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Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL
Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page
Location Grid line 1 rc 28-Mar-2017 101
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etcChecked Revision Job No
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC chg - R68

IDEALISED STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS DESIGN STATUS: VALID
L in e L o a d L G K , L Q K in k N / m
WARNING : X
Passive pressure should
2

S u r c h a r g e S G K , S Q K in k N / m
only be considered if it
can be guaranteed that
there will be no future T W
excavation in front of
the wall. W A T E R
B 1

H

L L

L S
H W

L E

L W
T b
H P

H n
B N T N
L P

B
DIMENSIONS (mm)
H= 3200 B= 2750 Tw = 250
Hw = 100 BI = 1000 Tb = 400
Hp = 200 BN = 0 TN = 0
Hn = 0
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu = 35 N/mm² m = 1.5 concrete
fy = 460 N/mm² m = 1.05 steel
cover to tension steel = 50 mm
Max allowable design surface crack width (W) = 0.3 mm
Concrete density = 24 kN/m³
SOIL PROPERTIES Wall Geometry
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l (Ø) = 30 degree
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) = 0 kN/m² (Only granular backfil considered, "C" = zero)
Density of retained mat'l (q ) = 20 kN/m³
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) = 13.33 kN/m³ [default=2/3*q (only apply when 13.33
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (Øb) = 20 degree ASSUMPTIONS
Design cohesion of base material (Cb ) = 10 kN/m² a) Wall friction is zero
Density of base material (qb ) = 10 kN/m³ b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) = 200 kN/m² c) Granular backfill
d)Does not include check of rotational slide/slope failure
LOADINGS Surcharge load -- live (SQK) = 10 kN/m² e)Does not include effect of seepage of ground
Surcharge load -- dead (SGK) = 10 water beneath the wall.
Line load -- live (LQK) = 15 kN/m f)Does not include deflection check of wall due to
Line load -- dead (LGK) = 20 kN/m lateral earth pressures
Distance of line load from wall (X) = 1000 mm h) Design not intended for walls over 3.0 m high

LATERAL FORCES (unfactored) Ka = 0.33 [ default ka = (1-SIN Ø)/(1+SIN Ø)0.33
Kp = 2.04 [ default kp = (1+SIN Øb)/(1-SIN Ø2.04
Kpc = 2.86 [ default kpc = 2kp0.5 ] = 2.86
Kac = 1.15 [ 2ka0.5 ]

Force Lever arm Moment about TOE f Fult Mult
(kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kNm)
PE = 34.12 LE = 1.067 36.41 1.40 47.77 50.97
PS(GK) = 10.67 LS = 1.60 17.07 1.40 14.93 23.89
PS(QK) = 10.67 LS = 1.60 17.07 1.60 17.07 27.31
PL(GK) = 6.67 LL = 2.36 15.74 1.40 9.33 22.03
PL(QK) = 5.00 LL = 2.36 11.80 1.60 8.00 18.89
PW = 0.05 LW = 0.03 0.00 1.40 0.07 0.00
Total 67.17 98.09 97.17 143.10
PP = -6.12 (LP-HN) = 0.10 -0.60 1.00 -6.12 -0.60

30 recommended that Nib = 0.00 without these loads.25 78.80 0.12 kN Red'n factor for passive force = 1.00 2.63 -52.07 36.00 m Therefore.46 kN Sum of FORCES RESISTING SLIDING. BS 8002:1994.95 Factor of Safety.S = 1.00 BASE FRICTION (  V TANØb + B Cb ) = -97.07 ✘ PS(GK) PS(QK) = 10.000 Nib = 0.50 Water = 0.80 ✘ PL(QK) PW = 0.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC chg .63 V = 192.Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page Location Grid line 1 rc 28-Mar-2017 102 RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.surcharge & Restoring Vertical FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) line loads may have Moments Wall = 16. M = Mv + Mo = -0.75 Line load = 35.00 Surcharge= 30.13 18.90 stabilising effects on the structure.00 2.48 Under some conditions.00 -0.80 1.54 > 1.20 Base = 26. R68 EXTERNAL STABILITY STABILITY CHECKS : OK OVERTURNING about TOE F.58 kN Factor of Safety.17 Pp = -6.00 -0. Mo = 97. Pr / P = 1.25 4.67 LS = 1.68 Moment due to LATERAL FORCES.20  Mr = 361.60 17.40 1.63 -18. M / V = 0.05 LW = 0.000 Resultant Moment.36 11.75  V = 192.00 50.38 36.12 (LP-HN) = 0.00 LL = 2.60 17.74 ✘ PL(GK) PL(QK) = 5. P = 67.71 > 1. Surcharge = 30.63 0.36 15.20 Mv = -97.00 Earth = 84.00 0.48 kNm 100.00 -0.50 OK SLIDING (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) F.O.50 Sum of LATERAL FORCES.12 LE = 1. MAXIMUM Gross Bearing Pressure (GRP) = 70 kN/m² < 200 OK .07 ✘ PS(QK) PL(GK) = 6.50 (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) LOADING OPTION Overturning Lateral FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) (select critical load combination) Moments PE = 34.00 ✘ PW  P = 67.10 -0.67 LL = 2.00 also be carried out Water = 0.67 LS = 1.00 2.00 -0. Mr / Mo = 3. Pr = -103. and it is Base = 26.00 0.S = 1.00 168.60 Warning:  Mo = 97.00 2.20 kNm Eccentricity from base centre.03 0.00 60. BS 8004: Checked Revision Job No Originated from 'RCC62.50 OK GROUND BEARING FAI Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+") : Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) BEARING PRESSURE (KN/m²) Wall = 16. Pp x Reduction factor (1) = -6.88 -30.40 EARTH PS(GK) = 10.38 0.00 1.00 Line load = 35.17 kN PASSIVE FORCE.O.00 0.00 0.40 0.00 stability checks should Earth = 84.

64 OK SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.5.7(b) Asprov = 565 mm2 > 520 OK MOMENT of RESISTANCE : d= 344 mm z= 326. B.61 mm W= -0.2.7(b) Asprov = 1340 mm2 > 520 OK MOMENT RESISTANCE : d= 342 mm z= 323.64 kNm (TENSION .40 N/mm2 Table 3.4.16% vc = 0.4 As' = 0 mm2 Mres = 80.25 = 12 mm centres = 200 mm < 762 OK 3.46 OK SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.4.46 (default = ult mt / non-factored m1.4.39% vc = 0.000222 BS8007 Acr = 86.46 kNm (TENSION . BS 8004:Checked Revision Job No Originated from 'RCC62.49 mm m = -0.Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page Location Grid line 1 rc 28-Mar-2017 104 RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997. As = 520 mm2 Table 3.80 mm 3.54 N/mm2 Table 3.81 mm W= 0. B.30 OK App.2.5.96 kNm > 53.5.000762 BS8007 Acr = 108.BOTTOM FACE) BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT : Min.4 As' = 0 mm2 Mres = 189.79 OK 3.11.12.4.8 Vres = 184.2 CHECK CRACK WIDTH IN ACCORDANCE WITH BS8007 : X= 68. BS 8002:1994.18 mm < 0.22 mm 3.2 INNER BASE ( per metre length ) V ult = 81. R68 OUTER BASE ( per metre length ) BS8110 f = 1. As mm mm mm2 mm2 TOP (DESIGN) T 16 150 1340 520 OK BOTTOM (DESIGN) T 12 200 565 520 OK TRANSVERSE T 12 200 565 520 OK .2 CHECK CRACK WIDTH wrt BS8007 : (Temperature and shrinkage effects not included) X= 99.25 = 16 mm centres = 150 mm < 766 OK 3.11.TOP FACE) TOP REINFORCEMENT : Min.80 kNm > 89. As = 520 mm2 Table 3.20 OK 3.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC chg .03 mm m = 0.20 kN M ult = 89.30 OK App.5.8 Vres = 138.05 mm < 0.46 reference V ult = 86.02 kN > 81.79 kN M ult = 53.35 kN > 86.12.2 REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE Type  Centers As Min.

82 TRANSVERSE (EXT.) 2 T 10 1000 0.888 15.23 SUMMARY Approx total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg) 169.30 EXTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 9 T 16 128 1.617 10.) 6 T 10 1125 0.) 30 T 10 1000 0.16 TRANSVERSE ( T & B ) 28 T 12 1000 0.86 WALL STARTERS (Ext.888 24.617 4.578 31.) 9 T 16 1365 1. Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Project Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page Location Grid line 1 rc 28-Mar-2017 105 RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.External face 6 T 10 2880 0. R68 APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT No.Internal face 9 T 16 2928 1.59 TRANSVERSE (Ext.5 .80 BOTTOM (MAIN) 6 T 12 2846 0.65 VERTICAL .50 BASE TOP (MAIN) 7 T 16 2878 1.578 1.578 19.617 18.16 WALL STARTERS (Int.& Int. BS 8004: Checked Revision Job No Originated from 'RCC62. Type Dia Length Unit Wt Weight WALL VERTICAL . BS 8002:1994.617 1.39 NIB (assume same reinforcement as wall) INTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 6 T 10 80 0.578 41.617 0.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC chg .+ INT.

IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6.000 0.577 0.816 13 69.000 0.055 3.000 0.055 3.39 70.000 0.59 69.42 69.000 0.837 3.000 0.367 0.023 46 70.055 3.860 0.055 3.000 0.935 32 69.000 0.055 3.05 3 0 0.837 7 2.82 69.891 0.00 70.000 0.000 0.5 3 KN/M^2 0 1.000 0.15 69.878 23 69.20 69.000 0.055 3.878 0.960 36 69.759 0.000 6 69.055 3.055 3.010 0.910 28 69.839 11 2.0.93 0 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.023 0.000 21 1.000 0.258 0.860 BPZ 2.26 69.32 69.000 0.65 70.000 0.000 0.945 0.017 45 70.000 47 0.000 0.000 M 12 69.847 0.000 0.000 0.000 38 0.05 3 50 2.11 70.000 34 0.000 0.000 0.524 0.000 0.841 0.000 0.891 25 69.055 3.000 0.035 48 70.734 0 69.837 2.000 0.000 20 1.000 0.43 69.960 0.0479 50 70.055 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.916 29 69.75 70.94 69.954 0.000 0.66 69.000 0.000 69.872 22 69.000 30 1.000 0.000 0.22 70.000 0.055 3.33 70.000 0.000 0.16 69.55 69.765 0.828 15 69.891 0.788 0.000 44 0.000 0.05 3 0.979 39 69.000 0.836 2 2.000 0.973 0.000 0.000 48 0.836 3.000 26 1.954 35 69.2 70.000 0.828 0.837 5 2.000 0.000 0.49 69.000 0.469 0.000 0.885 0."BEARING FAIL".740 0.61 69.48 69.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 35 0.841 17 1.313 0.71 69.803 0.25 70.866 0.017 0.866 21 69.055 3.998 42 69.000 0.000 0.055 3.((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)* (6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))) 2.B/1000/50*B24) 69.055 3.784 0.903 27 69.840 1.000 0.838 8 2.838 9 2.089 43.840 1.004 0.000 0.05 3 100 M 2.000 0.055 3.102 0.000 0.055 3.65 69.000 0.000 0.872 0.816 0.835 1 2.375 70.839 2.790 0.75 0.000 29 1.966 37 69.835 4.000 0.048 20 69.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC DESIGN STATUS: VALID IF(ABS(ECCY)>B/1000/2.838 10 2.055 3.947 34 69.835 0.99 69.841 BP 0 70.000 0.70 69.929 0.09 69.973 38 69.803 11 69.98 69.000 0.000 43 0.000 0.000 37 0.000 0.055 3.87 69.042 0.B/1000-B/1000/50*B24.27 69. Diagrams Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Location Grid line 1 DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.055 3.IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3.21 69.000 0.000 40 0.985 40 69.(2*VL)/(3*((B/1000)/2-ABS(ECCY))).734 0.00 0 IF(ECCY<0.055 3.000 23 1.004 43 70.000 32 0.000 0.000 0.5 2 2.790 9 69.753 0.54 69.000 0.000 0.53 69.772 0.055 3.76 69.000 0.000 22 1.44 69.825 70.998 0.64 69.840 1.910 0.88 69.000 0.979 0.000 0.853 0.000 0.841 16 1.000 0.000 39 0. BS 8004:1986 etc.05 3 0.000 0.000 0.809 100.042 49 70.1 70.(VL/(B/1000)*(1+(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000))))) IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6.000 42 0.05 0 70.000 0.000 0.029 0.055 3.75 1 70.000 0.000 0.000 0.746 2 69.06 70.37 69.000 0.055 3.000 0.000 0.31 69.941 33 69.840 14 1.000 50 0.922 30 69.055 3.000 0.209 0.000 0.048 17 69.836 4 2.000 0.72 69.822 14 69.000 0. BS 8002:1994.055 3.17 70.000 0.04 69.000 0.000 0.809 0.000 0.60 69.836 3.048 18 69.28 70.000 0.985 0.834 0.000 0.75 70.05 3 1.000 19 1.922 0.000 0.624 0.836 3 2.991 0.000 0.048 0.839 1.000 49 0.77 69.903 0.841 1.055 3.778 7 69.897 0.840 15 1.05 16 69.000 0.000 0.784 8 69.000 0.000 46 0.847 BPE 1 70.929 31 69.000 0.055 3.838 2.000 0.38 69.000 0.000 0.055 3.000 24 1.000 0.941 0.000 0.797 0.517 69.000 0.759 4 69.83 69.000 0.772 50.740 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM 1 69.837 3.834 70.000 0.753 3 69.055 3.839 12 2.055 3.000 0.275 70.000 0.999 0.05 3 1.156 0.475 70.000 0.000 27 1.947 0.055 3.966 0.000 0.778 0.000 41 0.05 3 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM 0.000 0.746 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 31 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 33 0.000 28 1.000 0.055 3.000 0.50 69.000 0.000 0.(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP).838 2.75 69.841 18 1.000 45 0.93 69. sheet 1 of 2 Made by rc Job No R Originated from 'RCC62.05 3 2.897 26 69.000 0.000 0.991 41 69.055 3.048 19 69.838 2.05 3 2.853 BPI 1.05 3 1.822 0.841 0.925 70.05 69.840 13 2.055 3.885 24 69.000 0.000 0.000 0.836 3.000 0.000 0.000 36 0.000 0.5 1 1.000 0.029 47 70.010 44 70.916 0.55 70.055 3.10 69.935 0.035 0.837 KN/M^2 6 2.734 0.841 0.000 25 1.055 3.797 10 69.765 5 69.680 0.000 0.089 Page 5 .

69 98.84 16 0.46 26.2 1.13 59.62 2.092 0.46 45 2.62 30 1.321 1.57 30.56 11 0.5075 0.40 24.023 0.34 0.00 UTM= 107.81 2.62 33.34 21.439 2.06 MOMENT DIAGRAM 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2 0.18 15.79 33 1.51 28 1.1269 0.84 5.68 36.06 20 1.35 43 2.74 32 1.753 1. BS 8002:1994.6031 0.792 2.924 1.11 3 0.90 35 1.67 3.00 1 0.45 1.67 13 0.22 0.80 107.52 85.30 70.96 50.7827 0.63 94.74 102.8628 0.74 50 2.454 1.12 14.067 MTSQ= 13.946 1.18 40 2.30 42 2. Diagrams Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Location Grid line 1 DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997. MT (KNM) 24 1.13 39 2.39 MTLG= 13.5749 0.525 1.80 MTSG= 13.79 41.34 7 0.471 1.998 1.365 2.349 1.73 14 0.973 2.62 12 0.8735 0.39 1.29 ULT.29 19.96 36 2.207 0.2997 0.854 2.368 0.73 3.50 1.11 0.28 6 0.56 2.906 2.239 1.379 1.52 46 2.063 1.23 23 1.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC YY= 2.076 2.68 31 1.41 77.941 1.90 47.07 38 2.69 49 2.02 53.07 MTW= 0.122 2.78 15 0.85 34 1.90 6.18 63.781 2.51 28.58 89.28 0.12 21 1.46 27 1.34 0 0.58 47 2.01 19 1.068 1.41 44 2.38 1.95 8.34 107.24 66.90 17 0.981 1.466 2.23 17.45 9 0.78 4.00 0 0.06 12.34 25 1.39 8 0.57 29 1.24 41 2. BS 8004:1986 etc.50 WALL (M) 10 0.1899 0.875 2.17 0.06 0.95 18 1.74 38.22 5 0.07 56.07 MTLQ= 9.85 44.8 MTE= 24.35 74.8279 0.3116 0.40 26 1.4718 0.63 48 2.80 0 0 0 400 WALL GEOMETRY 1000 400 WALL (m m ) 4000 1000 3200 3500 1250 3200 3000 1250 400 2750 400 2500 2750 0 2000 0 0 1500 0 0 1000 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 3200 2750 BASE ( m m ) Page 6 .18 22 1.34 2.8865 0.46 81.386 2.673 2.01 10.02 37 2. sheet 1 of 2 Made by rc Job No R Originated from 'RCC62.17 4 0.096 1.

000 0 0.000 0 0.837 0.055 3.841 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.055 3.842 0.838 0.843 0 0.000 0 0.836 0.000 0 0.842 0.839 0.838 0.055 3.000 0 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.836 0.837 0.000 0 0.000 0 0.000 84.055 3.000 0 0.000 0 0. Diagrams ade by rc Job No R68 Date 28-Mar-17 000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1- 0.055 3.839 0.840 0.000 0 0.835 0.055 3.055 3.837 0.000 0 0.055 3.841 0.458 Page 7 .000 0 0.055 3.000 0 0.055 3.840 0.055 3.000 0 0.055 3.842 0.055 3.000 0 0.055 3.055 3.055 3.000 0 0.055 3.055 3.000 0 0.000 0 0.840 0.055 3.841 0.000 0 0.836 0.055 3.000 0 0.055 3.838 0.000 0 0.055 3.

Diagrams ade by rc Job No R68 Date 28-Mar-17 Page 8 .

06 AsBB/bd= 0.3919 Ic= 472134280 STS= 0.54Asprov%= 0.52E+009 STS= 0.29 m= 0. BS 8004:1986 etc.76 fs = 144.0002 Page 9 . BS 8002:1994.008 MSBB= 762 ASBBreq 0.0017635 ST2= 0.xls' on CD © 1999 BCA for RCC Date 28-Mar-17 WALL MR= 15.265761 W= 0.61239 Acr= 86.0008 m= 0.0010 ST1= 0.21 MSBT= 766 ASBTreq 631.05 m= -0.31Asprov%= 0.0016 MR= 15.0004066 Acr= 77.06 MIN SPACING= 220 ASreq = 1444 fs = 275.0007 ST1= 0.0009 ST2= 0.49 X= 99. Made by rc Job No R68 Originated from 'RCC62.0054Asprov%= 0.0008 STS= 0.0020 ST2= 0.03 Ic= 753352434 Ic= 1.810337 W= -0.0014 ST1= 0.01 fs = 0.18 W= 0.8378 As/bd= 0.0039 X= 68.0006953 Acr= 108.0016 AsBB/bd= 0.1644 X= 75. Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Location Grid line 1 CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.06 MR= 15.

06-Aug-99 RCC62 v1. Berkshir Status of spreadsheet Public release version. This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'Spreadshee 8110 and EC2' available from British Cement Association. Notes Disclaimer All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete Counc will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use a (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepte subcontractors. Revision history RCC62 Retaining Wall. Crowthorne. Telford Avenue. suppliers or advisors.xls Date Version Action First public release. Users should note that all BCA software and publications time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of the latest version.0 Includes  version comments Page 10 .

Notes Page 11 .

Berkshire RG45 6YS. Crowthorne. No liability vice or information is accepted by the BCA. Size (kB) 398 Page 12 . nying publication 'Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS Avenue. RCC or their CA software and publications are subject to revision from on of the latest version. Notes or Reinforced Concrete Council is intended for those who ke responsibility for its use and application.

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