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User Input Values - Taken & inserted by the User from the tables of Codes, GPSA book or specified by s

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USE OF THIS SPREADSHEET - ALL. INTERNAL PRESSURE OF PIPING & PIPELINES
DATA
Standard Values - Commercial pipe data from tables
User Input Values - Taken & inserted by the User from the tables of Codes, GPSA book or specified by self
Calculated Value
Notes / Instructions for the user:

This Spreadsheet enables quick reference and calulations for maximum allowable pressure
for a user identified service for in plant process piping, liquid and gas pipelines. This is also
useful for operations persons doing modifications on the pipelines and piping as well as for
preliminery design checks. This is not meant to replace a systematic design
performed with full referencing to the precise applicable clauses/sub-clauses of
the relavant codes and standards.
The spreadsheet enables to find the allowable internal pressure in process plant piping as
per ASME B31.3. Also on the same spreadsheet a provision has been made to check its
pressure compatibility of the pipeline portion with either ASME B31.4 (Liquid Hydrocarbon
pipelines) or ASME B31.8 (Gas pipelines).
For example, assume that a pump discharge piping located inside the plant -A is routed to
another plant - B, several miles away. So the integrity of the entire system is divided into
piping in the plant - A (built as per B31.3), the pipeline between the two plants (built as per
B31.4 for liquids or B31.8 for gas pipelines as the case may be) and the piping in the plant -
B (built as per B31.3), can be checked simultaneously using this spreadsheet.

3. Please note that the calculations in table are done using some values. A user can use
each row for the sizes and input data of his requirement by inserting the values in black
cells. Blue font cells contain standard commercial pipe data already incorporated in the
spreadsheet. Calculated results are in Green font cells. User should know nominal pipe size,
schedule no., material, material grade, method of pipe production (ERW, Seamleass etc.),
design temperature, location for gas lines, and corrosion allowance to be given.

Type A construction also applicable to "Liquid Petroleum Transportation Piping Code." ANSI
B31.4-1979. Users may refer to the latest versions of the ASME Standards and GPSA book
for correctness. Some of the tables are from older versions.

Please note that the Table nos. mentioned the worksheets Table 1,2,3 & 4, FIG. 17-23, 24,
25, 26, 27 & 28 (The letters T, F, Y, E are added on each sheet name along with Table or Fig
no. so that you can quickly select the appropriate reference worksheet) refer to the table
nos. in GPSA book / Applicable Standard from where they are produced.

Pipelines sizes can be 2" and 3" also. But the spreadsheet is developed from 4" onwards.
For any interpretation clarifications of Stress Values, notes and material related factors or
data, always refer to the Engineers who are well versed with codes interpretation or
assigned with material department.

References for Spreadsheet Development:
1. GPSA Engg. Handbook, 11h Ed, 1998
2. ASME B31.3 2008, ASME B31.4 2012& ASME B31.8 2010
3. Properties of Commercial Pipe, pipingdesigners.com

GPSA - Gas Processors & Suppliers Association
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Allowable Internal Pressure Calculati
Font Color ASME B31.3 2008
Standard Values Blue In-Plant Piping
User Input Values Black Pi =2*t*S,pipe*E*W/(Do-2*t*Y)
Calculated Value Green t,S,E,Do,Y,W
6 values

The Weld Joint Strength Reduction
Factor 'W' below 800 F is 1.00.
The values are in worksheet
named " Table 5 W".

t = t,nominal - Mill Tollerance
Allowance - Corrosion Allowance

For 31.4 and 31.8 code pipelines, do not consider mill tolerances.
calculation. Pls. see below.
403.2.2 Wall Thickness and Defect Tolerances. Wall thickness tole
shall be as specified in applicable pipe specifications or dimension
reference in Mandatory Appendix I. Design factors in this Code we
for underthickness tolerance and maximum allowable depth of im
standards; no additional allowance is necessary
However, for 31.3 piping, mill tolerances are to be subtracted.

do not consider mill tolerances.72)/Do Pi =2*t*S.E.F.Do.E t.E.T 5 values 7 values Liquid Pipelines are designed for temperatures below 250 F.S. nd Defect Tolerances.pipeline*E(0.E.4 2012 ASME B31. Design factors in this Code were established with due consideration ance and maximum allowable depth of imperfections allowed by the referenced allowance is necessary mill tolerances are to be subtracted.8 2010 Liquid Pipelines Gas Pipelines Pi =2*t*S. Allowable Internal Pressure Calculation Equation ASME B31. t = t. The nominal thk is used in the w.nominal . . Wall thickness tolerances and defect tolerances for pipe pplicable pipe specifications or dimensional standards included in this Code by Appendix I.Do.pipeline*E*F*T)/Do t.Corrosion Allowance Allowance ipelines.S.nominal .Corrosion t = t.

.

..900) 80 XS 160 . . Std 1 (1.9 .. .. . .... XXS 1.. .... 40 Std ³⁄₄ (1.... .840) 80 160 1.. XXS 1...050) 80 XS 160 ...84 40 ¹⁄₂ (0.. 40 Std 1¹⁄₂ (1. in Dia..05 . Color code of Values in the Table Standard Values User Input Values Calculated Value User is cautioned to use only the black font cells Dn Do Nominal Outside Sch No Weight Dia.305 .. in 0.. 40 ... ....305) 80 XS 160 ..

.625) 100 120 140 XXS 160 10..900) . .750) 80 100 120 140 160 12.. ...... ..... ....... XXS 4... XXS 2.500) 80 XS 120 160 .625) 120 160 XXS 8.5 ... XXS 3.. 40 Std 4 (4. ..375 ..... . . 40 Std 2 (2. ..625 40 Std 80 XS 6 (6...75 20 ...625 20 30 40 Std 60 80 XS 8 (8.5 .. 40 Std 3 (3.. .375) 80 XS 160 . .75 20 30 40 Std 60 XS 10 (10... XXS 6.. . 1¹⁄₂ (1. .500) 80 XS 160 .

30 Std 40 60 12 (12.750) XS 80 100 120 140 160 14 14 10 20 30 Std 40 XS 60 60 60 80 100 120 140 160 16 16 10 20 30 Std 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 18 18 10 20 Std 30 XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 .

20 20 10 20 Std 30 XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 22 22 10 20 Std 30 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 24 24 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 26 26 10 Std 20 XS 28 28 10 Std 20 30 Xs 30 30 10 Std .

20 30 40 XS 32 32 10 Std 20 XS 30 40 34 34 10 Std 20 XS 30 40 36 36 10 Std 20 XS 30 40 42 42 Std 20 XS 30 40 .

187 0. Stress.065 1. T Work Sheet Table 1 for Gas pipelines 1. S.116 0.057 0. mill tolerance Allowance Dia.175 0.219 0.083 0. E Work Sheet Table 4 for all 3 Location Class/Type.095 0.246 0.947 0.000 0.113 0.294 0.674 0.358 0.805 0.28 Fig 17. t Calculated Pipe thickness Value for pressure design after applying factors.000 0.145 0. Y Work Sheet Table 3 for Piping 3.000 0.154 0.338 0.294 0.057 0.099 0.109 0.000 0.187 0.710 0.000 0.884 0.218 0.000 0.095 0. in Inside Thickness.000 0.000 0.065 0.109 0.127 0.589 0.129 0.109 0.610 0.250 0.095 0.875 User Input User Specified Value 0.000 0.065 0. F Work Sheet Table 2 for Gas pipelines 6 Values of Co-Efft.313 0.000 0.770 0.000 .358 0.083 0.742 0.Min.281 1.546 0.073 0.000 0.000 0.Reference Data Tables USER INPUT Pipe thickness.057 0.250 0.145 1.133 1.200 0.109 0. in in in in Wall Thk t.920 0.073 0.25 mm Temp Derating Factor.270 0.218 0.000 0.434 0.nom x 0.059 0.pipe WorkSheet Fig 17.065 1.191 0.057 0.466 0.164 0.308 0.000 0.087 0.083 0.065 0.083 0.175 Di CA t-nominal t-min Corrosion Wall Thk.039 0.000 0.622 0.179 0.200 1.175 0.281 0.154 0.179 0.065 0.109 1.000 0.065 0. S.135 0.059 0.147 0.257 0. t calculation o Flange ratings : Refer Fig 17.059 0.824 0.147 0.5 Longtudanal Weld Factor.252 0.065 0.614 0.000 0.500 0.059 0.Yield Strength.682 0.113 0.pipeline WorkSheet Fig 17.059 0.28 to check Pressure & Temp compatibility USER INPUT All.157 0.133 0.109 1.308 0.25 Corrosion Allowance Sp.

125 8.083 0.118 0.718 0.000 0.593 0.300 2.750 1.100 0.593 7.237 0.319 0.026 0.436 0.897 0.057 0.593 9.118 0.118 0.067 0.109 2.000 0.191 0.343 1.438 0.245 0.0.059 0.322 7.065 2.593 0.118 0.250 0.000 0.365 10.073 0.432 5.154 2.812 0.000 0.118 0.216 0.250 0.718 0.984 0.295 0.157 0.263 0.135 0.260 0.118 0.109 0.307 10.500 1.436 1.300 0.250 10.300 0.118 0.282 0.189 0.083 0.718 7.071 0.120 3.120 4.711 0.118 0.280 6.277 8.068 0.531 0.437 3.531 3.525 0.382 0.059 0.118 0.400 0.343 0.875 0.500 7.437 2.406 7.718 5.300 0.059 0.000 0.875 0.118 0.350 0.118 0.519 0.628 0.125 0.216 3.843 9.219 0.437 0.812 7.628 0.059 0.900 0.875 0.382 0.073 0.118 1.432 0.906 6.154 0.277 0.406 0.314 0.207 0.756 0.242 0.674 0.118 0.120 0.939 0.189 0.000 0.059 0.562 0.718 0.000 8.059 0.105 0.250 0.307 0.492 0.322 0.059 0.218 0.059 0.136 0.674 3.906 0.250 12.564 0.334 0.750 0.095 0.245 0.059 0.826 0.118 0.118 0.378 0.365 0.189 0.083 4.269 0.625 0.250 0.118 0.875 6.059 0.118 0.864 4.793 0.628 0.059 0.438 0.219 0.689 0.503 0.125 0.501 0.118 0.864 0.118 .600 2.334 0.059 0.738 0.001 0.465 0.219 0.337 0.813 0.761 0.059 0.439 0.083 3.590 0.766 0.562 5.250 0.500 0.626 0.152 0.065 0.250 8.118 0.600 0.059 0.050 0.500 0.020 0.519 0.120 0.500 9.355 0.065 0.218 1.382 0.981 0.000 0.064 0.260 0.626 0.813 0.438 0.105 0.118 0.118 0.437 0.118 0.718 9.337 3.843 0.118 1.280 0.400 1.237 4.

438 0.203 0.437 13.656 0.750 1.500 0.125 0.376 0.064 0.000 0.118 1.355 0.118 0.406 0.118 0.500 1.118 0.438 0.219 0.118 0.000 10.500 0.738 0.118 0.118 1.118 0.382 0.876 0.118 0.814 1.820 0.876 1.118 0.375 0.902 0.118 0.312 0.938 1.820 0.437 1.250 0.118 1.562 11.257 0.406 11.438 0.656 0.500 0.118 0.012 0.750 0.219 0.564 1.562 12.500 0.492 0.250 17.250 0.687 11.375 17.593 12.574 0.562 1.328 0.118 1.376 0.273 0.843 11.118 0.125 10.625 12.438 1.118 0.000 0.312 10.126 0.938 0.156 1.118 0.118 0.437 0.118 0.118 1.688 1.118 0.218 13.601 0.031 0.118 1.656 14.250 1.118 0.500 0.437 0.000 0.438 0.0.218 1.250 13.750 0.625 0.376 0.492 0.937 0.688 0.118 0.875 0.406 1.118 0.500 13.093 11.066 0.000 0.330 12.843 0.500 17.500 11.738 0.500 0.031 13.118 0.500 0.375 15.750 0.118 1.593 1.126 0.188 1.593 0.500 0.937 0.375 15.118 0.312 0.562 14.000 0.156 15.876 0.558 0.250 0.437 17.328 0.090 0.312 13.250 11.843 14.118 0.626 0.394 0.750 12.118 1.289 0.250 15.118 0.984 0.219 0.500 1.118 1.375 13.500 15.250 1.519 0.562 0.250 0.367 0.656 0.118 0.312 1.500 0.118 0.118 1.937 12.593 12.750 0.437 13.312 0.937 16.250 0.547 0.273 0.562 16.126 0.562 0.118 1.093 0.330 0.273 0.094 0.148 0.118 1.118 0.382 0.126 0.376 0.375 0.375 0.118 0.118 0.118 1.492 0.312 15.375 0.118 1.314 0.375 12.956 0.126 1.562 0.250 0.814 0.843 0.312 17.230 0.687 0.328 0.781 14.118 .126 1.814 1.375 1.118 0.750 16.406 11.781 1.328 0.118 0.

118 0.118 0.626 0.750 1.118 1.328 0.118 0.750 26.125 0.500 1.875 18.500 0.218 21.203 0.050 0.875 0.125 25.547 0.750 1.118 0.118 0.375 25.062 19.000 0.875 24.118 0.519 0.625 20.812 1.064 0.376 0.118 0.312 0.375 29.438 1.250 0.118 0.564 1.750 0.875 0.118 0.500 1.118 1.118 0.066 0.625 1.562 22.438 0.118 0.125 0.250 0.312 0.328 0.219 0.118 2.875 0.250 19.593 0.118 1.273 0.219 0.312 27.687 22.250 0.118 2.062 1.281 17.492 0.938 1.250 0.121 0.000 26.328 0.500 25.118 1.531 0.250 0.766 0.656 0.984 0.250 0.438 0.118 1.118 1.118 0.000 0.376 1.118 0.250 0.118 1.711 0.375 19.313 0.812 0.314 2.118 0.375 27.500 21.750 1.125 0.000 24.118 0.376 0.547 0.031 17.438 0.118 1.219 0.250 21.118 0.118 0.250 0.118 0.118 0.938 1.312 29.000 1.118 1.968 16.750 2.118 0.500 0.343 2.118 0.847 0.340 0.875 0.118 0.687 0.000 0.531 20.812 18.064 1.500 0.750 1.984 0.250 0.750 0.375 0.500 17.625 18.750 1.500 0.375 23.118 1.343 19.375 1.375 0.375 0.750 16.118 0.118 0.000 1.814 0.125 23.531 1.984 0.375 19.641 0.437 19.375 0.250 0.118 1.500 0.601 0.968 22.859 0.118 .118 1.750 0.118 0.968 1.500 27.876 2.382 0.593 18.722 0.500 0.625 26.804 0.250 1.118 1.375 21.118 1.625 0.0.586 0.437 0.000 1.000 0.422 0.218 1.625 0.328 0.125 19.766 0.328 0.118 1.500 0.875 1.118 1.281 1.876 0.875 26.328 0.562 0.375 0.125 1.219 0.250 23.902 0.126 0.812 20.500 0.031 0.250 0.000 0.250 0.968 0.250 25.273 0.376 0.118 2.125 17.250 1.375 0.

250 0.875 30.500 0.625 0.688 0.438 0.547 0.000 1.984 0.766 0.750 1.875 0.125 27.625 28.125 31.375 31.656 0.000 0.875 32.118 1.688 32.750 1.118 0.750 0.328 0.118 0.118 1.118 0.376 0.656 0.0.312 33.750 28.500 0.625 30.000 0.118 1.875 0.118 0.312 31.000 0.375 0.118 0.118 1.438 0.250 0.750 30.500 31.875 28.000 32.118 0.118 1.500 0.125 0.118 0.624 0.118 0.688 30.750 0.656 0.118 0.766 0.000 0.624 0.118 1.750 1.000 1.118 0.000 0.602 0.624 0.688 0.875 40.118 0.118 1.602 0.500 41.750 34.118 0.500 0.875 0.875 0.984 0.750 0.875 0.125 0.118 0.328 0.875 0.750 0.750 0.602 0.000 0.688 34.118 0.273 0.602 0.118 0.250 0.125 0.118 0.750 1.118 0.438 0.750 1.766 0.547 0.625 34.688 0.688 40.000 1.500 1.312 0.875 0.118 0.624 0.500 0.376 0.547 0.500 0.656 0.118 0.750 0.766 0.000 1.250 0.750 32.125 0.118 .250 0.125 33.375 35.118 0.500 39.125 29.118 0.118 0.500 0.273 0.118 1.625 32.118 0.375 0.000 0.750 0.625 0.375 33.000 28.250 0.000 0.500 29.118 0.273 0.438 0.766 0.250 0.750 0.118 0.375 0.984 0.125 0.312 0.500 33.875 0.125 39.875 0.118 0.750 0.625 40.984 0.625 0.438 0.118 0.118 1.118 0.118 1.625 0.984 0.328 0.656 0.500 35.875 0.250 0.376 0.313 0.118 1.328 0.312 0.875 34.118 0.375 41.000 1.547 0.000 40.500 0.547 0.750 0.750 40.000 30.000 0.500 0.688 0.118 0.250 0.312 35.000 0.000 34.625 0.500 0.000 1.375 0.

00 .00 0.000 1.00 1.065 20.065 20.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 0.000 1.191 0.059 0.000 1.120 20.00 0.109 20.00 1.246 0.00 1.CA t.116 0.00 1.0 0 to 1.00 0.129 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.pplying factors. Factor Stress in in t.min .000 1.109 20.00 1.000 1.000 1.105 0.00 1.00 0.235 20.3 or Table Please note the 't' calculated for Refer 302.00 1.057 0.3 403. psi 0 to 1.057 0.00 1.00 1. W=1.3 or Table 5 or FIG 17-25 or Table 841.099 0. t calculation of pipes is different from pipelines USER INPUT USER INPUT rrosion Allowance Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor W inches Worksheet Table 5 Note: For temp<800 F.095 0.nom -C.057 0.000 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.2.00 1.00 1.083 20.00 0.236 0.313 0.8 or Table 4 worksheet 0.065 20.000 1.095 0.00 1.308 20.065 20.00 0.250 20.000 1.A.1.219 0.7-1 (Column M) is different Worksheet worksheet for 31.4 piping (column L) and pipelines 31.073 0.00 1.073 0.00 1.098 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.1-1 for B31.00 1.000 1.000 1.000 1. pressure t.00 1.000 1.116 0.00 0.095 0.281 20.057 0.095 20.00 0.00 0.109 20.127 0.141 20.128 20.270 0.00 0.00 0.5 of of ASME 31.000 1.000 1.00 0.133 20.3.083 20.pipe E W Design Design Allowable Longitudanal Weld Weld Strength Piping Pipeline Factor Red.125 t.000 1.0 Refer Table A-1B of Refer Table A1 31.118 0.00 1.00 0.147 20.000 1.00 1.00 0.218 20. pressure S.198 0.145 20.00 0.358 20.113 20.000 1.00 1.000 1.076 0.00 1.

00 0.00 .323 0.014 0.000 1.378 20.00 1.00 0.000 1.00 1.00 0.132 20.237 0.132 20.00 0.00 0.401 0.600 20.247 20.00 1.130 0.241 20.350 0.00 1.101 0.00 0.00 0.343 20.000 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.230 20.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.466 0.475 20.000 1.510 0.00 0.00 0.065 20.00 1.101 0.157 20.000 1.314 20.000 1.593 0.444 20.164 0.00 0.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.615 20.061 20.124 0.00 1.00 0.378 20.00 1.00 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.00 1.475 20.148 0.00 0.000 1.436 20.00 1.882 20.382 20.278 20.201 0.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 1.374 0.014 0.00 1.046 0.00 1.288 20.024 20.00 1.00 0.000 1.00 0.236 0.024 20.00 0.00 0.260 0.135 0.320 0.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 1.000 1.600 20.000 1.00 0.725 20.204 20.132 20.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.159 20.648 0.300 0.00 0.189 20.510 0.00 1.675 0.132 0.000 1.00 1.007 20.000 1.046 0.00 1.00 0.406 0.00 0.00 0.472 20.620 0.000 1.541 20.000 1.746 20.600 20.000 1.00 1.00 0.057 0.510 0.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 0.0.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.095 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.00 0.00 1.151 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.204 0.000 1.000 1.382 20.757 0.00 0.00 1.531 0.401 0.000 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.000 1.195 0.788 20.00 1.400 20.866 1.00 1.638 0.323 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.320 0.178 20.00 1.00 1.154 20.00 1.00 1.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 0.000 1.061 20.757 20.000 1.00 0.159 20.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 1.000 1.101 0.00 1.694 20.109 20.382 0.000 1.

101 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.000 1.194 20.000 1.000 1.00 1.000 1.257 20.000 1.00 1.000 1.000 1.702 0.237 0.538 0.000 1.569 20.00 1.0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.319 20.000 1.00 1.483 0.00 0.000 1.000 1.538 0.000 1.00 1.444 20.382 20.00 1.319 20.00 1.00 0.702 0.725 20.000 1.00 1.620 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.132 20.00 0.320 0.663 20.00 0.132 20.475 20.000 1.132 20.210 0.276 1.538 20.444 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.632 20.000 1.000 1.210 0.320 0.000 1.00 0.139 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.194 20.00 1.000 1.00 1.444 20.007 20.000 1.264 0.000 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 .000 1.000 1.401 0.112 1.171 0.838 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.288 20.319 20.00 1.819 20.000 1.00 1.00 0.257 20.00 1.000 1.000 1.00 0.00 1.101 0.00 1.000 1.000 1.00 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.620 0.00 1.155 0.913 20.000 1.320 0.948 1.429 0.100 20.000 1.00 1.000 1.038 20.00 1.030 1.00 1.00 0.210 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.132 20.894 1.000 1.00 1.000 1.976 1.000 1.085 1.00 0.00 1.632 20.00 1.288 20.819 20.00 1.00 0.475 20.000 1.382 20.00 0.00 1.000 1.00 1.882 20.00 1.382 20.000 1.00 1.000 1.444 20.000 1.249 1.00 0.00 1.975 20.374 0.725 20.00 1.264 0.00 0.374 0.382 20.00 0.00 0.507 20.101 0.784 0.257 20.155 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.194 20.00 1.00 0.440 1.212 20.00 1.155 0.257 20.00 0.00 1.00 1.000 1.866 1.00 1.456 0.210 0.000 1.00 0.257 20.757 0.374 0.00 0.00 0.320 0.194 20.

507 20.210 0.757 20.757 0.007 20.882 20.00 1.000 1.225 20.648 0.741 2.000 1.382 20.000 1.00 1.523 1.569 20.00 0.00 1.210 0.429 0.163 20.00 1.00 0.00 1.948 1.000 1.00 1.320 0.00 0.00 0.101 0.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.784 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.257 20.00 0.000 1.000 1.00 1.00 1.648 0.00 0.429 0.632 20.155 0.101 0.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 1.507 20.000 1.000 1.000 1.866 1.00 0.00 .000 1.00 1.155 0.757 20.000 1.210 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.000 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.000 1.257 20.00 1.000 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.320 0.00 0.757 0.468 1.0.100 20.000 1.850 20.00 1.374 0.319 20.132 20.507 20.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.483 0.00 0.413 1.101 0.382 20.00 1.003 1.000 1.00 1.000 1.132 20.694 20.00 1.085 1.000 1.757 20.00 1.00 1.00 1.538 0.00 0.882 20.694 20.00 1.00 0.00 1.264 0.000 1.000 1.257 20.00 1.932 2.00 1.00 1.210 0.257 20.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.000 1.00 0.382 20.944 20.000 1.00 1.00 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.382 20.000 1.000 1.132 20.320 0.401 0.00 1.00 1.593 0.000 1.00 1.210 0.304 1.210 0.00 1.257 20.00 1.00 1.194 20.00 0.000 1.00 1.000 1.00 0.866 1.866 1.132 20.007 20.00 1.195 1.00 0.475 20.00 1.257 20.007 20.00 1.101 0.000 1.000 1.632 20.222 1.000 1.850 20.00 0.413 20.444 20.000 1.729 0.00 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.007 20.00 0.00 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.00 1.000 1.000 1.00 0.604 1.194 20.00 1.00 1.000 1.913 20.00 1.257 20.686 1.

195 1.00 0.320 0.757 0.00 1.382 20.000 1.194 20.538 0.000 1.632 20.000 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.257 20.0.00 0.00 0.000 1.00 1.484 0.00 0.00 1.194 20.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.000 1.000 1.257 20.000 1.000 1.00 0.000 1.757 20.382 20.00 0.000 1.00 1.00 1.210 0.00 0.757 20.194 20.882 20.570 20.00 0.00 0.257 20.000 1.00 0.00 0.757 20.648 0.000 1.00 1.538 0.155 0.000 1.757 20.00 0.757 0.484 0.00 0.00 1.000 1.00 .000 1.00 0.648 0.007 20.538 0.00 1.866 1.757 0.429 0.00 1.648 0.632 20.882 20.00 1.00 1.00 1.570 20.00 1.00 0.000 1.00 0.429 0.000 1.320 0.00 1.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.757 20.00 1.007 20.007 20.210 0.000 1.320 0.382 20.00 0.000 1.00 1.155 0.00 1.00 0.648 0.866 1.00 1.007 20.000 1.000 1.155 0.00 1.00 0.757 0.007 20.00 1.000 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.000 1.210 0.882 20.866 1.00 0.382 20.320 0.000 1.00 1.00 1.570 20.866 1.484 0.507 20.538 0.00 0.00 1.882 20.257 20.429 0.00 1.000 1.000 1.632 20.484 0.507 20.00 0.507 20.00 1.632 20.570 20.882 20.000 1.538 0.000 1.000 1.000 1.00 0.00 0.000 1.00 0.320 0.000 1.00 1.507 20.00 0.000 1.00 1.648 0.00 0.00 1.429 0.382 20.000 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.757 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.507 20.000 1.000 1.00 1.00 0.382 20.210 0.000 1.00 0.429 0.000 1.00 0.000 1.866 1.00 1.632 20.

400 1.400 2.3 or Table 3 Table D-1 (Gas pipelines) Worksheet or FIG 17-25 worksheet 0. Handbook.638 0.183 0.265 0.400 4.884 0.4 Table 403.1 (Liquid pipelines) or ASME B31.4 & ASME B31.806 0.534 0. W=1.074 0. ASME B31.1.400 12.400 6.062 0.092 0. 11h Ed.1-1 Refer Table 304.227 0.568 0.105 0.929 0.400 3.0 psig psi Refer ASME 31.400 3.400 7.400 5.743 0. Properties of Commercial Pipe.502 0.400 3.715 0.3.3 2008 Y Allowable Internal Pressure Spipeline Co-Efft for Steels Pi =2tS.8 of B31. GPSA Engg. ASME B31.400 11.980 0.400 3.400 3.919 0. Stress Spipe ASME B31.841 0.822 0.8 3.400 2.774 .400 5.400 11.400 8.863 0.400 2.400 2.400 4.400 2. pipingdesigne FOR PLANT PIPING Use All.00 2.400 2.995 0.2.pipeEW/(Do-2tY) Specified Min Yield Strength In-Plant Piping 0 to 1. 1998 Work Sh For temp<800 F. INPUT References for Table Development: h Reduction Factor W 1.400 1.

400 3.000 0.373 0.400 567 35.961 0.400 318 35.908 35.000 0.000 0.537 35.400 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 1.400 1.400 1.400 2.000 0.400 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.195 35.974 35.484 35.000 0.000 0.125 35.400 3.400 2.886 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 5.400 3.400 1.355 35.400 1.531 0.000 0.000 0.400 8.400 2.322 0.642 0.000 0.174 35.400 2.400 5.660 0.000 0.400 2.400 1.931 35.400 121 35.000 0.000 0.991 0.623 0.985 35.000 0.400 156 0.188 35.400 4.283 35.363 35.400 2.400 412 35.209 35.400 472 35.400 7.000 0.400 378 35.400 3.400 531 0.000 0.400 1.400 3.000 0.400 1.377 0.400 5.000 0.206 35.400 771 35.439 0.446 35.0.000 0.050 35.400 2.417 35.400 1.400 584 35.400 2.338 35.000 0.000 .400 2.527 35.400 761 35.400 1.400 1.400 977 0.621 35.218 35.

000 0.000 0.952 35.000 0.400 1.400 1.0.167 35.455 35.400 3.068 35.000 0.400 2.000 0.563 35.534 35.225 35.000 0.400 2.000 0.400 1.420 35.400 1.172 35.400 347 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 447 35.400 225 35.400 2.493 35.000 0.400 756 35.000 0.400 767 35.000 0.400 471 35.587 35.000 0.400 1.400 812 35.400 253 35.400 594 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 290 35.516 35.021 35.394 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.599 35.400 3.400 608 35.000 0.201 35.000 0.400 3.023 35.023 35.400 391 35.040 35.000 0.400 1.000 0.089 35.487 35.400 1.400 3.400 1.400 2.938 35.000 0.256 35.000 0.400 2.400 845 35.400 2.400 668 35.400 2.000 0.400 1.000 0.000 0.400 541 35.000 0.400 1.000 0.400 1.000 0.000 0.400 2.000 0.000 0.400 531 35.091 35.000 0.400 2.400 720 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.610 35.000 .400 930 35.400 3.874 35.400 2.407 35.000 0.000 0.400 2.

400 1.245 35.400 155 35.000 0.400 620 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 325 35.400 2.000 0.000 0.400 818 35.400 184 35.400 1.400 202 35.000 0.000 0.631 35.626 35.000 0.400 168 35.400 3.400 792 35.000 0.269 35.978 35.931 35.400 208 35.400 222 35.400 302 35.400 2.400 1.000 0.619 35.000 0.996 35.400 3.572 35.000 0.400 2.400 1.000 0.000 0.400 1.400 1.000 0.0.000 0.000 0.400 2.000 0.000 0.400 1.400 943 35.400 2.054 35.509 35.400 424 35.192 35.400 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 781 35.090 35.400 282 35.400 353 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 461 35.369 35.400 1.000 0.489 35.400 2.400 631 35.000 0.400 3.400 385 35.400 815 35.105 35.400 588 35.400 2.442 35.000 0.000 0.017 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 2.122 35.000 0.000 0.000 .400 496 35.000 0.000 0.214 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.428 35.000 0.400 1.400 2.380 35.400 534 35.

400 358 35.000 0.400 201 35.400 907 35.400 195 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 612 35.000 0.000 0.040 35.400 730 35.400 173 35.400 1.000 0.400 576 35.000 0.107 35.400 728 35.400 510 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.0.000 0.000 0.400 839 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 982 35.000 0.400 248 35.164 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 544 35.000 0.400 183 35.000 0.400 1.182 35.400 1.400 682 35.400 412 35.400 379 35.400 578 35.400 235 35.400 605 35.400 264 35.400 430 35.400 641 35.400 774 35.000 0.400 823 35.400 731 35.000 0.400 624 35.000 0.400 965 35.400 481 35.000 .000 0.400 306 35.400 518 35.400 1.000 0.400 879 35.000 0.400 465 35.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.400 542 35.030 35.000 0.400 403 35.400 856 35.000 0.

6 250 F.8 2010 ASME B31.72)/Do Temp. Spipeline Use SMYS.pipelineEFT/Do Pi =2tS.pipelineE(0.com FOR LIQUID PIPELINE FOR GAS PIPELINE Use SMYS.able Development: andbook.8- designed for temperatures below 1 of B31.4 & ASME B31. pipingdesigners.8 Commercial Pipe.4 2012 Allowable Internal Pressure Allowable Internal Pressure T Pi =2tS.8 0. 1998 Work Sheet 2 ASME B31.6- Table 2 & refer respective Column below Class 1 Class 1 psig 0 to 1.8 or Table 0.72 0. Spipeline ASME B31.1. Derating Factor Gas Pipelines Liquid Pipelines Note: Chose Location Class Factor F from Table 841.0 Class 2 Div 1 Div 2 Note: Liquid Pipelines are Refer Table 841. 11h Ed.1. 1 Worksheet .

994 1.704 4.460 3.888 5.0 3.804 5.405 6.815 4.286 4.686 4.232 1.0 759 683 569 1.458 2.922 4.424 3.813 2.0 5.721 3.565 3.605 1.286 1.0 2.506 2.753 3.379 4.683 1.0 857 771 643 929 1.192 1.0 4.776 2.0 985 886 738 1.399 1.675 4.389 1.0 299 269 224 683 1.837 619 1.0 5.990 1.114 2.084 2.0 6.750 1.232 1.313 3.0 1.721 1.0 3.991 3.683 1.661 3.158 965 1.399 2.227 1.888 1.791 1.135 1.870 1.0 1.0 4.0 1.994 1.915 4.0 7.874 5.0 3.0 3.446 4.287 1.135 3.860 2.0 5.0 3.506 4.791 1.114 1.528 5.565 1.0 1.234 3.0 3.389 1.227 1.306 5.126 2.055 1.605 3.0 2.344 3.0 2.506 1.158 1.0 5.856 2.0 1.896 3.032 929 774 1.215 1.813 1.378 2.480 2.0 4. 269 1.595 4.653 6.424 1.777 3.072 4.750 1.675 1.0 2.833 4.325 1.192 993 1.402 2.654 2.729 771 1.378 1.0 4.0 688 619 516 886 1.246 4.0 580 522 435 .595 4.055 3.934 522 1.0 1.944 1.474 2.116 4.234 1.492 2.776 1.740 1.

720 3.284 1.369 4.486 2.423 3.0 992 893 744 1.243 1.0 1.925 4.016 1.755 1.129 1.284 1.463 2.720 1.656 3.656 1.617 4.598 1.520 2.375 1.075 1.825 1.0 1.981 1.0 679 611 509 810 1.337 1.0 411 370 308 543 1.016 847 1.948 2.276 2.275 1.528 2.075 3.0 3.0 5.0 1.0 3.028 925 771 1.872 370 1.0 4.883 1.258 1.776 1.695 1.275 1.710 1.933 475 1.911 3.203 1.244 4.028 1.043 1.548 2.637 3.678 1.317 4.874 2.850 3.0 4.070 891 1.265 1.486 1.911 2.864 416 1.163 4.196 2.0 3.203 1.0 800 720 600 893 1.0 2.510 1.0 462 416 347 611 1.465 2.0 900 810 675 1.933 4.0 1.876 2.425 1.0 2.0 1.710 1.0 4.906 2.866 2.695 1.412 2.981 3.375 1.900 1.070 1.249 1.0 4.0 604 543 453 720 1.510 2.0 528 475 396 698 1.906 1.950 1.0 2.148 957 1.0 1.0 776 698 582 925 1.903 2.880 .876 1.146 1.152 4.825 1.475 2.243 1.0 3.905 3.174 4.003 1.457 3.0 5.293 1.396 4.866 1.249 1.293 1.492 4.0 1.538 2.499 2.528 1.0 3.510 1.755 1.0 1.646 1.0 5.138 1.888 4.900 3.0 2.0 931 838 698 1.948 1.381 1.0 1.422 3.276 1.0 1.966 1.770 1.148 1.770 1.043 3.0 3.138 949 1.036 1.397 3.0 3.0 5.155 1.184 2.510 1.0 2.0 1.0 1.520 1.155 3.388 3.462 4.465 1.874 3.521 2.229 2.646 3.598 1.0 3.528 4.188 1.332 1.0 1.0 1. 838 1.637 1.896 2.

967 1.307 1.161 1.630 1.0 5.025 1.0 3.598 1.965 4.0 5.813 1.082 1.310 1.514 1.922 2.0 2.967 2.0 1.511 326 1.673 1.0 362 326 272 432 1.488 2.452 2. 333 1.536 4.291 1.0 1.598 3.0 2.323 1.192 4.0 5.917 2.036 932 777 1.925 2.0 2.662 3.472 4.457 2.136 1.014 913 761 1.0 370 333 277 648 1.297 2.0 600 540 450 932 1.330 1.894 256 1.627 349 1.0 554 498 415 740 1.0 764 688 573 913 1.0 2.662 1.952 1.354 4.0 1.900 1.161 968 2.138 1.452 1.0 388 349 291 463 1.0 1.836 3.570 4.264 1.0 3.467 1.328 1.0 893 804 670 1.952 1.200 2.588 1.943 1.0 1.195 1.880 2.0 1.0 3.0 1.877 4.885 302 1.113 3.0 4.749 1.557 2.402 4.785 1.983 1.425 1.0 480 432 360 .931 1.400 3.109 4.0 972 875 729 1.953 3.223 1.483 2.363 1.813 1.301 1.785 1.180 4.749 1.0 514 463 386 688 1.880 1.0 308 277 231 540 1.483 1.138 948 1.0 284 256 213 498 1.427 4.197 998 1.0 1.0 3.195 996 1.0 4.567 2.082 3.0 654 589 491 875 1.0 3.442 3.673 3.710 1.256 2.0 336 302 252 589 1.0 3.014 1.025 3.0 823 740 617 1.301 1.0 720 648 540 804 1.467 1.557 1.363 1.588 1.0 2.0 1.310 1.473 3.0 1.710 1.556 2.563 2.902 4.931 2.307 1.870 3.169 1.197 1.0 1.764 1.0 4.113 1.832 277 1.0 1.

322 288 1.0 1.235 1.0 676 608 507 684 1.586 1.0 1.0 946 852 710 1.122 1.0 1.0 423 381 317 566 1.247 1.307 1.0 887 799 665 898 1.0 1.090 1.0 1.646 1.0 1.178 1.762 1.106 995 830 1.060 1.175 308 1.0 998 898 748 995 1.389 1.060 883 1.235 1.410 306 1.382 .180 1.192 994 1.272 1.0 713 642 535 852 1.0 887 798 665 885 1.009 908 757 1.325 1.0 629 566 472 752 1.0 1.0 340 306 255 405 1.0 1.235 1.058 1.041 937 781 1.0 1.692 1.007 1.410 1.0 669 602 501 799 1.158 1.272 1.372 1.0 343 308 257 458 1.208 1.389 1.029 1.0 1.0 760 684 570 758 1.566 1.544 1.659 1.0 843 758 632 908 1.413 1.493 1.0 1.208 1. 642 1.0 1.658 1.482 1.060 1.0 1.062 885 1.058 882 1.493 1.0 1.843 1.0 400 360 300 535 1.244 272 1.192 1.482 1.0 320 288 240 381 1.0 789 710 592 798 1.122 935 1.062 1.0 509 458 382 608 1.307 1.0 302 272 226 360 1.0 983 885 737 1.343 1.880 1.0 1.0 1.410 1.692 1.0 835 752 626 845 1.0 939 845 704 937 1.0 450 405 337 602 1.658 1.0 1.453 1.0 1.176 1.586 1.0 594 535 446 710 1.0 1.

6-2 of B31.5 0.8 or pective Column below Class 3 Class 4 0. Spipeline B31.8 2010 ternal Pressure peline EFT/Do Pipelines or F from Table 841.1.4 .NE YS.

170 2.327 2.623 362 290 .169 935 1.346 1.279 2.659 1.244 995 1.888 2.072 2.536 3. 187 149 474 380 1.928 1.297 3.730 2.360 1.215 972 1.953 1.198 2.783 3.816 2.877 3.352 3.937 4.671 2.948 2.550 1.162 1.435 1.108 2.240 1.563 2.940 2.872 2.941 3.542 2.253 3.558 430 344 615 492 804 643 1.827 1.547 1.153 536 429 645 516 828 662 1.237 1.458 3.384 1.

269 1.278 2.586 1.587 .268 1.955 2.308 3.274 2.562 1.580 1.211 3.638 2.406 1.421 1.598 2.950 2.885 2.808 2.110 888 1.622 330 264 485 388 643 514 798 638 955 764 1.246 3.593 1.250 1.990 1.049 839 1.219 975 1.576 289 231 424 340 562 450 836 669 1.234 2.997 1.177 942 1.764 2.014 1.018 1.581 257 205 377 302 500 400 620 496 743 594 863 691 1.937 2.048 1.220 2.615 2.227 2.229 983 1.830 2.925 2. 582 466 705 564 791 632 1.592 2.188 950 1.438 1.264 2.444 1.264 3.

795 2.240 992 1.598 1.976 2.835 2.604 1.856 2.398 1.103 882 1.628 2.649 2.419 1.236 3.600 2.187 950 1.061 1.259 1.282 2.000 1.285 3.590 210 168 409 327 608 486 807 645 1.268 3.283 2.193 2.084 243 194 321 257 478 382 634 507 790 632 946 757 1. 231 185 450 360 558 447 831 665 1.554 193 154 375 300 648 518 830 664 1.007 226 181 300 240 .935 2.602 1.238 2.019 815 1.245 2.215 972 1.278 2.035 1.356 1.918 2.596 178 142 346 277 514 411 1.470 1.

446 357 592 473 737 590 883 707 1.037 829 189 151 250 200 371 297 493 394 554 443 614 492 736 589 858 686 979 783 214 171 318 255 423 338 475 380 527 421 631 505 735 588 839 671 1.029 823 1.101 881 200 160 265 212 393 315 522 418 587 469 651 520 779 623 908 726 1.152 921 .175 940 212 170 281 225 418 334 555 444 623 499 691 553 828 662 965 772 1.

9 450 0.967 350 0.24 GPSA Book T Temp Temp Derating Factor °F < 250° F 1 300 0.933 400 0. TABLE 1 Fig 17.867 .

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T 250 (121) or Less 1.000 300 (149) 0.867 GENERAL NOTE: For Intermediate temperatures. interpolate for derating factor.2010 Table 841. Table for Gas Pipelines 'T' Value ASME B31. .967 350 (177) 0. T.900 450 (232) 0. for Steel Pipe Temperature.8. ⁰F (⁰C) Temperature Derating Factor.933 400 (204) 0.1.8-1 Temperature Derating Factor.

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933 0. T.8. interpolate for derating .s Pipelines 'T' Value B31.867 emperatures. for Steel Pipe Temperature Derating Factor.000 0.2010 e Derating Factor.900 0. T 1.967 0.

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42. 43.00 Furnace-Butt Welded. 53 0.80 Classes 12.Table 841. 22. Pipe Class E Factor ASTM A 53 Seamless 1.1. 33.00 ASTM A 139 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0. 32. 42. 43.00 ASTM A 1005 Double Submerged-Arc-Welde ASTM A 1006 Laser Beam Welded 1.00 ASTM A 691 Electric-Fusion-Welded Classes 13. 23. 23. 23.80 Classes 12. 42. 43. E Spec. No.00 Seamless 1.00 ASTM A 984 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1. Continuous Weld 0.00 . 32.00 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1. 52 1.00 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00 API 5L Electric Welded 1. 33.00 ASTM A 671 Electric-Fusion-Welded Classes 13. 33. 22.00 ASTM A 672 Electric-Fusion-Welded Classes 13. 53 0.80 Classes 12.7-1 Longitudinal Joint Factor.00 ASTM A 134 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0.80 ASTM A 333 Seamless 1. 52 1.00 ASTM A 381 Submerged-Arc-Welded 1. 32. 22. 52 1. 53 0.80 ASTM A 135 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.60 ASTM A 106 Seamless 1.

933 400 (204) 0. Table 841. °F (°C) Factor. T 250 (121) or less 1.867 GENERAL NOTE: For intermediate temperatu factor. .00 Seam or Helical Seam) Furnace-Butt Welded. for Steel Pipe Temperature Derating Temperature. 804.900 450 (232) 0. Continuous Weld 0.3.7.000 300 (149) 0.60 GENERAL NOTE: Definitions for the various c are given in para.8-1 Temperature Derating Facto T.Submerged-Arc Welded (Longitudinal 1.967 350 (177) 0.1.

-1 Longitudinal Joint Factor.80 2. E e Class E Factor eamless 1. 43.00 . 33. 53 0.00 tance-Welded 1. 42.00 tance-Welded 1. 42. 53 0. 32. 33. 33.00 c Welded 1.80 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1.00 Laser Beam Welded 1. 52 1.60 Seamless 1.00 Submerged-Arc-Welded 1. 32. 42.00 Electric-Resistance-Welded 1. 52 1.00 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0.00 Electric-Fusion-Welded 3. 52 1. 43.00 Electric-Fusion Arc-Welded 0.00 Electric-Fusion-Welded 3.80 Seamless 1. 43.00 Electric-Fusion-Welded 3. 53 0.00 Double Submerged-Arc-Welded 1. Continuous Weld 0.80 2. 32.80 2.00 Welded.

7. -1 Temperature Derating Factor.3.00 cal Seam) Welded. T ess 1. interpolate for derating . 804. Continuous Weld 0.000 TE: For intermediate temperatures. rc Welded (Longitudinal 1. °F (°C) Factor.60 TE: Definitions for the various classes of welded pipe ara.

hospitals etc.4 or 31. or plant piping designed to 3 or C 0. . or highly 4 or D 0.5 B31.6 parallel to high ways City.4 populated area.72 Desert.8 Metropolitan area. malls.Table Table 2 Location Design Class or Factor Location Div F 1 or A 0. non-populated area Village or populated area or 2 or B 0.

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with hard surface and railroads Parallel enroachment of pipelines and mains on roads and railroads: (a) Private roads (b) Unimproved public roads ( c) Roads. Use this Table for Gas Pipelines 'F' Value instead of Table 2 (Caution ASME B31. or public streets.1(b)] Crossings of roads. 841.2. or public streets.9(c )] Compressor station piping Near concentration of people in Location Classes 1 and 2 [see para.8 . mains. 841.2010 TABLE 841.1. or public streets. 840.6-2 DESIGN FACTORS FOR STE Facility Pipelines. highways. with hard surface and railroads Crossings of roads.1. 841. highways. 841. with hard surface and railroads Fabricated assemblies [see para.3(b)] .9(a)] Pipelines on bridges [see para. and service lines [ see para.1.9(b)] Pressure / flow control and metering facilities [see para.1. highways. railroads without casing: (a) Private roads (b) Unimproved public roads ( c) Roads. railroads with casing: (a) Private roads (b) Unimproved public roads ( c) Roads.

60 0.50 0.50 0.72 0.60 0.60 0. 1 Div.9(c )] 0.80 0.60 0.1.50 0.40 0.72 0.40 .72 0.72 0.50 0.60 0.40 0.40 0.72 0.50 0.40 0.60 0.72 0.50 0.80 0.40 ee para.40 d railroads 0.40 1.8 .80 0.50 0.40 d railroads 0.50 0.80 0.3(b)] 0.60 0.50 0.50 0.60 0.72 0.50 0.60 0.50 0.40 0.72 0.60 0.40 0.80 0.50 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.40 s and railroads: 0.Use appropriate column in spreadsheet!!!!) ASME B31.60 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.2 0.50 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.40 0.40 d railroads 0.60 0.60 0.72 0.stead of Table 2 (Caution .50 0. 840.60 0.50 0.50 0.40 0.2010 N FACTORS FOR STEEL PIPE CONSTRUCTION Location Class 1 2 3 4 Div.50 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.50 0.

4 0. Table 304.4 0.4 0.4 0.3.7 Steels Austenitic 0.4 0.1 (Excerpt).7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 Steels Other Ductile 0. Values of Coefficient Y Table 3 Temperature.1.5 0.4 0. GPSA BOOK ASME B31.7 0.4 Metals Cast iron 0 … … … … . ⁰F Materials 900 & 950 1000 1050 1100 lower Ferritic 0.

0 … … Cast iron .4 0. ≤ 482 1150 (900 510 538 &UP & (950) (1.7 Steels Austenitic 0.4 Other 0.1 Values of Coefficient Temperature.4 0.7 0.4 0.3 2008 Table 304.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 metals … 0.7 Steels 0.000) Materials Lower) Ferritic 0.1.4 Ductile 0. ASME B31.

4 0. ⁰C (⁰F) ≥ 621 566 593 (1.7 0.050) (1. 31.4 … … … .150 (1.100) & Up) 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.3 2008 of Coefficient Y for t< D/6 mperature.5 0.7 0.7 0.

double butt. double butt seam . straight or … spiral seam Furnace butt welded A 53 Type S Seamless pipe Type E Electric resistance welded pipe Type F Furnace butt welded pipe A 106 … Seamless pipe Low and intermediate Alloy Steel A 333 … Seamless pipe … Electric resistance welded pipe A 335 … Seamless pipe Stainless Steel A 312 … seamless pipe … Electric fusion welded pipe. Class (or Type) Description Carbon Steel API … Seamless pipe 5L … Electric resistance welded pipe Electric fusion welded pipe. Table 4 (GPSA BOOK) Spec No.

Basic Quality Factors for Longitudinal Weld Joints. double butt seam Nickel and Nickel Alloy B 161 … Seamless pipe and tube B 514 … Welded pipe B 675 All Welded pipe ASME B31. Table A-1B (Excerpt). 4 Electric fusion welded pipe. single butt seam A 358 1. 100% radiographed 5 Electric fusion welded pipe.2 (GPSA Book) . spot radiographed 2 Electric fusion welded pipe. … Electric fusion welded pipe.3. 3. Ej Table 6.

.

00 A 134 … pipe. straight or spiral seam 1.60 A 53 Type S Seamless pipe Electric resistance Type E welded pipe Furnace butt welded 1. straight or spiral seam 1.00 0.00 A 179 … Seamless tube A 181 … Forgings and fittings Seamless and welded A 234 … fittings 1.4 for increased quality factors applica Specifications. expect API. straight or spiral seam Electric resistance 0.3.85 A 333 … Seamless pipe . ASME B31. No. 302.85 A 135 … welded pipe Electric fusion welded A 139 … pipe.00 Type F pipe A 105 … Forgings and fittings A 106 … Sealmess pipe Electric fusion welded 1.85 API 5L … Seamless pipe 0. double butt.4(b) and Table 302. Class (or Type) Description 1. are ASTM.00 … Furnace butt welded 0. 302.00 Carbon steel 0.95 Electric resistance … welded pipe Electric fusion welded … pipe. Spec.3 2008 Use this Table for Plant Piping 'E' Value ins Ej Table A-1B Basic Quality Factors for Longitudinal Weld Joints in Pipes. single butt.85 0.3. T These quality factors are determined in accordance with para.

100% 1.00 A 350 … Forgings and fittings 0. 33. 33. 42. 52 pipe. 22. double butt seam Electric fusion welded A 691 12. 53 pipe. 52 pipe.00 A 420 … radiographed 0. 43. 33. 32. 100% radiographed Electric fusion welded 13. spot radiographed Electric fusion welded … pipe.85 A 381 … pipe. 43. 23. 32.90 A 369 … Seamless pipe Electric fusion welded 0. 100% radiographed Electric fusion welded 13. double butt seam Electric fusion welded A 672 12. 22. 100% radiographed Electric fusion welded 13.80 Electric fusion welded A 671 12. 23. 42. 22. as manufactured Welded fittings. 32. 42.80 … welded pipe A 334 … Seamless tube 1. double butt seam Low and Intermediate Alloy Steel A 182 … Forgings and fittings . 23. 100% radiographed Electric fusion welded … pipe. 53 pipe. 52 pipe. Electric resistance 0. 43.80 A 524 … Seamless pipe Electric resistance A 587 … welded pipe 0. 53 j pipe.

52 pipe. 22. Only for Car here. 43. 32. 100% radiographed Electric fusion welded 13. 42. This Table is continued for other Alloys but not reproduced here. 53 pipe. 100% A 420 … radiographed Electric fusion welded A 671 12. Seamless and welded A 234 … fittings A 333 … Seamless Pipe Electric resistance … welded pipe A 334 … Seamless tube A 335 … Seamless pipe A 350 … Forgings and fittings A 369 … Seamless pipe Welded fittings. . For notes in brackets please refer the code 2. double butt seam 1. 33. 23.

uality factors applicable in special cases.80 … 0. See also para.80 … 1.nt Piping 'E' Value instead of Table 4 Refer Table 403.1-1 for Weld Joints in Pipes.85 … 0.3.00 (16) 1.85 … 0. Ej (2) Appendix A Notes 1.00 … 0. Ej B31. are ASTM. Tubes.2.85 … 0.00 … 1.60 … 1.60 … 1.00 (9) 1. and Fittings.4 ance with para.95 … 0. t API.00 … 0.00 … 0. 302.4(a).00 … .00 (9) 1.

00 (16) 1.85 … 1.00 … 0.85 … 1.00 … 1.85 … 1.85 … 1.00 (9) .00 … 0.00 (9) 1.0.00 … 1.85 … 1.00 (18) 0.00 … 0.85 … 1.90 (19) 0.00 … 0.

Only for Carbon Steel E values are put .00 … 1. 1.00 … 1.00 … 0.85 (78) 1.00 (16) 1.00 … 1.00 (16) 1.00 … 0.00 … 1.85 (78) uced here.

Arc. 42. 23. Use this Table for Gas Pipelines 'E' Value instead of Table 4 ASME B31. 52 1.7-1 LONGITUDINAL JOINT FACTOR. 53 0.Welded 1. 32.Resistance.80 Classes 12.Welded 1.Fusion.00 ASTM A 691 Electric. Pipe Class E Factor ASTM A 53 Seamless 1.Welded 1. 23. 42.80 ASTM A 333 Seamless 1.00 . No.00 ASTM A 671 Electric.80 ASTM A 135 Electric.2010 TABLE 841.00 ASTM A 381 Submerged. E Spec.60 weld ASTM A 106 Seamless 1. 43.00 ASTM A 134 Electric.00 ASTM A 984 Electric. 43.Fusion Arc.00 ASTM A 139 Electric. 32.Butt welded. 33.80 Classes 12. 53 0.Welded 0. 53 0.Resistance. 42.Resistance. 52 1.Fusion Arc. 33.00 ASTM A 672 Electric. 23.00 Electric. 32.80 Classes 12.Fusion. 22.00 ASTM A 1005 Double Submerged.Fusion.Welded 1. 43. 33. 22.Welded 1.00 Furnace.Arc.Welded Classes 13. 52 1.1.Welded Classes 13.Welded Classes 13.00 Electric.Resistance.8 . 22. Continuous 0.Welded 1.Welded 0.

60 GENERAL NOTE: Definitions for the variousclasses of welded pipe are given in para.ASTM A 1006 Laser Beam Welded 1.Arc.00 Seamless 1.00 (Longitudinal Seam or Helical Seam) Furnace. . 804.3.7. Continuous weld 0.Welded 1.butt welded.00 API 5L Electric Welded 1.00 Submerged.

.

000) CrMo 1 0.4 or 305. 1Cr . Part (⁰F).5 0.½Mo. (2) Longitudinal seam fusion welded construction is not permitted for C-½Mo steel above (3) The required carbon content of the weld filler metal shall be ≥0. (b) Tcr = Temperature At temperatures 25⁰C (50⁰F) below thoseidentifying below the temperature where weldthejoint strength start redu of time-dep of )the (c BPV Ti = Code Section Temperature. fabrication issues such as the deviation from a true circula (1) The Cr-Mo Steels include : ½Cr . ASME B 31. and zone that can lead the austenitic tolisted alloys prematur in Ta Tcr). affected CSEF.½Mo . the 100. particularly for those grades whose cre from (9) Foranmaterials embrittlement condition other than carbonin the weld steel. %. ⁰C II. coincident For pressure- operating materials tem not (d) CAUTIONARY NOTE: There are many factors that may affect the life of a welded joint a reduction NOTES: factors.95 Austenitic stainless grade 3xx and N088xx nickel alloys [Notes (7) and (8)] Other … … … … … materials [Notes (9)] GENERAL NOTES: (a) Weld joint strength reduction factors at temperatures above the upper temperature lim responsibility of the designer.4.4.2. a (5) N + T = Normalizing + Temperature PWHT (6) Autogenous welds without filler metal in austenitic stainless steel (grade 3xx) and aus (7) Alternatively. (4) The CSEF (Creep Strength Enhanced Ferritic) steels include grades 91. 2¼ Cr- Required examination is in accordance with para. heat CrMo.3 2008 Table 302. specified. 92.5 [Notes (3) and (4)] and(Subcritical N066xx PWHT) nickel alloys … … … 1 1 [Notes (6)] … … … 1 0. If Ti exceeds the upper temperature for which an allowable stress value is listed in Ap .91 0. 911. 122. Devision reduction (8) Certainfactor heatsfor of the materials austeniticand welding stainless consumables steels.95 0.½Mo.95 [Notes (3)-(5)] CSEF … … 1 0. For example.82 [Notes (1)-(3)] CSEF (N + T) … … … 1 0. See para.50 C wt.86 0. ofDthe forcomponent the base metals of thejoined by welding.000 hr Stress Rupture Factors listed in ASME Section III. Steel Group 427 454 482 510 538 (800) (850) (900) (950) (1. 1¼Cr .3.Si. 341.

Part D.0.5 0.3.150) (1.82 0. and C-xx may be used as the weld joint st d.½Mo..1Mo. W Component Temperature.77 0.77 0. Wannealin =1-0 ss value is listed in Appendix A for the base metal.4. . and 23. For pressure- erating materials temperature not listed in the BPV Code condition.1Mo. Subsection NH. Devision 1.5 0.250) (1. A solution anneal after welding is req E Section III.82 0.68 0. See para. Tcr shall be the temperature where the creep consideration.68 0.86 0.86 0. ⁰C (⁰F) 566 593 621 649 677 704 732 (1.350) 0.0 "NOTES.73 0. under II.050) (1.300) (1.side of the applicable range in Table eld thejoint strength start reduction factors of time-dependent are tabulated. Basic-ity index of SAW flux ≥1. 50 C wt.91 0.64 … … … 0.5 0.5. 341. Section i. 5Cr . (grade 3xx) and austenitic nickel alloys UNS Nos. 2¼ Cr. properties a value listed under of 1.64 … … … … … … … upper temperature limit listed in Appendix A for the base metal or out. "peaking" at longitudinal weld seams) or offset at the weld joint ca Si.4(b) for examination requirements. 9Cr .08 Table 302. B-xx. the value for W is the responsibility of the designer.5 Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor. r C-½Mo steel above 850⁰F. 3Cr . 122. ose grades whose creep strength is enhanced by the precipitation of temper-resistant carbides and carbonitr can lead nitic tolisted alloys premature failure in Table of welded 302. 92.1Mo.91 0. normalized a . components W shall operating be as follows: For Ti ≤atTelevated temperatures. N066xx and N088xx.73 0. W = 1.3. A solution For Tcr < Ti 1. shall be used forPROPERTIES" TIME-DEPENDENT the factor (Txx) in the No ing. s 91.g.100) 1.5 … … … 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.200) (1.77 … … … 0. %. 911. cr. fe of a welded joint at elevated temperature and all of those factors cannot be addressed in a table of weld s on from a true circular form in pipe (e.500⁰F.10 A-xx. Longitudinal welds shall either be normalized.0. Ti. Tables I-14.

SAW flux ≥1.55 0. . Wannealing heat i - = 1 .000909(T bility of the designer. to Table the 1A mperature where the creep rate or stress ddressed in a table of weld strength r offset at the weld joint can cause an be normalized.3. n anneal after welding is required for use of be used as the weld joint strength tant carbides and carbonitrides.5 are the the factor W (Txx) ROPERTIES" whereinrequired. the Noteshowever.59 0.400) (1.450) (1. can suffer eratures.5 … … … applicable range in Table 302.500) … … … … … … … … … 1 1 1 0. 760 788 816 (1.0. normalized and tempered.0.500⁰F. A solution r Tcr < Ti 1.

inches.000. (The minimum thickness for the pipe selected. in. Pi = internal design pressure. E' = longitudinal weld joint factor: Seamless = 1.85 Y' = coefficient having values for ferritic steels as follows: 0. shall not be less then tm). psi. satisfying requirements for pressure. do = outside diameter of pipe.5 for 950⁰F 0. psig. corrosion. and mechanical.4 up to and including 900⁰F 0. in. Petroleum Refinery Piping". 17-23 (GPSA BOOK) Working Pressures Refinery Piping To determine allowable internal working pressure for straight sections of pipe in accordance with ANSI B31.7 for 1. S' = allowable stresses. corrosion. considering manufacturer’s minus tolerance. "Code for Pressure Piping. and erosion allowances.000⁰F and above . use the following: where: tm = minimum required thickness.3. in. ERW = 0. t = pressure design thickness. FIG. and erosion allowances. c = the sum of the mechanical allowances (thread depth and groove depth).

Table 841. Table 841. E" = Longitudinal joint factor. F" = Construction type design factor. Table 841. in. FIG.72 Div 2 . 841.867 For intermediate temperatures. Note: Factor reflecting location of line.967 350 0.40 Complete details are covered in Par. public or private land. t = Nominal wall thickness. 17-24 (GPSA BOOK) Working Pressures Transmission lines To determine allowable internal working pressure for piping outside of refineries and other processing facilities in accordance with ANSI B31.116A Temp. Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping. psi do = Nominal outside diameter.80 Furnace Butt Welded ASTM-A53.80 Spiral Welded A 211 0.2 (see note) Location Class F" 1 Div 1 .000 300 0.900 450 0. etc.60 T" = Temperature derating factor. .80 Div 2 . psig S" = Specified minimum yield strength." use the following: where: Pi = Design pressure. "Code of Pressure Pipign. in.933 400 0. proximity to roads.115A and welded pipe except for the following: Fusion Welded A 134 and A 139 0. 840. ⁰F Factor T" 250 or less 1.50 Div 4 .8- 1992. interpolate for derating factor. API-5L 0.60 Div 3 .11A and Par.

psi CARBON STEEL Seamless Pipe ASTM A53 A Type S 48000 30000 ASTM A53 B Type S 60000 35000 ASTM A106 A 48000 30000 ASTM A106 B 60000 35000 ASTM A106 C 70000 40000 ASTM A120 ASTM A333 1 55000 30000 ASTM A334 1 55000 30000 ASTM A333 6 60000 35000 ASTM A334 6 60000 35000 API 5L A 48000 30000 API 5L B 60000 35000 API 5LX X42 60000 42000 API 5LX X46 63000 46000 API 5LX X52 66000 52000 API 5LX X52 72000 52000 Electric Resistance Welded Pipe ASTM A53 A Type E 0.85 60000 35000 ASTM A120 0.4 or 31.85 48000 30000 ASTM A53 B Type E 0. 17-25 (Fr (Excerpt Please refer the codes ASME B 31.40) .3.85 LOW AND INTERMEDIATE ALLOY STEEL & STAINLESS STEEL (4.8 as a Spipeline Tensile Yield Factor Strength Strength Material Specification Grade Class (E) min.Seamless Pipe 3 1/2 Ni ASTM A333 3 65000 35000 3 1/2 Ni ASTM A334 3 65000 35000 Ni-Cr-Cu-Al ASTM A333 4 60000 35000 2 1/4 Ni ASTM A333 7 65000 35000 2 1/4 Ni ASTM A334 7 65000 35000 9 Ni ASTM A333 8 100000 75000 9 Ni ASTM A334 8 100000 75000 18Cr-8Ni Pipe ASTM A376 TP304 75000 30000 18Cr-8Ni Pipe ASTM A376 TP304H 75000 30000 . FIG. psi min. 31.

2 unless prohibited by a double bar(ll). these stress valves apply only when the carbon content (30) For temperatures above 1000⁰[538⁰C]. SP-2.3a-1984 Edition. Temp. stress values printed in italics exceed two-thirds of the expected yield strength a (6)* The minimum temperature shown is that design minimum temperature for which the material is n -20⁰F [-29⁰C] is established by rules elsewhere in this Code. Those marked with an asterisk(*) restate requireme reference to ANSI/ASME B31. Stress values in shear and bearing are stated in 302.3. these stress values may be used only if the material has b (31) For temperatures above 1000⁰F [538⁰C]. to 100⁰F" indicates th accordance with 323. and SP-3 of carbon steels are not included in P-No. (40) The stress values for austenitic stainless steels in these Tables may not be applicable if the mate (31). the stress values may be (51) Special P-Numbers SP-1. (55) Pipe produced to this specification is not intended for high temperature service. the minimum (26) These unstabilized grades of stainless steel have increasing tendency to intergranular carbide pr (28) For temperatures above 1000⁰F [538⁰C].1 (b). 1 because of po be extended to other grades in its group. those in compression (3)* This casting quality factor can be enhanced by supplementary examination in accordance with 30 (4)* In shaded areas. A double bar (ll) before the stress valve for "Min. (8)* There are restrictions on the use of this material in the text of the Code. The Stress value (57)* Conversion of carbides to graphite may occur after prolonged exposure to temperatures over 80 (59)* For temperatures above 900⁰F [480⁰C]. these stress valves may be used only if the material has (36) The specification permits this material to be furnished without solution heat treatment or with oth tested per 323. (47) If no welding is employed in fabrication of piping from those materials.Note : These notes are requirements of the Code.3. (1)* The stress valves in Table A-1 and the design stress values in Tables A-2 are basic allowable stress EJ from Table A-1B). including any necessary impact test requ (7*) A single bar (l) in these Stress Tables indicates there are conditions other than stress which affect above that temperature. consider the advantages of killed steel [see Appendix F . (20) For pipe sizes NPS 8 and larger and for wall thicknesses of schedule 140 or heavier.

36 -325 20000 20000 20000 18700 17500 16400 .31.31.59 -20 20000 20000 20000 20000 18900 17300 57 -20 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 14800 57 -20 20000 20000 20000 20000 18900 17300 57 -20 23300 23300 23300 22900 21600 19700 8 -20 ll 12000 11400 ll 57.4 or 31.59 -50 18300 18300 17700 17200 16200 14800 57.59 -20 17000 17000 17000 17000 16100 14700 8 -20 10200 9800 e -150 21700 19600 19600 18700 17800 16800 -150 21700 19600 19600 18700 17800 16800 -150 20000 19100 18200 17300 16400 15500 -100 21700 19600 19600 18700 17600 16800 -100 21700 19600 19600 18700 17600 16800 47 -320 31700 31700 -320 31700 31700 20.55 -20 24000 24000 24000 24000 ll 57. FIG. 17-25 (From GPSA BOOK) Allowable Stresses in Tension for Material (1) (Excerpted from ANSI B31.59 -20 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 14800 57.3a-1985.28.59 -20 13600 13600 13600 13600 13600 12600 57.59 -20 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 14800 57.26.8 as applicable instead of this . A-1B) 1. to 100 Notes 57.59 -50 18300 18300 17700 17200 16200 14800 57 -50 20000 20000 20000 20000 18900 17300 57 -50 20000 20000 20000 20000 18900 17300 57. 200 300 400 500 600 Temp.36 -425 20000 20000 20000 18700 17500 16400 26.These values run into several pages Spipe.55 -20 20000 20000 20000 20000 ll 51.59 -20 20000 20000 20000 20000 ll 18900 17300 51. Temp. BASIC ALLOWABLE ST Metal Tempera (6) Min. Min.55 -20 22000 22000 22000 22000 ll 51. Appendix A. Tables A-1.55 -20 21000 21000 21000 21000 ll 51.

3.3.(*) restate requirements found in the text of the Code. At temper heavier. normalized.1(a). high manganese combination which would require special consideratio ice.3( c) and Table 302.03%. n the carbon content is 0. the minimum specified tensile strength is 70. P-No.3.3. teel [see Appendix F]. nly if the material has been heat treated by heating to a minimum temperature of 1900⁰F [1040⁰C] and quenchi treatment or with other than a solution heat treatment.3 ksi [230 MPa]. The hither factor from Table 302. an stress which affect usage above or below the temperature. ergranular carbide precipitation as the carbon content increases above 0. as described in other referenced notes.3. All other stress values in shaded areas are equal to 90% of expected yield which the material is normally suitable without impact testing other than that required by the material specificat sary impact test requirements. .04% or higher. The other Notes are limitations or special requirements a basic allowable stresses in tension in accordance with 302. A double b to 100⁰F" indicates that the use of the material is prohibited below the listed minimum temperature. When the material has not been solution heat treated t pplicable if the material has been given a final heat treatment other than that required by the material specifica tress values may be increased to 33. The Stress values apply to either non-expanded or cold expanded material in the as-rolled.0 ksi [483 MPa]. 1 because of possible high carbon. y if the material has been heat treated at a temperature of 2000⁰F [1090⁰C] minimum. For pressure design. n accordance with 302. the stress values from Ta those in compression in 302. or n emperatures over 800⁰F [425⁰C] (see Appendix F).3.1(c).C may be substituted for ected yield strength at temperature.3c.

⁰F (7) 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 14500 14400 10700 9300 l 7900 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 17000 16500 13000 10800 l 8700 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 14500 14400 10700 9300 l 7900 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 17000 16500 13000 10800 l 8700 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 19400 19200 14800 12000 l 14500 14400 12000 10200 l 8300 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 14500 14400 12000 10200 l 8300 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 17000 16500 13000 10800 l 8700 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 17000 16500 13000 10800 l 8700 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 14500 14400 10700 9300 l 7900 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 17000 16500 13000 10800 l 8700 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 12300 12250 9100 7900 l 6700 5500 3800 2150 1350 850 14500 14000 11000 9200 l 7350 5500 3800 2150 1350 850 16300 15500 13900 11400 9000 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 16300 15500 13900 11400 9000 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 15000 16300 15500 13900 11400 9000 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 16300 15500 13900 11400 9000 6500 4500 2500 1600 1000 16200 16000 15600 15200 14900 14600 14400 13800 12200 9700 16200 16000 15600 15200 14900 14600 14400 13800 12200 9700 .Book is a simple excerpt SIC ALLOWABLE STRESSES IN TENSION. A-1B) several pages in the codes . psi(1) Metal Temperature.or Material (1) -1.

olution heat treated the minimum temperature shall be -20⁰F [-29⁰C] unless the material is impact the material specification and any overriding requirements of this Code called for by Notes (30) or e special consideration in qualification. or ay be substituted for this factor in pressure design equations. the use of a material at a design minimum temperature below ced notes. the material may be used in 1040⁰C] and quenching in water or rapidly cooling by other means.2(d)(4) and 302.2(d) [Note (3)] he material specification. or normalized and tempered condition. Full interpretation of these notes will require stress values from Table A-1 are multiplied by the appropriate quality factor E (E c from Table A-1A. normalized.pecial requirements applicable to particular materials. See 302. % of expected yield strenght at temperature.3. . Qualification of any high carbon. high manganese grade may lled. At temperatures where there are no stress values.3. However. A double bar (ll) after a tabled stress indicates that use of the material is prohibited mperature.

131 .D. in.154 .050 X80 1.315 160 2.01556 XX 9. pipe in.172 .58 .300 2.281 1.00211 S40 1.01232 S40 7./ft.500 160 14.216 3.957 .659 .503 .400 1.02050 2 2.866 .436 1. of O.343 1.00660 S40 3.900 .179 .33 .824 .154 2.250 .00600 X80 2.00976 XX 6.851 .338 .02330 X80 5.01414 X80 3.58 . (d) area Size No.599 .05130 X80 10.02885 .939 .438 2. 1/2 S40 .718 .445 .409 .00371 3/4 1.375 160 7.04587 3 3.218 1.067 .25 .200 1. thk.049 .03755 XX 18.300 . in.01225 1-1/2 1.500 .100 .840 .145 1.742 .030 .474 . sq ft in.00499 1 1.109 .600 2.900 160 4.632 . 17-26 (GPSA BOOK) Design Properties and Allowable working Pres ASTM A106. FIG.679 .00196 S40 2.00300 S40 1.068 .610 .844 . Ib.653 .687 .022 .113 .622 . Grade B Seamless pipe-Petroleum R for Pressure Piping ANSI B31.133 1.00362 XX 3.358 .815 .624 .3-1984-Corrosion Nom Weight Wall ID Flow Pipe Sch.

761 .227 10 47.7 1.1 .875 6.625 160 45.750 .625 .1469 XX 53.750 .9940 14 S30 54.000 .375 15.9575 X 72.375 12.000 1.51 .9211 10 42.3941 S 49.6 14.7854 12 X 65.020 .438 .6 16.5185 160 115.365 10.3171 8 8.2532 S40 40.125 8.750 .250 15.4 12.718 5.54 .5 .7 .5 .58 .250 17.7528 160 160.375 17.000 1.4 .98 .268 S40 82.2578 160 74.500 1.7 .250 1.1810 6 6.2006 X80 28.750 .05419 S40 18.500 .500 160 22.375 13.5475 10 X60 54.56 .500 15.500 11.280 6.813 .5592 10 36.310 16 S30 62.99 .897 .126 .875 .065 .500 7.152 .000 .432 5.312 10.864 4.07986 4 4.06447 XX 27.670 18 S 70.500 1.000 .500 13.531 3.337 3.8 .250 13.826 .3474 X80 43.6 .575 .187 .6 18.4 . S40 10.500 17.30 .1308 S40 28.250 .4 .79 .674 3.7 10.625 XX 72.08840 X80 14.000 .026 .906 6.17 .322 7.622 X 93.1 .3 1.981 .500 9.250 1.237 4.000 .500 .

500 3.021 X30 104.500 19.000 2.074 20 S20 78.948 X30 125.6 24.500 2.7 .500 23.5 .6 20.250 2.1 .250 2.4 .375 23. 10 52.000 1.5% .375 19.250 23.000 .000 .969 10 63.250 19. 17-23 using a reduction in t recognize mill wall tolerance of 12.012 24 S20 94.883 NOTE: The above allowable working pressures are calculated from Fig.

17-26 (GPSA BOOK) llowable working Pressures for Piping ess pipe-Petroleum Refinery Piping Code B31.05 Allowable working pressures for temperatures (in ⁰F) not to exceed.3-1984-Corrosion allowance = 0. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2258 2258 2258 2258 2134 1953 1863 1933 1933 1933 1933 1827 1672 1595 3451 3451 3451 3451 3261 2985 2847 2103 2103 2103 2103 1988 1819 1735 3468 3468 3468 3468 3277 3000 2861 5720 5720 5720 5720 5405 4948 4719 9534 9534 9534 9534 9010 8247 7866 1672 1672 1672 1672 1580 1446 1379 2777 2777 2777 2777 2625 2402 2291 4494 4494 4494 4494 4247 3887 3707 7228 7228 7228 7228 6831 6253 5963 1469 1469 1469 1469 1388 1270 1212 2488 2488 2488 2488 2351 2152 2053 4600 4600 4600 4600 4347 3979 3795 6284 6284 6284 6284 5939 5436 5185 1640 1640 1640 1640 1550 1419 1353 2552 2552 2552 2552 2412 2207 2105 4122 4122 4122 4122 3895 3566 3401 6089 6089 6089 6089 5754 5267 5024 .

1439 1439 1439 1439 1360 1244 1187 2275 2275 2275 2275 2150 1968 1877 3978 3978 3978 3978 3760 3441 3282 5307 5307 5307 5307 5015 4590 4378 1205 1205 1205 1205 1139 1042 994 2062 2062 2062 2062 1948 1783 1701 3753 3753 3753 3753 3546 3246 3097 4659 4659 4659 4659 4403 4030 3844 1098 1098 1098 1098 1037 950 906 1864 1864 1864 1864 1761 1612 1537 3554 3554 3554 3554 3359 3074 2932 3699 3699 3699 3699 3496 3200 3052 1022 1022 1022 1022 966 884 843 1484 1484 1484 1484 1403 1284 1224 3736 3736 3736 3736 3531 3232 3082 888 888 888 888 839 768 732 1245 1245 1245 1245 1177 1077 1027 3699 3699 3699 3699 3496 3200 3052 486 486 486 486 460 421 401 807 807 807 807 763 698 666 1132 1132 1132 1132 1069 979 934 425 425 425 425 402 368 351 705 705 705 705 666 609 581 987 987 987 987 933 854 815 377 377 377 377 357 326 311 625 625 625 625 591 541 516 876 876 876 876 828 757 722 .

5% of the wall thickness shown above to . 339 339 339 339 321 293 280 562 562 562 562 531 486 464 787 787 787 787 743 680 649 282 282 282 282 267 244 233 468 467 467 467 442 404 386 660 654 654 654 618 565 539 . 17-23 using a reduction in tm to 87.

D.188 1098 1318 1444 1632 .000 42.625 8 (STD) .281 3147 3776 4136 .219 1280 1535 1681 1901 8.375 .375 2853 3424 3750 4237 .250 1902 2282 2500 2826 6 (STD) .300 4320 .250 2800 3360 3680 .156 1187 1424 1560 1763 . Thk.219 2453 2943 3223 4.281 4046 .203 1186 1424 1559 1762 .132 3287 3943 4319 4883 . API 5LX Nom Wall Pipe O.218 4626 .000 46.337 3774 4530 4961 .188 2707 3.237 2654 3185 3488 (STD) .72" Size GR.154 3268 2 2.280 2130 2556 2799 3164 . Gas Co Carb (Values apply to A106.500 4 .156 912 1094 1198 1354 .125 1800 .000 60.156 2246 .500 3 .125 1400 1680 1840 .156 1747 2097 2296 .312 3494 4193 4593 .188 2105 2526 2767 .250 3600 . Type A. F = 0.216 3110 (STD) .312 2373 2848 3120 3527 .000 52.219 1666 2000 2190 2475 6.188 1429 1716 1880 2124 .625 .000 (STD) .B 35.

312 1823 2189 2398 2709 .312 1233 1480 1620 1832 12 (STD) .203 803 963 1055 1193 .500 1976 2372 2598 2936 Type A construction .406 1606 1926 2110 2385 .219 866 1039 1138 1287 .330 1305 1566 1715 1939 .625 .250 1172 1407 1540 1741 10.438 2054 2464 2700 3051 .500 2344 2813 3081 3483 .279 1309 1570 1719 1944 10 (STD) .750 .250 988 1186 1299 1468 .307 1440 1728 1892 2138 .277 1618 1942 2128 2405 8 (STD) .281 1111 1332 1460 1651 12. .250 1461 1753 1920 2170 8.188 881 1058 1158 1310 .203 959 1143 1251 1415 .344 1613 1935 2120 2396 .438 2560 3071 3364 3803 .438 1732 2077 2275 2572 .365 1711 2054 2249 2542 .500 2922 3506 3840 4341 .188 743 892 977 1104 .344 1359 1631 1786 2020 .750 .375 1482 1779 1948 2202 .219 1026 1231 1348 1525 .375 2191 2628 2880 3256 .322 1882 2258 2473 2796 .344 2011 2412 2642 2988 .

50 GR. F = 0.8-1982 Carbon Steel and High Yield Strength Pipe 106.60 Type C. 17-27 (GPSA BOOK) Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Code for Pressure Piping ANSI B31.000 42.000 60. FIG.B 35. API 5LX pipe having the same specified minimum yield strength Allowable Working Pressures up to 250⁰F.000 2723 2270 3855 3213 1500 1250 1872 1560 2256 1880 2592 2160 3000 2500 3372 2810 3600 3000 1167 1400 1533 973 1167 1456 1747 1913 1214 1456 1754 2105 2306 1462 1755 2044 2453 2686 1704 2044 2212 2654 2907 1844 2212 2333 2800 3067 1945 2333 2623 3147 3447 2186 2622 2912 3494 3827 2427 2912 3145 3775 4134 2621 3146 989 1187 1300 1469 824 989 1192 1430 1567 1770 993 1192 1388 1666 1825 2063 1157 1389 1585 1902 2083 2355 1321 1585 1775 2130 2333 2637 1479 1775 1978 2374 2600 2933 1649 1978 2377 2853 3125 3531 1981 2378 2739 3286 3599 4069 2283 2738 760 912 998 1128 633 760 915 1098 1203 1360 763 915 989 1186 1299 1469 824 989 1067 1280 1401 1584 889 1067 .000 42. in psig Construction type Design Factors Type B.000 46.000 35. F = 0.B GR.000 52.

" ANSI B31. 1217 1461 1600 1809 1014 1217 1349 1618 1773 2004 1124 1349 1520 1823 1997 2258 1266 1520 1568 1882 2061 2329 1307 1568 1676 2011 2202 2490 1396 1676 1826 2191 2399 2713 1521 1826 2133 2560 2804 3170 1778 2133 2435 2922 3200 3617 2029 2435 733 881 965 1091 612 735 794 952 1043 1179 661 794 855 1026 1124 1271 713 855 977 1172 1284 1451 814 977 1091 1309 1433 1620 909 1091 1200 1440 1577 1782 1000 1200 1344 1613 1767 1997 1120 1344 1426 1711 1874 2119 1188 1426 1712 2054 2250 2543 1426 1712 1953 2344 2567 2902 1628 1953 619 743 814 920 516 619 669 803 879 995 558 669 722 866 948 1073 601 722 824 988 1082 1224 686 824 926 1111 1217 1376 771 926 1028 1233 1350 1527 856 1028 1088 1305 1430 1616 906 1088 1133 1359 1488 1683 944 1133 1235 1482 1624 1835 1029 1235 1338 1606 1758 1988 1115 1338 1443 1732 1896 2144 1203 1443 1647 1976 2165 2447 1373 1647 ype A construction also applicable to "Liquid Petroloum Transportation Piping Code.4-1979 .

ping 82 Pipe mum yield strength as shown) 250⁰F.000 1816 2570 1000 1248 1504 1728 2000 2248 2400 1278 778 933 1022 1595 971 1165 1276 1922 1170 1404 1537 2239 1363 1635 1791 2423 1475 1770 1938 2556 1556 1869 2044 2873 1748 2098 2298 3190 1941 2330 2552 3445 2097 2516 2756 1083 1224 659 791 866 980 1306 1475 794 954 1044 1180 1521 1719 926 1111 1216 1375 1736 1963 1057 1268 1389 1570 1944 2198 1183 1420 1555 1758 2167 2449 1319 1582 1733 1959 2604 2943 1585 1902 2083 2354 3000 3391 1826 2191 2400 2713 832 940 506 608 666 752 1003 1133 610 732 802 907 1083 1224 659 791 866 979 1168 1320 711 853 934 1056 .B 46. in psig s Type C.000 60.000 52.000 42.40 GR.000 52.000 46.50 Type D.000 35.F = 0. F = 0.

" ANSI B31. 1333 1507 812 974 1067 1206 1478 1670 899 1079 1182 1336 1664 1881 1013 1216 1331 1505 1717 1941 1045 1254 1374 1553 1835 2075 1117 1340 1468 1660 1999 2261 1217 1460 1599 1808 2336 2641 1422 1706 1869 2113 2667 3014 1623 1948 2133 2412 804 909 490 588 644 728 869 983 529 635 695 786 936 1059 570 684 749 847 1070 1209 651 781 856 967 1194 1350 727 872 955 1080 1314 1486 800 960 1051 1189 1473 1664 896 1075 1178 1331 1562 1766 951 1141 1249 1412 1875 2119 1141 1369 1500 1695 2140 2419 1302 1563 1712 1935 678 767 413 495 543 613 733 829 446 535 586 663 790 894 481 577 632 715 902 1020 549 659 722 816 1014 1146 617 740 811 917 1125 1273 685 822 900 1018 1191 1346 725 870 953 1077 1240 1403 755 906 992 1122 1353 1529 824 988 1082 1224 1465 1656 892 1070 1172 1325 1580 1786 962 1154 1264 1429 1804 2039 1098 1318 1443 1631 e.4-1979 .

0 60.000 .

.

281 709 851 931 1053 1214 .312 655 786 861 973 1123 .375 788 945 1035 1170 1350 (STD) 24 .406 1023 1228 1345 1520 1754 .500 1260 1512 1656 1872 2160 .500 1050 1260 1380 1560 1800 .344 722 866 949 1073 1238 .281 886 1063 1164 1316 1518 .438 1103 1324 1450 1639 1892 .281 590 709 776 877 1012 .406 853 1024 1121 1267 1462 24.625 1312 1575 1725 1950 2250 .250 786 945 1035 1170 1350 .F = 0.438 919 1103 1208 1366 1577 . Type A.375 1181 1418 1553 1755 2025 .D.B 35.312 786 943 1033 1168 1348 .625 1575 1890 2070 2340 2700 . Wall Thk.000 42.219 689 828 905 1024 1183 .000 .500 1575 1890 2070 2340 2700 .000 .312 982 1179 1291 1460 1685 16.250 630 756 828 936 1080 .750 1575 1890 2070 2340 2700 .000 52.438 1379 1655 1813 2049 2365 .344 867 1040 1139 1289 1486 (STD) .000 .750 1890 2268 2484 2808 3240 .000 60. Gas Tr Nom O.625 1969 2363 2588 2925 3375 .375 945 1134 1242 1404 1620 20 20.000 46.344 1084 1300 1424 1609 1858 (STD) .000 16 .72" Pipe Size GR.

344 667 800 876 990 1143 .312 525 630 690 780 899 ."ANSI B3 Notes : 1.406 787 945 1035 1170 1349 (STD) . See Fig.312 604 727 796 900 1037 .625 1050 1260 1380 1560 1800 .438 848 1018 1115 1260 1456 .500 840 1008 1104 1248 1440 .438 735 882 966 1092 1261 .000 26 . 17-24 .000 .344 578 693 759 858 991 .625 1211 1454 1592 1800 2077 .406 682 819 897 1014 1169 30 30.375 630 756 828 936 1080 (STD) .375 726 872 955 1080 1246 26.750 1260 1512 1656 1872 2160 *Type A Construction also applicable to "Liquid Petroleum Transport Piping Code.500 969 1163 1274 1440 1662 . . All dimensions are in inches 2.281 545 654 717 810 934 .750 1454 1745 1911 2160 2492 .

000 35.50 GR.60 Type C.F = 0.000 42.000 42.000 52. 17-27 (Cont'd) (GPSA BOOK) Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Allowable Working Pressures up to 250⁰F.B 35.000 46.B GR.F = 0. FIG.000 60. in psig Construction Type Design Factors Type B.000 575 689 755 854 986 479 575 656 788 863 975 1125 547 656 738 886 970 1097 1265 615 738 818 982 1076 1217 1404 682 819 903 1084 1187 1341 1548 753 903 984 1181 1294 1463 1688 820 984 1149 1379 1511 1707 1971 958 1149 1313 1575 1725 1950 2250 1094 1313 1641 1969 2157 2438 2812 1368 1641 525 630 690 780 900 438 525 591 709 776 878 1012 492 591 656 786 861 973 1123 547 656 723 868 950 1074 1238 603 723 788 945 1035 1170 1350 656 788 853 1023 1121 1267 1462 710 853 919 1103 1208 1366 1577 766 919 1050 1260 1380 1560 1800 875 1050 1313 1575 1725 1950 2250 1094 1313 1575 1890 2070 2340 2700 1313 1575 492 591 647 731 843 410 492 547 656 719 812 936 456 547 602 722 791 894 1032 502 602 656 788 862 975 1125 547 656 711 853 935 1056 1218 592 711 766 919 1006 1138 1314 638 766 875 1050 1150 1300 1500 729 875 1094 1313 1437 1625 1875 911 1094 1313 1575 1725 1950 2250 1094 1313 .

4-1979 ."ANSI B31. 454 545 597 675 778 379 454 503 604 663 750 864 421 505 556 666 730 825 953 463 555 606 727 796 900 1039 505 606 656 787 863 975 1124 547 656 707 848 929 1050 1213 589 707 808 969 1062 1200 1385 673 808 1010 1212 1327 1500 1731 841 1010 1212 1454 1592 1800 2077 1010 1212 438 525 575 650 749 365 438 482 577 632 715 826 401 481 525 630 690 780 900 437 525 568 682 747 845 974 474 569 612 735 805 910 1051 510 612 700 840 920 1040 1200 583 700 875 1050 1150 1300 1500 729 875 1050 1260 1380 1560 1800 875 1050 ng Code.

in psig ctors Type C.000 629 711 822 383 460 503 569 719 813 938 438 525 575 650 809 914 1054 492 591 647 731 896 1014 1170 546 655 717 811 989 1118 1290 602 722 791 894 1078 1219 1407 656 788 863 975 1259 1423 1643 766 919 1007 1138 1438 1625 1875 875 1050 1150 1300 1796 2031 2344 1094 1313 1438 1625 575 650 750 350 420 460 520 647 731 843 394 473 518 585 719 813 936 438 525 575 650 791 895 1032 482 578 633 716 863 975 1125 525 630 690 780 934 1056 1218 568 682 747 844 1007 1138 1314 613 735 805 910 1150 1300 1500 700 840 920 1040 1438 1625 1875 875 1050 1150 1300 1725 1950 2250 1050 1260 1380 1560 539 609 703 328 394 431 487 599 677 780 365 438 479 542 659 745 860 401 481 527 596 719 813 938 438 525 575 650 779 880 1015 474 569 623 704 839 948 1095 510 613 671 758 958 1083 1250 583 700 767 867 1198 1354 1563 729 875 958 1083 1438 1625 1875 875 1050 1150 1300 .000 42.000 60.K) Piping 50⁰F.000 35.000 52.F = 0.B 46.F = 0.50 Type D.40 GR.000 46.000 52.

498 563 649 303 363 398 450 553 625 720 337 404 442 500 606 688 794 370 444 487 550 663 750 866 404 485 531 600 719 813 937 437 525 575 650 774 875 1011 471 565 619 700 885 1000 1154 538 646 708 800 1106 1250 1442 673 808 885 1000 1327 1500 1731 808 969 1062 1200 479 542 624 292 350 383 433 527 596 688 321 385 422 477 575 650 750 350 420 460 520 623 704 812 379 455 498 563 671 758 876 408 490 537 607 767 867 1000 467 560 613 693 958 1083 1250 583 700 767 867 1150 1300 1500 700 840 920 1040 .

000 657 750 843 936 1032 1125 1314 1500 1875 600 674 749 826 900 974 1051 1200 1500 1800 562 624 688 750 812 876 1000 1250 1500 .0 60.

519 576 635 692 750 809 923 1154 1385 499 550 600 650 701 800 1000 1200 .

Fig. 17-28 (GPSA BOOK)
Pressure- Temperature Ratings for Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings f
1981
CLASS 150 300 400 600 900 1500
A105 (1)(3), A216-WCB(1), A515-70(1
Material Group 1.1 (Carbon Steel) A516-70 (1)
A350-LF2, A537-C1.1

⁰F Pressures are in pounds per square inch, gauge (

-20 to 100 285 740 990 1480 2220 3705
200 260 675 900 1350 2025 3375
300 230 655 875 1315 1970 3280
400 200 635 845 1270 1900 3170

500 170 600 800 1200 1795 2995
600 140 550 730 1095 1640 2735
650 125 535 715 1075 1610 2685
700 110 535 710 1065 1600 2665

750 95 505 670 1010 1510 2520
800 80 410 550 825 1235 2060
850 65 270 355 535 805 1340
900 50 170 230 345 515 860

950 35 105 140 205 310 515
1000 20 50 70 105 155 260
A182-F304 (5), A182-F304H
A240-304 (5)(6), A351-CF8 (5)
Material Group 2.1 (Type 304) A351-CF3

-20 to 100 275 720 960 1440 2160 3600
200 235 600 800 1200 1800 3000
300 205 530 705 1055 1585 2640
400 180 470 630 940 1410 2350

500 170 435 585 875 1310 2185
600 140 415 555 830 1245 2075
700 110 405 540 805 1210 2015

800 80 395 525 790 1180 1970
850 65 390 520 780 1165 1945
900 50 385 510 770 1150 1920
950 35 375 500 750 1125 1870
1000 20 325 430 645 965 1610
1050 310 410 620 925 1545
1100 260 345 515 770 1285
1150 195 260 390 585 980
1200 155 205 310 465 770
1250 110 145 220 330 550
1300 85 110 165 245 410
1350 60 85 125 185 310
1400 50 65 90 145 240
1450 35 45 70 105 170
1500 25 30 50 70 120
Notes: (a) Permissible but not recommended for prolonged use above 800⁰F
(d) Not to be used over 650⁰F
(f) Not to be used over 800⁰F
(g) Not to be used over 850⁰F
(h) Not to be used over 1000⁰F
Additional Notes: (1) Upon prolonged exposure to temperatures above about 800⁰F (425⁰C), the carbide
may be converted to graphite

(3) Only killed steel shall be used above 850⁰F (455⁰C)
(5) At temperatures over 1000⁰F (540⁰C), use only when the carbon content is 0.04 pe
(6) For temperatures above 1000⁰F (540⁰F), use only if the material is heat treated by
temperature of at least 1900⁰F (1040⁰C) and quenching in water or rapidly coolin

OK)
langed Fittings from ANSI B16.5-

2500 See Notes
16-WCB(1), A515-70(1) (a) (h)
516-70 (1) (a) (g)
LF2, A537-C1.1 (d)
re inch, gauge (psig)

6170
5625
5470
5280

4990
4560
4475
4440

4200
3430
2230
1430

860
430
), A182-F304H
(6), A351-CF8 (5) -
-
(f)

6000
5000
4400
3920

3640
3460
3360

3280 3240 3200 3120 2685 2570 2145 1630 1285 915 685 515 400 285 200 0⁰F (425⁰C). the carbide phase of carbonsteel carbon content is 0. .04 percent or higher aterial is heat treated by heating it to a n water or rapidly cooling by other means.

.

.

cheresources.http://www.com/invision/files/file/293-maximum-allowable-pressure-of-pipes-and-pipe .

-pressure-of-pipes-and-pipelines/ .