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CHEMICALS

The main current chemical usage of methane is the production of synthesis gas
(Syngas), H2 and CO via Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) of natural gas.
Synthesis gas is then converted into methanol, oxo-alcohols, ammonia and
hydrocarbons. Methylhalogenides (e.g. methylchloride), HCN and acetylene are
also produced from methane.

NEW ENERGY

Methane is the main component of natural gas, a primary energy resource widely
used in the energy sector for the production of heat and/or electricity. Natural
gas as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) are
increasingly used as fuels for vehicles to reduce transport emissions and improve
air quality.

HOSPITAL CARE

Methane is a component of a gaseous mixture used for pulmonary function
diagnosis test.

LABORATORIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS

Methane is used in calibration gas mixtures for petrochemical industry,
environmental emission monitoring, industrial hygiene monitors and trace
impurity analyzers. In mixture with argon, methane is used in Geiger counter and
in X-ray fluorescence detector as quentching gas. In mixture with other
hydrocarbons, methane is used as reference point in calorimetric measurements
of hydrocarbons or coal.

METAL

Methane can be used in blast furnace and Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) plants, as
well as cooling agent for tuyeres.

ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

Methane provides carbon source to silicon film to adjust the light absorption
bandgap in silicon thin film photovoltaics.