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5.

112 Name (Print):
Fall 2016
Final Exam Review Worksheet
Suggested Time: 180 Minutes TA:

This worksheet contains 19 pages (including this cover page) and 15 problems, for a total of
300 points. Before you begin, please check to see if any pages are missing. A suggested time
limit and point values have been provided for the purposes of self-evaluation.

• Show and organize your work in a reason-
Problem Points Score
ably neat and coherent way. Orderly, intelligi-
ble calculations are the difference between par-
1 15
tial credit and no credit.

• Use appropriate significant figures. An 2 15
otherwise-correct answer with the incorrect
number of significant figures may not receive 3 15
full credit.
4 15
• The use of programmable calculators is
prohibited on exams. Familiarize yourself 5 16
with the usage of simple four-function or sci-
entific calculators. 6 24

7 25

8 25

9 30

10 35

11 21

12 19

13 15

14 10

15 20

Total: 300

By Jo Melville (5.112R5) Page 1 of 19

112 Fall 2016 Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 2 of 19 .5.

112 Fall 2016 Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 3 of 19 .5.

5.112 Fall 2016 Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 4 of 19 .

5.1 nm strike an atom of boron.63 Hz by (15) emitting the same tone in such a manner to create destructive interference. (a) Which orbitals are electrons being excited from? (2) (a) (b) How many unique electron velocities will be observed? (3) (b) (c) What is the velocity of the slowest electron released from the atom? (10) Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 5 of 19 . If the speed of sound is 340.112 Fall 2016 1. photoinducing the emission of several electrons of various speeds. what is the minimum distance between the sound source and the antinoise source? 2. An antinoise system is set up to cancel a sound wave with a frequency ν=261. X-rays with a wavelength of 3.29 m/s.

............ O2 .............. (a) Fill in the correct number of electrons for the AOs and MOs for O2 .... full E.. half-full F..................... σ-bonding.... σ-antibonding...... O2 2.... (d) Which of the following best describes the highest-occupied MO in the hypothetical (3) He2 molecule? A.... O2 + ..5............. full D......... full B...... π-bonding............ π-antibonding... (4) (c) Which of the species from part (b) would you expect to have the shortest bond (3) length? The longest? ............112 Fall 2016 3...... The next three questions relate to the following homoatomic molecular orbital diagram................... σ-bonding. full C..... half-full Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 6 of 19 ...... σ-antibonding... (5) (b) Calculate the bond orders for the following species: O2 ........... ........

112 Fall 2016 4.00. Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 7 of 19 .31×10−5 ) with unknown concentration is titrated with 0.10 M NaOH.5. the amount of conjugate base in a buffered solution near (8) the half-equivalence point will be equal to the amount of neutralizing titrant added. the pH is measured to be 4. Calculate the initial concentration of benzoic acid. 10 mL of a solution of benzoic acid (ka =6. (b) To a first approximation. (a) After 10 mL of NaOH is added. Calculate the ratio (7) of protonated benzoic acid to its conjugate benzoate ion.

.. and explain your reasoning.................... ................. (b) Fluoride (F.........) is a strong-field ligand.............................................................................5.................................................... (a) As you move down the periodic table to heavier transition metals....................... meaning it increases ΔO ......is a high-spin d5 complex................will lower the t2g energy level.. Mark each of the following statements as true or false...... (a) cis-[PtCl2 (NH3 )2 ] (6) Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 8 of 19 .... 6............................... (4) ....................... (4) ................................................................ .................................. ............... (4) ........... Draw each of the following metal complexes.................................................................... (c) [Fe(CN)6 ]3.................. ..................... the octahedral (4) ligand-field splitting ΔO increases.. ................... raising ΔO ..............112 Fall 2016 5...................................................... (d) π-accepting ligands like CO or CN................................................................. then calculate the oxidation state and the number of d-electrons at the metal center.

5.112 Fall 2016 (b) [Ni(CO)4 ] (6) (c) [WCl5 (η5 -C5 H5 )] (6) (d) mer -[CoF3 (PMe3 )] (6) Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 9 of 19 .

calculate the reduced (7) mass µ of the H—X system.5 cm-1 excites the HX system from the ground (12) vibrational and rotational state (v = 0. Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 10 of 19 .28 kJ/mol. (c) A photon with frequency ν¯ = 2234. J = 1). (6) (b) Given that the H—X bond has a force constant k = 291 N/m. (a) Calculate the fundamental frequency of the H—X bond. The vibrational zero-point energy of an unknown hydrogen halide (HX) is 13. J = 0) to the first excited vibrational and rotational states (v = 1.112 Fall 2016 7.5. Calculate the moment of inertia I of the system.

......and (7) low-spin cases.................. (c) If the pairing energy is P and the splitting energy is ΔO ... (4) tively? ... (7) field stabilization energy (CFSE) for the two complexes? (d) Calculate the magnetic moment µ of the two complexes to three significant figures.... (7) in units of Bohr magnetons...... (a) Draw and fill a pair of octahedral d-orbital splitting diagrams for the d6 high....... The following question relates to the metal complexes [Fe(CN)5 (CO)]3................... (b) Which of these cases corresponds to [Fe(CN)5 (CO)]3........................................................5.112 Fall 2016 8.......... respec... . Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 11 of 19 ...and [CrCl3 (H2 O)3 ]3....................and [CrCl3 (H2 O)3 ]3............... what is the total crystal.....

... .............................112 Fall 2016 9............... ii.................. list the type of bonding in- teraction that is being depicted (σ-donation......................................................................... iii................................................................ .................. (b) In 30 words or less................ explain you would expect binding of CO to a metal center like (8) Fe2+ to affect the properties of the C—O bond......... ............................................. Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 12 of 19 ..................................................... and give an example of a ligand which would bind to a metal center in such a fashion............................................... ........... ....... i............. ............. π-donation....... ........ ........................................................................ ...................... (a) For each of the following ligand binding diagrams............................................................... σ-acceptance.............................5................ The following questions pertain to different types of metal-ligand interaction............................................................................................................. ................................ and/or π- acceptance).............

...... ............would be capable of bonding in a π-type fashion? Draw one such interaction...................) from lowest to highest (6) energy.............. Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 13 of 19 ..... (d) ψ2 is capable of σ-bonding with the dz2 orbital of a metal oriented ”above” the (7) cyclopentadienyl ring..... Which combinations of metal d orbitals and cp...5........112 Fall 2016 (c) Order the following MOs for the cyclopentadienyl ligand (cp.................

............. Chlorophyll A/B (4) ........ list the active transition metal center(s) and briefly describe their biological function (<15 words)......... ......................................................................................................... ii................................... .......................... v......................... iv.. Nitrogenase (4) ........................................... Transition metals play a small but vital role in a number of biological processes........................................................................ ............................................................... Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) (4) .......................................................................................... Hemoglobin (4) ..... (b) Ferredoxins are crucial electron-transfer proteins that contain cubical iron-sulfur clusters....... Myoglobin (4) ......................................... .............................. .........112 Fall 2016 10......................... (a) For each of the following bioinorganic molecules...............5........ i..... iii.................................................................................................................. like so: Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 14 of 19 ................................

....................112 Fall 2016 i.. Under the range of biological redox potentials........... ii....................... What are the range of possible total charges for the cluster? (Hint: consider (3) the charges of the RS– and bridging S ligands.......) ...................... charge #FeII atoms #FeIII atoms iii.....................................................5............. which of these charge states are (2) accessible? ... and the possible oxidation states of Fe........... Fill out the following table with the number of FeII and FeIII centers per cluster (10) in terms of the overall charge of the cluster....... Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 15 of 19 ................................ ....................................

glass (5) ii. if applicable. and band gap. (a) Sketch the band structure of each of the following materials and. conduction band.112 Fall 2016 11. pure Ge (5) iii. the result is the creation of continuous electronic bands. When individual molecular orbital states are extended out to create a solid material. identify the valence band. In-doped Si E. Ga-doped Ge C. Sn-doped Ge F. Te-doped Sn Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 16 of 19 . pure Ge B.5. i. As-doped Si D. Ag metal (5) (b) Identify all of the following materials that are p-type semiconductors. (6) A.

iii.112 Fall 2016 12. Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 17 of 19 . returning electrons to the metal in the process. causing an increase in the charge of the metal center.5. ii. Many metal complexes are capable of catalyzing complex organic reactions that are otherwise inaccessible. producing a (3) new ligand still bound to the metal center. oxidative addition reductive elimination migration i. The introduction of a new ligand to a metal center (3) with open coordination sites. (a) Fill in the following incomplete mechanism for the Schrock olefin metathesis reac. (b) Match each of the following fundamental organometallic reactions to their descrip- tion. (10) tion. The insertion of one ligand into another. The extrusion of two ligands into a molecular species (3) that is then ejected.

fill in the number of valence electrons. Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 18 of 19 . Fill in the blanks by identifying whether each of the following elements have a higher or (10) lower first ionization energy than their neighbors. and the VSEPR type (e. For each of the following molecules. Formula # e− s Lewis Structure Geometry VSEPR ICl3 XeF2 PCl3 O3 SF4 14.112 Fall 2016 13. AXn Em ). the best Lewis (15) dot structure.5.g. the molecular geometry.

(b) Using the following table of ionization energies and electron affinities.5.8 Br 1139.9 324. plot the overall energetic favorability of the harpoon (6) mechanism as a function of the distance between the two atoms.112 Fall 2016 15. IE1 (kJ/mol) EA (kJ/mol) Na 495. calculate the (6) energetic favorability (in kJ/mol) of the harpoon mechanism at a distance r = ∞. (a) On the following graph.50˚ A? (8) Final Exam Review Worksheet Page 19 of 19 . Consider the harpoon mechanism as it relates to the formation of sodium bromide.6 (c) What is the cost of the mechanism at the equilibrium bond length of re = 2.8 52.