FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

2016

CHE 675
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

ASSIGNMENT
REPORT : GREEN TECHNOLOGY ( GREEN BUILDINGS)

NAME : AHMAD SIDDIQ BIN AHMAD SANI ( 2013467436 )

NUR AFIQAH BINTI ANUWAR ( 2013279908 )

NUR RADIAH BTE MOHD YUSOF @ MAD YUSOF ( 2013201196 )

SHAHIRAH BINTI BORHAN ( 2013603592 )

GROUP : EH220 7A

LECTURER : PROF DR. KU HALIM KU HAMID

0 Conclusion 7.3 Benefits of Green Buildings 3.0 Green Buildings Around the World 6.0 Green Buildings in Malaysia 5.0 Green Technology in Malaysia 3.0 Green Buildings 3.1 What is Green Buildings 3.4 Importance of Green Buildings 3.2 Objectives and Goals of Green Buildings 3.0 References .0 Introduction 2.TABLE OF CONTENT NO CONTENT PAGE 1.5 Limitations of Green Buildings 4.

By adopting green technology wisely. Based on the earth condition now. global warming and the greenhouse effect.1. Unlike the technological waves in recent decades.0 INTRODUCTION “Technology” is an application of knowledge for practical purposes.Improve the quality of life environment . its main objective is to find ways to create new technologies in such a way that do not damage or deplete the planets natural resources thus expressing less harm to human. efficient utilization independence and promote Energy . While “Green Technology” is the technology which is environmentally friendly. as well as damage to the world generally. Human need to realize that we need to stop or at least slow down our intrusion to the environment and starting to adopt a healthier ways towards life. Relying on the availability of alternative sources of energy. developed and used in such a way that doesn’t disturb our environment and conserves natural resources thus minimizing and reducing the impact of human activities to our mother nature.Enhance the national economic development through the use of technology Four Pillars of Green Technology Policy Environment . animal and plant. green technology is almost entirely materials science based.Conserve and for all minimize the impact on the Social . Green technology can also be known as environmental technology or clean technology.Seek to attain energy Economy . we can save a better world for the future generation. our environment needs immediate recoup from pollution. Many developed as well as the developing countries are turning to green technology nowadays to secure the environment from the negative impacts such as pollution.

Environmentally • Involves the search for products whose contents and methods of production have the smallest possible preferred purchasing impact on the environment. • The invention. • Development of alternative fuels. new means of Energy generating energy and energy efficiency. Examples of green technology subject areas . design and application of chemical Green chemistry products and processes to reduce or to eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. • Green building encompasses everything from the Green building choice of building materials to where a building is located. • Involves the manipulation of materials at the scale Green nanotechnology of nanometer where the application of green chemistry and green engineering principles take place.

enhancing productivity through greater efficiency in the use of natural resources. It also may well be one of the greatest economic opportunities of the 21st century. In developing the Green Industry in Malaysia. Green Technology shall be a driver to accelerate the national economy and promote sustainable development. our Prime Minister. more than any other. and hope that this will in turn translate into an increase in the number of green jobs and green business opportunities.0 GREEN TECHNOLOGY IN MALAYSIA  Malaysia has recognized green technology as one of the key drivers of national economic growth. the Government is currently reorienting its policies to promote and develop green production. Economy and Social.  At the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties – 15 (COP-15) in Copenhagen back in 2009. goods and services. and our nations. The Malaysian Government has identified promoting energy efficiency as one of our top priorities for the coming years. opening up new markets for green technologies. Going green can unlock opportunities for economic growth by contributing to fiscal consolidation. subject to financial and technological help from the developed countries. namely Energy. the Malaysian Government had introduced the National Green Technology Policy on 24 July 2009. Efficiency is the “low hanging fruit” of the world’s energy challenge. our economies.  The UN Foundation made a statement that said. which will shape the fate of our planet. YAB Dato' Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak made a pledge that Malaysia would reduce her carbon intensity by 40 percent as compared to 2005 levels by the year 2020. This is because energy may be the defining challenge of our time. Environment. “Governments should exploit energy efficiency as their energy resource of first choice because it is the least expensive and most readily scalable energy option”. To achieve this.  The Government is determined to see Malaysia becoming a major player in green technology and renewable energy industry not just in our region but globally. the one issue.2. an . The policy focused on 4 pillars.

The government will soon announce the revised National Automotive Policy which will help to spur the growth of this electric and hybrid cars segment. Building owners obtaining green building certification from 24 . the maximum amount is up to RM10 million while for producers of green technology. this makes green criteria sooner or later. The Government will subsidize two percents of the total interest rate. the Government has made available several incentives as well as policies to promote the adoption of green technology by industry. With many regulations related to green have already being in placed. o There are also incentives provided by the Government to promote green buildings. To name a few: First Solar from Germany. high-wage jobs. renewable energy. no longer a voluntary adoption but a mandatory requirements for producers to market their products in that particular country.5 billion. For companies planning to adopt green technology.  Developed markets have far been adopting green growth in their economic sustainability. Panasonic & Sony from Japan. o 100% import duty waiver for electric and hybrid cars until end 2013. the amount is up to RM50 million. namely:- o Pioneer tax incentives for companies in areas such as energy conservation and generation. o The Government has established a fund called the Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS) amounting to RM1. opportunity that could help put millions of people to work in high-skill. This can be seen from number of companies that are well-known for their green concerns in their branding or actively undertaking R&D activities to produce more eco-products for their company. and also part of the standards. Loan applications can be made through the Malaysian Green Technology Corporation. waste recycling. natural gas vehicles and hybrid cars. In addition.  Recognising the importance of adopting green technology. the Government will also provide a guarantee to the lenders for 60% of the loan amount. This fund provides soft loans to companies that supply and utilize green technology such as retrofitting of energy efficient appliances into their businesses.

. Existing efforts to create awareness on ‘going green’ and introduce Malaysian companies that are producing green products or services to new markets have started to show positive results. Both the RE Act and the FiT System was enforced 1st December 2011. buyers purchasing buildings with green building certification from developers are given stamp duty exemption on instruments of transfer of ownership.  Many emerging economies have also started to move towards a sustainable development model that makes green industries competitive and serves green technology markets. o On the other end of the spectrum. India is strongly encouraging the rapid expansion of bio-gas. for example. photovoltaic (PV) cells and light emitting diodes (LED) were valued at RM8.34 billion. This exemption is given to buyers who execute sales and purchase agreements from 24 October 2009 until 31 December 2014. To quote some examples on the green products that have been exported overseas. this can be seen in 2011 whereby Malaysia’s total exports of photosensitive semiconductor device. The FiT is a premium in which the RE power is sold according to each RE sources. Among the element of this policy was the introduction of the Renewable Energy Act which entails the implementation of the feed-in tariff (FiT) system. The introduction of the RE Act also provide a mandatory requirement for the utility to accept and buy RE power. The exemption amount is equivalent to the additional cost incurred in obtaining the green building certification.  The National Renewable Energy Policy and Action Plan which was approved by the Government on 2nd April 2010 is a result of a study to overcome the main obstacles hindering the growth of Renewable Energy (RE) in the country. China. solar and other forms of low-carbon energy in rural areas through renewable energy certificates. has become the world’s top installer of both wind turbines and solar photovoltaic systems. On 1st September 2011. Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia (SEDA Malaysia) was officially established and operational to undertake the role of a one stop centre for anything relating to sustainable energy and to help facilitate the RE industry. October 2009 until 31 December 2014 are given income tax exemption equivalent to the additional capital expenditure in obtaining such certificates.

in order to promote low carbon developments in our cities and townships. Malaysia also has made its step towards recognising and promoting green townships. hospitals. relatively demand for green building materials have also increased. Buildings are said to consume over 32% of the world’s resources. With embark on construction green buildings. . Insulation materials. With rapid urbanization. The construction of green buildings contributes to achieving tainable development. millions of people in developing countries are migrating to cities. including 12% of its water. countries such as Malaysia. and account for 40% of greenhouse gas emissions. The Government foresees that the construction of green buildings will be an important step for us to achieve the goals of sustainable development. The Green Building Index has been introduced towards implementing the Low Carbon City Framework (LCCF). Apart from the transport and power sectors. This shows commitment to support construction of new green buildings and also refurbishment of old buildings to the greener ones. used to reduce heat transfer and energy consumption such as slag wool. Singapore. comes the need to build factories. developers and town planners for the development of Low Carbon Cities. exports of green building materials also showed major increase in 2011. and up to 40% of its energy. buildings are a significant contributor to the ever-increasing carbon emission and its impact on global warming. Indonesia. This LCCF system is a comprehensive system that serves as a guide to local authorities. universities and recreation facilities. In ASEAN. Thailand and Vietnam have already established Green Building Council at national level. rock wool and similar mineral wools recorded total exports amounted to RM88. Whereas.21 million. Along with this.

the common objective of green . maintenance. resources and energy in and around the building. The Green building practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy. utility. the architects. construction.3. the engineers and the client at all project stages. It is to reduce the building impact on human health and the environment from all stages starting from siting to design. The construction and operation will promote a healthy environment for all involved and it will not disrupt the land. EPA says.1 What is Green Buildings? Green building or also known as green construction or sustainable building refers to both a structure and the using of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient (energy. durability.0 GREEN BUILDINGS 3. while still being able to produce a building that is going to serve a purpose. The ideal green building would be a building project that would allow us to preserve most of the natural environment around the project site. Green building is also known as a sustainable or high performance building. This practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy. maintenance. construction.” 3. “Green building is the practice of creating structures and using processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building’s life-cycle from siting to design. operation.2 Objectives and Goals of Green Buildings Although new technologies are constantly being developed to complement current practices in creating greener structures. renovation and demolition.S. and comfort. utility. green building design involves finding the balance between homebuilding and the sustainable environment. water. This requires close cooperation of the design team. renovation and deconstruction. durability and comfort. operation. The U. water and materials) throughout a building's life-cycle. In other words.

Efficiently using energy. Buildings account for 18% of global emissions today or the equivalent of 9 billion tonnes of CO 2 annually. According to the United Nations Environment Program. A variation of every design variable may affect the environment during all the building's relevant life-cycle stages. In designing environmentally optimal buildings. building as a process is not as streamlined as an industrial process and varies from one building to another. 3. composed of a multitude of materials and components each constituting various design variables to be decided at the design stage.2 Designing the structure efficiently The root or the foundation of any construction project is the concept and design stages. emissions could double by 2050. environmentally sound methods are used in design and construction. Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity iii. The second rule is that every building should be as small as possible. . water and materials consumption. However. even if the most energy-efficient. The third rule is not to contribute to sprawl. pollution and environmental degradation 3. buildings are much more complex products. water.buildings is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by : i. in fact. In addition. which means it never repeat itself identically.1 Reducing environmental impact Globally buildings are responsible for a huge share of energy. the objective is to minimize the total environmental impact associated with all life-cycle stages of the building project. Reducing waste. Since construction almost always degrades a building site. is one of the major steps in a project life cycle. The International Energy Agency released a publication that estimated that existing buildings are responsible for more than 40% of the world’s total primary energy consumption and for 24% of global carbon dioxide emissions. electricity. materials and other resources ii. not building at all is preferable to green building. Green building practices aim to reduce the environmental impact of building. if new technologies in construction are not adopted during this time of rapid growth. as it has the largest impact on cost and performance.2.2. The concept stage.

concrete or steel. ceilings and floors. Studies such as the U. Another strategy. Designers orient windows and walls and place awnings. They also specify high- performance windows and extra insulation in walls.2. To reduce operating energy use. 3. facilities should increase their dependence on water that is collected. Solar water heating further reduces energy costs. the demands on the supplying aquifer exceed its ability to replenish itself. hydro power or biomass can significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building. Onsite generation of renewable energy through solar power. purified and reused on-site.3. wind power. process. In addition. used.4 Using water efficiently Reducing water consumption and protecting water quality are key objectives in sustainable building.S. effective window placement (day lighting) can provide more natural light and lessen the need for electric lighting during the day. passive solar building design. porches and trees to shade windows and roofs during the summer while maximizing solar gain in the winter. One critical issue of water consumption is that in many areas. transport and install building materials and operating energy to provide services such as heating and power for equipment. power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building.3 Using energy efficiently One of the goals of green buildings is to minimize the use of energy. designers use details that reduce air leakage through the building envelope (the barrier between conditioned and unconditioned space). However. LCI Database Project show buildings built primarily with wood will have a lower embodied energy than those built primarily with brick. To the maximum extent feasible. usually green buildings will include measures to reduce energy consumption both the embodied energy required to extract. The protection and conservation of water throughout the life of a building may be accomplished by designing for dual plumbing that recycles water in toilet flushing or by using water .2. is often implemented in low-energy homes. Therefore.

3. dimension stone. rapidly renewable plant materials like bamboo and straw. cleaning. For concrete a high performance or Roman self-healing concrete is available. foundry sand and demolition debris in construction projects. particularly flooring. Bidets help eliminate the use of toilet paper.5 Using materials efficiently Building materials typically considered to be 'green' include lumber from forests that have been certified to a third-party forest standard. The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of American recommends hardwood. Solid wood products. The use of non-sewage and grey water for on-site use such as site-irrigation will minimize demands on the local aquifer. Point of use water treatment and heating improves both water quality and energy efficiency while reducing the amount of water in circulation. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) also suggests using recycled industrial goods such as coal combustion products. green building also require to secure the indoor environmental quality for the occupants as well. reducing sewer traffic and increasing possibilities of re-using water on-site. and other activities. linoleum tile or slate flooring instead of .2. It is crucial to control the accumulation of moisture (dampness) that can lead to mold growth and the presence of bacteria and viruses as well as dust mites and other organisms and microbiological concerns. Wood itself is considered to be hypo-allergenic and its smooth surfaces prevent the buildup of particles common in soft finishes like carpet.2. Water intrusion through a building's envelope or water condensing on cold surfaces on the building's interior can enhance and sustain microbial growth. Wastewater may be minimized by utilizing water conserving fixtures such as ultra-low flush toilets and low-flow shower heads. cooking. bathing. A well-insulated and tightly sealed envelope will reduce moisture problems but adequate ventilation is also necessary to eliminate moisture from sources indoors including human metabolic processes. 3. vinyl.for washing of the cars. are often specified in environments where occupants are known to have allergies to dust or other particulates. renewable and/or recyclable.6 Enhancing the indoor environmental quality Not only conserving the outdoor environment. recycled stone. recycled metal and other products that are non-toxic. reusable.

Extending the useful life of a structure also reduces waste by building materials such as wood that are light and easy to work with make renovations easier. water and materials used during construction.2. ecologically sensitive products and other sustainable practices.2.8 Waste reduction Green architecture also seeks to reduce waste of energy.7 Optimizing the operations and maintenance No matter how sustainable a building may have been in its design and construction. O&M staff should aim to establish best practices in energy efficiency. Although the goal of waste reduction may be applied during the design. The use of wood products can also improve air quality by absorbing or releasing moisture in the air to moderate humidity. it can only remain so if it is operated responsibly and maintained properly. one goal should be set which is to reduce the amount of material going to landfills. Every aspect of green building is integrated into the O&M phase of a building's life. When buildings reach the end of their useful life. Education of building operators and occupants is key to effective implementation of sustainable strategies in O&M services. 3. Ensuring operations and maintenance (O&M) personnel are part of the project's planning and development process will help retain the green criteria designed at the onset of the project. The addition of new green technologies also falls on the O&M staff. . it is in the O&M phase that green practices such as recycling and air quality enhancement take place. in California nearly 60% of the state's waste comes from the commercial buildings . construction and demolition phases of a building's life-cycle. they are typically demolished and hauled to landfills. 3. by providing on-site solutions such as compost bins to reduce waste going to landfills. Well-designed buildings also help reduce the amount of waste generated by the occupants as well. Deconstruction is a method of harvesting what is commonly considered "waste" and reclaiming it into useful building material. For example. resource conservation. During the construction phase.carpet.

Green construction methods when integrated during the design and construction phase provide most significant benefits. hydro- power and wind power .3 Benefits of Green Buildings With new technologies constantly being developed to complement current practices in creating greener structures. the benefits of green building can range from environmental to economic to social. Benefits of green building include: Environmental Social Benefits Economic Benefits Benefits • Reduce wastage • Reduce operating • Improve occupant of water costs health and comfort • Conserve natural • Improve occupant • Improve quality of life resources productivity • Minimize strain on • Improve air and water • Create market for local infrastructure quality green product and • Protect biodiversity an services d ecosystems • Save energy as it depends on renewable energy resources such solar power.3. we can take maximum advantage of environmental and economic performance. By adopting greener practices.

. it will eventually help the occupants of the building to learn on how to use the energy efficiently as the energy resources are becoming more expensive and unavailable now.4 Importance of Green Buildings i. ii. Represents an intelligent approach to energy In every stage in the lifecycle of the green building. It reduces waste and encourages recycle Green building reduces waste by using the building materials that have the high quality and longevity in order to minimize the construction waste production. it minimizes the consumption of energy thus making the new building more comfortable and less expensive to be maintained. It also includes the right calculation of the duration of the lifecycle of a building starting from the design stage to the demolition stage.3. With the optimal use of energy in the building. Besides. It also integrated technologies that encourage the use of renewable energy such as solar energy in order to reduce the carbon dioxide emission to the environment while still ensuring the building is provided with the optimal supply of energy resources. it also promotes recycling to the owners and users of the building so that the materials can be reused.

Through the use of innovative methods for collecting water for safe use indoors and reduction of water use in the building construction sector. green building ensures the use of technologies which foster healthier interaction between water. minimization of water consumption can be achieved. it always find for ways to manage water resources. Furthermore.iii. considering the impact of built environment on rainfall and rainfall runoff drainage system. iv. It promotes well-being of all occupants and users of the buildings Green building promotes good health of the occupants by providing them with sufficient supply of fresh air throughout the building premises by having a good ventilation system. v. it creates a good atmosphere and a pleasant microclimate in rooms where people spend most of their time. drinking water and waste water effectively. Moreover. recovery as well as for enjoying work or learning session spending time in one’s own home. soil and the whole environmental system. It also encourages the maximum use of natural light to illuminate rooms to give the building users the nice view of surrounding while reducing the need for artificial room lighting. It protects our water resources Starting from the design stage to the construction stage and throughout the lifecycle of the green building. It produces resilient and flexible building structures while keeping our landscape green It designs flexible and dynamic spaces by foreseeing changes in their use through time thus avoiding the need for their demolition. rebuilding or . by providing a pleasant indoor temperature regardless of the season or the outside temperature by the uses of the intelligent building solutions. It is a design that “appeals to both eyes and ears” which plays a crucial role in providing an ambience that is good and perfect for concentration. It will maintain the indoor air quality which makes the occupants feel comfortable and healthy.

Cost Besides the shipping cost of the materials from outside the country. However. it can lead to the indoor pollution. At the same time. renovation in future. over time. 3. It is also easily adapt with the changes in the environment and resistant to natural hazards such as floods and earthquakes which make it safer for people. iii.5 Limitations of Green Buildings i. an incredible savings in energy costs will be achieved and the building will be a peaceful and comfortable place to live in. it does have problem with the indoor air quality if the building is not maintain well. For example. the initial cost will be slightly higher than a traditional stick built building. If the order need to be placed from a distant supplier or need to be imported. some green construction materials do cost more than conventional building materials. In case the builder replaces the bulbs in the green building with fluorescent . However. It looks for ways in which it can make our urban areas more productive and in which it can bring agriculture into our cities or even on our rooftop. ii. This can prove to be detrimental to the health of the inhabitants of such buildings. The indoor air quality may further suffer if the builder uses a recycled product which contain some harmful chemicals that emit toxins in the indoor air. if the building is build with SIPs (structural insulated panels). it ensures the conservation or special monitoring of flora and fauna diversity as well as of soil quality and creates green areas through remediation of contaminated soil. the shipping cost can be a burden to the owners. Availability of Green Building Materials Some eco-friendly products are not available everywhere so maybe trouble will arise to find the construction materials needed. Indoor Air Pollution Green building is well-known for its energy efficient and minimizing the pollution to the environment. As the building is so covered and sealed.

there are limitations as far as green buildings are concerned. This which may demand placing them opposite to other neighborhood homes that could block the home from a good environment view or make traffic busy at the area. vi. Location Since these buildings depend on sun for energy. many of these limitations. The air conditioners will be required but it is encouraged not to be installed which will make these buildings anything but Eco-friendly. the same are capable of emitting radiation which can cause many health problems in people. particularly high initial costs and unavailability of materials. they need to be located in position that will have the best sun exposure. including green buildings. . However. so that all the legal issues concerning them can be taken care of. iv. In the end. so they are not designed for hot areas as they do not have any ventilation systems. v. Green Home Builders Many builders and contractors are simply not familiar with newer construction methods. lights. as such buildings become more and more popular. No air cooling features These buildings run on heat to generate power. will be countered in the near future. It may be hard to find someone who is experienced and many builders do not want to take the time to learn new methods. it is advised that professionals who have a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification are consulted when constructing green buildings. From what we can see.

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