# CHAPTER: WORK, ENERGY & POWER WORK

1. a. In Physics, explain what is considered to be work done. [1] b. Write down the equation to calculate work, and its SI unit. [2] 2. Identify which of the following cases is considered work. Explain you answer. [3] Case Description Work done? Explanation (a) A woman lifts a shopping bag vertically from the floor and places it on her shoulder. (b) A worker supports a bag of grain on his shoulder and walks horizontally. 3. The figure shows a load that is to be lifted from the ground to a higher level along three different paths J, K and L, with a crane. Which path requires the least amount of work? Explain. [2] Higher level J K load ground 4. Sam pushes a shopping trolley of mass 30 kg for 16 m. The work done by him is 2 kJ. a. What is the force exerted by Sam on the trolley? [2] b. Some additional groceries are added to the trolley. The trolley is then lifted vertically off the ground for 25 m by a lift system that did 10 kJ of work. The lift moves at a constant speed. i. What is the force exerted by the lift in raising the trolley? [2] ii. Calculate the mass of the added groceries. [3] 5. A tractor is pulling a fallen tree trunk along a rough road horizontally. The tree trunk weights 2 500 N. The tractor is moving at a constant speed of 1.2 m/s for 5 s. The pull force exerted by tractor on trunk is 11 kN. a. Calculate the distance travelled by the trunk for 5s. [2] b. Calculate the work done against friction between tree trunk and the rough road. [3]