Kalimat aktif: I clean my room every day. [Saya membersihkan kamarku setiap hari.

]

Kalimat pasif: My room is cleaned by me every day. [Kamarku dibersihkan olehku setiap
hari.]

Rumus kalimat pasif

Rumus kalimat aktif adalah S + auxilary verb + verb 3. Auxilary verb ini dapat berupa to be
(is, am, are, was, dan were), have, atau modal bergantung pada struktur kalimat aktif dan
subjek kalimat pasif.

Cara membuat kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktif

Jika Anda ingin membuat kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktifnya, Anda harus menguasi cara-cara
membuatnya, yaitu:

1. Gunakan is, am, atau are jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan V1

Jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 1 (simple present tense), gunakan is, am, are, atau is
untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya. Contoh:

 We clean the house every week. [Kami membersihkan rumah setiap minggu.]

 The house is cleaned by us every week. [Rumah dibersihkan oleh kami setiap
minggu.]

Contoh lain.

 She kicks the ball very hard. [Dia menendang bola dengan sangat keras.]

 The ball is kicked by her very hard. [Bola ditendang olehnya dengan sangat keras.]

2. Gunakan was atau were jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 2

Jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 2 (simple past tense), gunakan was atau were untuk
membuat kalimat pasifnya. Contoh:

 I called my mother yesterday. [Saya menelepon ibuku kemarin.]

 My mother was called by me last night. [Ibuku ditelepon olehku kemarin.]

Contoh lain:

 She ate two hamburgers at a time. [Dia makan dua hamburger sekaligus.]

 Two hamburgers were eaten by her at a time. [Dua hamburger dimakan sekaligus oleh
dia.]

]  A nice story had been told by Raffi to me.  We were discussing the problem last night. [Masalah sedang didiskusikan oleh kami tadi malam. [Beberapa kue sudah dibuat oleh Sarah. Tambahkan be sebelum verb 3 jika kalimat aktif menggunakan modal Jika kalimat aktif menggunakan modal. Anda harus menyesuaikan have dengan subjek di kalimat pasifnya. sisipkan been di antara have dan verb 3 untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya.]  A book is being written by Agus. Sisipkan been di antara have dan verb 3 Jika kalimat aktif menggunakan have + verb 3 (perfect tense).] .3. [Sebuah cerita yang menarik telah diceritakan Raffi padaku. [Kami sedang mendiskusikan masalah tadi malam. tambahkan be sebelum verb 3 untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya. Mohon diingat.] Contoh untuk past perfect tense:  Raffi had told a nice story to me.]  Many cakes have been made by Sarah. [Sebuah buku sedang ditulis oleh Agus. [Agus sedang menulis sebuah buku. [Saya akan menyelesaikan masalah itu segera. [Raffi telah menceritakan sebuah cerita yang menarik padaku. Tambahkan being sebelum verb 3 jika kalimat aktifnya continuous tense Jika kalimat aktifnya berupa continuous tense. to be-nya disesuaikan dengan subjek kalimat pasifnya. Namun. Contoh untuk present continuous tense:  Agus is writing a book. [Ibuku sudah membuat beberapa kue. Contoh untuk present perfect tense:  Sarah has made many cakes. Contoh:  I will solve the problem soon.] 5.]  The problem was being discussed by us last night.] 4. tambahkan being sebelum verb 3 untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya.] Contoh untuk past continuous tense.

 The problem will be solved by me soon.]  The books can be borrowed by you. 2.  This cafe is membered by us. By – By dalam kalimat pasif tidak wajib ditulis (optional). Kalimat tanpa objek – Kalimat tanpa objek tidak dapat dibentuk menjadi kalimat pasif. Contoh:  We are member of this cafe. (school every morning adalah keterangan) Semoga penjelasan di atas membantu Anda memahami cara membuat kalimat aktif dalam bahasa Inggris.] Perhatian Ada beberapa hal yang perlu Anda perhatikan dalam membuat kalimat pasif. [Buku-buku ini dapat dipijam oleh Anda. [Masalah itu akan diselesaikan segera oleh saya. [Anda dapat meminjam buku-buku ini.] Contoh lain:  You can borrow these books. Dengan kata lain. yatu: 1. Anda bisa menggunakannya atau tidak. Contoh:  I go to school every morning. Kalimat non verbal – Kalimat non verbal (tanpa kata kerja) tidak dapat dibentuk menjadi kalimat pasif. (kalimat salah) 3. silakan menginformasikannya pada bagian komentar di bawah. Jika Anda punya pertanyaan. .

kita menggunakan kalimat aktif dengan imbuhan me. Pasif: Sate padang is bought by us. Sementara itu untuk kalimat pasif menggunakan imbuhan di-. 3. Pasif: National anthem is sung by her. Aktif: We buy sate padang. Pasif: This book is read by me. kalau dalam bahasa Inggris tentu tidak mengenal imbuhan Oleh sebab itu cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif dengan menggunakan pola atau rumus berikut: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Berikut beberapa contoh cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif dalam bahasa Inggris. Contoh kalimat aktif: Saya membaca buku. Kalimat itu bisa kita ubah menjadi kalimat pasif: Buku dibaca oleh saya.Dalam keseharian kita berbahasa Indonesia. Aktif: I read this book.pada kata kerja. 1. . Aktif: She sings national anthem. Nah. 2.

Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Present Continuous Tense: NOUN + TOBE (is. Contohnya: Aktif: Nia was cooking rice. Pasif: The letter was sent by Budi yesterday.Nah karena bahasa inggris mememiliki aturan-aturan perubahan bentuk kata kerja sesuai waktu kejadian atau tenses maka dalam mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif juga perlu memperhatikan tenses-nya. Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Simple Past Tense: NOUN + TOBE (was. Contohnya: Aktif: Budi sent the letter yesterday. Contohnya: Aktif: I am writing a book. Pasif: Rice was being cooked by Nia. am. Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Past Continuous Tense: NOUN + TOBE (was. are) + BEING + PAST PARTICIPLE. were) + BEING + PAST PARTICIPLE. . Ini tentu tidak semudah bahasa Indonesia. were) + PAST PARTICIPLE. Pasif: A book is being written by me.

b. Tinggal letakan saja objek dalam kalimat aktifnya yang biasanya ada di akhit kalimat menjadi di awal kalimat. 3. V1 / V2 / V3 => tobe + V3 Misalkan : eat menjadi is/are eaten Setelah kalian ingat dengan hal di atas. Coba jawab dan diskusikan dengan teman-teman Anda. 4. Present 1. 2. Michael Jordan painted his house last year. Simple Present Aktif : S + V1 + O Pasif : O + tobe + V3 Contoh a. cobalah untuk mengubah kalimat aktif berikut menjadi kalimat pasif: 1. . Cara Mengubah Active Voice menjad Passive Voice #1 Cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif itu tidak sulit. yang tetntunya harus sesuai dengan objek yang mendahuluinya. tidak peduli dalam tense apa kalimat pasif tersebut. 1 hal yang harus kalian ingat adalah kata kerja utama yang ada di kalimat aktif harus diubah menjadi bentuk ketiga dan didahului dengan to be. Simaremare repaired his phone. She breaks the vase. => That cake is eatean (by me). Bagaimana. Luna is washing car. Semoga dengan belajar grammar bahasa Inggris seperti ini kita menjadi semakin lancar berkomunikasi dengan para bule ya. => The vase is broken (by her). maka langkah kedua kalian harus memperhatikan tense dari kalimat yang ingin kalian ubah ke pasif. Mr. KATA KERJA BENTUK TIGA (past participle) tersebut pada kalimat pasif tidak akan berubah. Arsya eats nasi goreng. I eat that cake. Berikut cara mengubah kalimat aktif ke pasif dalam 16 tense bahasa Inggris : A. Itulah tadi cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif beserta contohnya dalam beberapa bentuk waktu atau tenses. Selai itu. sebagai latihan. mudah bukan? Sekarang.

My boss will accept my plan. We will have finished all the tasks. Present Continuous Aktif : S + tobe + V-ing + O Pasif : O + tobe + being + V3 Contoh : a. b. 5. Present Future Perfect Aktif : S + Will + Have + V3 + O Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + V3 Contoh : a. => The homework will be done (by me). => A letter has been written (by him). 2. b. Present Future Aktif : S + will + V1 + O Pasif : O + Will + be + V3 Contoh : a. Present Perfect Aktif : S + Have/Has + V3 + O Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + V3 Contoh : a. He is eating a huge cake. 4. He has written a letter. b. => All the tasks will have been finished (by us). => The pencil has been taken (by you). . => My plan will be accepted (by my boss). 3. => That big building is being destroyed. They are destroying that big building. You have taken the pencil. => A huge cake is being eaten. I will do the homework. *kata dalam kurung boleh digunakan atau tidak.

=> Next month. Past 9. => I’m sure I will have been being fired (by my boss). She has been eating all cakes.b. Present Future Perfect Continuous Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing + O Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3 Contoh : 1. => Your phone has been being fixed (by me). She will have been telling me the truth. Present Perfect Continuous Aktif : S + Have/Has + been + V-ing + O Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + being + V3 Contoh : 1. B. 8. => The truth will have been being told (by her). Next month. I will have been cooking the dinner soon. I have been fixing your phone. his paper will have been finished (by him). => The dinner will have been being cooked soon (by me). => All cakes have been being eaten (by her). Present Future Continuous Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3 Contoh : a. Simple Past Aktif : S + V2 + O . They will have been killing me. I’m sure my boss will have been firing me. => I will have been being killed (by them). 2. b. he will have finished his paper. 2. 7. 6.

=> I was told (by my mom). I broke the glass. His mother was cooking meal for breakfast. 12. => A cup of coffee was being drunk (by me) b. Past Future Perfect Aktif : S + Would + Have + V3 + O Pasif : O + Would + Have + been + V3 Contoh : . Past Future Aktif : S + Would + V1 + O Pasif : O + Would + be + V3 a. Her sister had called me for some help. I was drinking a cup of coffee. 10. 13. => Meal for breakfast was being cooked (by his mother). His father would hit him. => The food had been eaten (by you). Pasif : O + tobe + V3 Contoh : a. My mom told me. c. b. => The money would be spent (by me). b. 11. I would spend the money. => The glass was broken (by me). Past Continuous Aktif : S + tobe (was/were) + V-ing + O Pasif : O + tobe (was/were) + being + V3 a. Past Perfect Aktif : S + Had + V3 + O Pasif : O + Had + been + V3 a. => He would be hit (by his father). You had eaten that food. => I had been called (by her sister) for some help.

Our teacher would have taught us for 1 year. b. => We would have been taught (by our teacher) for 1 year. a. She would be fixing your life. => Your life would be being fixed (by her) 15. => Your fish had been being eaten (by my cat). Past Future Continuous Aktif : S + Would + be + V-ing Pasif : O + Would + be + being + V3 Contoh : a. Past Perfect Continuous Aktif : S + Had + been + V-ing + O Pasif : O + Had + been + being + V3 Contoh : a. => My life had been being changed (by him). b. He had been changing my life. => The house would be being cleaned (by us). . 16. My husband would have been climbing the wall. We would be cleaning the house. => That movie would have been watched (by them). => The car would have been being driven (by my wife). => The wall would have been being climbed (by my husband). My wife would have been driving the car. 14. My cat had been eating your fish. They would have watched that movie. b. Past Future Perfect Continuous Aktif : S + Would + Have + been + V-ing + O Pasif : O + Would + Have + been + being + V3 Contoh : a. b.

am atau are. Namun. 6.Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan. past perfect. Verb1 (fertilize) pada active voice menjadi verb3 (fertilized) pada passive voice. future. bukan progressive/continuous lagi. kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Perhatikan contoh-contoh pada poin h – o di bawah. 3. Contoh : • Active : We fertilize the soil every 6 months • Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months Dari contoh ini dapat kita lihat bahwa: 1. Object dari active voice (the soil) menjadi subject dari passive voice 2. tensisnya akan berubah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya. 5. Be yang digunakan adalah tergantung pada subject passive voice dan tenses yang digunakan. (Perhatikan pola-pola passive voice di bawah). Ditambahkannya be ‘is’ di depan verb3. sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar. • Passive : They are met by him everyday. Ditambahkannya kata ‘by’ di belakang verb3. perlu menambahkan ‘being’ di depan verb3). maka object biasanya tidak dikemukakan dan begitu pula kata ‘by’. past future. 4. Subject dari active voice (we) menjadi object dari passive voice. Contoh: • Active : He meets them everyday. Khusus untuk kalimat-kalimat progressive (present. Perhatikan pula bahwa terjadi perubahan dari subject pronoun ‘we’ menjadi object pronoun ‘us’. jika object dari passive voice dianggap tidak penting atau tidak diketahui. artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. past. sebaliknya. Namun demikian. Berdasarkan keenam poin di atas maka passive voice mengikuti pola sebagai berikut: Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier Pola active dan passive voice pada tiap tensis a. . Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah is. Jika active voice dalam simple present tense. dan past future perfect continuous. Kalau tidak ditambahkan “being”.

maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary had. g. • Passive : They will be met by him tomorrow. sehingga menjadi ‘would have been’. • Passive : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon. • Passive : They had been met by him before I came. • Active : She would have watered this plant. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary would have. Contoh: • Active : He was meeting them. • Passive : This plant will be watered by her this afternoon. Jika active voice dalam simple past tense. • Active : She will water this plant this afternoon. d. • Passive : They would have been met by him. i. • Passive : They are being met by him now. f. Contoh: • Active : He is meeting them now. Contoh: • Active : He would have met them. Jika active voice dalam future perfect tense. am atau are) + being. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary will have. • Passive : They were being met by him. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (was atau were) + being. Jika active voice dalam simple future tense. sehingga menjadi ‘has been’ atau ‘have been’ Contoh: • Active : He has met them • Passive : They have been met by him • Active : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes. • Passive : This plant is watered by her every two days. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (has/have) been + being. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah was atau were Contoh: • Active : He met them yesterday • Passive : They were met by him yesterday • Active : She watered this plant this morning • Passive : This plant was watered by her this morning c. • Active : The farmers are going to harvest the crops next week • Passive : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week. • Passive : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes. b. Jika active voice dalam present perfect tense. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect tense. • Active : She was watering this plant. Jika active voice dalam perfect continuous tense. j. . sehingga menjadi ‘will have been’ Contoh: • Active : He will have met them before I get there tomorrow. • Active : She will have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary has atau have. Jika active voice dalam past perfect tense. • Passive : This plant would have been watered by her. • Passive : This plant is being watered by her now. h. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah be Contoh: • Active : He will meet them tomorrow.• Active : She waters this plant every two days. • Active : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here • Passive : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here e. • Passive : This plant was being watered by her. Jika active voice dalam past continuous tense. • Active : She is watering this plant now. sehingga menjadi had been Contoh: • Active : He had met them before I came. • Passive : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow. Jika active voice dalam present continuous tense. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (is.

maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah had been + being. 5. He was punched by his friend right on his nose. 4. k. Jika active voice dalam future perfect continuous tense. l. Jika active voice dalam past future continuous tense. There is no meal left. These plants were watered by my sister a few minutes ago. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah would have been + being. Jika active voice dalam past perfect continuous tense. • Active : She had been watering this plant. Contoh-contoh yang lain: 1. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah would be + being. • Passive : This plant would be being watered by her. • Passive : They will be being met by him. (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh semua murid sekolah menengah lanjutan (SMP dan SMA). • Passive : This plant had been being watered by her. Dia dipukul oleh temannya tepat di hidungnya). 2. • Passive : They would be being met by him. Koko’s nose is bleeding. m. English is studied by all high school students. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah will be + being. The Indonesian football team was beaten by the Saudi Arabian team. Semuanya telah dilahap habis oleh Yeyes). • Passive : They would be being met by him. Contoh: • Active : He will have been meeting them. • Active : She will be watering this plant. • Active : She would be watering this plant. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah will have been + being. All has been devoured by Yeyes. • Passive : This plant has been being watered by her. . (Hidung Koko sedang berdarah. (Team sepakbola Indonesia dikalahkan oleh team arab Saudi). • Passive : They had been being met by him. o. (Tidak ada makan yang tersisa. • Passive : This plant would be being watered by her. Contoh: • Active : He will be meeting them. Contoh: • Active : He had been meeting them. n. • Passive : This plant will have been being watered by her.Contoh: • Active : He has been meeting them. Contoh: • Active : He would be meeting them. • Passive : They will have been being met by him. 3. Jika active voice dalam future continuous tense. • Active : She would be watering this plant. • Passive : This plant will be being watered by her. • Active : She has been watering this plant. • Passive : They have been being met by him. Contoh: • Active : He would be meeting them. (Tanaman-tanaman ini disirami oleh adikku beberapa menit yang lalu). • Active : She will have been watering this plant. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect continuous tense.