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MLS-2C November 24, 2016

MT 11 (LABORATORY) Experiment #1: Transport across the Membrane

1. Explain the effect of temperature in the diffusion of solute particles.

While solute particle affect the rate of diffusion in terms of its size,
temperature further improves the solubility of those particles. Temperature is
directly proportional to the diffusion of solute particles since the energy available
for diffusion theoretically, the one that breaks down the particles- is affected
proportionally and as a result, the particle will move faster or. In other words, when
the temperature increases the rate of diffusion also increases.

2. How do osmosis, diffusion, dialysis and surface tension exhibited in the cell
Osmosis, diffusion, dialysis and surface tension either natural or artificial
contributes to the homeostatic balance of cell of both plants and animals. Osmosis
is exhibited when water goes from an area of low concentration to an area of high
concentration until the concentration on both sides reaches equilibrium. Diffusion is
the opposite of osmosis, solute particles moves to an area from a high concentration
to an area of low concentration instead of going from low to high. Dialysis affects
the amount of water in the cell which also change its size and shape. Surface
tension refers to the hydrogen bonding of water that can be found either in or out of
the cell membrane.

3. Explain how renal insufficiency may be corrected by the use of dialysis.

Renal insufficiency is the poor function of the kidneys that may be due to a
reduction of blood-flow. The use of dialysis is used to correct renal insufficiency
since it artificially or clinically regulates blood-flow of the patients with a renal
artery disease. Additionally, dialysis also allows cleansing of the blood through the
dialysis membrane and returns clean blood back to the patients body

4. Explain how soap lowers the surface tension of water.

Soap lowers the surface tension for the reason that it breaks the hydrogen-
bonding of water. Soap or detergent molecules have a polar head on one edge that
attracts water and a polar head on the other edge that repels water. These opposing
heads interfere with the hydrogen bonds in the water molecules and weaken the
strength of the skin on the surface, breaking the tension.

5. What will happen to a red blood cell if you place in a hypertonic, hypotonic and
isotonic salt solution?
Red blood cell will shrink if it is placed on a hypertonic salt solution, it will
swell on a hypotonic solution and if it was placed on an isotonic salt solution, the
red blood cell will neither shrink nor swell.