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GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 20–11

5.6 Liquid Supplies. 5.8* Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities.
5.6.1* Reliability. The adequacy and dependability of the water cen
ntrifugal
g fire pump
5.8.1 A centrifugal p p for fire protection
p shall be
source are of primary importance and shall be fully determined, p
selected to operate at less than or equal to 150 percent of
with due allowance for its reliability in the future. the rated capacity.
5.6.2* Sources. 5.8.2* Centrifugal
g fire pumps
p p shall have one of the rated ca-
p
pacities gp
in L/min (gpm) identified in Table 5.8.2 and shall be
5.6.2.1 Any source of water that is adequate in quality, quan- rated at net pressures of 2.7 bar (40 psi) or more.
tity, and pressure shall be permitted to provide the supply for a
fire pump.
5.6.2.2 Where the water supply from a public service main is
not adequate in quality, quantity, or pressure, an alternative Table 5.8.2 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities
water source shall be provided.
L/min gpm L/min gpm
5.6.2.3 The adequacy of the water supply shall be determined
and evaluated prior to the specification and installation of the 95 25 3,785 1,000
fire pump. 189 50 4,731 1,250
379 100 5,677 1,500
5.6.3 Level. The minimum water level of a well or wet pit shall 568 150 7,570 2,000
be determined by pumping at not less than 150 percent of the 757 200 9,462 2,500
fire pump rated capacity. 946 250 11,355 3,000
5.6.4* Stored Supply. 1,136 300 13,247 3,500
1,514 400 15,140 4,000
5.6.4.1 A stored supply shall be sufficient to meet the demand 1,703 450 17,032 4,500
placed upon it for the expected duration. 1,892 500 18,925 5,000
2,839 750
5.6.4.2 A reliable method of replenishing the supply shall be
provided.
5.6.5 Head.
5.6.5.1 The head available from a water supply shall be fig- g fire pumps
5.8.3 Centrifugal p p with ratings g over 18,925 L/min
ured on the basis of a flow of 150 percent of rated capacity of gp
(5000 gpm) j
are subject to individual review byy either the au-
the fire pump. thority having jurisdiction or a listing laboratory.
5.6.5.2 This head shall be as indicated by a flow test. 5.9 Nameplate. Pumps shall be provided with a nameplate.

5.7 Pumps and Drivers. 5.10 Pressure Gauges.

5.7.1* Fire pumps shall be dedicated to and listed for fire pro- 5.10.1 Discharge.
tection service. 5.10.1.1 A pressure gauge having a dial not less than 89 mm
5.7.2 Acceptable drivers for pumps at a single installation are (3.5 in.) in diameter shall be connected near the discharge
electric motors, diesel engines, steam turbines, or a combina- casting with a nominal 6 mm (0.25 in.) gauge valve.
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tion thereof. 5.10.1.2 The dial shall indicate pressure to at least twice
the rated working pressure of the pump but not less than
5.7.3 Except for installations made prior to adoption of the
13.8 bar (200 psi).
1974 edition of this standard, dual-drive pump units shall not
be used. 5.10.1.3 The face of the dial shall read in bar, pounds per
square inch, or both with the manufacturer’s standard
5.7.4* Maximum Pressure for Centrifugal Pumps. graduations.
p p shutoff (churn) pressure
5.7.4.1 The net pump p p the maxi-
plus 5.10.2* Suction.
mum static suction pressure,
p adjusted
j for elevation, shall not ex-
ceed the pressure for which the system components are rated. 5.10.2.1 Unless the requirements of 5.10.2.4 are met, a com-
pound pressure and vacuum gauge having a dial not less than
5.7.4.2 Pressure relief valves shall not be used as a means to 89 mm (3.5 in.) in diameter shall be connected to the suction
meet the requirements of 5.7.4.1. pipe near the pump with a nominal 6 mm (0.25 in.) gauge valve.
5.7.4.3 Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control. 5.10.2.2 The face of the dial shall read in millimeters of mer-
cury (inches of mercury) or bar (psi) for the suction range.
5.7.4.3.1 Variable speed pressure limiting control drivers, as
defined in this standard, are acceptable to meet the require- 5.10.2.3 The gauge shall have a pressure range two times the
ments of 5.7.4.1. rated maximum suction pressure of the pump, but not less
than 6.9 bar (100 psi).
p
5.7.4.3.2 One hundred ten (110) percent p
of the rated pres-
sure of the variable speed
p p
pressure g control, adjusted
limiting j 5.10.2.4 The requirements of 5.10.2 shall not apply to vertical
for elevation, shall not exceed the pressure for which the sys- shaft turbine–type pumps taking suction from a well or open
tem components are rated. wet pit.

2003 Edition

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