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Student-Centered Learning Lesson Plan

Dana Nunnery
FRIT 7235

Grade Level: 4th

Subject: Science

S4P3. Students will demonstrate the relationship between the application of a
force and the resulting change in position and motion on an object.
a. Identify simple machines and explain their uses (lever, pulley, wedge,
inclined plane, screw, wheel and axle).

Lesson Objectives:

1. Students will explore the six simple machines and how they make work easier.
2. Students will explore how the force applied to a simple machine results in work.
3. Students will understand that simple machines are part of daily life.
4. Students will identify simple machines that they use everyday.

Prerequisite: Prior to this lesson on simple machines, the teacher will have already gone over the
six simple machines in an introductory lesson. This lesson is designed to have the students
explore the machines and gain a greater understanding of how each relates to everyday life.

Lesson Activities:

1. Students will work in small groups to explore the school environment for the purpose of
locating and recording simple machines that they find. Students will record their
observations in a data notebook. They should include information such as what simple
machine they find, what the simple machine is being used for, how the simple machine
makes work easier, and where the simple machine is located. (Group size is based on
teacher discretion according to class size, resources, etc.)
2. In addition to recording observations in their data notebooks, students will also
photograph their discoveries using a digital camera. These pictures will be used to create
a presentation.
3. Students will work together in their groups to create a digital presentation of their
findings. Students will be given a list of Web 2.0 tools that they can use to make their
presentation. Students will be given an opportunity to explore the different tools and can
choose which they would like to use to make their presentation. They may choose from
the following tools: Canva, Adobe Spark, Animoto, Google Slides, or Prezi. (If students
find another tool that they like, the teacher may approve for them to use it to make their
4. Students should include information in their presentation such as name of the simple
machine, description, uses, illustrations and/or pictures. Students should work together to
make their presentation creative and interesting.


1. Grading will be based on a rubric.
2. Students will write a self-reflection paper in which they will include what they learned
from the activity and how simple machines are used to make their life easier on a daily

Teacher’s role:
In this lesson, the teacher serves as the facilitator. She is there as a guide for the students
if they have questions or need assistance.

Students’ role:
Since this lesson is a student-centered activity, the students act as the instructors. They
make decisions on what and where to explore and have to decide what information is important
in regards to what they are learning. They are also responsible for working cooperatively in order
to create a project.