contributing to improved safety, quality of service and profitability of electrical systems IEC61850 brochure

IEC61850 brochure



automation under the
IEC61850 standard

The development of the IEC61850 standard regarding information and data exchange between
substation protection and control system IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices) represents a long
road and considerable effort. From the beginning ZIV has played an active roll in the development
by participating in standardization groups as well as in various interoperability demonstration
experiments. During the development, ZIV applied the company's extensive experience in both
substation protection and automation, and in the development and implementation of previous
communications standards and protocols.

The IEC61850 standard is no longer a novelty. Its acceptance is growing and the number of
practical applications in service continues to increase. However, in the majority of applications
all of the devices originate from the same manufacturer. Few applications are real examples of
interoperability between devices from different suppliers to demonstrate in practice the viability
and the success of the standardization process.

interoperability under IEC61850
In this catalog, ZIV offers a wide range of systems Beyond being just a standard, IEC61850
that include all of the functions required to create represents the opportunity to redefine substation
a protection and control system in accordance automation under a new paradigm in which
with the IEC61850 standard. All of the systems standardization extends not only to data
include certificates of compliance issued by exchanged by the devices that form part of the
independent laboratories. Most importantly, these automation system, but also to include the
systems have been successfully utilized in multi- description, definition and configuration information
manufacturer systems in accordance with the for these devices and for the substation. The
standard. Therefore, interoperability capability in possibility of developing tools genuinely oriented
accordance with the criteria in the standard is to substation design and not simply to the
guaranteed: units for protection, control, communication and/or configuration of the devices
measurement, communications, clients and for specific manufacturers has come about.
servers, with extensive experience over a long
period of time of satisfactory operation of actual IEC61850 does not impose changes on
systems in service. automation criteria, but provides the opportunity
to reflect on the methods, forms and functions
on which current substation protection and control
rests. Additionally, the standard offers the means
and tools to improve conventional functions and
to develop other new functions that were
impossible to achieve up to now.

ZIV places its experience and knowledge at the service of its users
by offering itself as a partner and by offering assistance in adapting the
standard to the user's criteria and requirements, joining users in the
search for optimal, reliable and effective solutions.

introduction to
substation automation
Substation protection and control architecture has been under development since the 90s.
It differs substantially from classic substation architecture due to the emergence of programmable
protection and control devices for each bay, and the additional system components such as
the local console, remote console, remote control links and the protections management
systems. The architecture also differs by the communications established between the devices.

Substation Automation (SA) basically consists Applying the general principle that functions are
of the application of intelligent electronic devices located at the level at which sufficient information
(IEDs) that use microprocessors to control, protect is available for decision making and execution,
and monitor the electrical power system and from a logical point of view, the Substation
substations. Automation divides the system into three levels:

Substation Automation (SA) implementation is · Process level, the lowest level, including
based on very reliable communications that allow sensors, current and voltage transformers, as
the system to be operated in a completely new well as the activation devices (breakers and
information based manner. This facilitates real disconnectors) required for monitoring and
time responses to events occurring on the grid, operation of the substation.
and supports the planning and management of
assets. · Substation level, the highest level within the
substation, including local consoles (HMI) and
the substation central units (Gateway)
connected to the control centers (SCADA).

· Bay level, the intermediate level, including
protection and control systems. These devices
protect and control the bay in which they are
located. They may also include functions related
to the operation of other bays, for example
interlocks. They also have serial communication
links with the substation level devices.

IEC Technical Committee 57 began to Until now. the objective has been to define designs by introducing the definitions both of the a communications architecture that would allow logic functions used by the new devices and of "seamless" integration of IEDs (Intelligent the communications networks. FTP. protocols Electronic Device) within elements of the highest employed.) Remote Access PPP Protocol RS232 ZIV Local Operation Desk Central (Local HMI) (ZIV Native Protocol on TCP / IP and Serial Protocols PROCOME. in 1994.. the two groups agreed to work together employment. manufacturer and that allows for elements of multiple manufacturers to be integrated into one Substation Automation has evolved from a simple system. Concentrator / 10/100 Base T Diffuser Switch Ethernet Network TCP / IP 10/100 Mb/s (IEC61850 Protocol and others on TCP / IP) F.O. along with the wiring diagrams level. function organization or communications protocol In 1997.) F. etc. In 1996. manufacturers of protection and control work on IEC61850 with the same objective. greater need for automation. IEDs IEC61850 IED IEC61850 IED Substation Automation has evolved from a simple replacement of existing processes to more sophisticated interactive processes. etc (Interface RS232) FTP. Unit web services access. It has also With this objective in mind. etc. which has generated a Architecture). This non-coordination added a great to develop an international standard. installation problems regarding the integration of devices from different manufacturers.O. F. . The result deal of time to design and to management of is the current IEC61850 standard. replacement of existing processes to more sophisticated interactive processes. Substation for substation communications buses based on Automation has led users to new and more the UCA project (Utility Communications powerful capabilities. etc.O. devices did not coordinate system development. An infrastructure that is independent of the and traditional processes. etc. introduction to electrical substation automation SCADA RTC / Radio Modem Corporative Remote HMI WAN IEC 870-5-101 · DNP3 · GESTEL· PID 1 · SEVCO Web services access. the EPRI and facilitated the development of new functions that the IEEE began to work on defining an architecture were previously impossible. This architecture has also shaped engineering Over many years. DNP3. FTP. IEC 870-5-103.O. ZIV Remote Operation Desk PPP Modem Modem Protocol Router @ (Remote HMI) via Serial Firewall Connection (ZIV Native RS232 Protocol onPPP and web RTC / Digital GPRS Internet services access. etc. F. INDACTIC.

A specific domain with standardized data and service models has been Capability of combining present and future designed for this purpose. Although they are distributed applications. guaranteeing long term stability. Validity for present and future systems.IEC61850 as a solution for substation automation Development of the IEC61850 standard began in 1997 in an effort to find a global and open solution for Substation Automation (SA). The IEDs are capable communications technologies with existing of understanding information originating from applications. Using "gateways". more IEDs from one or more manufacturers to as well as different function integration or exchange and use information to perform functions distribution focuses. already satisfy the user's requirements and developing new system requirements. "centralized" or "decentralized"). they are advantages of technology evolution while connected to the same network with the same safeguarding the information and applications that protocol. objectives of the standard Allowing the connection of devices from different Flexibility for different Substation Automation manufacturers. as well as for the design of new substations. . Adding new functions during the process of renovating a system is made easy by using new available tools. IEC61850 standard provides benefits for renovating and expanding existing substations. this allows us to benefit from the among various physical devices. in a cooperative manner. One of the major benefits of IEC61850 is the The standard allows free assignment of functions interoperability of devices from different to IEDs and supports any substation automation manufacturers. System architectures. taking into account user requirements and addressing systems engineering. other devices and of performing functions common IEC61850 separates communications technology to the devices. This is the capability of two or architecture (ex. This new communications standard was developed using experience gained from existing international standards. "non-IEC61850" devices can be viewed by the system as "IEC61850 compatible" IEDs.

substation architecture. Substation Automation projects. the complete functionality must be by supporting any physical or functional divided into "logic nodes". every node must have a specific name and must Additionally. user should specify the benefit from the evolution of communications required response times and system availability. communications structure and interaction with Factory acceptance tests and/or startup tests substation switchgear. In order to specify according to the IEC61850 Provides great flexibility for Substation Automation standard. device interoperability. object oriented represent a specific function. files based on SCL language. From a maintenance point of view. architecture as well as future expansions. SCD files impact allow errors to be found and resolved more easily than when using any other published information. IEC61850 as a solution for substation automation Reducing timeframes and costs of the engineering Additionally. they can be reused as many times as an important impact on the specifications of required for system adaptations and expansions. capabilities of IEDs. which include "data". point to point data exchange using the substations and in applying the standard. standardized communications links reduce wiring to a minimum. possible fault scenarios and acceptable and regarding system and functional expansion unacceptable availability losses should be guarantee easy maintenance and interoperability identified. Data consistency testing can be performed process is more efficient and facilitates automatically by checking the SCD (System maintenance and substation automation system Configuration Description) substation configuration expansion. It also facilitates a allow the operation of the complete system to standardized engineering process by providing be tested in accordance with the specifications. . information from the specification into a "formal" Part 6 of the standard establishes a substation description using SCL language. various IEDs. The utilization of IEC61850 standard assumes In addition. the means to exchange configuration data with the advantage that IEC61850 simplifies the between engineering tools. Therefore the configuration description language called SCL system designer and integrator will be able to (Substation Configuration Language). Users will need conventional solutions: to specify Substation Automation systems by focusing more on the operations of the required Increases Substation Automation efficiency due protection and control functions than on specific to the interoperability between IEDs and SCL devices. The system offers a profitable investment and future since Substation Automation systems will As a recommendation. they must be distributed among the contributes to supporting flexibility. the user should translate the process and startup of substations. the data. The SCL language and the rules Also. based on their own knowledge or by based tools that help to optimize solutions. benefits and solutions Suppliers of protection and Substation Automation IEC61850 protocol clearly offers more key devices have contributed to specifying the actual advantages for Substation Automation's than implementation of the standard. In consulting an engineer with experience in addition. throughout time. as well as on their implementation and execution. This introduce the complete project information directly language incorporates formal descriptions of the into their design and engineering tools. The engineering tests. Once the functions data modeling and ethernet based communication are defined. without requiring changes in the application and It is vital to define the communications architecture.

General requirements.Abstract values over ISO/IEC 8802-3.Mappings to language for communication in MMS (ISO/IEC 9506-1 and electrical substations related to ISO/IEC 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC IEDs. for substation and feeder equipment .parts of the standard overview of the IEC61850 standard Part 1.Principles and values over serial unidirectional models. . Introduction and overview. Part 7-4. functions and device models. Part 7-3. multidrop point to point link. Part 7-2. Part 8-1. Specific communication service for substation and feeder mapping (SCSM) – Sampled equipment .Common data classes Part 3. Part 7-1. Part 10. System and project management. Basic communication structure Part 4. communication service interface (ACSI). Basic communication structure Part 9-2. Specific communication service for substation and feeder mapping (SCSM) – Sampled equipment . Basic communication structure for substation and feeder Part 2. Communication requirements for node classes and data classes. 8802-3. equipment . Configuration description mapping (SCSM) . Glossary. Specific communication service Part 6. Conformance testing. Basic communication structure Part 9-1.Compatible logical Part 5.

The main objectives of the standard for defining substation communications buses are as follows: · Determine what data is available and how it should be named and described. To comply with the objectives. · Determine how the data can be accessed and exchanged between different devices. providing the mechanisms for IEDs to be self-describing. Control. Monitoring and Metering functions for the substation and lines. . "Clients" are the devices that recognize and receive the information from the servers and essentially are the Substation Central Units and RTUs.server" system. The model groups data according to common SAS (Substation Automation System) functions. where the "servers" mainly include IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices) that perform the equipment Protection. the standard contains an object oriented data and service model IEC61850 standard describes a typical "client . · Determine how the various elements in the communications networks are connected.

model provides a set of standardized services according to the standard. modeled with a PIOC Access to the information contained in the data node. functions are distributed in the logic nodes.) end. included in Nodes" (LN). which are modeled with an XCBR node. They are also divided into different classes (CommonDataClass). examples are the breakers.. or an instantaneous Access to the information overcurrent protection. that have the capability by one or various Logic Devices (LD) within a physical themselves of performing simple tasks. parameters. Access to the station bus Server connections DA DO DA DA DO DA DA DA DO DA Logical DO DO Node DO DO Logical Logical Node Device Logical Node Logical Node Logical Device Logical Device ROUTER SERVER IED IED Client connections Access to the process bus . data and service model Logic Nodes Logic Devices The functions mentioned above are divided into Logic Node groups that describe complete simpler entities. Control.. Two element (IED). The data model and Attributes the services are mapped on a communications The attributes (DataAttributes). values "stack" consisting of MMS. with some objects named "Logic functions (Protection. TCP/IP and Ethernet and data required in the operation of SAS protocols.

In this architecture model the protocols were based on serial communications and on master/slave type models .communication principles the 7 layers and GOOSE With the arrival of communicable digital relays 15 years ago came a new type of communications architecture. the IEC61850 part 8./ slave . It is a frame of reference for defining communications systems exchange architectures.1 maps the generic protocols are based on communications over communications services regarding MMS Ethernet networks and on client-server type (Manufacturing Message Specification ISO/IEC models. the protocols are based on communications over Ethernet networks and on client-server type models. This protocol is based on the 7 layer OSI communications between different devices (IEDs). model (Open System Interconnection). The Open System Interconnection (OSI) reference model. additionally allowing horizontal 9506). additionally allowing horizontal communications between different devices (IEDs). was the descriptive network model created by ISO. The Central Unit interrogates the systems in a cyclic manner to obtain the information to control the substation. launched in 1984. In the new IEC61850 architecture model. . as well as to send the information to the remote control dispatch. In the new IEC61850 architecture model.Bay Devices (IEDs)-.Substation Central Unit .

data sent by the higher layers. communication principles: the 7 layers and GOOSE Origin Destiny Application Application Presentation Presentation Session Session Transport Transport Network Network Data Link Data Link Physical Physical Physical Layer (Layer 1) Session Layer (Layer 5) The OSI reference model physical layer manages This layer establishes. numbers. representations of characters. divide the data into smaller parts (if necessary) and pass it on to It is mandatory to define a map profile for TCP/IP. or optical). The network layer ensures data is transferred from the origin to the destination. providing an error free transmission. This layer offers applications (user and non-user) the possibility of accessing the services of the Transport Layer (Layer 4) other layers and defining the protocols for the The basic function of this layer is to accept the applications to use to exchange data. the network layer. Service and protocols for client/server communication A .Profile OSI model layer Specification Name Service Specification Protocol Specification Application Manufacturing ISO 9506-1:2003 ISO 9506-2:2003 Message Specification Association Control ISO/IEC 8649:1996 ISO/IEC 8650:1996 Service Element Presentation Connection Oriented ISO/IEC 8822:1994 ISO/IEC 8823-1:1994 Presentation Abstract Syntax ISO/IEC 8824-1:1999 ISO/IEC 8825-1 Session Connection Oriented ISO/IEC 8326:1996 ISO/IEC 8327-1:1997 Session . Presentation Layer (Layer 6) Data Link Layer (Layer 2) The objective of the presentation layer is to Any transmission medium must be capable of manage the representation of information. referred to a physical medium (electrical applications). the layer ensures the data arrives in Network Layer (Layer 3) a recognizable manner. reliable Although different systems have different internal data transmission through a physical link. even when Application Layer (Layer 7) both are not directly connected. manages and finalizes the the physical connections of the computer to the connections between final users (processes and network. ie. sounds and images.

communication principles: the 7 layers and GOOSE Service and protocols for client/server TCP/IP T .1Q Carrier Sense Multiple Access ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 with collision detection (CSMA/CD). and IEC 60874-10-3 GOOSE (Generic Object Substation Events) What used to be accomplished through messages are one of the most innovative conventional wiring. The messages received by the subscribers. Physical (option 1) 10Base-Physical T/100Base-T ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 Interface connector and contact ISO/IEC 8877:1992 assignments for ISDN Basic Access Interface. Service and protocols for GSE Management and GOOSE communication A-Profile OSI Model Layer Specification Name Service Specification Protocol Specification Application GSE/GOOSE protocol See Annex A Presentation Abstract Syntax NULL Session GOOSE/GSE T-Profile OSI Model Layer Specification Name Service Specification Transport Network DataLink Priority Tagging/ VLAN IEEE 802. IEC 60874-10-3 The messages associated with GOOSE are as follows: Type 1 (Fast messages) Type 1A (Trip) Class P1 . .10 ms Class P2/P3 . a to pass critical information between IEDs within specific profile map is designed for these a substation. is now accomplished through mechanisms defined by the standard for horizontal GOOSE messaging. are broadcasted on the network (multicast) by the publishers. The IEDs in need of the messages subscribe to receive them. Since the transmission speed communications. messages. IEC 60874-10-2 Connector. Physical (option 2) Fibre optic transmission ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 system 100Base-FX Basic Optical Fibre IEC 60874-10-1.Profile OSI Model Layer Specification Name Service Protocol Specification Specification Transport ISO Transport on top of TCP RFC 1006 Internet Control Message RFC 792 Protocol (ICMP) Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) RFC 793 Network Internet Protocol RFC 791 An Ethernet Address RFC 826 Resolution Protocol (ARP) Data Link Standard for the transmission of IP RFC 894 datagrams over Ethernet networks Carrier Sense Multiple Access ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 with collision detection (CSMA/CD) Physical (option 1) 10Base-Physical T/100Base-T ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 Interface connector and ISO/IEC 8877:1992 contact assignments for ISDN Basic Access Interface. Physical (option 2) Fibre optic transmission ISO/IEC 8802-3:2001 system 100Base-FX Basic Optical Fibre IEC 60874-10-1. These messages are created of the messages is of utmost importance. subscriber type model is used for Retry mechanisms guarantee the information is the GOOSE messaging service.3 ms The publisher. IEC 60874-10-2 and Connector.

Ethernet has been positioning itself as the technology of reference for the establishment of local area networks in offices and on university campuses. . such as the ones in our electrical substations. After making its jump into the industrial world. Extremely critical systems. nuclear plants. From its conception. trains. The trend continues to increase even today. architecture and communication buses The IEC61850 standard has selected ethernet as the most suitable technology for establishing a communications network to support automation functions. for more than 70 years.ethernet theory switches. This selection is not exclusive to the electrical world. planes and automobiles are incorporating Ethernet technology. there are few factories that do not base their automation operations on an ethernet local area network.

in this case IEDs. transported on the network (VLAN). and communications protocols for: The main function of this device is to switch · Establishing complex ethernet networks with ethernet frames between the different ethernet redundancies where the redundant elements ports as quickly as possible. An ethernet switch consists of a set must occur at a speed that allows for all of the number of communication ports that are switch communications ports to exchange connected to the end devices. The switch then determines and controlling the alarms in case a series of which port(s) it should send the connection to. When an ethernet serve as a back-up mode and only are activated switch receives a frame through one of its ports.that · Managing the devices. This can be accomplished using full These connectors constitute a natural evolution duplex wire speed switches. with the exception of the port through which the original frame was received. or simultaneously at the maximum speed possible fiber optic. In addition to this basic ethernet frame switching allowing for ethernet switches with a high density function. checksum calculated by the device -IED. . ethernet theory: switches. MAC address table that lists the destination MAC · Establishing a traffic priority policy according to addresses (that are part of the ethernet frame) the nature of the traffic so that messages with each of the physical ports. the switch sends the ethernet frame through all of the switch ports. If the address is not found within the MAC address table. ethernet frames without any type of block. using the popular RJ45 connector. which offer the best performance and occupy a smaller space. considered critical are integrated into network congestion situations (QoS). the switches include other functions of communication ports. · Sharing the same ethernet network physical the switch will send the unique frame exclusively infrastructure among the various services through the port associated with MAC address. using the new MT-RJ or LC connector. architecture and communication buses ethernet switches: operating principles The key device in an ethernet network is the It is important to note that this switching function switch. monitoring the status generated the frame). for the ST and SC connectors. If the MAC address is found in the address table. for the port. programmed events occurs in the switches The decision is reached by consulting the internal (SNMP Protocol). if an element fails (Protocol Rapid Spanning it tests the validity of the frame (verifying a Tree). while The communication ports of a switch may be transmitting and receiving connections copper.

network infrastructures. Both can be deployed using Ethernet networks. . One of the reasons is the criticality proposes to make the local area network of the information (sampled values) that the bus completely redundant. ethernet in electrical substations Substation bus The substation bus has been deployed more All of the previous topologies were based on frequently up to now. but given the critical continue to function even if various network importance of the information transported over devices fail. the communication advantages regarding installation and deployment network transports the IEC61850 messages costs. all of the IEDs must retrieve. The main concern for the industry is that the topology deployed is highly resistant Due to its wide spread utilization in substation to faults. ZIV . the industry is very concerned about information through two different and separate the reliability of substation buses. large networks. ethernet theory: switches. a single link fault tolerance should not be used. ETHERNET NETWORK A MERGING PROTECTION UNIT DEVICE ETHERNET NETWORK B Ethernet frame The topology of each of the previous networks It is vital to ensure that the process bus will may be either a ring or a star.uSysCom substation bus. topology is the ring due to its durability and before a switch or link fails. There are also some combination star . for how much time will the Optic Optic Optic Optic network be unavailable? Process bus The process bus is not as deployable as the In order to ensure reliability. buses. as shown in the following figure. architecture and communication buses The IEC61850 standard distinguishes between two communications buses: the substation bus and the process bus. This way. through another path with a minimal recovery ring topologies and interconnected rings for very time. mainly fiber optic links. the network. The most common network redundancy. that are connected to the bus would have two ethernet ports to send / receive the same Similarly. a ring topology is shown in the following figure: RING topology Two of the most important questions Fiber to ask when deploying this topology Optic are as follows: What bandwidth should be dedicated to the fiber links that interconnect the ethernet switches. Therefore. and through which one will all of the substation traffic pass? Is 100 Mbps sufficient or should 1 Gps be a consideration? In the case of a fault in a device or Fiber Fiber Fiber Fiber link.

This would provide added value for users. engineering process One of the most important achievements of IEC61850 is the standardization of the mode for describing substation configuration for both protection and control. the substation functional structure and the relationships between all of the above. the communications system configuration. the standardization allows for the design of the tools and the design of the IEDs to be and tools SCL language. The language defined is referred to as SCL (Substation Configuration description Language). IEC61850 part 6 specifies an XML language to define a file format to describe the IED configurations related to communications. . with positive results for users. The language and file types have been standardized for exchanging between the specification and configuration tools and the IEDs. the IED settings. For the first time. One of the most important effects is the possibility that software manufacturers who compete by supplying engineering tools not linked to any one device manufacturer may appear in the automation market.

The main files descriptions between the IED engineering tools are as follows: and the system engineering tools of various manufacturers. be able to provide specific IED settings and generate the configuration file to load into the · CID (Configured IED Description): describes IED. It also must description. Environment (LOCAL) Substation Gateway IED IED IED SCL: Substation Configuration description Language The main objective is to exchange IED capacity SCL determines the use of various types of files descriptions and substation automation system during the engineering process. a specific configuration. The substation engineering process requires SCL to be capable of describing the substation · SSD (System Specification Description): functional specification. …) System specification System (SLD. importing and exporting SCL files. the substation functions and the logic nodes required. The language defined is referred · ICD (IED Capability Description): describes the to as SCL (Substation Configuration description engineering capacities and IED functions without Language). DO. preconfigured reports… Engineering IED Engineering station Configurator Environment File Transfer (REMOTE) File transfer and setting through Substation File Transfer IEC61850 services. It also must be capable of reading the system specification file to be used as a basis of design or for comparison with the implemented design. engineering process Reference model for information flow in the configuration process IEDs capabilities (LN. engineering and tools: SCL language. . The standard proposes two types of tasks to be performed by the engineering tools: · SCD (Substation Configuration Description): describes the configured system unit. along IED Configurator. the IED capacities being describes the system specification with a line utilized and the final configured system in detail. The system configurator is so the "IED Configurator" can load it into the independent of the IEDs and must be capable of IED. the to the manufacturer and must be capable of communications subsystem and the substation importing and exporting SCL files. An IED in compliance with the standard must accompany the ICD. LNs …) IED Database Configurator Relations. diagram. the complete configuration of an IED within the specific project and all of the information required System configurator. The IED configurator is specific with the configured IED information.

engineering process ZIV tools map ICDs[IED+SCU] (IGM) ICD File Generation Module Systems ICDs (ICM) Configuration Configuration IEDs PROCOME Module CFG Files Module [SCU+HMI] [ZIVerGraph-SCM] CID File SCD File PLC OPEN (IEC 61131-3) SWG (W3C) Logic HMIs Editor IEC61850 MMS Browser graphic editor [IED+Desk] Network (BMMS) [IED+SCU] (LGE) (HMIE) Protocol Analyzer Oscillographic IED’s propietary IEC61850 Records Phasor Measuring diagnostic & Network display (ORV) Unit maintenance tools Management Tool tools ZIV offers a set of tools for configuring a complete Tools for handling the SCD files that configure IEC61850 system. The tools facilitate the generation of CID files corresponding to the IEDs. configuration and the "Reports" and "Gooses" for each bay. protection with a graphic editor for logic and a powerful and control signals. the IEC61850 "clients". parameters. Tools with a friendly and modern environment. to integrate the settings. programmable logic editor for IED and HMI graphics. also called "servers". engineering and tools: SCL language. Central Unit/HMI and substation RTUs. . ie.

BCV. RTV and MCV have unique specifications (described in the following pages). Function integration allows a single device to cover all the protection and control requirements for an electrical bay. ZLV. Disabling any of the functions included in a IED allows for an optimal distribution of functions (logical devices) in terms of the balance between integration and redundancy desired by the user.advanced equipment designed to adapt to the specific needs of the user and application Protection and control devices such as the IRV. function integration Flexibility and function integration are the two concepts guiding the development of this platform. although each IED has been developed to satisfy the requirements of a particular application field. IDV. . These IEDs belong to a platform with common architecture and design criteria.

the most advanced technology in terms of design. control and automation. recorded by power system complete user programming . This platform represents under conditions that closely mimic reality. for both measured Teleprotection).innovation flexibility In the spirit of innovation that characterizes ZIV. reproducing disturbances without the All "V" platform IEDs offer great flexibility in need of a test set. designed to adapt to user requirements without requiring drastic changes in practices and applications. "V" platform IEDs are technologically advanced devices. GPS. logic and automatic control functions including can be loaded into the oscillographic memory of any analog or digital signal in the IED with operation the IED and used as the input signals (analog and speeds compatible with both protection and digital) for the metering and protection algorithms. the "V" platform IEDs offer voltages and currents. as well as calculated power complete. Along with the additional devices presented in this publication (Substation Central Units. the module has included in the platform. future in the field of substation protection. Bus Protection and metering requirements. The COMTRADE file replaces the physical inputs to the IED. The logic module included in the platform is one it is important to point out the Integrated Simulator example of application flexibility. . Remote The "V" platform IEDs include high precision Terminal Units. They are open to evolution at the user’s pace and practices. This tool helps with the communications interfaces and protocols including evaluation of settings and logic programming the IEC61850 standard. Ethernet Switches. Oscillography in a broad library of analog and digital functions and COMTRADE format. The user can define simulators. protective relays or fault recorders. metering units compatible with the strictest Disturbance Recorders. control applications. definition and implementation of integrated accuracy systems. flexible and open solutions for the and energy.

· Cold load pick-up unit. where complete bay protection at the substations is required. This system allows (totally configurable by the user) for those the operator to easily and rapidly operate the bay. control and metering IRV The IRV family comprises protection. units. The units can be set separately in a maximum of 4 independent setting tables to cover various operational conditions in one IRV terminal. applications where greater flexibility and ease of It also includes a button to operate the breaker. units. · Phase angle measuring (Out-of-Step). control and metering functions for implementation in the medium voltage lines. . transformers. · Sensitive ground instantaneous and time · Active/reactive power directional unit. overcurrent (directional and non-directional) · Current unbalance unit (Open Phase). Feeder and line protection becomes of great importance on the system. neutral and compensated ground networks · 4 cycle three phase recloser. in general. · Negative sequence instantaneous and time · Frequency units [<f. generators and feeders and. control interface The 8IRV models offer a control system based The 7IRV option includes a graphics control display on programmable buttons. units. they occur with greater frequency and the negative effects on the service are very important. protection functions · Phase and ground instantaneous and time · Time phase undercurrent unit. handling is required. · Directional overcurrent units for ungrounded · Breaker failure unit. faults on overhead lines involve less damage and lower repair costs than faults on any other part of the electrical system. >f and ROC] overcurrent (directional and non-directional) · Phase and ground voltage units. (Petersen Coil). · Negative sequence overvoltage unit. · Thermal protection (hot-spot and thermal image). protection. However. In general. · Overcurrent unit with voltage restraint. · Synchronism unit. The performance curves can be set according to IEC or ANSI. overcurrent (directional and non-directional) · Restricted earth fault protection.

inputs/outputs for each specific application. fault reports (15) and operation monitoring (trip/close). These devices offer a port for direct The IRV comes with the program. they include a cold startup unit. breaker oscilloscopes are provided in the device. being fully adaptable to the needs of the bay or system. Virtual 8IRV Digital Net 8IRV . control and metering: IRV other functions External recorders are not required since event Additionally. The IRV family provides the most flexible and versatile application options. The monitoring (kA2 and max. and to easily program the control logic equations. protection. synchronization via GPS to allow incidents to be developed to decrease the time required to adjust studied from IRV relays distributed throughout all of the protection functions described above the system. number of trips). virtual input / outputs The virtual inputs/outputs function allows The function allows logic to be programmed that bidirectional transmission of up to 16 digital signals contains local and remote and analog and digital and 16 analog signals between 2 IRV terminals information. reset integrated fault finder increases efficiency for and various combinations of the number of digital maintenance personnel. connected through a communications digital system. circuit information (200).

DTT. · Load Encroachment elements (load invasion · Protection schemes for overcurrent units: PUTT. (*) open and dead line detectors. · Synchronism units to monitor up to two breakers · Fuse failure. (*) · Breaker failure with retrip function to monitor · Virtual input/outputs logic for remote protection. DCB. Remote breaker (breaker and a half or ring ES). DCUB.: MHO and/or overcurrent (directional and non-directional) units. circuits. POTT. (*) 1p/3p and dependant). DTT. developed to properly · Protection schemes for distance units: PUTT. (*) · Thermal image and Open phase protection. (*) Protection functions specifically adapted to breaker and a half and ring ES. up to 2 breakers for breaker and a half or ring ES. · Negative sequence instantaneous and time · Overcurrent for supervision of distance units. both in cables and overhead lines. Close-onto-fault. etc. distance protection ZLV The ZLV is designed to provide fast and reliable selective protection. · Phase and ground instantaneous and time (5 reversible zones. charact. POTT. clear "cross-country" faults in double circuits. MHO characteristic Quadrilateral characteristic Z3 Z3 Z2 Z2 Z1 Z1 load c line R1 encroachment c line load a 2 a 1 a 1 encroachment R2 load Z4 Z4 . developed to · Frequency units [<f. two breakers for breaker and a half or ring ES. (*) increased stability against external faults. 3p. protection functions · Distance protection for ground and phase faults. QUADRILATERAL). DCB. logic). whether or not they have in series compensation and whether they need single or three phase tripping. 3 cycles to control two · Stub-bus protection with percentage restraint for breakers for breaker and a half or ring ES. >f and ROC] properly clear "cross-country" faults in double · Phase and ground voltage units. · Single/three pole recloser (4 modes: 1p. etc. · Monitoring (kA2 and maximum number of trips) of · Power swing detector (blocking and/or tripping). overcurrent (directional and non-directional) units. DCUB.

. as well as double voltage input for both busbars. B1 I1 VSYNC1 IA1 IB1 IC1 52-1 ILINE = I1 + I2 ZLV VSYNC2 IA2 IB2 IC2 52-2 I2 L2 B2 ZLV IEDs can complement the distance units with teleprotection schemes. Therefore they include section. distance protection: ZLV breaker and a half substations Specific ZLV family models have been designed The protection functions adapted to these to protect double breaker bays (breaker and one topologies are marked with an (*) in the previous half and ring substations). independent current inputs for each CT associated with a bay.

overcurrent units for each winding. It also includes a button for adjusting function 86 (lockout). without restraint. · Instantaneous three phase differential protection · Overexcitation protection. · Phase and ground instantaneous and time · Low impedance restricted earth fault protection.(IDIFF) · traditional IREST1= New restraint current calculation: improved calculation 2 restraint for external faults in double breaker configurations (breaker and a half or ring I1 + I2 + I3 .(IDIFF) substations) · improved IREST2= calculation 2 IREST2 >> IREST1 I1 CT1 CT3 I2 CT2 weak sorce I3 strong source . · Thermal protection (hot-spot and thermal image). percentage and harmonics restraint/blocking. generator or reactance bay. · Instantaneous and time overcurrent units for · Load Encroachment elements (load invasion each ungrounded winding. logic). differential protection control and metering IDV The models IDV combine the functions necessary for the protection. · Overcurrent for distance units supervision. · External fault detector (phase comparison). <f and ROC] · Power swing detector (blocking and/or tripping). · Phase and ground voltage units. · Breaker failure for each transformer breaker. · Frequency units [<f. differential protection I1+I2 + I3 . protection functions · Three phase differential protection with · Fault detector for distance and differential units. They are designed to protect all kinds of power machines with two or three windings. overcurrent units for each winding. · Negative sequence instantaneous and time · Distance protection for ground and phase faults. control interface The devices offer a control system based on programmable buttons. motor. This system allows the operator to easily and rapidly operate the bay. control and metering of any transformer.

· Independent impedance range for ground and · Reaches (Z1) and zero sequence compensation phase units. 1 three phase voltage group. factors (K0=Z0/Z1) independent by zone in magnitude and angle. · Option of controlling the tap changer using programmable logic (ATCC+YLTC). . CT1 CT3 CT1 CT2 CT1 CT2 CT2 CT4 CT3 CT4 CT3 CT1 CT2 CT3 CT1 CT2 distance protection · Protection function for faults external to the · Independent selectable characteristic for ground transformer. control and metering: IDV power transformers · For transformers with 2 or 3 windings. more selective than "traditional" and phase units: overcurrent functions. · Both (AND / OR). · Mho. · 4 distance zones (all reversible). · Improved stability for breaker and a half · Up to 4 three phase current input groups and configurations for external faults. · Transitory filtering through capacitive VTs · 6 independent metering units for each zone (setting). · Winding selection with distance function (1st or · Quadrilateral. differential protection. 2nd).

in general. capacitor bank protection and control BCV The BCV family integrates protection. overcurrent units. the systems offer highly flexible automation based on a complete calendar and on multiple magnitudes that can be selected as control and monitoring variables for the capacitor banks (I. P. control and metering functions for their application in capacitor banks or reactances and. protection units indicated with an (*) for two capacitor banks. (*) · Battery star neutral unbalance overcurrent unit. (*) overcurrent units. automation function in automatic or manual mode (A/M). where there is need for complete bay protection at the substations. (*) · Breaker failure. Q > Qconn Q-Qmax > Qdisc B1 B2 B1 and B2 Connected Connected Connected Q < Qdisc Q+Qmax < Qconn Reactive power regulation for banks of different power . cosn). · Negative sequence instantaneous and time · Current unbalance unit (Open phase). control and automation interface The 8BCV models offer a control system based 7BCV devices include a graphics control display on programmable buttons. This system allows (totally configurable by the user) for those the operator to easily and rapidly operate the bay. applications where greater flexibility and ease of It also includes a button for adjusting the handling is required. (*) · Negative sequence overvoltage unit. protection functions · Phase and ground instantaneous and time · Phase and ground voltage units. Q. V. · Voltage transformer supervision. In all cases. (*) · Voltage unbalance unit with system unbalance Certain models include two complete sets of and bank unbalance compensation.

graphical bay representation (HMI). · Active. totally allows: configurable by the user. channels with phase sequence selection: ABC · Harmonic content. applications control interface Proper programming of the graphics control 6MCV models include a highly flexible and easy display (HMI) by the program to handle graphics control display. · Local operation of various configured single line diagrams. configurable control logic and communications. . · Viewing of different user defined available magnitudes for the device. · Active and reactive energy in four quadrants. · Power factor and frequency . etc. channels. control hierarchy. · Positive. control functions metering functions · Programmable logic to establish blockings. reactive and apparent power calculated · Monitoring of up to 3 operating circuits (coils) from previous magnitudes.bay control and metering unit 6MCV The models 6MCV are presented as the ideal complement to the protection terminals for the smart control of a great number of analog and digital signals. · Up to 34 digital outputs for operations. for positioning breakers to open or close. current and voltage. · Facilitating comparison tasks during startup with digital input and output status indication. 2nd to 8th order of phase A or ACB. They are usually used as a complement to protection terminals in systems that require independence between protection and control. Similarly. they apply to auxiliary service bays as analog and digital signal capture units. control/trip logic. · Defining alarm pages as a complement to local indications (LEDs). negative and zero sequence · Capture of up to 82 digital inputs and 6 analog magnitudes for voltage and current. · Phase and line voltages and currents from analog automation. They have both local and remote control.

. sending command signals to the applicable transformer tap changer to raise or lower the voltage to set-point value. Voltage is regulated from voltage and current measurements at power transformer terminals through current transformers (CTs) and voltage transformers (VTs). programmable buttons. · Reactive compensation to compensate for the effect of reactive current flow in transformers with different tap/voltage ratios operating in parallel. This system allows the · Detection of power reversal. It is applicable in cases where it is required to maintain the voltage at a fixed value without interrupting the service. control functions regulation functions Local and remote operations: · Regulation of transformer voltage with adjustable insensitivity level. RTV model is applicable in cases where it is required to maintain the voltage at a fixed value without interrupting the service. voltage regulation in automatic or manual mode. operator to easily and rapidly operate the bay. · Compensation for phase shifts introduced in CT and VT connections. · Option of various operational attempts (raise/lower · Raise / lower reference voltage (setpoint). · Independent operation counters to raise and lower taps. transformer voltage regulator RTV The model RTV integrates the functions for regulating the voltage of power transformers by control of the tap changer. maximum switching current and external activation. · Raise / lower tap (by pulse or by level). change). · Current compensation to maintain the load voltage constant. · Automatic / manual. · Removal of timers in operations with risk of · Local / remote (referring to regulator setpoint overvoltage. It · Recording of voltage bands pre-defined by the also includes a button for adjusting transformer operator. · Tap changer monitoring: in the proper sequence RTV models offer a control system based on and time. taps) with adjustable delays. · Active tap signaling with direct connection or under control interface BCD code to the regulator device. · Various regulator locking logic: minimum voltage.

The most common are: · Master/Slave Method applicable to transformers with the same tap/voltage ratio to maintain the same tap on all transformers operating in parallel. The compensator minimizes the differences between the taps of both transformers to reduce the flow of reactive power generated. causing a flow of reactive power between the secondaries. expressed in %. transformer voltage regulator: RTV regulation of transformers in parallel RTV devices allow various regulation strategies. causing an increase in heat and losses. · Reactive compensation Applicable to similar transformers that differ by certain electrical characteristics: secondaries with different impedances forced to maintain the same voltage. The figure shows two transformers with differing impedances (X1 and X2) operating in parallel: (%) X1 VTAP CT1 TR S(MVA) m Icirculating CT2 TR S(MVA) (%) Vsn X2 VT TR IPARALLEL ILOCAL (%) (%) X1 and X2 Power transformers reactances. . VT TR Voltage m Measurement transformer ratio. CT1 TR and CT2 TR CT1 and CT2 measurement transformer ratios (Local and Parallel respectively).

control and recording capacity. in addition to all digital inputs and signals low cycle time.consists of fiber optic connections. DBN architecture Central Unit. Bay Units. · Sampling frequency of 48 samples per cycle. . control and synchronization of the simultaneous sampling of all current and voltage channels. "V" platform devices can be utilized as DBN bus protection bay terminals since they include protection. · Includes disconnector logic. various magnetic characteristics between bays and · Up to 5 buses and 32 bay units (28 current and with different transformer ratios. Bus protection reliability is challenged by the fact that the current through the secondary in a current transformer (CT) becomes non-linear under saturation conditions. Therefore. bus protection is recommended for installation in transmission systems to remove the fault in a few cycles. thet houses the differential units (main. The operation of the bus protection is based on Kirchoff's Laws. · Oscillography capable of storing all analog quantities · High speed activation independent of the number captured (up to 128). Communications . Low cycle time trip. The unit is a complete substation protection and control system. The samples and measurements travel through these connections from the bay units to the central unit. The unit has a communication capacity of 14 Mbps. DBN characteristics · Flexibility in architecture design and application · Adjustable for use of current transformers with with the possibility of compact installation. where are located the sampling functions. · Single/three pole breaker failure. breaker fault units and the trip physical outputs on the bay breaker. differential quantities. topology. becoming worse if the fault occurs in high or very high voltage buses. bus differential DBN Despite the infrequency. a fault in a bus can cause irreparable damage to a system and large disturbances in system stability. The trip commands travel in the opposite direction. generated by the protection operation. bus of bays connected to the buses with trips for restraint. current and voltage channel meters. with flexibility for · Low impedance with percentage restraint application to any connection scheme or bus feature. alarm and supervision) as well as the trip logic. The first law states that the vector sum of currents in the same phase (in a network node) must be null under normal operating conditions. 4 voltage).

A typical example is the recording requirements for generation centers where the dynamics of the phenomena to be analyzed require sampling speeds of hundreds of samples per cycle for accurate representation of the frequency spectrum. allow the user to define the startup conditions to begin storing oscillograms to improve the adaptation of the application. channel values. active power. an optic port for NMEA 0183. The analog per device. Reliability. harmonic content. Its analog inputs can be used to measurements without intermediate transformers. fully recorded signals for both current and voltage configurable. They can be downloaded directly into a pen drive from the recorder using the ports and communications protocols available. effective analog by various recorders.disturbance recorder PRN Systems in the 8PRN family cover oscillographic applications requiring high performance in signal capture.1µs to be reached The 8PRN has historic recording functions and a fault finding function that can be programmed to calculate two different circuits. they maintain total adapted to a wide range of applications with a galvanic insulation between the inputs and the maximum of 16 analog inputs and 32 digital inputs internal circuitry of the system. channels allows a precision of 0. All of this. The 8PRN offers two alternatives for timing apparent power and power factor. When only one device is not sufficient. signals available The recordings are stored in COMTRADE format. flexibility and storage capacity make this device the ideal tool for maintenance and for incident analysis in electrical networks. information storage and in those applications where the digital protection record functions lack the required resolution. phasors for all phases.1% and a phase error of less than 0. These synchronization: a BNC port for IRIG B 123 and measurements. measure both current and voltage. and it can be Due to their advanced design. reactive power. They can also be 8PRN devices provide a complete unit for printed using a USB or ethernet port. precision. together with the digital inputs. one printer can be shared voltage and current values. including IEC61850. In the case measurement of captured signals: sequence of the ethernet port. frequency. of samples from all of the 8PRN's required to along with synchronized sampling of all of the comply with the requirements of the application. . recording and recorded signals storage capacity Resistant circuits maximize the reliability of The 8PRN recorder is a flexible device. reliability is complemented with a sampling speed the cross-trigger function allows synchronization that can reach 384 samples per cycle. reliability of flexibility.

teleprotection system for IEC61850 substations The TPU-1 can be used as a teleprotection system At the receiving side the teleprotection receiver for IEC61850 substations. Substation A Substation B IEC61850 IEC61850 COMM. translates it into an GOOSE message that is delivered to the analogue signal/frame structure that meets the protection relay (see figure). digital with a V. These 2 communication channels can be programmed to be either a main communications channel and a back-up communication channel. mapped into up to 8 different commands. each of which can be analogue. The protection-side interface can incorporate up to 16 input/output circuits (8 I/O boards with 2 I/O circuits each board) and/or an IEC61850 interface generating GOOSE messages to/from the protection relay. digital at 64 Kb/s. or can be programmed to be two independent communication channels belonging to independent teleprotection systems. The communications side can incorporate up to two independent communications channels. 16 GOOSE messages. digital at 2 Mb/s. The teleprotection at detects the incoming analogue signal/frame the transmitting side receives a GOOSE message structure. The TPU-1 flexibility caters for easy implementation of a number of practical applications. demodulates it and converts it into a from the protection relay. universal teleprotection system TPU-1 The TPU-1 is a Universal Teleprotection System with a high degree of flexibility.series interface or fiber optics. CHANNEL GOOSE MESSAGE IEC 834-1 IEC 834-1 GOOSE MESSAGE FROM RELAY FROM TELEPROTECTION TO TELEPROTECTION TO RELAY initial state fault fault cleared (first transmission) (event) (another event) t GUARD COMMAND GUARD t t . The TPU-1 can be requirements stated in IEC 834-1 and transmits subscribed (Tx side) and publish (Rx side) up to this latter signal to the channel.

universal teleprotection system: TPU-1 substation migration from command transit and classical architectures to operation in teed-lines IEC 61850 architectures When the electrical system incorporates an The TPU-1 can be programmed to use IEC61850 intermediate substation or a teed line. In this arrangement each TPU-1 can send a command to any TPU-1 in the loop. When the TPU-1 is equipped with two communications redundant interfaces it can be programmed communications to behave as two functionally channels independent teleprotection The TPU-1 can transmit the same protection information over two communications interfaces systems. The receiver is continuously monitoring both communication channels and as soon as one of them delivers a protection signal the receiver will analyse it and decide whether it is a valid message or not. A good application for this feature is building an intermediate substation in a HV line and programming the TPU-1 at the intermediate substation to provide two independent teleprotection systems. If the received message is valid the outputs relays will be closed (in classical substations) or a GOOSE message generated command transit when (in IEC61850 substations). TPU-1 units (one at each substation). simultaneously. The teleprotections in the intermediate TPU-1 units are programmed to same shelf accept the message and /or make it transit until the final destination unit. . one from the intermediate substation to one end of the line and the other from the intermediate substation to the other end of the line. each of the paving the way for a smooth substation transition TPU-1 units can be programmed to send a from classical architectures to IEC61850 command simultaneously to the other two. operating in looped lines The TPU-1 can be programmed to operate in two independent looped lines. substation architectures. with three interfaces and output contacts simultaneously. When the TPU-1 is equipped with two communications interfaces it can be programmed to behave as two functionally independent teleprotection systems.

· Broadcast Storm Control and IGMPsnooping: SNMP management Limiting broadcast traffic grants that no Easy integration of monitoring tools and alarms malfunctioning device saturates the network notifications in an SNMP based central with undesired and uncontrolled broadcast traffic. SWT Ethernet switches have for each Ethernet port three different priority queues so that highest priority traffic is always delivered. This way. broadcast. which grants fault modules. access point can be powered with the same cable SWT allows the deployment of highly available that is used for data transmission. ethernet switches for electrical substations SWT ZIV . per link. SFP transceivers that allow links up to 80 km). single mode fiber optics. multicast. modularity in number and · High Speed implementation of RSTP: In high type of ports availability networks it is important to have a · Different combinations in the number and the fast path recovery when any failure occurs.1p priorities. Ethernet networks: · Power supply redundancy: Possibility to increase the equipment availability by having a second power source.uSysCom has developed a full range of Ethernet managed switches . or all type of traffic per port. wire speed architecture thanks to ZIV . . always defining Gigabit trunk links (available fiber optics fulfilling the RST protocol. resources for non critical services can be limited. complying with IEC61850-3 requirements. main features power over ethernet Full allow the deployment of reliable Ethernet networks inside electrical substations. · Quality of service: The user can define how different traffic patterns are handled inside the SWT.uSysCom switches can directly power up SWT internal non-blocking architecture (based any PoE enabled device following the 802. This way an IP phone or a wireless Ready to support IEC61850 automation functions.SWT . these protocols due to its high speed · All SWT products are Gigabit ready – SFP implementation of RSTP.3af on a powerful switch fabric chipset) standard. management system. (factory defined) – copper. SWT has been designed as another electrical substation IED. multimode fiber but also exceeds the usual recovery time of optics. such as HP Openview. · Port bandwidth limiting SWT allows the limitation on bandwidth accepted for unicast. assigning different IEEE 802. which provides great flexibility when recovery times lower than 4 ms. SWT type of Fast ethernet ports are supported not only follows the STP and RSTP protocols.

for example. innovative IEC61850 automation architectures can be created without the need for protocol converters. Using this type of remote unit. and GOOSE messages personalized to two multimode fiber optic ports). in the Ethernet ring established by the URT micro · Circular events log (512Kb). · Total configurability of remote output GOOSE integrated variables and integrated variables in the reports. URT family IEC micro remote terminal units offer 16 digital inputs. Using this type of remote unit. remote units executes commands in real time. The two remaining Ethernet ports can be · Analog input level report (through GOOSE's. micro remote IEC61850 URT The URT family of products allows elements that do not support the IEC61850 protocol (although they can be controlled and/or monitored) to be integrated into an IEC61850 substation. . control message protocol and GOOSE message receiving). 8 digital outputs and 4 analog inputs. designated for the incorporation of other IED's 61850 trees and reports). innovative IEC61850 automation architectures can be created without the need for protocol converters. An Ethernet the user). URT family IEC61850 micro remote units are able 61850 tree consults for the device from the to incorporate a 4 port Ethernet switch (including HMI. a GOOSE for the execution clock. of a command until it is activated. network (ring at 100 Mbps) can be established · Execution of commands (commands through through these ports. functions communications · Digital input status report (through reports. remote terminal units. · Capacity to subscribe to up to 25 input GOOSE performance messages and interpret each variable contained Specific emphasis was placed on the efficiency in the messages in real time for use in logic of the URT family. This family of substation micro operations. · Integrates an SNTP client for device ensuring times of less than 1 millisecond from synchronization through the substation master receipt.

Their design allows them to function as both the "client" and the "server" in systems with a communications architecture based on the IEC61850 standard. . The CPT terminal facilitates the migration process through the most modern substation automation systems. · Generation of databases in real time of all controllers and control orders. where the protection. Console. etc. allowing the integration of new communications standards in existing systems. substation central unit IEC61850 CPT CPT family devices are designed to function as Substation Central Units and/or RTU's. in charge of keeping the system SCD file updated in terms of the CID files for the associated IED's. · Client/Server Service for SNTP clock synchronization protocol. control and metering devices in electrical substations. controlling · Redundant operational modes: communications with various protection. and services model. control · Capability to function on a redundant and metering devices. · Integrated simulator for signals. substation variables: alarms. including gooses. measurements. controllers. communications network (topology in double · IEC61850 server. · FTP server. mode. CPT terminals are equipped with industrial range specifications and feature a high level of reliability. with the corresponding data star and double ring). measurements. · Capability to function with a second Reserve · Execution module for system central Central Unit in Dual mode or in Hot-Stand-By programmable automation and logic. · Management of local and remote · Gateway between conventional systems and communications using the ZIV Operational IEC61850 systems. · High level communications management · Local and remote HMI (console). status. based. control and metering devices are interconnected through an Ethernet network. web server (Remote control). · Substation configuration management module. functions · Substation IEC61850 client. resolving communications and data handling requirements for protection.

· IEC 62850 communications module: · Electrical asynchronous serial channels (RS- · Common data models. The units are 2U high and come equipped with 1 19" rack with DC power. . · Modules with asynchronous serial protocols for communications with the remote control: IEC 870-5-101 (configurable according to the profile).). extended (IEC 61850-7-3 and IEC 61850-7-4) · A general purpose serial communications and ACSI Services (IEC 61850-7-2) for Clients. The CPT can also function with each function segregated into independent machines. The HW and SW architecture is modular. 10/100 BaseT (RJ-45). · Modules with classic asynchronous serial protocols for communication with bay devices (level 1): PROCOME. clock synchronization. such as: communication protocols communication channels · Complete TCP/IP protocol and communications · Plastic and glass fiber optic asynchronous serial for 802. All of these features make the CPT a powerful machine that combines all of the functionality of an HMI and RTU Substation Central Unit into one device. IEC 870-5- 103. channel (RS-232C). compatible and 232C and RS-485). SEVCO 6802. The CPT terminal facilitates the migration process through the most modern substation automation systems. · SNTP protocol clock synchronization. etc. channels (ST. · Configurability of XML files according to SCL templates (IEC 61850-6: Substation Configuration Language). GESTEL. The also offer a wide range of communications channels.3 (LAN) wired networks. INDACTIC 2033. PID1. · A BNC port with IRIG-B123 signal decoder for · GOOSE services. MMS protocol mapping (ISO/IEC 9506 Part · Two Ethernet ports. etc. F-SMA connectors.0. and utilizes a real time operating system to operate. 1 and Part 2) and ISO/IEC 8802-3 Ethernet. allowing the integration of new communications standards in existing systems. etc. DNP3. DNP3. substation central unit IEC61850: CPT CPT terminals are equipped with industrial range specifications and feature a high level of reliability. SPABUS. MODBUS.0.

ZIV has participated successfully in diverse international events in which different manufacturers of IEDs have tested the interoperability of our devices. Throughout the years. ZIV has participated in the development of the standard since 1995. ZIV installed the first IEC61850 system in Mexico in 2006 in ES La Venta II. As a long standing member of the UCA International Users Group. ZIV continues to be an active member of this technical committee and also belongs to the WG10 (Standards for communication in substations) and WG19 (TC57 Harmonization issues) working groups. working on issues such as "IEC61850 based system functional tests" and "IEC61850 based application of protection schemes". . It was also the first multi-manufacturer system in the world. ZIV participates in various CIGRE working groups. Similarly. when the IEC TC57 working groups were stablished. Today.experiences with the standard ZIV offers wide ranging experience in the IEC61850 environment from the definition of the standard and its implementation in substations. and IEEE working groups as the PSRC H6 “Ethernet LAN in Substations Protection and Control”.

. or in development. Spain. based on hardware and software requirements for IEC61850 technology. Saudi Arabia. one of the main suppliers during the project. After intense testing in both the laboratory and installing Protection and Control IEDs. . are other countries in which ZIV has the IEC61850 standard imposed some new projects in service. once the new IEDs reached ZIV began an R+D project in collaboration with maturity and their interoperability was tested. in 2001 Since the end of 2004. This first experience demonstrated that applying Malaysia. Romania. verify interoperability ZIV installed the first IEC61850 system in Mexico between different manufacturers and validate in 2006 in ES La Venta II. according to specifications. ZIV has installed devices with IEC61850 technology. Protection and Control IEDs. other Spanish electric companies called InterUCA they have been used in many transmission and to implement the first IEC61850 system in a distribution systems in various countries in which substation. InterUCA was completed in 2004.. The new line of ZIV devices has been developed to provide a much higher data processing capacity than currently required in similar devices using other traditional protocols. HMIs and RTUs. according to specifications. Brazil. Chile. experiences with the standard projects interUCA in service As pioneers in Spain and in the world. After intense testing in both the laboratory and at the substation. GPS at the substation. The main objectives were to gain experience in interpreting the standard. the new system operated very synchronizers. InterUCA was completed in 2004.. ZIV was architecture. satisfactorily. It was also the first transmission times and communications multi-manufacturer system in the world. the new system operated satisfactorily.

The standard works towards guaranteeing IED interoperability. Interoperability is only guaranteed when integration of IEDs and ensures proper operation IEDs interoperate in multi-manufacturer systems. the point of view of interoperability. As a global communications standard. IEC61850 Experience also demonstrates that many of the includes standardized compliance tests to implementations of standard IEC61850 in guarantee that all IED suppliers comply with the substations with only one manufacturer do not applicable requirements. and application support. Interoperability is only guaranteed when IEDs interoperate in multi-manufacturer systems. Holland. facilitates easy system.certification and interoperability IEC61850 part 10 standardizes a set of techniques to test compliance of IED implementation from the point of view of communications. Compliance testing guarantee the end user an open and interoperable improves system integration. and not of device functionality. The compliance tests are considered "communications type tests". ZIV offers compliance certificates for its range of Protection and Control devices. The certificates The compliance tests represent a "minimum" from are issued by the laboratory in KEMA. The test procedures were defined by the UCA International Users Group in detail. since once all of the applicable tests have been passed experience has demonstrated that IEDs having in accordance with the standard. In these cases there have been examples of devices not demonstrating interoperability. compliance certificates have had to be modified when tested in the field with devices from other manufacturers. .

future development of the standard The first edition of the IEC61850 standard was completed between 2003 and 2004. which ZIV is also active participant). Using the "tissues" procedure (Technical Issues). corrections and an increase in scope. IEC 61850 has been enriched with improvements. there use of logic nodes from a practical point of view. is a discussion and approval mechanism for different tissues. the substation environments. The results of some of these groups form part users and developers that work with the of the new edition 2 of the standard. "Hydroelectric Plants" systems for power utility automation” in edition (WG18) and "Communication between 2 of the standard with expected completion during Substations and Control Centers" (WG19. . These new title of the standard will evolve from environments include "Safety" (WG15). Within the WG10 (in which ZIV both the introduction of new application areas is an active member). On the other hand. broader and propose modifications to the current edition than the current edition. various working groups belonging to IEC TC57 are applying the basic As a result of these standardization activities in principles of the standard to other electrical other different areas regarding substations. which is part of TC57 and and to the inclusion of chapters to explain the responsible for maintaining the standard. committee IEC TC88 is developing the how they are received. This expansion is due to of the standard. All of the parts were converted into IS (International Standard) over the years. The tissues can be accepted In parallel. which will documents in the standard can point out issues consist of an expanded section of parts. It consisted of 14 parts. Since then. in 2009-2010. "Communication networks and systems in "Distributed Generation and Distribution substations” to “Communication networks and Automation" (WG17). using concepts very similar to those employed in 61850. accepted with IEC 61400-25 standard for modeling Wind Farms modifications to the initial proposal or rejected.

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