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Recipe for Hoagland's Complete Nutrient Solution

This is made essentially according to the following reference: D.R. Hoagland and
D.I. Arnon. The water-culture method of growing plants without soil. Calif. Agr
. Expt. Sta. Circ. 347. 1950. There is one change and that is in the form of iro
n added.
Prepare the following stock solutions (1-6) and use the amounts indicated to pre
pare 1 liter ( final volume ) of nutrient solution:
1. 1.00 M NH4H2PO4 use 1 mL/L of nutrient solution
2. 1.00 M KNO3 use 6 mL/L of nutrient solution
3. 1.00 M Ca(NO3 )2 use 4 mL/L of nutrient solution
4. 1.00 M MgSO4 use 2 mL/L of nutrient solution
Micronutrient stocks: combine the following amount of salts in a total volume of
one liter of water, and then use 1 mL/L of this entire stock mixture (5) along
with the stocks above (1-4) and the iron stock (6) described below to make up a
total of 1 L of nutrient solution.
5. 2.86 gm H3BO3
1.81 gm MnCl2 .4H2O
0.22 gm ZnSO4 .7H2 O
0.08 gm CuSO4 . 5H2O
0.02 gm H2MoO4 . H2O
(Assaying 85% MoO3)
6. Iron stock: to the above 5 stocks add 0.25 ml of this iron stock for 1 liter
of nutrient solution.
To make up the iron stock, take 26.1 g EDTA and dissolve in 286 ml water that ha
s ~19 g KOH . Then dissolve 24.9 FeSO4.7H2O in ~ 500 ml water. Slowly add the ir
on sulfate solution to the potassium EDTA solution and aerate this solution over
night with stirring. The pH rises to about 7.1 and the solution is wine red and
very little precipitation occurs. Make to 1 liter final volume and store in a bo
ttle covered with foil (dark).
Note: Hoagland's recipe called for 1 ml of 0.5% iron tartrate stock per liter of
nutrient solution but we use the above substitution.

Here is a quick way to make nutrient stock solutions for hydroponic systems

Quite often the amount that is required to adjust the main nutrient tank becomes predictable.8. so the whole bottle can be added into the tank. then proceed with the ni trates and phosphates. 7. 2 visit today) . The designation of A and B is universal and for a very good purpo se. every day the 5. do not add the un-dissolved sludge in the main tank. Fill the two tanks 90 % with water 2. 500 L or 1. calcium reacts with sulphates and phosphates to form insoluble calcium sulphate () and calcium phosphate (). The procedure in mixing nutrient stock solutions is extremely important.8 and 6. you need a minimum of two tanks. Measure the pH and correct with either an acid or base 3.000 L is quite sufficient. Th e golden rule is that all nitrogen. rather add more water and dissolve until there is not sludge at the bottom of the bucket. are added to Tank A and that all calcium and iron fertil izers are added to Tank B. Calcium nitrates dissolves slowly so it is recommended that hot water is used when mixing the fertilizer into the 20 L buckets. If phosphoric acid is used add any amount of acid into the stock tank. Remember calcium nitrate cannot be added with potassium n itrate or magnesium nitrate since they are added into a separate tank. Followi ng the correct procedures will prevent sediments accumulating at the bottom of t he nutrient tanks and prevent the formation of insoluble compounds which are not available to plants. If some of the fertilizer did not dissolve in th e small bucket. The reason is that above a certain concen tration. It is safer working with the stock pH solution than with the concentrated phosphoric acid or nitric acid. Check the pH of both tanks and adjust only Tank A between 5.  Ag ain use a small nutrient tank. 4. and that is to prevent any confusion as to what is in each nutrient tank. The procedure is as follows: 1. A nutrient stock solution to control and adjust the water pH can also be made. 5. Water is now circulating from the tank to the pump and back tot the tank. and fill 95 % with water.332 time. 6. Dissolve small portions each fertilizer in a 20 L bucket before adding the co ntents to the large stock tank. small amounts of the pH tank ar e used.000 L tank requires 10 L of the stock pH solution. for instance. The two nutrient tanks will be called Tank A and Tank B. potassium. don t worry. Switch the irrigation pump on to agitate the water in the tank. Nutrient Sto ck solutions cannot be made in one tank.Posted on May 19. Some acids come in 5 L bottles. The valve dir ecting water to the plants should be switched off. 2013 by Antonius To make a nutrient stock solution. When adjusting the pH of the main nutrient tank.   (Visited 1. except iron. Dissolve the macro nutrients first starting with the sulphates such as potass ium sulphate and magnesium sulphate (if they are used). magnesium and micro n utrients . phosphorus.

11 g/cm^3 = 1. just reverse the calculation.11 g/mL  NaOCl Molar mass: 74.442 g NaOCl)*(1000 mL/ dm^3) = 0.1 L.11 g NaOCl/mL NaOCl)*(mol NaOCl/74.730 mol/dm^3  Because 1 dm^3 . this is also the molarity.  To do the conversion from M to %.442 g/mol  Now we do a bunch of conversions:  5% NaOCl v/v = 5 mL NaOCl/100 mL  (5 mL NaOCl/100 mL)*(1. .Here are the density (assumed to be that of the pure solid) and the molecular we ight (which we also need):  NaOCl Density: 1.

0001% So to convert from ppm to percent.03% .03% 1ppm = 1/1000000 So one parts-per million is equal to 0. divide the ppm by 10000: x(%) = x(ppm) / 10000   Example Convert 300ppm to percent: x(%) = 300ppm / 10000 = 0. divide the ppm by 10000: x(%) = x(ppm) / 10000 Example Convert 300ppm to percent: x(%) = 300ppm / 10000 = 0.0001 percent: 1ppm = 0. ppm to percent conversion 1% = 1/100 1ppm = 1/1000000 So one parts-per million is equal to 0.How to convert ppm to percent How to convert number in parts-per million (ppm) to percent (%).0001% So to convert from ppm to percent.0001 percent: 1ppm = 0. ppm to percent conversion 1% = 1/100 How to convert ppm to percent How to convert number in parts-per million (ppm) to percent (%).