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Determination of Formation Constant

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Kf of Thiocyanoiron(III), FeSCN+2

Dr. Fred Omega Garces
Chemistry 201
Miramar College

Chemical Equilibrium: Finding the Formation Constant of FeSCN2+ (aq) Fe3 +(aq) + SCN–(aq) D FeSCN2+(aq) iron(III) thiocyanate thiocyanoiron(III) FeSCN2 + [ ] kf = Fe +3 [SCN− ] [ ] € .

Kf Fe3+ (aq) + SCN-(aq) D FeSCN2+ (aq) . Kf. (equilibrium constant) for the formation of thiocyanoiron(III). Objective The purpose of this experiment is to determine the constant formation.

[SCN-] eq and € [FeSCN2+] will need to be known. Background Information Consider the following reaction: Fe3+ (aq) + SCN-(aq) D FeSCN2+ (aq) The mass action expression is- [FeSCN2+ ] eq kf = [Fe 3+ ] eq [SCN. eq . the equilibrium concentration of [Fe3+]eq .] eq To determine the equilibrium constant.

A = ε l [c] so the AFeSCN can be used to determined [FeSCN2+] eq .from kSCN. dark red absorbs blue λmax =447nm According to Beer's Law. yellowish SCN. Chemcials Fe3+ from Fe(NO3)3. 2+ How can the concentrations of [Fe3+]eq and [SCN-] eq be determined by simply monitoring the [FeSCN2+] eq absorbance? . colorless FeSCN2+ from kSCN.

Fe3+ + SCN . this ensures that the product [FeSCN2+] depends on the [SCN-] i .. Furthermore. the reaction is carried out so that the [Fe3+]i >> [SCNi . ! FeSCN2+ Amount produced depends Excess Limiting on limiting [SCN-] How can the concentrations of [Fe3+]eq and [SCN-] eq be determined €by simply monitoring the [FeSCN ] eq absorbance? 2+ . Chemical Reaction Initial Concentration of Fe3+ is known as well as the initial concentration of from SCN.

colorless colorless Blood red Fe3 +(aq) + SCN–(aq) D FeSCN2+(aq) i [Fe+3]i [SCN-] i 0 Δ -x -x +x [e] [Fe+3] i -x [SCN-] i . Background Information -The equilibrium process. all the concentrations of the specie in the reaction: Fe3 +(aq) + SCN–(aq) D FeSCN2+(aq) This can be done by investigating the reaction as the equilibrium is established. To determine Kf for FeSCN2+.x [FeSCN2+] eq .

Determining Concentration at Equilibrium [FeSCN2+] eq = x Determined by absorbance Therefore [SCN-] eq = [SCN-] i – x = [SCN-] i – [FeSCN2+] eq [Fe+3] eq = [Fe+3] i – x = [Fe+3] i .Background Information .[FeSCN2+] eq .

Standard solution prepared with large Fe+3 concentration added to small amount of SCN-. Astd ε b [FeSCN2+ ]std Atrial# 1 [FeSCN2+ ]trial# Atrial# = ⇒ [FeSCN2+ ]trial# = [FeSCN2+ ]std Astd 1 [FeSCN2+ ]std Astd € . This results in practically all the Fe+3 converting to SCN-. [Fe+3](large amount) + [SCN-] (small amount) D [FeSCN2+] (same amount [SCN-] ) 100 x 1x ~1 Astd g [FeSCN2+]std & for other rxns: Atrial# ∝ [FeSCN2+]trial# Atrial# ε b [FeSCN2+ ]trial# From Beer's Law A = ε b [FeSCN ] 2+ Therefore = .Determining Concentration of [FeSCN2+] trials [FeSCN2+] eq is red and absorbs blue light 470nm. Background Information .

] i [ .FeSCN2 + ] eq1 .FeSCN2 + ] eq1 A1 [ FeSCN2 + ] A std • kf = std #% 3+ &(#% &( $ [ ] Fe i [ .Background Information Mass Action Expression kf = [FeSCN ] 2+ = [FeSCN ] 2+ eq1 [Fe ][SCN ] +3 − [Fe ] • [SCN ] 3+ eq1 - eq1 A1 At equilibrium for trial #1 : [FeSCN ] 2+ eq1 [ = FeSCN2 + ] std • Astd [Fe ]3+ eq1 [ ] = Fe3+ i [ . [SCN ] - eq1 [ = SCN . ….[FeSCN ] eq - i 2+ eq1 ' € .FeSCN2 + ] '$[SCN ] .

Pictorial Flowchart Goggles. Volumetric Pipets . Test tubes Venier with Colorimetry .

Set up Goggles- Vernier with Colorimetry- Test tubes Volumetric Pipets .

Procedure .

Absorption Spectra .

Excel Data .