You are on page 1of 30

Zeus, Ruler of Mount Olympus

Known by Many Names,
Lord of the Sky,
Rain-God, Cloud-Gatherer,
And Zeus of the Thunderbolt.
The Mighty Zeus, the Greek god known
also as the Roman god Jupiter or Jove


Thousands of years ago many people believed in a god named Zeus. He was
considered to be the god of the sky and weather and his image appeared on most
Greek coins. The people of Greece worshipped this idol as their god. Zeus became one
of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Zeus was the supreme god and ruler of Olympus. He was known by many titles: Lord of
the Sky, the Cloud- gatherer, the Rain-god and Zeus the Thunderer, all of which show
which force of nature was considered to be the most important in Ancient World - rain.
In most other mythologies the "ruler-god" was usually associated with the sun, but in
Greece the climate is hot and dry making rain the scarce, life-giving force.

HAIDES (Aides, Aidoneus, or Hades) was the King of the Underworld, the god of death and
the dead. He presided over funeral rites and defended the right of the dead to due burial. Haides
was also the god of the hidden wealth of the earth, from the fertile soil with nourished the seed-
grain, to the mined wealth of gold, silver and other metals.
Hades was devoured by Kronos as soon as he was born, along with four of his siblings. Zeus
later caused the Titan to disgorge them, and together they drove the Titan gods from heaven and
locked them away in the pit of Tartaros. When the three victorious brothers then drew lots for the
division of the cosmos, Hades received the third portion, the dark dismal realm of the
underworld, as his domain.

Hades desired a bride and petitioned his brother Zeus to grant him one of his daughters. The god
offered him Persephone, the daughter of Demeter. However, knowing that the goddess would
resist the marriage, he assented to the forceful abduction of the girl. When Demeter learned of
this, she was furious and caused a great dearth to fall upon the earth until her daughter was
returned. Zeus was forced to concede lest mankind perish, and the girl was fetched forth from the
underworld. However, since she had tasted of the pomegranate seed, she was forced to return to
him for a portion of each year.

Haides was depicted as a dark-bearded, regal god. He was depicted as either Aidoneus,
enthroned in the underworld, holding a bird-tipped sceptre, or as Plouton, the giver of wealth,
pouring fertility from a cornucopia. The Romans named him Dis, or Pluto, the Latin form of his
Greek title Plouton, "the Lord of Riche.

Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice and skill. She was the
favorite child of Zeus. She had sprung fully grown out of her father's head. Her mother was
Metis, goddess of wisdom and Zeus' first wife. In fear that Metis would bear a son mightier than
himself. Zeus swallowed her and she began to make a robe and helmet for her daughter. The
hammering of the helmet caused Zeus great pain in the form of headaches and he cried out in
agony. Skilled Hephaestus ran to his father and split his skull open and from it emerged Athena,
fully grown and wearing her mother's robe and helmet. She is the virgin mother of

Athena and her uncle Poseidon were both very fond of a certain city in Greece. Both of them
claimed the city and it was decided that the one that could give the finest gift should have it.
Leading a procession of citizens, the two gods mounted the Acropolis. Poseidon struck the side
of the cliff with his trident and a spring welled up. The people marveled, but the water was as
salty as Poseidon's sea and it was not very useful. Athena's gift was an olive tree, which was
better because it gave the people food, oil and wood. Athena named her city Athens.

Athena's companion was the goddess of victory, Nike, and her usual attribute is the owl. Athena
possessed the Aegis.

beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including:--a wreath and branch of laurel.  His love for Koronis who was slain by Artemis for her infidelity.APOLLON (or Apollo) was the great Olympian god of prophecy and oracles.  His music contest with the satyr Marsyas who lost and was flayed alive.  His love for the nymph Daphne who fled from him and was transformed into a laurel tree. and the protection of the young.  The slaying of the giant Tityos who attempted to carry off the god's mother Leto. archery. He was depicted as a handsome. plague and disease. song and poetry. raven. healing.  The destruction of the Niobides whose mother had offended Leto with her boasts.  The slaying of the serpent Python which guarded the oracular shrine of Delphoi. and lyre. music. bow and quiver. .  His love for the youth Hyakinthos who was killed by a discus throw and transformed into a flower. The most famous myths of Apollon include:--  His birth on the island of Delos.

ARTEMIS was the great Olympian goddess of hunting.  The murder of the Kyklopes who had forged the lightning bolt used to destroy his son Asklepios.  His service as bondsman to the mortal Admetos.  The Trojan War in which he brought plague to the Greeks and helped Paris slay Akhilleus.  His struggle with Herakles for the Delphic tripod. Together the two gods were also bringers of sudden death and disease--Artemis targetted women and girls. Some of the best known myths featuring the goddess include:--  Her birth. . wilderness and wild animals. In ancient art Artemis was usually depicted as a girl dressed in a short knee-length chiton and equipped with a hunting bow and quiver of arrows. immediately following which she assisted her mother in the birth of her twin brother Apollon. Her twin brother Apollon was similarly the protector of the boy child. She was also a goddess of childbirth. and the protectress of the girl child up to the age of marriage. and Apollon men and boys.  The Trojan War where she was beaten by Hera in an angry contest of the gods.

a companion of Artemis. .  The giant Orion. who was slain by the goddess or her jealous brother.  The Aloadai giants who attempted to storm Olympos but were tricked by Artemis into killing each other.  The Kalydonian boar sent by Artemis to ravage Kaldyon. a close companion of the goddess.  The sacrifice of Iphigeneia whom King Agamemnon offered to her for the passage of the Greek fleet to Troy. who was seduced by Zeus in the guise of the goddess. The hunter Aktaion who encountered the goddess whilst she was bathing and was turned into a stag.  The nymph Kallisto.

 The race of Hippomenes for Atalanta. In classical sculpture and fresco she was often depicted nude. She was depicted as a beautiful woman usually accompanied by the winged godling Eros (Love). scallop shell and mirror.  The persecution of Psykhe. love. Her attributes included a dove. apple.  Her love for Adonis. who was destroyed by the goddess for scorning her worship.  The death of Hippolytos. .  The statue of Pygmalion which was brought to life by Aphrodite in answer to his prayers.  Her adulterous affair with the god Ares. Some of the more famous myths featuring the goddess include:--  Her birth from the sea foam.  The judgement of Paris in which the goddess was awarded the prize of the golden apple in return for promising Paris Helene in marriage. a shepherd-prince. pleasure and and procreation.  Her love for Ankhises. which was won with the help of the goddess and her golden apples.  The Trojan War in which she supported her favourites Paris and Aeneas and was wounded in the fighting. a handsome Cypriot youth who was tragically killed by a boar. the maiden loved by the goddess' son Eros.APHRODITE was the great Olympian goddess of beauty.

in which she competed against Aphrodite and Athene for the prize of the golden apple. who was chained to a fiery wheel for attempting to violate the goddess. Some of the more famous myths featuring the goddess include:--  Her marriage to Zeus and her earlier seduction by the god in the guise of a cuckoo bird.  The Trojan War. in which she assisted the Greeks. the favourite bastard sons of Zeus.  The assisting of the Argonauts in their quest for the golden fleece.  The judgement of Paris. She was usually depicted as a beautiful woman wearing a crown and holding a royal.  Her persecution of Herakles and Dionysos. their leader Jason being one of her favourites. Semele and Alkmene.  The punishment of Ixion. Sometimes she held a royal lion or had a cuckoo or hawk as her familiar. lotus-tipped staff. She was also a goddess of the sky and starry heavens. especially Leto. .  Her persecution of the consorts of Zeus.  The birth of Hephaistos who she produced alone and cast from heaven because he was crippled.HERA was the Olympian queen of the gods and the goddess of women and marriage.

Aithra and the Gorgon Medousa.  The division of the cosmos amongst the sons of Kronos in which he received dominion over the sea. flood and drought. . earthquakes. rivers.  His contest with Athena for dominion of Athens in which he produced the first horse.POSEIDON was the great Olympian god of the sea.  The burying of Polybotes beneath the island of Kos in the giant war. Amymone.  The seduction of women such as Tyro. He was depicted as a mature man of sturdy build with a dark beard. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:--  The War of the Titanes where he fought beside Zeus and Hades to imprison the old gods in Tartaros.  The persecution of Odysseus for the blinding of his son the Kyklops Polyphemos. and holding a trident. and horses.  The sending of a sea-monster to punish the Trojans for refusing to pay him for building their walls.

trade. astronomy. . gymnasiums. and sometimes a winged travellers cap and chlamys cloak. roads.  The assisting of Perseus in the hero's quest to slay Medousa. the hundred-eyed guardian of the nymph Io. and astrology.  The transformation of the tell-tale Battos to stone. travel. beardless youth. He was also the personal agent and herald of Zeus. His attributes included the herald's wand or kerykeion (Latin caduceus). cunning wiles. hospitality.  The slaying of Argos Panoptes. writing. language. the king of the gods. or as an older bearded man. thievery. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:--  The theft of Apollon's cattle which he accomplished as a toddler in the crib. Hermes was depicted as either a handsome and athletic. diplomacy. athletic contests. winged boots.HERMES was the great Olympian God of animal husbandry. persuasion. heralds.

civil order and manly courage. Because of his lack of distinctive attributes he is often difficult to identify in classical art. battlelust. or a nude beardless youth with helm and spear. bearded warrior dressed in battle arms. ARES was the great Olympian god of war.  The seduction of Khione on the same night as his brother Apollon. his rival for the love of Aphrodite. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:--  His adulterous affair with Aphrodite in which the pair were trapped in a net laid by her husband Hephaistos.  The slaying of Adonis. in the guise of a boar. .  The assisting of Odysseus in his encounter with the witch Kirke.  The transformation of Kadmos of Thebes and his wife Harmonia into serpents. In Greek art he was depicted as either a mature.

 His support of the Amazones. HEPHAISTOS was the great Olympian god of fire. .  The battle of Herakles and Kyknos in which the god intervened in support of his son. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:--  His fall from Olympos in which he was cast away by Hera at birth.  His capture by the Aloadai giants who imprisoned him in a bronze jar. metalworking. warrior daughters of the god. He was usually depicted as a bearded man holding hammer and tongs--the tools of a smith--and riding a donkey. an impious man who kidnapped the god Death. stonemasonry and the art of sculpture.  The arrest of Sisyphos.  The Trojan War in which he was wounded by Diomedes in battle with the help of Athene.  The murder of Hallirhothios to avenge his daughter's rape and his subsequent trial in the court of the Areiopagos.

 The attempted rape of Athena which resulted in the impregnation of Earth and the birth of Erikhthonios.  The crafting of Pandora. at the command of Zeus.  The crafting of the cursed necklace of Harmonia which doomed her descendants to a cycle of tragedy. the first woman.  The crafting of the armour of Akhilleus at the request of the hero's mother Thetis. The trapping of Hera in a cursed throne and his return to Olympos.  The adultery of his wife Aphrodite who was trapped with Ares in a golden net. .  The Trojan War in which he fought the river-god Skamandros with fire.

He showed mortals how to cultivate grapevines and make wine.Bacchus. According to tradition. he became the popular Greek god of wine and cheer. during which great dramatic competitions were conducted. as the god of vegetation specifically of the fruit of the trees. Bacchus is usually characterized in one of two ways: First. accompanied by the seasonal renewal of the fruits of the earth. in Greek mythology. . Eventually. and important festivals were held in honor of the god. embodied the promise of the resurrection of the dead. The God of Wine and Vegetation Bacchus. To his followers. As the son of Zeus. this cyclical revival. and wine miracles were reputedly performed at certain of his festivals. was the god of wine and vegetation. The yearly rites in honor of the resurrection of Bacchus gradually evolved into the structured form of the Greek drama. Bacchus died each winter and was reborn in the spring.

and bread. grain. often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and and a torch.  The journeys of Triptolemos. Demeter was depicted as a mature woman. and the great dearth she brought down upon the earth. the young son of King Keleus of Eleusis.  The nursing of Demophoon.  Her assault by Poseidon who forcefully coupled with her in the form of a horse. a hero sent by the goddess to instruct mankind in agriculture. . the prime sustenance of mankind.  The punishment of Erysikhthon who was cursed with an unquenchable hunger by the goddess for cutting down her holy grove. She also presided over the foremost of the Mystery Cults which promised its intiates the path to a blessed afterlife. Some of the more famous myths featuring the goddess include:--  The abduction of her daughter Persephone by Hades.DEMETER was the great Olympian goddess of agriculture.

The Romans adapted the Greek hero's iconography and myths for their literature and art under the name Hercules. . In later Western art and literature and in popular culture. This article provides an introduction to representations of Hercules in the later tradition. who was the son of Zeus (Roman equivalent Jupiter) and the mortal Alcmene.Hercules is the Roman name for the Greek demigod Heracles. Hercules is famous for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures. Hercules is more commonly used than Heracles as the name of the hero. In classical mythology.

acquiring the meat for the feasting of man. Prometheus meanwhile. . heart). was arrested and bound to a stake on Mount Kaukasos where an eagle was set to feed upon his ever-regenerating liver (or. Generations later the great hero Herakles came along and released the old Titan from his torture. when Zeus withheld fire. Prometheus was loosely identified in cult and myth with the fire-god Hephaistos and the giant Tityos. or as a way to cheat mankind of the company of the good spirits. Then. he stole it from heaven and delivered it to mortal kind hidden inside a fennel-stalk. As punishment for these rebellious acts.PROMETHEUS was the Titan god of forethought and crafty counsel who was entrusted with the task of moulding mankind out of clay. Firstly he tricked the gods out of the best portion of the sacrificial feast. His attempts to better the lives of his creation brought him into direct conflict with Zeus. some say. Zeus ordered the creation of Pandora (the first woman) as a means to deliver misfortune into the house of man.

Once upon a time when she was playing in a flowery meadow with her Nymph companions. wife of the god Haides. but because the girl had tasted of the food of Haides--a handful of pomegranate seeds--she was forced to forever spend a part of the year with her husband in the underworld. When she learned that Zeus had conspired in her daughter's abduction she was furious. Her mother Demeter despaired at her dissappearance and searched for her the throughout the world accompanied by the goddess Hekate bearing torches. Kore was seized by Haides and carried off to the underworld as his bride. She was also the goddess of spring growth. This agricultural-based cult promised its initiates passage to a blessed afterlife. Her annual return to the earth in spring was marked by the flowering of the meadows and the sudden growth of the .PERSEPHONE was the goddess queen of the underworld. Persephone was titled Kore (the Maiden) as the goddess of spring's bounty. who was worshipped alongside her mother Demeter in the Eleusinian Mysteries. and refused to let the earth fruit until Persephone was returned. Zeus consented.

Sirens In Greek mythology. Persephone appears exclusively as the queen of the underworld. conversely. Sometimes she was shown in the company of her mother Demeter. The Sirens sang when they approached. had the sailors stuff their ears with wax. receiving the likes of Herakles and Orpheus at her court. 39). He had himself tied to the mast for he wanted to hear their beautiful voices. They lived on an island (Sirenum scopuli. The Argonauts escaped them because when he heard their song. At other times she appears enthroned beside Haides. He took out his lyre and sang a song so clear and ringing that it drowned the sound of those lovely fatal voices. Odysseys' heart ran with longing but the ropes held him and the ship quickly sailed to safer waters (Odyssey XII. ripe wisdom and a quickening of the spirit. . they said. Her return to the underworld in winter. In other myths. the Sirens are creatures with the head of a female and the body of a bird. three small rocky islands) and with the irresistible charm of their song they lured mariners to their destruction on the rocks surrounding their island (Virgil V. the teacher of agriculture. Orpheus immediately realized the peril they were in. their words even more enticing than the melody. and the hero Triptolemos. 88). When on another journey the Odysseus' ship passed the Sirens. saw the dying down of plants and the halting of growth. Ovid grain. They would give knowledge to every man who came to them. 846. Persephone was usually depicted as a young goddess holding sheafs of grain and a flaming torch.

As such he names the three petrifyers daughters of dangerous sea-gods. According to late classical poets. curved sword. Libanius on the other hand relates that they were born of the blood of Achelous when he was wounded by Heracles. wide mouths. When he fell upon Medousa and decapitated her. Of the three sisters only Medousa was mortal. In mosaic art her full face was wreathed around with coiling snakes and adorned with a pair of small wings sprouting from the brow. but later authors mention three or four. simply portray her as a monster born of a monstrous family. Demeter changed them into birds with female faces (Ovid V. One also bears a distincty marine name. They were present when she was abducted and. Sterope. personifications of the deadly submerged reefs which posed such a danger to ancient mariners. they were nymphs and the play-mates of Persephone. . THE GORGONES (or Gorgons) were three powerful. winged boots and helm of invisibility. or the storm god Achelous and either Melpone. Later writers continue this tradition when they speak of reefs being created where Perseus had set the Gorgon's head and where he had turned a sea monster to stone. serpentine locks of hair. Sthenno and Euryale. Euryale. because they did not interfere. He accomplished this with the help of the gods who equipped him with a reflective shield. flared nostrils. They were regarded as the daughters of Phorcys. "she of the wide briny sea". Perseus fled with the monster's head in a sack. and sometimes short coarse beards. or Terpsichore. and with her two angry sisters following close upon his heels. and so it was her head which King Polydektes of Seriphos commanded the young hero Perseus to fetch. early Greek writers and artists.Homer mentions only two sirens. large staring eyes. However. According to Ovid. winged daemons named Medousa (Medusa). 551). the tusks of swine. lolling tongues. Medousa was once a beautiful maiden who was transformed by Athena into a monster as punishment for lying with Poseidon in her shrine. Medousa was humanised in late classical art with the face of a beautiful woman. The poet Hesiod seems to have imagined the Gorgones as reef-creating sea-daemones.the winged horse Pegasos and the giant Khrysaor. two creatures sprang forth from the wound . The three Gorgones were depicted in ancient Greek vase painting and sculpture as winged women with broad round heads.

Pegasos (of the springs) and Khrysaor (golden blade). Cerberus has a mane of serpent's heads. drugged Cerberus with a honeycake. and several other nasty creatures in the Greek cast of characters. who was slain by Zeus at the start of the Titan-War to form his stormy aigis shield. vary. There were a few notable exceptions to this. and the tail of a serpent. it is agreed that he is the son of Echidna and Typhon. In older motifs the Gorgones were probably connected with Demeter Erinys (the Fury) and the three Erinyes. with sea storms driving ships to destruction upon the reefs. however. a daughter of the Sun-God. for example. also known as the Kingdom of Hades. . In most myths. the Gorgon Medousa was a portrayed as a storm daemon whose visage was set upon the storm- bringing aigis-shield of Athene. Some say there was a but a single goat-like Gorgon. This story might have represented the ending of drought with the release of the waters of springs (pegai) and the growth of golden (khryse) blades of grain. In most depictions of Cerberus. Most stories also depict him with three heads. In myth the beheading of Medousa saw the release of two beings . the dog is portrayed as a fierce individual who was so savage that even the Gods were afraid of him. In some tales. the withering of crops and the coming of famine. further suggesting a close link between the name and blades of corn. These were the bringers of drought. Demeter herself was titled Khrysaoros in Homeric poetry. The two ideas were probably connected. also known as Kerberos. Aeneas. and he was lured to sleep with music in another Greek myth. although poetic license has granted him as many as 100. Descriptions of Cerberus. The dog's role was to prevent the living from entering the land of the dead.In other motifs. the chimera. Cerberus is the three headed dog which guards the entrance to the underworld. which makes him the sibling of the Lernaean Hydra.

When she was young. She lived in a palace at the entrance of Hades. when the latter was kidnapped by Hades. who is the goddess of this river. Oceanus told his . which had rocks on the roof and was supported by silver columns. in Greek mythology. she was one of the girls who were playing with Persephone. Her name is connected to the word which meant "hatred" in Greek. Kratos (Strength) and Bia (Force). There is also a Greek goddess Styx. The River Styx and Greek Goddess Styx The river Styx is the main river from the underworld. gathering flowers. With Pallas she had four children: Nike (Victory). When Zeus summoned all the gods to help him fight the Titans. She was the daughter of the Titans Oceanus and Thetys. Zelus (Zeal).

for nine more years. When such a solemn oath was broken. during the war. were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon. The Roman poet Ovid says that. In Greek mythology the Twelve Olympians. because it was said that whoever fed the bull's guts to the flames will defeat the gods. There were. half bull and half serpent. fourteen different gods recognized . goddess Styx imprisoned a monster. there was a severe punishment for the gods: for one year.daughter Styx to join Zeus. That's why she was the first to come to Zeus' aid. in a kind of coma. they could not take part in the other activities of the gods. After that. at various times. together with her children. they would just lay on a bed. they could not breathe and they could not feed on nectar and ambrosia. counsels or banquets. residing atop Mount Olympus.

Hestia gave up her position as an Olympian to Dionysus in order to live among mankind (eventually she was assigned the role of tending the fire on Mount Olympus). They are named from their dwelling. He is also known as the god that punishes those that lie or break oaths. Zeus. Hestia. Persephone spent six months of the year in the underworld (causing winter). all other Olympians (with the exception of foam-born Aphrodite) are usually considered the children of Zeus by various mothers. and Artemis are always considered Olympians. Apollo. He is married to Hera but is famous for his many Olympians. Aphrodite. He is lord of the sky. Demeter. and was allowed to return to Mount Olympus for the other six months in order to be with her mother. His weapon is a thunderbolt. although Hades was always one of the principal Greek gods. and the rain. Hephaestus. Demeter. his home in the underworld of the dead made his connection to the Olympians more tenuous. Additionally. Ares. Athena. and Hades are the variable gods among the Twelve. except for Athena. Dionysus. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. The Olympians gained their supremacy in the world of gods after Zeus led his siblings to victory in war with the Titans. and Hades were siblings. Hestia. Hera. though never more than twelve at one time. The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. which he hurls at those who displease him. some versions of the myth state that Hephaestus was born of Hera alone as Hera's revenge for Zeus' solo birth of Athena. Hermes. And. Demeter. Poseidon. Mount Olympus Zeus overthrew his Father Cronus and then drew lots with his brothers Poseidon and Hades. Poseidon. who in some versions of the myth was born of Zeus alone. All the Olympians are related in some way. . Hera. Zeus.

he created a variety of animals in his quest and then created the first horse. He has a helmet that makes him invisible and he rarely leaves the underworld. death itself is another god. In some accounts. He married Amphitrite. Poseidon created the first horse. to share the power of the world. just to put him off. He had the worst draw and was made lord of the underworld. which can shake the earth. Thanatos. . ruling over the dead. who asked him to make the most beautiful animal that the world had ever seen. His prize was to become lord of the sea. to share the power of the world. He is unpitying and terrible. His wife is Persephone whom Hades abducted. He is the most powerful Olympian god. So. He was widely worshipped by seamen. Hades is the brother of Zeus. another brother. and shatter any object. He is the King of the dead but. He desired Demeter. He is exceedingly disinclined to allow any of his subjects leave. He is a greedy god who is greatly concerned with increasing his subjects. but not capricious.Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Poseidon. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades. another brother. his first attempts were unsuccessful. His weapon is a trident. after Zeus. a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanus. He is also the god of wealth. due to the precious metals that mined from the earth.

She plays no part in myths. Hera is Zeus wife and sister. The Titans Ocean and Tethys raised her. The gods fell to their knees begging and pleading for mercy. where the fire was never allowed to go out. the symbol of the house around which a newborn child is carried before it is received into the family. Zeus courted her unsuccessfully. Hera's marriage was founded in strife with Zeus and continued in strife. She is a virgin goddess. Zeus was being particularly overbearing to the other gods and Hera convinced them to join in a revolt.Hestia is Zeus sister. She wept in pain all night but none of the others dared to . and raped her. Then he changed himself into dishevelled cuckoo. She is the Goddess of the Hearth. Zeus sprang from the couch and grabbed up his thunderbolt. Briareus overheard the arguments. Then she married him to cover her shame. the gods bound the sleeping Zeus to a couch. Briareus slipped in and try to untie the knots. Hera feeling sorry for the bird held it to her breast to warm it. Zeus then transformed in his normal form and took advantage of the opportunity he gained. they began to quarrel over the next step. She is the protector of marriage and takes special care of married women. After that. Her part in the revolt was to drug Zeus. full of gratitude to Zeus. and when she managed that. Then Zeus seized Hera and hung her from the sky with gold chains. noticing to tie many knots. Each city had a public hearth sacred to Hestia. She does not have a distinct personality.

His animal is the dog. she often intrigued against Zeus's plans and she was often able to outwit him. the trumpet. Both parents disliked him. . She didn’t have a choice. the rake. Her favourite city is Athens. Her tree is the olive and the owl is her bird. the flute. Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera. and the chariot. She has invented the bridle. also a coward. Athena is the daughter of Zeus. Her weeping kept Zeus up and the next morning he agreed to release her if she would swear never to rebel again. Most stories concerning Hera have to do with her revenge for Zeus's infidelities. His bird is the vulture. He is the god of war and he is considered murderous and bloodstained but. She is fierce and brave in battle but only fights to protect the state and home from outside enemies. and purity. When he was caught in an act of adultery with Aphrodite. reason. She is the embodiment of wisdom. which permits man to tame horses. so she agreed. Her sacred animals are the cow and the peacock. and agriculture. the ship. She is Zeus's favourite child and she is allowed to use his weapons including his thunderbolt. She is a virgin goddess. Since she couldn’t rebel again. the yoke. Her favourite city is Argos. the pot.interfere. She is the goddess of the city. handicrafts. her husband Hephaestus publicly ridiculed him.

The other goes back to when Cronus castrated Uranus and tossed his severed genitals into the sea. and carries a magic wand. One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses and drive the sun across the sky. boxing. a winged hat. He is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. desire and beauty. One says she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. who can not tell a lie. and the sparrow are her birds. He is the god of thieves and commerce. the pipes. . Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia. His twin sister is Artemis. She is the wife of Hephaestus. He wears winged sandals. the dove. He invented the lyre. playing a golden lyre. Aphrodite is the goddess of love. of light and truth. weights and measures. the musical scale. He is the fastest of the gods. The myrtle is her tree. his bird is the crow and his animal is the dolphin. He is Zeus’s messenger. There are two accounts of her birth.Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi and people use to travel to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future. the swan. and the care of olive trees. In addition to her natural gifts she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire her. Aphrodite then arose from the sea foam on a giant scallop and walked to shore in Cyprus. His tree is the laurel. astronomy. He is the god of music. gymnastics.

but goes back to cause Leto no pain when she was born. Sometimes his wife is identified as Aglaia. She is the lady of the wild things. Some say that Hera. He is the patron god of both smiths and weavers. flung him from Mount Olympus into the sea. The cypress is her tree. His wife is Aphrodite.Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. He uses a volcano as his forge. He is the only god who is physically ugly and lame. He is the god of fire and the forge. . She also presides over childbirth. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. and the goddess of chastity. Others that he took Hera's side in an argument with Zeus and Zeus flung him off Mount Olympus. which may seem odd for a virgin. upset by having an ugly child. She became associated with Hecate. Her twin brother is Apollo. She is the huntsman of the gods. Accounts as how he became lame vary. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. breaking his legs. She is a virgin goddess. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. She is the protector of the young. He is the smith and armourer of the gods. He is kind and peace loving. All wild animals are scared to her and especially the deer.