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# LESSON 2: STATIC ELECTRICITY Science &

Technology IV
Name:
____________________

How do objects get charged?
What is static electricity? All phenomena related to electrical charges at rest
(not in an electrical current).

What is a charge? An object has a charge when there is an imbalance in the
electrical charge of that object. There are three ways to charge an object: friction,
conduction, and induction.

Triboelectric series: Some materials “give up” electrons easily and become
positively charged. Others tend to “grab” electrons from other materials and
become negatively charged. The spectrum of how easily materials give up or grab
electrons is called the Triboelectric series.

Plastic Gold Silver Nickel Hard rubber Wood Cotton Paper Aluminum Wool Glass Fur Human skin Air

Grabs electrons easily Gives up electrons easily
(becomes negatively charged easily) (becomes positively charged easily)

Part I: Complete the following table.
Method Before During charging After

Friction Electrons move from the
(rubbing) object that gives up e-
easily (circle) to the object
that grabs e- easily
(square).

Two neutral objects. Two objects with opposite
charges.

Conduction Electrons move from
(direct negatively charged circle
contact) to the neutral square. The
charge is shared.

*The circle becomes less
negative. The square gained
some e-, so, it is now
negatively charged.
One charged object and one Two objects with like charges.
neutral object
(this example: circle is neg)

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LESSON 2: STATIC ELECTRICITY Science &
Technology IV
Name:
____________________

Induction Electrons in the square
(no direct move to be close to the
contact) side near to the positively
charged circle.

*Electrons don’t move
between objs because there
is no contact

One charged object One charged object and one
and one neutral object, object carrying a partial positive
(this example: circle is pos) charge on one side and a partial
negative charge on the other side.

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