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S ho th vin v vn bn quyn

TH NM, 27 THNG 1 2011 05:18

Ch ny cp n vn bn quyn i vi ti liu c s ho dng trong th vin s, ti y


chng ti trch dn mt s iu trong Lut S hu tr tu Vit Nam lin quan n bn quyn i vi ti
liu v cng so snh vi mt s h thng lut bn quyn ca th gii lm r vn bn quyn i
vi ti liu xut x t nc ngoi.
V vn bn quyn, ti liu c chia lm hai loi:

Ti liu nm ngoi bn quyn (Out-of-copyright)


+ Ti liu xut bn bi chnh ph: vd.,vn bn php quy, s liu thng k, ti liu thuc lnh vc t
php
- Lut s hu tr tu Vit Nam; Chng I, Mc 1, iu 15 Cc i tng khng thuc phm vi bo h
quyn tc gi: 1. Tin tc thi s thun tu a tin. 2. Vn bn quy phm php lut, vn bn hnh
chnh, vn bn khc thuc lnh vc t php v bn dch chnh thc ca vn bn . 3. Quy trnh, h
thng, phng php hot ng, khi nim, nguyn l, s liu
- Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003 (US Copyright 2003) DMCA 1998: 105 Copyright
protection under this title is not available for any work of the United State Government,

+ Ti liu thuc v cng chng (Public domain): ti liu c bn quyn nhng ht thi gian bo
h.
- Lut s hu tr tu Vit Nam 2005: iu 27, khon (a), (b) Tc phm khng thuc loi hnh quy
nh ti im a khon ny c thi hn bo h l sut cuc i tc gi v nm mi nm tip theo nm
tc gi cht; trong trng hp tc phm c ng tc gi th thi hn bo h chm dt vo nm th
nm mi sau nm ng tc gi cui cng cht
- Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003: 302, Khon (a) In general Copyright in a work created
on or after January 1, 1978 subsists from its creation and, except as provided by the following
subsections, endures for a term consisting of the life of author and 70 years after the authors death
(Nhng tc phm xut bn trc nm 1923 thng s thuc v cng chng)

Ti liu c bo v theo lut bn quyn


+ Lut s hu tr tu Vit Nam 2005: iu 25: Cc trng hp s dng tc phm cng b khng
phi xin php, khng phi tr tin nhun bt, th lao , khon (a) T sao chp mt bn nhm mc ch
nghin cu khoa hc, ging dy ca c nhn, (d) Sao chp tc phm lu tr trong th vin vi
mc ch nghin cu

+ Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003 (DMCA 1998): 107 the fair use of a copyrighted work,
including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that
section, for purposes such as criticism, comments, news reporting, teaching (including multi copies for
classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright
+ Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003 (DMCA 1998):108 Khon (a) it is not an infringement of
copyright for a library or archives,or any of its employees acting within the scope of their employment,
to reproduce no more than one copy or phonorecord of a work, except as provided in subsections (b)
and (c), or to distribute such copy or phonorecord, under the conditions specified by this section, if
(1) the reproduction or distribution is made without any purpose of direct or indirect commercial
advantage;
(2) the collections of the library or archives are (i) open to the public, or (ii) available not only to
researchers affiliated with the library or archives or with the institution of which it is a part, but also
to other persons doing research in a specialized field; and
(3) the reproduction or distribution of the work includes a notice of copyright that appears on the copy
or phonorecord that is reproduced under the provisions of this section, or includes a legend stating
that the work may be protected by copyright if no such notice can be found on the copy or
phonorecord that is reproduced under the provisions of this section.

+ Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003 (DMCA 1998):108 Khon (c) The rights of reproduction
and distribution under this section apply to three copies or phonorecords of an unpublished work
duplicated solely for purposes of preservation and security or for deposit for research use in another
library or archives of the type described by clause (2) of subsection (a), if
(1) the copy or phonorecord reproduced is currently in the collections of the library or archives;
and
(2) any such copy or phonorecord that is reproduced in digital format is not otherwise distributed in
that format and is not made available to the public in that format outside the premises of the library
or archives.

+ Tham kho Lut bn quyn Hoa K 2003 (DMCA 1998):108 Khon (c) The right of reproduction
under this section applies to three copies or phonorecords of a published work duplicated solely for the
purpose of replacement of a copy or phonorecord that is damaged, deteriorating, lost, or stolen, or if
the existing format in which the work is stored has become obsolete, if
(1) the library or archives has, after a reasonable effort, determined that an unused replacement
cannot be obtained at a fair price; and
(2) any such copy or phonorecord that is reproduced in digital format is not made available to the
public in that format outside the premises of the library or archives in lawful possession of such
copy.

Kt lun:
+ Lut s hu tr tu VN 2005 v US DMCA 1998 v US copyright 2003 c to ra ph hp vi
TRIP Agreement-WTO, WIPO Copyright Treaty, Bern Convention 1979. V c bn th Lut s hu tr
tu Vit Nam ph hp vi cc h thng lut bn quyn trn th gii tuy nhin lut ca th gii chi tit
hn nn cc th vin Vit Nam phi lu tun th cc im chi tit ny trong trng hp s dng
cc ti liu c xut x t nc ngoi.

+ Vic s ho ti liu cho th vin s l khng vi phm bn quyn nu:


- Ti liu nm ngoi bn quyn
- Ti liu c bo h bn quyn nhng s ho s dng vi mc ch phi thng mi trong phm
vi hn ch ca th vin, trng hc, vin nghin cu.
Bn thn vic s ho ti liu khng vi phm bn quyn, vic vi phm hay khng ph thuc vo mc
ch s dng (chng hn dng vi mc ch thng mi lm nh hng n li ch kinh t ca ngi
nm gi bn quyn l vi phm) v phm vi s dng (v d nu ph bin rng ri ra cng chng, ngoi
phm vi th vin l vi phm).

Tham kho thm ton vn Lut S hu tr tu Vit Nam trn trang web ca Cc bn quyn tc gi.