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ASIA PACIFIC INSTITUTE OF

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT

Module Code & Title:
CE00731-M Network Systems and Technologies
Prepared By: [A. Sameera Heshan Rodrigo] [CB006066] [MP14A1CS]
Date of Submission: 7th September 2015

Lecturer(s): Ms.NeeraJeyamohan

NETWORK DESIGN BY USING OPNET™ IT GURU
ACADEMIC EDITION SOFTWARE

MARKING CRITERIA % MARKS OBTAINED

TOTAL (%)

NETWORK DESIGN BY USING OPNET™ IT GURU
ACADEMIC EDITION SOFTWARE

2 | Page

................ 27 5..25 5................................................................................................................ 17 4................. 14 3..................... Part A – Creating Switch LAN.................................1 Average Traffic & Total Traffic..................2 Traffic Sent Bit/Sec.....1 Result 1............ 29 3 | Page ........................8 2................ 28 Bibliography.............. 12 Collision Count....... 11 2.5 Result 7 – Collision Count....................................5 Collision Count...................2 Ethernet Delay..............................1 Traffic Sent........................................................................................6 Result 4.................................................................................3 Justify your choice for router between CISCO 2501 and CISCO 2620.... Part D......................................................................................................................................... 12 2................. 6 1............................................ 25 5...............................................................3 Traffic Received....................................... 15 3......................................25 5.............................................................................Table of Contents 1.................................................. 7 1..................................................................................................................7 Result 5..14 3................................................... 10 2.....4 Result 2..............................................................................................................................26 5.................... 17 3...... 8 2....................................................10 2......5 Show and compare the “time_average” DB query response time for “current” and “proposed” scenarios in “Overlaid Statistics” view......................1 Explain “HTTP page response time” and “DB query response time”................................................................................. 23 Traffic Received...............8 2..................................3 Collision Count............................................................................................................................... Part E..... 12 Ethernet Delay....................... 24 5............. 13 3....................1 Result 11.................................................................................................. 5 1................................................. 21 Ethernet Delay...............................................................................5 1............. 9 2..................... Also calculate percentage of improvement................2 Justify your choice for switch between CISCO 1900 and CISCO 2948..............................................................................................................3 Traffic Received Bit/Sec ...................................... 7 1................................ Part C–Hub_and_Switch Scenario.............................................5 Result 3.......................................... 22 Traffic Sent............................................................ Also calculate percentage of improvement................................................................................ 23 4..........................................................................................2 Traffic Received.... Part B – Scenario Hub_Low_Load..................................................................................................................................................................................– Hub_Low_Load and HubOnly............ 20 4.................4 Show and compare the “time_average” HTTP page response time for “current” and “proposed” scenarios in “Overlaid Statistics” view......................................................................4 Traffic Sent.............................................................4 Ethernet Delay.....................2 Result 12....................... 16 3...............................................

...........................Traffic Sent.....................................Traffic Received Bit/Sec ..........................................8 Figure 6 ........................................ 20 Figure 20 ...............................Single Collision Domain................................................................................................................................... 7 Figure 5 ....Multiple collision domains.15 Figure 15 ....Collision count and /Traffic Drop....................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1 ..........10 Figure 8 ...............................................21 Figure 22 .................................................... 22 Figure 23 .................One Switch and Two Hubs.. HubOnly............13 Figure 12 ............................................................................Hub_Low_Load vs.....Single Switch Network....Traffic Received: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH...................HUB ONLY: Collision Count........................ 27 Figure 27 ........Two Switch Network.......................................................................................... 18 Figure 18 ........................................................................................16 Node Hub Network............. 28 4 | Page ...............................Traffic Received Bit/Sec ......................Hub_Low_Load vs.17 Figure 17 ..........................16 Figure 16 ...........Traffic Sent: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH.....................12 Figure 11 .............7 Figure 4 .............................................9 Figure 7 .......................................................18 Figure 19 ........14 Figure 14 ............Collision Count: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH.......................................Hub_low_Load vs.....................14 Figure 13 ... 23 Figure 24 ...................................................DB query response time.....10 Figure 9 ......HUB ONLY: Traffic Received (Bit/Sec).........Ethernet Delay: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH........................Traffic Received....................................................HUB_LOW_LOAD: Traffic Received & Sent......................................................................................................... HubOnly... HubOnly.........Traffic Sent (Bit/Sec)....................................24 Figure 26 ................................... HubOnly...................................... 23 Figure 25 ............HUB ONLY: Ethernet Delay........... 20 Figure 21 .................Traffic Sent Hub_Low_Load vs..11 Figure 10 ..................HUB_ONLY: Traffic Received & Sent........................ 5 Figure 2 ................................Collision domains in Hub & Switch Networks.....Ethernet Delay.........................HTTP page response time............................................. 6 Figure 3 .........................Ethernet Delay ......................................................

000 * 16 = 9. 1.02 = 600.16 Node Hub Network 1.000 bit/sec Total traffic = Average traffic * No.1 Result 1 Average traffic = (Packet Size * 8) / Inter-arrival Time Average traffic per workstation = (1500 * 8) / 0.600.000 bit/sec 5 | Page . Part A – Creating Switch LAN Figure 1 . of Workstations The total traffic generated by network = 600.

2 Ethernet Delay Figure 2–HUB ONLY: Ethernet Delay 1.1.3 Traffic Received Figure 3– HUB ONLY: Traffic Received (Bit/Sec) 6 | Page .

5 Collision Count Figure 5– HUB ONLY: Collision Count 7 | Page .4 Traffic Sent Figure 4-Traffic Sent (Bit/Sec) 1.1.

2.400.1 Average Traffic & Total Traffic Average traffic = (Packet Size * 8) / Inter-arrival Time Average traffic per workstation = (1500 * 8) / 0.08 = 150. Part B – Scenario Hub_Low_Load 2.000 * 16 = 2.000 Bit/sec Total traffic = Average traffic * No. of Workstations The total traffic generated by network = 150.000 Bits/Sec 8 | Page .

2 Traffic Sent Bit/Sec Figure 6 .2. HubOnly 9 | Page .Traffic Sent Hub_Low_Load vs.

02).600.– Hub_Low_Load and HubOnly Figure 7.Traffic Received Bit/Sec .HUB_ONLY: Traffic Received & Sent In the hub_Only senario it shows more traffic was sent than Recived Traffic.4 Result 2 Figure 8 .Hub_Low_Load vs.3 Traffic Received Bit/Sec . This is due to the Low intra-arivaltime (0. HubOnly 2.2. Acording to the calculation total traiiffc in the network is 9.000 Bits per second. This overload the hub with Traffic and it will not deleiver all the traffic it received. 10 | P a g e .

2.400. This is due to the change of intra-arrival time (0.  Based on Calculation that done earlier 2. Will notice there is no much difference between Traffic Sent & Traffic Received.Figure 9 – HUB_LOW_LOAD: Traffic Received & Sent  In the Hub_Low_Load Scenario.08) and cause to generate less Traffic.000Bits per second is the total traffic generated by the network. 11 | P a g e .5 Result 3 But when compare the Hub_Only scenario with Hub_Low_Load scenario will find there is a huge difference between the total traffic between them. Inter- arrival time can be defined as the time between the "start" of two events. This occurs due to difference in the inter-arrival time values that has been given for both scenarios.

Hub_Low_Load vs. Graphs shows how it affect the Collision count values. When compare the collision count in Hub_Low_Load scenario with collision count in Hub_Only scenario will notice the collision count in Hub_Low_Load is very low. HubOnly 2. For that reason.02) and Hub_Low_Load – (0.08).Traffic Received Bit/Sec .7 Result 5 Based on the two different Inter-arrival time given to both scenarios Hub_Only . the collision count for the Hub_Only is much higher. Due to total traffic is higher in the Hub_Only scenario and becomes overloaded.2.6 Result 4 Collision Count Figure 10 .(0. 12 | P a g e . it will not able to deliver all the traffic that it receives.

But that the high level of traffic which is 9.Ethernet Delay . Hub_Only Above Figure shows that the delay experienced in Hub_Low_Load scenario is fairly consistent and all packets been delivered successfully.Hub_low_Load vs.000 Bit per Second causes growing delays in the Hub_Only scenario. 13 | P a g e .8 Result 6 Ethernet Delay Figure 11 .2.600.

Traffic Sent: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH 14 | P a g e .1 Traffic Sent Figure 13 . Part C–Hub_and_Switch Scenario Figure 12 . 3.One Switch and Two Hubs 3.

3.2 Traffic Received Figure 14 .Traffic Received: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH 15 | P a g e .

3.3 Collision Count Figure 15 .Collision Count: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH 16 | P a g e .

so that all devices connected to its ports receive that information.5 Result 7 – Collision Count As shown in Figure 15. when compare the collision count between Hub_Only& Hub_and_Switch scenario.4 Ethernet Delay Figure 16 . This is due to the Hub simply passes on (repeats) all the Data it receives. will notice the collision count for the Hub_and_Switch scenario is much lower than the collision counts in the Hub_Only scenario. This process creates unwanted traffic in the network. And less than 1500 collisions per second recorded in the both hubs in the Hub and Switch Scenario. But in the Switch Network.Ethernet Delay: HUB ONLY & HUB & SWITCH 3. 2500 collisions per second occurred due to the heavy overloading of the hub Only Network. switch forwards data only to one or multiple devices that need to receive it. 17 | P a g e . rather than broadcasting the same data out of each of its ports.3.

of collisions domain for the Hub Only scenario = 1 collision domain No. So each port can be considered as separate collision domain.3. No. This will generates unwanted traffic between connected nods to the Hub.Single Collision Domain Figure 18 -Multiple collision domains Hub will broadcast packets to all it connected ports regardless of destination &without filtering. of collisions domain for the Hub and Switch scenario = 2 collision domains 18 | P a g e . So Hub_ Only scenario acts as one collision domain. But in the Hub_and_Switch scenario each connected port of the switch has dedicated channel to filter and forward data packets.6 Result 8 – Collision Domains Figure 17 .

3.3. so that mean the network throughput increased because of using the switch to connect the two hubs.7 Result 10 – Ethernet Delay Figure 16 shows the delay for both the Hub_Only and Hub_and_Switch scenarios.7 Result 9 – Traffic Received In the figure 14 shows the traffic received in bit/sec for both the Hub_Only and Hub_and _Switch scenarios. When analyzing the results between them will find the value for the hub_and_switch scenario is much lower than the value in the hub_only scenario. 19 | P a g e . When compare the graphs will find that the traffic received in the Hub_and_Switch scenario is more than the traffic received in the Hub_Only scenario. This because of the switch reducing the collision count and that lead the transmission delay to become low.

Single Switch Network Figure 20 . Part D Figure 19 .Two Switch Network 20 | P a g e . 4.

Collision count and /Traffic Drop 21 | P a g e . 4.1 Result 11 Collision count and /Traffic Drop Figure 21 .

Ethernet Delay 22 | P a g e .Ethernet Delay Figure 22 .

Traffic Sent Traffic Received Figure 24 .Traffic Sent Figure 23.Traffic Received 23 | P a g e .

And the delay for the Hub_Only scenario and the switch and hub scenario is growing and not constant. 4. each connected switch port has its own collision domain and this increase the network throughput and reduce delay and collisions count. Switch only and Two Switches). Figure 25 .2 Result 12 The above figures show the difference in performance in terms of delay and Collision Count between the selected scenarios (Hub Only. In Switch_Only scenario.collision domains in Hub & Switch Networks 24 | P a g e . The results shows that delay is less/small and constant in the Two switch and switch only scenarios. Hub and Switch.

And it also supports VLAN and ISL Trunking. 2015)(Cisco) Considering the above current scenario network structure. network traffic and workload there is has considerable reason to use 2940 Switches for the proposed network. Also 2900 series MAC address table size is 16K.1 Explain “HTTP page response time” and “DB query response time” HTTP page response time In the above scenarios there is a web application implemented to simulate and determine the web application performance across the network. It has 10M fast Ethernet ports and two 100M ports.2G. support for ISL Trucking protocol. up to 24 10/ 100M adaptive port. Backplane bandwidth of the machine is 320Mbps. and this increase the desktop access speed. (Cisco. DB query response time DB query response time shows the overall performance of the database application. Simulation will give results to get estimated performance against HTTP page response time & delay. 5. processing Load and application traffic across the network. and it can be divided into 1024 VLAN.2 Justify your choice for switch between CISCO 1900 and CISCO 2948 1900 series switches are typically Cisco low end low cost product. This includes barriers such as firewalls. Part E 5. The Biggest advantage is its increased speed. 25 | P a g e . the backplane speed it up to 3. and can provide up to 200Mbps port bandwidth. 2940 series switches are more suitable if the network has 100M distance. From the above graphs it shows that the average query response time is faster and less delay in the proposed network scenario due to hardware& Link upgrades. 100M ports support full duplex communication. 5. .

2500 Routers consist of 16MB RAM. 2015) Considering above configuration. CISCO 2620 Router consist of 64MB RAM. 26 | P a g e .3 Justify your choice for router between CISCO 2501 and CISCO 2620 CISCO 2501 Routers are older version and currently CISCO not sell or support these routers. • Multiservice voice and data integration • VPN access with firewall and encryption options • Routing with bandwidth management • Inter-VLAN routing • Delivery of high-speed business-class DSL access • Integration of flexible routing and low-density switching • Integration of intrusion detection systems (IDSs) • Integration of network analysis systems. Also This router support up to 30Kbps data transfer including below options. 5. Performance and options its recommend to use the CISCO 2620 Router for the proposed network. (Cisco. 16MB Flash & 50MHz Processor. 16MB Flash Memory and 30MHz Processor.

HTTP page response time Above graph show comparison of HTTP Page response time of Current and proposed network simulation.4 Show and compare the “time_average” HTTP page response time for “current” and “proposed” scenarios in “Overlaid Statistics” view. Also calculate percentage of improvement. This enables to download pages quickly and show in web browser in less time. With improved network it handles HTTP requests faster. Figure 26 . 5. 27 | P a g e .

current network has 1. In the 1hour simulation proposed network responds HTTP request faster and less than 1. 28 | P a g e . Initially both scenarios start with much similar delay 2.5 Show and compare the “time_average” DB query response time for “current” and “proposed” scenarios in “Overlaid Statistics” view.5 Millisecond delay and its gradually increase with the time. When comparing both scenarios.DB query response time Above graph show comparison of DB Query response time of Current and proposed network simulation.5 milliseconds. Also calculate percentage of improvement. And in the improved network DB Queries are transmit faster within the network when compared to current network scenario. 5. Figure 27 .5 + Milliseconds.

2015. S.blackbox. Retrieved 08 21.d. from Diffen: http://www. Retrieved 08 25.. Cisco Catalyst 2940 Series Switches . (2014). (n. 2015. from Blackbox. Retrieved 8 25. The difference of the Cisco Catalyst 2900 and Cisco Catalyst 1900 - Cisco router. C. Performance Analysis of Shared and Switched Ethernet LANs through Using OPNET Simulation.Difference and Comparison | Diffen.kazeo.com/resources/blackboxexplains. O. CCNP BCRAN Exam Certification Guide (CCNP Self-Study.com/difference/Hub_vs_Switch Morgan.com/cisco-router/the-difference-of-the-cisco- catalyst-2900-and-cisco-catalyst-1900. Saleh.com: http://cisco2960.cisco.diffen.Products & Services.com.kazeo. from Cisco2960. (2014). 29 | P a g e . & Dennis. (2015). Cisco Press. (2014). from Cisco: http://www. 2015.com. Black Box US Page Content.html Diffen.). Retrieved 8 22.aspx? id=bbe_4170 Cisco.com/c/en/us/products/switches/catalyst-2940-series- switches/index.html Cisco.com: http://www. (2003).a4018802. 642-821). 2015.Bibliography Blackbox. Hub vs Switch . International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering. B.