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# CM1502

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE

SEMESTER II EXAMINATION

CM1502 – GENERAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY FOR ENGINEERS

APRIL/MAY 2011 - TIME ALLOWED: 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1. This examination paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises SEVEN (7)
pages.

3. Answer each question beginning on a FRESH page of the answer book.

4. This is a CLOSED BOOK exam.

5. Calculators ARE allowed.

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73 kJmol-1.(aq.01 M) and F2 (g. heat. The equilibrium N2O4 (g) ⇋  2NO2 (g) was attained at 298 K and 2. 1. CM1502 Question 1 a) 3 moles of carbon dioxide gas expands reversibly in a piston-container from 20 L to 40 L in an isothermal process at 400 K. (5 marks) b) Calculate the change in entropy and Gibb’s free energy of the system when 2 moles of water goes from 300 K and 1 atm to 310 K and 40 atm. if the following cell at 298 K can light up a 1.5 moles of NO2 (g) in a given system. considering van der Waals behaviour. (6 marks) c) A student mixes 0. with calculations. (6 marks) d) Methyl red has an acid form which is red and a base form which is yellow.5 V bulb. given its Ka of 7.5 atm).(aq.3 moles of N2O4 (g) and 0. 1 atm) and positive cell has F. 5 M) and F2 (g. Negative cell has F. 0.9 x 10-6? (4 marks) e) Predict. Calculate work. Given that ΔG° for the gaseous reaction is 4.0427 L mol-1]. What form will be favoured at pH 4 and by what percentage. (4 marks) -2- .59 atm L2 mol-2 and b = 0. change in internal energy and change in enthalpy. find the equilibrium concentrations of N2O4 and NO2. [a = 3.0 atm.

[Fe2+] = 0. [H+] = 1 x10-3 molL-1. [Hint: the peak for the CH2 group has the highest chemical shift].01 molL-1 and [Fe3+] = 0.50 molL-1. i) Calculate the cell potential.2 114 32 (5 marks) -3- .51 V and E°red (Fe3+/Fe2+) = +0. (3 marks) iii) At what pH will be the electrons flow in the reverse direction? (4 marks) c) Predict and sketch the NMR spectra for 2-butanone. Will more work be done if the container was insulated or not insulated? Show the calculations. E°red (MnO4-/Mn2+) = +1. (3 marks) ii) Calculate the voltage change if the pH is increased by 1 unit.10 molL-1. (5 marks) b) A voltaic cell at 298 K has [MnO4-] = 0. CM1502 Question 2 a) A piston-container which contains 2 moles of water at 393 K of 2 L expands reversibly to 4 L.01 molL-1. [Mn2+] = 0.77 V. (5 marks) d) Predict the structure of the compound using the following mass spectral data of the last three peaks: m/z Relative intensity 112 100 113 7.

give the electronic configurations and state how many unpaired electrons are present in the ground state configuration of the following elements (i) S (Sulfur.5% complete? Calculate the rate constant for the reaction.22 x 10-3 The initial concentrations of NO2 (g) and F2 (g) are given by [NO2]0 and [F2]0 (7 marks) b) A first order reaction is 24% complete in 19.dm-3 Initial rate / mol. How long will the reaction take to be 85.15 1.15 1.12 x 10-4 2 1.15 6.15 2.dm-3s-1 1 1.dm-3 [F2]0 / mol. Z=16) (ii) Ca (Calcium. (3 marks) c) For the following elements.36 x 10-3 3 1.7 minutes. Z=20) (2 marks) -4- .30 1. CM1502 Question 3 a) For the following reaction between NO2 and O2 determine the rate law and the value of the rate constant using the data given in the table below 2NO2 (g) + F2 (g)  2NO2F (g) Experiment [NO2]0 / mol.72 1.

Explain. (6 marks) b) Indicate all the possible missing quantum numbers for the hydrogen atom if n=3. ml=? . (3 marks) Question 4 a) Calculate the overall activation energy of a reaction. assuming that the reaction proceeds by the following mechanism Step 1: A + B  C + D (fast equilibrium) Step 2: 2C  G + H (slow) In step 1. Explain. (2 marks) f) Nitrogen exists as N2 and not N4 while Phosphorus exists as P4 and not P2. the activation energies of the forward and reverse reactions are 130 kJ/mol and 90 kJ/mol respectively and the activation energy for step 2 is 190 kJ/mol. l=2. ms = ? (2 marks) -5- . CM1502 d) Draw the molecular orbital energy level diagrams for B2 and B2+ and indicate which between the two has unpaired electron(s) (8 marks) e) The first ionization energy of aluminium is smaller than that of magnesium.

Explain the difference in the bond energies. (3 marks) e) Draw the molecular orbital diagram of He2. (2 marks) END OF PAPER -6- . indicate all resonance structures. If applicable. Explain if the He2 molecule can exist or not? (4 marks) + f) Arrange the following in the order of increasing size: As. - (i) ClO4 (ii) SF4 (8 marks) d) The C – C bond energy is 356 kJ/mol while Si – Si bond energy is 226 kJ/mol. Sb. Indicate ALL lone pairs and bond pairs of electrons. Se. Se . CM1502 c) Give the Lewis structure and predict the shape of the molecule based on VSEPR theory for the following molecules. formal charges and hybridization on the central atom.

CM1502 -7- .