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1. A gas absorbed 1600 J of calor from its environment. At the same time, 2000

J of work was inflicted to that gas. The changes of its inner energy is.... J

f. 400 g. 2000

Given : Q = 1600 J

W = 2000 J

Asked : U?

2. Carnot machine works at high temperature of 600K. To produce work, the

machine absorbed 600 J of calor with low temperature of 400 K. The work

that was produced by the machine is... J

c. 135 d. 148

Given : TH = 600K TL = 400 K

QH = 600 J

Asked : W?

TL 400

Solution : W = QH QL = QH ( TH x QH ) = 600 ( 600 x 600 )

3. A system is experiencing adiabatic process . 100 J of work was inflicted to

the system. If the inner energy in the system is U and the absorbed

calor is Q, so U =... J

a. -1000 b. 0 e. 100

c. -100 d. 10

Given : Adiabatic process W = 100 J

Asked : U?

Solution : U = W = -100 J

4. Ideal gas particles have the properties, among others....

1) always on the move

2) do not attract

3) collide perfectly resilient

4) do not follow Newton's laws of motion.

Correct statement is ...

c. 1, 3, and 4 d. 1 and 3

Solution : SIFAT GAS IDEAL seperti yang diketahui :

1.

Gas tersusun atas partikel-partikel yag disebut molekul

2.

Molekul bergerak lurus dengan arah takberaturan

3.

Terdapat laju, momentum linier dan energi kinetik

4.

Memungkinkan terjadinya tumbukan lenting sempurna

antar partikel

5. Hukum Newton mengenai gerak berlaku pada gas

Sehingga pernyataan yang tepat dari pilihan adalah 1, 2

dan 3 yaitu partikel gas selalu bergerak sehingga

memungkinkan terjadinya tumbukan lenting sempurna dan

antar partikel tidak saling tarik menarik, sedang pilihan 4

tidak sesuai dengan sifat gas ideal yang ada.

5. In the normal state (T = 0 C and p = 1 atm), 4 grams of oxygen gas (O 2)

with a molecular weight of Mr = 32 has a volume of .... (R = 8314 J / kmol K,

1 atm = 105 N/m2)

c. 22,4 x 10-3 m3 d. 2,8 m3

Given :T=0 C = 273 K m=4g

P = 1 atm = 105 Pa Mr = 32

R = 8314 J/kmol

Asked : V?

m 4 1

Solution :n= Mr = 32 = 8 = 0,125

PV = nRT

0,125 x 8314 x 273 283715,25 5

V= = = 283715,25 x 10

10 5 105

= 2,8 m3

6.

Unknown volume of bulb B two times the volume of the sphere A. Both balls

filled with ideal gas. The volume of the connecting tube can be neglecteD. A

gas is at temperature of 300 K. If the amount of molecular gas in the bulb A

is N and the number of gas molecules in the ball B is 3 N, the temperature of

gas in the bulb B is ....

c. 300 K d. 450 K

Given : VB = 2VA NA = N

TA = 300 K NB = 3N

Asked : TB?

Solution : PV = NkT

NT

P~ V , PA ~ PB

NAT A NBTB

VA = VB

N A .300 3 N .TB

VA = 2V A

N . 300 .2

TB = 3N = 200 K

So that the kinetic energy becomes twice its initial kinetic energy, so the

increase of the gas temperature is...

c. 700 K d. 800 K

Given :V=C Ek2 = 2Ek1

T1 = 27 C = 300 K

Asked : T2?

3

kT1

Ek 1 2 T1 300

Solution : Ek 2 = 3 = T2 = T2

kT2

2

T 1 Ek 2 300 . 2 Ek 1

T2 = Ek 1 = Ek 1 = 600 K

8. An ideal gas is heated in a tube, the average velocity of the gas particles

becomes twice its initial velocity. If the initial temperature is 27C. So the

final temperature of the gas is...

c. 927 C d. 940 C

Given : v2= 2v1

T1 = 27 C = 300 K

Asked : T2?

Solution : v1 = 3 KT

mo = 3 K 300

mo

v2 = 2 v1 = 4.3. K .300

mo = 3 K 1200

mo = 1200 K

= 927 C

9. A gas with density of 6 x 10-2 kg/m3 has a speed of vRMS = 500 m/s. The

pressure of the gas against the wall it occupies is...

a. 5 x 103 Pa b. 6 x 103 Pa e. 9 x 103 Pa

c. 7 x 103 Pa d. 8 x 103 Pa

Given : = 6 x 10-2 kg/m3

vRMS = 500 m/s

Asked : P?

Solution : vRMS = 3P

P= 3 = 3 = 5 x 103 Pa

10.A Carnot engine uses a high temperature reservoir with temperature 900 K

and efficiency 60%. So the temperature of the minimum reservoir is...

c. 370 K d. 380 K

Given : = 60%

TH = 900 K

Asked : TL ?

TL

Solution : =1- TH

TL

60% = 1 - 900

TL = ( 1 60% ) . 900 = 40% . 900 = 360 K

11.A carnot engine works at temperature of 227C and 127C and absorb the

heat 6 x 104 kal in the highest temperature ( 1 kal = 4,2 J). So its work is...

4 4

c. 7,04 x 10 J d. 8,04 x 10 J

Given : TL = 127C = 400 K QH = 6 x 104 J

TH = 227C = 500 K

Asked : W?

TL

Solution : =1- TH

400 1

=1- =

500 5

W

= QH

1

W= . QH = . 6 x 104 . 4,2 = 5,04 x 104 J

5

12.A container of hydrogen of volume 0,1 m3 and temperature 25C contains

3,2 x 1023 molecules. What is the pressure in the container...

c. 14 x 103 Pa d. 14,5 x 103 Pa

Given : V = 0,1 m3 N = 3,2 x 1023 mol

T = 25C = 298 K k = 1,38 x 10-23

Asked : P?

Solution : PV = NkT

NkT 3,2 x 10 23 .1,38 x 1023 . 298

P= V = 0,1 = 13,4 x 103 Pa

13.A bicycle tire has a volume = 100 cm 3. Initial pressure in bike tires = 0.5

atmospheres. Tires are pumped by a pump whose volume = 50 cm 3. Outside

air pressure = 76 cmHg and temperatures have not changed. Bicycle tire

pressure when inflated as much as 4 times is ....

c. 4 atm d. 4,5 atm

Given : V1 = 100 cm3 P1 = 0,5 atm

V2 = 50 cm3

Asked : P2?

Solution : P1V1 = P2V2

0,5 . 100 = P2 . 50

50 = 50 . P2

50

P2 = 50 = 1 atm

C. If the volume is increased to twice its original volume the pressure will

be ....

a. 0,25p b. 0,55p e. 2p

c. 0,75p d. p

Given : T1 = 27 C = 300 K V2 = 2V1

T2 = 54 C = 327 K P1 = p

Asked : P2?

P1 V 1 P2 V 2

Solution : T1 = T2

P1 V 1 P2 2V 1

300 = 327

327

600 . P = P2

P2 = 0,55p

15. An ideal gas has a pressure of 30N/m 2, volume of 1.38 liters, and a

temperature of 270C. If Boltzmans constant = 1.38 X 10-23 J/K, the the

number of particles of the gas is..

c. 1020 d. 1022

2

Given : P = 30N/m T = 270C = 300 K

V = 1,38 liters k = 1.38 X 10-23 J/K

Asked : N?

Solution : PV =NkT

PV 30 .1,38 41,4

N= kT = 1.38 x 1023 . 300 = 414 x 1023 = 0,1 x 1023

= 1022

16.16 grams of oxygen gas (Mr = 32 g/mol) is at a pressure of 1 atm and

temperature of 27 . Determine the volume of gas if it is given the value

of R = 8.314 J/kmol.K!

a. 0,0125 m3 b. 0,0225 m3 e. 0,325 m3

c. 0,0325 m3 d. 0,0235 m3

Given : m = 16 g P = 1 atm = 105 Pa R = 8.314 J/kmol.K

Mr = 32 g/mol T = 27 = 300 K

Asked : V?

m 16

Solution :n= Mr = 32 = 0,5 mol = 5 x 10-4 kmol

PV = nRT

nRT 0,0005. 8.314 .300

V= P = 10

5 = 1247,1 x 10-5 = 0,012471

m3 = 0,0125 m3

17.A kalor machine work in high temperature reservoir of 700 K and low

temperature reservoir of 350 K. how much the efficiency percentage of that

machine ?

c. 38% d. 50%

Given : TH = 700 K

TL = 350 K

Asked : ?

TL 350

Solution : = ( 1 - ) x 100% = ( 1 - ) x 100% = ( 1 -

TH 700

350

700 ) x 100% = 0,5 x 100%

= 50%

18.In one room there are 800 milligrams of gas with a pressure of 1 atm. Speed

of average - the average particle is 750 m / s. If 1 atm = 10 5 N/m2, the

volume of the room is ...

-3 3

c. . 6.7 x 10 m d. 1.5 x 10-2 m3

Given : m = 800 mg = 800 x 10-3 gr

P = 1 atm = 105 N/m2

v = 750 m/s

Asked : Vol ?

3P

Solution : Vrms = 3P

= m

V

3 . 105

1

750 = 8 .10

V

v

(750)2 = 3 .105 x 8.101

3

562500 = . 106 .V

8

562500 .8

V= 3 .10 6

V = 1.5 x 10-3 m3

19.How much nitrogen gas pressure of 7 kg in a volume of 0.4 m 3 tank at a

temperature of 200C? (Known to a molecular mass of nitrogen Mr = 28 g /

mol).

c. 16 atm d. 16.5 atm

Given : m = 7 kg = 7000 g T = 200C = 293 K

V = 0,4 m3 = 0,4 x 103 liter Mr = 28 g/mol

Asked : P?

m 7000

Solution :n= Mr = 28 = 250 mol

PV = nRT

nRT 250 . 0,082 .293

P= V = 0,4 x 10

3 = 15016,25 x 10-3 = 15,01 atm

= 15 atm

20.In case of temperature 320 K and a pressure of 1 atm (1 atm = 10 5 Pa), 8

grams of oxygen gas (O2), molecular weight (M = 32) had a volume of ... m 3

-3

c. 4.9 x 10 d. 6.6 x 10-3

Given : T = 320 K m=8g

P = 1 atm = 105 Pa Mr = 32

Asked : V?

m 8

Solution :n= Mr = 32 = 0,25 mol = 0,25 x 10-3 kmol

PV = nRT

nRT 8314 .320 . 0,25 x 103

V= P = 10

5 = 665120 x 10-8 = 6,6 x

10-3 m3

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