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Mulvey 1

Rosemary Mulvey
Prof. Corewyn
Bio Anthropology
14 April 2017
Written Assignment: Evolution

Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life and “15 Answers to Creationist

Nonsense” are two approaches to explain evolution that we discussed in

class. Charles Darwin is a documentary narrated by David Attenborough

which tells the history of Darwin’s study of natural selection and how he

crafted his theory and how it was presented and received by the scientific

community while simultaneously explaining his theory and the history of

evolution on Earth for the film’s viewers. “15 Answers to Creationist

Nonsense” is an inflammatory article which attempts to refute creationist

arguments against evolution with scientific facts and explanations that

overall provide an overview of evolutionary theory. Both the film and the

article intend to be an overview of evolution but take very different

approaches in doing so which appeal to certain audiences.

Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life is a typical BBC documentary from

David Attenborough to the sedate way they explain Darwin’s life and

evolution itself. David Attenborough travels around England to sites

important to both himself and Darwin to illustrate both Darwin’s life and

evolutionary theory, visiting Darwin’s home, his own roots in Leicestershire,

Cambridge University, and the Natural History Museum in London. Over the

course of the film, we learn how Darwin visited the Galapagos and how his

experiences there shaped his theory of evolution by natural selection,

Darwin theorized that the different kinds of finches he found were descended from a type of mainland finch and the differing beaks of the finches found on the islands reflected changes to selective pressures – the types of food on which the finches subsisted. He discusses the origins of evolution from the primordial soup. In conjunction with Darwin’s story. hoatzin. presenting evidence like Archaeopteryx. to fish. platypuses. He also carefully refutes arguments creationism with evolutionary evidence. The documentary very well told the history of Charles Darwin the man and the history . Creationists may argue that evolution is invalid because of the complexity of traits such as the human eye. Darwin sat on his theory while building it for many years and only sought to publish it when Alfred Russell Wallace. but David Attenborough explains how natural selection can transform a light sensitive spot on a very simple organism to successively more complicated seeing apparatuses on organisms until arriving at the complex eye of a human. such as the development of the human eye. David Attenborough explains the history of evolution. a contemporary of Darwin. Darwin did not want to publish because of the repercussions he could and did face from both society and the scientific community. and frogs to explain how these changes in species occur. Mulvey 2 especially his study of the finches. was going to publish his own theory of natural selection which he had not devoted as much time to as Darwin had. to fish crawling out of the sea to walk on land as reptiles and the changes in structure those evolutions required.

the content of the article is quite informative and has a lot of good information not just for creationists. Mulvey 3 surrounding his theory from the dawn of life on Earth through evolution. It gets in-depth about the specific aspects of the theory it is discussing in each point and overall is an informative and educational article despite its intense for – lack of a better word – bias. It is organized by creationist misconceptions has a relatively accessible writing style. It is to the point. Having . I am not sure if I had any misconceptions regarding evolution before learning more about it. While the title of the article is a direct challenge and obvious clickbait. explaining it simply to the viewers. especially in the context of human effects on our environment. but for people who may be confused or have misunderstandings of evolution. but it is certainly more complex than I believed previously. “15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense” takes fifteen creationist arguments against evolution and explains how those arguments are invalid when looking at scientific evidence from evolutionary theory. Evolutionary theory can be used to explain and relate the differences and similarities between all species and is important for understanding our past ancestors and how the future of humanity could turn out. if not biting in its refutations. resulting in the overall concept of evolutionary theory. My understanding of evolution is that it is how all species have come into being from a single common answer and the differing selective pressures on populations over time have caused speciation through natural selection and other mechanisms of evolution.

I think these ideas are still controversial because of the strict dichotomy found especially in American society today which pits science and religion – especially Christianity – against each other on a variety of issues from abortion to homosexuality to evolution. In a quickly changing time with new advancements being made every day in conjunction with a turbulent social and political scene. which is the case of many controversial issues today. Creationism and Evolution differ completely. I am not a fan of clickbait in my science . Mulvey 4 the mechanisms for human evolution actually articulated in a more complex way than “we evolved from apes” definitely reshaped how I think of humans’ relationship with other primates. My reaction to the article was a little put-out initially. The title is obviously provocative and the introductions and conclusions have some very apparent biases against creationism. However. When someone challenges your basic foundations. including evolution. whether that be scientific evidence or religion. you will have a quick reaction to it. letting the evidence make the author’s point rather than flagrant language. Creationism is rooted in the belief of intelligent design and has strong historical backgrounds that have challenged evolutionary theory since its conception. Creationism is primarily a religiously inspired belief while evolution is a widely supported scientific theory. people are tightly holding onto their foundations. A primate common ancestor makes a lot more sense than the linear evolutionary process the simple evolution from apes saying suggests. that bias takes somewhat of a backseat in the body of the article.

The film was very good in my opinion. Darwin’s personal struggle. It wasn’t strictly a biography of Darwin nor a scientific lecture on evolutionary theory. The animations in conjunction with sites of importance to Darwin and Attenborough kept the film interesting and engaging while providing the audience with an educational experience in both the history of evolutionary theory and the concept of evolution by natural selection itself. It provided many different perspectives including the original creationist opponents. but rather a branching process. but reading past that. it does have good points and is educational. Point number six illustrates the article’s basic essence. It is explaining how the argument that evolution is invalid because monkeys still exist and could not if humans evolved from them. Mulvey 5 as a rule. It succinctly explains how all evolution is not linear. the article has some very solid evidence and provides good insight into both creationism in its refutation of it and evolution in its explanations. While the article is pandering to a certain audience. but also is enlightening in both sides of the issue. It was an fascinating film and David Attenborough is great. and modern scientist’s understanding of evolution. It supports the dichotomy. .