Philippine Literature Under Spanish Colonialism (1565-1897

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From Notes on Philippine Literature: A History and Anthology by Bienvenido
Lumbera
Spanish monarchy, Roman Catholic religion, feudalism
pueblos – Taga-bayan; hispanized
hinterlands – Taga-bukid, Taga-bundok; indio, brutos salvages
Filipino – Spaniards born in the Philippines
Parish Priest – only Spaniard who had direct contact with Filipinos
Doctrina Christiana (1593) – 1st book published in the Philippines
May Bagyo Ma’t May Rilim – Francisco Blancas de San Jose; 1st literary work printed
in Tagalog published
Memorial de la Vida Christiana (1605)
Ladinos – latinized, able to read and write in one of the Latin languages
Pedro Bukaneg – published Lam-ang
Tomas Pinpin – Ang Librong Pag-aaralan ng mga Tagalog ng Wikang Castilla
Fernando Bagongbata – Memorial de la Vida Christiana
Gaspar Aquino de Belen – 1st Filipino literary artist
Ang Mahal na Passion ni Jesu Christong Panginoon Natin – Christian narrative poem
intended to replace epic poems of the pagan past
pasyon, sinakulo
Christ – model of humility and submissiveness to religious and secular authority
Missionaries – literary patrons of the day then
ability to affect the manners and mores of the Spaniard – sign of a higher socio-
economic status
komedya – highborn warriors and their colorful adventures for lore and fame,
glimpse of an idealized European society
2 types of narrative poems (sung/chanted):
awit – monoriming dodecasyllabic lines
korido – four monoriming octosyllabic lines
Francisco Baltazar (1788-1862)
Florante at Laura (Pinagdaanang Buhay ni Florante at Laura) – awit
Orosman at Zafira – komedya
Mahiganting Langit – 1st celebrated soliloquies
Modesto de Castro – native priest, sermons in Tagalog
Pagsusulatan ng Dalawang Binibini na si Urbana at Feliza
Royal decree in 1863 – complete educational system
Pedro Paterno
Sampaguitas (1880) – collection, marked the beginning of national consciousness
among the Filipino intelligentia
Ninay – nationality
Jose Rizal
Noli Me Tangere – 1st time realism as a literary concept
El Filibusterismo
A las Flores de Heidelburg – conversational, pain of the exile
Mi Ultimo Adios – sonorous and incantatory
The Propaganda Movement (1872-1896)
La Solidaridad (1889-1895)
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
duplo – poetic jousting
Sagot ng Espanya sa Hibik ng Pilipinas ← Hibik ng Pilipinas sa Inang Espanya