 50 mm. • A two-way cock (item 3) with a suitable 2 connection to the syringe. provided by a suitable connection to the semi-rigid pipe (item 1).Empty the syringe. 20 and 21) positioned in closed position: it is the oil sampling valve.Open 2nd way of cock (item 3). Equipment To carry out oil sampling from a bushing.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa. 3 • A semi-rigid pipe (item 2). Preparation Fig. 20): 4 3 Second way • A 150 cm oil syringe (item 4) (Lab. in order to wash it and to let the exit of the air bubbles contained in the pipe. • Dismantle the closing flange unscrewing the 4 screws M8 and fix the sampling flange. • Wash the syringe with oil two times by repeating the following operations: . .le Suzzani. V. phenomenon that can provided by a suitable connection.com Page 16 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA 6. allow a dangerous air incoming in the bushing from the sampling valve.Fill in slowly the syringe with some oil (about 10-30 °9 0 3 cm ).1 (ra) . To make the oil sampling it is necessary to depression that can be generated inside the bushing dismantle this closing disc and to mount another one in case of low temperature. Type). • Prepare all the syringe apparatus. 1 the o-ring housing is positioned on the valve body). 229 .20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. 21 . we need the following (see fig. °7 0 . . it is suggested to loosen the filling tap located on the top bushing’s head. Fig.Open 1st way of cock (item 3). This little flange will have a suitable con- nection to the sampling semi-rigid pipe (item 1). First way Bushing flange • An appropriate little flange suitable for fixing to the sampling valve (having 4 holes positioned at 90° each others. with the cock (item 3) and the tube (item 2). • Adhesive tape.Close 1st way of cock (item 3).8 OIL SAMPLING WARNING On the bushing flange there is a valve (see fig. On this valve it is screwed a metallic closing To ease the oil exit and to remove the low disc.

• Clean the syringe and block it with adhesive tape on Bushing’s head which you will write down the bushing part number. The oil taken out has to be restored by adding the Wooden strips layer Rubber foam layer same quantity of transformer mineral oil. The refilling must be done through the tap located on the top of the bushing’s head (item 3. CAUTION Porcelain The oil sampling operation has to be carried out as Fig. 10). 2.3 litres of bushing oil. differences: • Slowly fill the syringe with the oil up to the appropriate volume (approx. The deflector is removable upwards: the bushing’s WARNING bottom plate is threaded (M220x2) for a length of 30 mm in the lower lateral surface. fig. After PNO 765 kV final mounting of the bushing it is important that these screws be tightened with a torque of 10 kgm. • Unplug the cock (item 3) and place a closing cap on the syringe. unscrew the sampling flange and screw the original one.4 there are two open the 2nd way. .4). For sampling please follow these instructions: Considering the length and weight of this type of bushing. a special system does not allow it to go loosened for bushing handling. it is possible to unscrew the two screws positioned near the eyebolt (M16 type).6. 2.2 Lifting and transportation (see par. which must be closed immediately after the end of the operations.1 (ra) . 2. 10). a torque of 10 kgm. V. • Overturn the syringe and keep it with its cap down. Nevertheless it can be used a different • Set the syringe with the cock (item 3) being up. a1. that the two screws positioned near the eyebolts. in order to not pollute the oil inside 2. The fastening method of the upper petticoats of the porcelain is slightly different: it is better to insert a • Shut off both 2nd way of the cock (item 3) and the protection layer between the porcelain and the bushing’s valve. After final mounting of the bushing it is important that can be unscrewed upwards and lifted. When it is re. be tightened with beyond its correct position. There is no danger in this situation. while the upper lateral surface is smooth and works as guide for the deflector. • Screw completely the filling tap on the head of the bushing (item 3. • Close the 1st way of the cock (item 3) and With respect to the instruction on par. protection method. rope.3).2-0. a1 quickly as possible and in a period with a low humidity level. in fig.20162 Milano (Italy) Tel. in order to be sure of the safety of the porcelain petticoats. 60-100 cm ). 02-66122. fig.1 Oil side deflector (see par. The above mentioned operations involve on the whole a sampling of about 0. like from the tube. 3 1. This operation is made in P&V for the bushing handling. • Remove the pipe from the plug. which is perfectly miscible with the synthetic bushing oil. and for this reason the bushing can be packed with these 2+2 screws 7 FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING loosened. accurately treated and degassed.le Suzzani. it is recommended to operate very carefully. 7. In P&V it is used a foam rubber • Remove the syringe by unplugging the cock (item 3) layer on which there is a layer of wooden strips. two cast eyebolts placed on the flange.Fax 02-6470906 IS 2470GB e-mail: info@passoni-villa.com Page 17 / 17 FABBRICA ISOLATORI E CONDENSATORI SpA Oil sampling 7. 229 . screwed. In order to facilitate the rope insertion through the the bushing.